Commons and Common Fields: Or, The History and Policy of the Laws Relating to Commons and Enclosures in England. Being the Yorke Prize Essay of the University of Cambridge for the Year 1886
University Press, 1887 - 180 ページ
"Being the Yorke prize essay of the University of Cambridge for the year 1886."--T.p.
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acres agricultural allotments approve arable land beasts Bedfordshire Bill Blomefield Bracton Britton Cambridgeshire Catthorp cattle century claims common common appendant Common Appurtenant common fields common law common pasture common rights communia complaints Conquest consent copyholders corn cotarii cottagers Court Baron Court Leet cows custom customary Danish deer demesne Domesday domini enclosed enclosures encroachments England Essex existence fence fens Fitzherbert Fleta Forest franc tenement free tenants freeholders ground hath hold houses Ibid Inclosure Acts Inclosure Commissioners inhabitants labour libere tenentes liberi homines Lincolnshire lords of manors manerium meadow Navestock neighbouring Norfolk Norman open fields open spaces operarii owners parishes parks Parliament pertinet plough poor quae quia quod rent reporter rights of common says Seebohm sheep St Paul's Statute of Merton sufficiency of pasture tenentes de dominico tenure terrae terre tillage town township village community villani villeins villenagium virgate waste lands Whalley
78 ページ - I) your sheep that were wont to be so meek and tame, and so small eaters ; now as I hear say, be become so great devourers, and so wild, that they eat up and swallow down the very men themselves. They consume, destroy, and devour whole fields, houses and cities...
76 ページ - Inclosures at that time began to be more frequent, whereby arable land, which could not be manured without people and families, was turned into pasture, which was easily rid by a few herdsmen; and tenances for years, lives, and at will, whereupon much of the yeomanry lived, were turned into demesnes.
78 ページ - ... they throw down houses : they pluck down towns, and leave nothing standing, but only the church to be made a sheephouse.
5 ページ - For the good nature and benevolence of many lords of manors having, time out of mind, permitted their villeins and their children to enjoy their possessions without interruption, in a regular course of descent, the common law, of which custom is the life, now gave them title to prescribe against their lords ; and on performance of the same services, to hold their lands in spite of any determination of the lord's will. For though in general they are still said to hold their estates at the will of...
96 ページ - Besides widows and orphan children : Besides our statutes and our iron laws Which they have swallowed down into their maws. Till now I thought the proverb did but jest Which said a black sheep was a biting beast.
150 ページ - For the parish ? If I am diligent shall I have leave to build a cottage? If I am sober, shall I have land for a cow? If I am frugal, shall I have half an acre of potatoes ? You offer no motives; you have nothing but a parish officer and a workhouse! Bring me another pot...
78 ページ - Let Christian landlords be content with their rent and old customs; not raising the rent or fines, and bringing up new customs to oppress their tenants; neither letting two or three tenantries unto one man. Let them not take in their commons, neither make parks nor pastures of whole parishes: for God gave the earth to man to inhabit; and not unto sheep and wild deer.
75 ページ - I will say unto you ; from whence it cometh I know, even from the devil. I know his intent in it. For if ye bring it to pass that the yeomanry be not able to put their sons to school...
5 ページ - On the arrival of the Normans here, it seems not improbable, that they who were strangers to any other than a feudal state, might give some sparks of enfranchisement to such •wretched persons as fell to their share, by admitting them, as well as others, to the oath of fealty ; which conferred a right of protection, and raised the tenant to a kind of estate superior to downright slavery, but inferior to every other condition.