ページの画像
PDF
ePub

mayor of London four times ; whence it was called Poulteney's Inn, which it long retained after it had gone into other hands. He gave it, with the adjoining wharf to Humphrey de Bohun, Earl of Hereford and Essex: the Earl of Arundel became possessed of it by marrying that noblemán's niece. In the year 1397, it belonged to John Holland, Duke of Exeter and Earl of Huntingdon, who here magnificently feasted his half-brother, Richard II. In the next year it passed to Edmond of Langley, Earl of Cambridge: it came thence to the Crown. Henry IV. by his patent, dated March 18, 1410, granted it to his son Henry, Prince of Wales. Henry VI. in his 22d year, conveyed it to John Holland, Duke of Exeter, whose son Henry being a Lancastrian lost it, by attainture of parliament. Edward IV, kept it in his hands, and at Richards III.'s accession it was in the Crown. .

When Richard JII. fell at Bosworth, all his acts were rendered null, his grants cancelled, and himself declared a tyrant and usurper. Richard, with great and splendid talents, mixed qualities that but too justly merit those epithets. "The heralds had a double loss. The earl marshal, the Duke of Norfolk, likewise lost his life with his royal master, at whose request this grant of Cole Herbert had been made. It was in vain that they pleaded having performed the duties enjoined them. The grant was declared void, and the officers at arms were ordered to remove. Garter claimed it in his private capacity. How long he kept possession does not appear ; but in the reign of Henry VIII. it was given to Bishop Tunstal to reside in, that monarch having seized Durham Place, the town residence of the prelatical palatines. It was then given to the Earls of Shrewsbury, one of whom, in Stow's time, took down the ancient edifice, and erected upon its scite a number of small tenements let out at great rents.

The heralds being obliged to quit their college, retired to our Lady of Rounceval, or Ronceval, near Charing.cross, which had been a cell to the priory of Rouncevaux, in Navarre, founded by William Marshal, Earl of Pembroke, in the reign of Henry III. and suppressed by Henry V. amongst the alien priories, but had been rebuilt by Edward IV., who settled a fraternity in it: the cell stood upon part of the scite of Northumberland-house. The heralds having no claim to it, they were only there upon sufferance of the Crown, until Edward VI. granted the scite of it to Sir Thomas Cawarden. I have placed these circumstances here, as connected with the history of the Herald's College. pp. 54.-56.

From this period the officers of the College of Arms, appear to have had their residence in the court. Edward VI. indeed intended to gratify them with a collegiate mansion, but his premature death defeated this munificent design. Mary, however, realized his intentions, in granting them Derby House, on the same spot with the present College. This was destroyed “in the great fire of London, in the reign of Charles II. It was re: built with brick, in a very handsome manner, after a design by. Sir Christopher Wren, is still the residence of the officers of arms, and the depository of their valuable collections, which are as useful as they are curious. Here, too, they hold, on the first

ging conte public one of theving two

Thursday in every month, their meetings, called chapters, where all affairs are determined by a majority of voices of the kings and heralds, each of the former having two voices: they meet oftener, when necessary. One of the heralds, and one pursuivant attend daily in the public office, according to rotation. There are belonging to the College, a register, a treasurer, and a messenger, with two watermen having badges." p. 150.

In the return made to the inquiry of a Select Committee of the House of Commons, into the state of the public records of this kingdom, in 1800, the building is represented as being in a truly hazardous state.

• A sugar-house immediately adjoins the library; there is no partywall between the buildings, and the timbers of the sugar-house are actually inserted in the walls of the College. When the room which is now, and ever has been, the library, was first appropriated to that purpose, there was ample accommodation for the number of books; but that number has increased so much in the space of 130 years, that the library has long since been found too small to contain the whole ; and some hundreds of volumes are now in presses in the hall, where they are subject to great injury from damp, &c." Appendix p. xlii. :

A parliamentary attention to these evils, we anxiously hope, will be paid as soon as pacific leisure will allow it; that our countrymen may provide a . hortus,' where the records of the laurels reaped so gloriously for ages in the field, may be preserved from the ravages of time.

To the eulogium the author pays to the late 'amiable, and accomplished herald, John Charles Brooke, Esq. we cordially assent, having ourselves been honoured with his acquaintance, In mentioning this respected name, it is impossible not to heave a sigh at the recollection of the melancholy manner, in which he and his friend Pinto, York Herald, met an untiinely death, while attempting to press into the Haymarket Theatre, on the 3d of February, 1794. That affection for their Majesties, which was conspicuous in their characters, prompted them to incur the danger which unhappily proved fatal. The admonition conveyed by the catastrophe is not, on that account, the less solemn; and we regret that the reverend author has restrained those reflections which must have arisen in his mind, and which, in our opinion, would have been more appropriate than the remarks he has given us.

