HINTS ON THE INTERNAL IMPROVEMENT OF NORTH CAROLINA

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11 ページ - The other influence which I think will always tend to preserve the inlet at Beaufort, is from the non-existence of any large interior sound or bay. The current through the inlet is wholly a tidal one, and the back waters of "Borgne" and "Cove sounds," and from "Newport" and "North" rivers, accumulate no more on the flood tide than escapes on the ebb ; they are also of such extent and so located as to be materially affected by the tide, being filled and emptied by the flood and ebb, and there are...
10 ページ - ... throw up, and deposite them at the point of the cape. At least, it is obvious that the influence which has formed Cape Lookout, and creates the deep water and bold shore of this cove immediately south of it, will not allow any deposites to take place at a point where the eddy and counter-currents have their greatest effect ; while the projection of the cape, and the shoals extending beyond it, prevent the action of the sea within this cove from being as great, or having the same effect, as upon...
10 ページ - ... One of these causes is the shelter and eddy currents occasioned by Cape Lookout. The influence of these currents upon the inlet, opening as it does to the south, and in the " bite" of the cove immediately under it, is, to cut and carry away the sands and shoals which storms may throw up, and deposite them at the point of the cape. At least, it is obvious that the influence which has formed Cape Lookout, and creates the deep water and bold shore of this cove immediately south of it, will not allow...
12 ページ - ... any intervening shoals. During the last thirty years there does not appear to have been any particular change, either in the shore-line or shoals within the limits of the harbor. The causes and action of tide, &c., which first formed them, seem to continue them in their general position and extent. That the inlet and bar of Beaufort are probably the best on our whole eastern seacoast, south of the Chesapeake bay, is, I believe, a matter of fact, and needs no comment.
11 ページ - ... their currents. There is thus a strong and continual tidal current through the inlet, and this current is not lost or overpowered by a heavy swell from sea, deadening its effect and throwing back the sand, which it displaces, in shoals and bars ; but it runs with the eddy currents of the cove into which the inlet opens, and the same action and effect is continued that the current out of the inlet produces, all tending to preserve and deepen the channel.
9 ページ - ... has united with them, are quite hard and solid. At Lenoxville and Shepherd's Point, and at the town of Beaufort, the main upland comes to the water's edge. At the two former points, the deep waters of Newport and North River channels approach quite near the shore, and without any intervening shoals. During the last thirty years there does not appear to have been any particular change, either in the shore-line or shoals within the limits of the harbor. The causes and action of tide, &c., which...
11 ページ - Heavy storms from the westward prevent the tide from flowing through tke inlets from the ocean, while the water and surf from the sounds heave up swashes and shoals on the inside. The action of storms from sea is still worse, while the waters of the sounds are driven back and shoals are thrown up and formed across the mouth of the inlet, without any counter influence to prevent or carry them away.
9 ページ - ... afford to the commercial interest of this region. The outside beach, or "bank," opposite Beaufort harbor, is of the usual formation of this coast. It is mostly covered with a low pine, and mixed growth, and its average width is about half a mile; the sand hills and ridges upon it are from 20 to 35 or 40 feet high, thus forming a good and sufficient shelter, from both wind and sea, to all vessels anchored inside the banks; the holding-ground is also good, as shown by the results of the hydrographical...
10 ページ - ... this inlet, and will continue to keep it open, with probably deeper water than any of the other harbors on this coast. One of these causes is the shelter and eddy currents occasioned by Cape Lookout. The influence of these currents upon the inlet, opening as it does to the south, and in the " bite" of the cove immediately under it, is, to cut and carry away the sands and shoals which storms may throw up, and deposite them at the point of the cape. At least, it is obvious that the influence which...
10 ページ - ... matter of fact, and needs no comment. There are two principal causes which, I think, have preserved this inlet, and will continue to keep it open, with probably deeper water than any of the other harbors on this coast. One of these causes is the shelter and eddy currents occasioned by Cape Lookout. The influence of these currents upon the inlet, opening as it does to the south, and in the

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