Lectures on Natural and Experimental Philosophy: Considered in It's [sic] Present State of Improvement : Describing, in a Familiar and Easy Manner, the Principal Phenomena of Nature, and Shewing, that They All Co-operate in Displaying the Goodness, Wisdom, and Power of God, 第 4 巻

R. Hindmarsh ... ; Sold by the author, 1794


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64 ページ - ... the prince of the lights of heaven, which now as a giant doth run his unwearied course, should as it were through a languishing faintness begin to stand and to rest himself...
64 ページ - ... rest himself; if the moon should wander from her beaten way, the times and seasons of the year blend themselves by disordered and confused mixture, the winds breathe out their last gasp, the clouds yield no rain, the earth be defeated of heavenly influence, the fruits of the earth pine away as children at the withered breasts of their mother no longer able to yield them relief: what would become of man himself, whom these things now do all serve? See we not plainly that obedience of creatures...
516 ページ - ... when he thinks himfelf out of the reach of fortune. It is a fudden and violent ftorm of wind, rain, thunder and lightning, attended with a furious fwelling of the feas, and fometimes with an earthquake; in fhort, with every circumftance which the elements can a'fTemble, that is terrible and deftructive. Firft, they fee, as a prelude to the enfuing havock, whole .fields of fugar canes whirled into the air, and fcattered over the face of the country.
203 ページ - ... and calling this a sidereal stratum, an eye placed somewhere within it will see all the stars in the direction of the planes of the stratum projected into a great circle, which will appear lucid on account of the accumulation of the stars, while the rest of the heavens at the sides will only seem to be scattered over with constellations, more or less crowded, according to the distance of the planes or number of stars contained in the thickness or sides of the stratum.
148 ページ - If one hour were like another; if the passage of the sun did not show that the day is wasting; if the change of seasons did not impress upon us the flight of the year; quantities of duration equal to days and years would glide unobserved. If the parts of time were not variously coloured, we should never discern their departure or succession, but should live thoughtless of the past, and careless of the future...
56 ページ - ... the inclination of the earth's axis to the plane of the ecliptic, and more remotely upon the variations in that inclination known as precession and nutation.
440 ページ - ... became stationary for some time ; after that, the absolute variation westward was decreasing, and the needle came back again to its former situation, or near it, in the night, or by the next morning. The diurnal variation is irregular when the needle moves slowly eastward in the latter part of the morning, or westward in the latter part of the afternoon ; also when it moves much either way after night, or suddenly both ways within a short time.
222 ページ - ... the name of Comets has been given. They are distinguished from the other celestial bodies, by their ruddy appearance, and by a long train of light, called the tail, which sometimes extends over a considerable portion of the heavens, and which is so transparent that the stars may be seen through it. The tail is always directed to that part of the heavens which is opposite to the sun, and increases in size as it approaches him, and is again gradually diminished.
161 ページ - ... the other, or partly in both, is not discerned by sense. Of all the prejudices which philosophy contradicts, I believe there is none so general as that the earth keeps its place unmoved. This opinion seems to be universal, till it is corrected by instruction or by philosophical speculation. Those who have any tincture of education are not now in danger of being held by it, but they find at first a reluctance to believe that there are antipodes ; that the earth is spherical, and turns round its...
277 ページ - ... in art, suggest his consummate wisdom. The usefulness of the whole scheme, so well contrived for the intelligent beings that enjoy it, with the internal disposition and moral structure of those beings themselves, show his unbounded goodness.