An Appendix of 44 pages, contains records and other instruments which could not well be inserted in the body of the work. · Fidelity to the public now assigns to us the truly painful yet necessary task, of censuring the numerous violations of grammar, which discredit a work especially designed for the learned ; and which was under compilation during a space of thirteen years !

However, However unhéraldic it might have been, Mr. Noble should at least have favoured his readers' with a faithful table of errata, in Addition to the few genealogical mistakes he has noticed at the bottom of their respective pages. Besides sentences embarrassed so as to be nearly unintelligible, we find false concords, relatives without antecedents, and other inaccuracies scattered throughout the work, from the preface itself, in the first line of which began appears instead of begun. We are incapable of ascertaining errors in the pedigrees, being reviewers, and not heralds. But we are competent to correct the mistakes of Captain Gostlin, in his account of the celebrated Mr. Grose, Richmond. (pp. 434.) We state, from sources the most authentic, that Francis Grose, Esq. came into England from the Canton of Berne, in Swisser land, was an eminent jeweller in Broad-street, London, and was honoured with making the crown of state for the coronation of George II. By Anne, daughter of Thomas Bennett, he had Francis Grose, Esq. the above herald; John Henry Grose, Esq. author of the voyage to the East Indies; Daniel Grose, Esq. a captain in the royal regiment of artillery; Jacob Grose, Esq. deputy lieutenant for the county of Hants; and Anne, first mara ried to Captain Mathison, of the Panther man of war, and afterwards to Thomas Waterhouse, Esq. one of his majesty's justices of the peace for the county of Surrey. Francis Grose, Esq. had a son, the present Major General Grose; and the above John Henry Grose, Esq. was father of the Rev. John Grose, A.M. F.A.S. and Rector of Netteswell, in Essex, author of a volume of Ethics, and three volumes of Sermons; and the above Daniel Grose, Esq. was father of lieutenant Daniel Grose. Edward Grose, Esq. of Threadneedle-street, and Sir Nash Grose, Justice of the King's Bench, were of a different family. . .

Though it cannot consistently be classed with the errata, yet we consider Mr. Noble, in his laudable zeal for the heraldic officers, to be inaccurate in asserting that “every order of men are now paid according to the present value of the precious metals.” (p. 406.)' In this statement he has strangely overlooked his professional brethren of the stipendiary class. We entirely concur in his judicious remark, 'that, to excel in any profession, the mind ought to be at ease, which is incompatible with a narrow, a very circumscribed income. Highly as we respect the officers of the College of Arms, and sincerely as we wish their salaries were more adequate to their talents, we cannot but look with greater concern to the hardships of so large a part of that body of men, whose office it is to instruct us to aspire to unfading honours, and to have our names registered in the book of life!

Art.

Art. XI. The Power of Religion in the Mind, in Retirement, Affliction,

and at the approach of Death, exemplified in the Testimonies and Experience of Persons distinguished by their greatness, learning, or virtue. By Lindley Murray, 12th Edition, improved.-12mo. pp. 286. price 3ş. 6d. bound.-Longinan and Co. Darton and Harvey. 1805. THIS judicious biographical selection is already too well

known, to stand in need of our recommendation; but we nevertheless avail ourselves of a corrected and augmented addition, to add our approbation, to that which it has justly received from the most respectable classes of the public.

Youth, vain and voluptuous, carried down the stream of fashion, or buoyed up on the surface of conceit, is apt to despise religion, as the dream of enthusiasm, if not as the fabrication of imposture. To the inexperienced, and the superficial, is here, presented, the united evidence of many among the greatest and noblest of mankind, to the reality and necessity of heartfelt piety. That their witness, in some cases, appears to have been tardily and reluctantly borné, is so far from lessening its force, that it calls the more loudly for a serious and timely attention to the “ things that make for our peace.” Such instances are very properly interspersed with those of persons in humbler stations, but of more profound and exalted devotion. Few of these, probably, are new to the greater part of our readers; but the manner in which they are stated and combined, in this volume, conduces to give them at the same time an air of novelty, and an accession of interest. ¿ The most valuable addition to the present inpression, is an account of the eminent and excellent Haller. The language is in several places improved. It is with deference to the author's acknowledged grammatical attainments, that we suggest a bint, whether it would not be a farther amendment, to make some slight alterations in those sentences which begin with conjunctiops? To us it appears, also, inconsistent, that, after being introduced to a few heathen philosophers and Jewish writers, we should be transported into the midst of the Christian church, without taking any notice of those unparallelled proofs of the power of Religion, which are exhibited in the New Testament. If the splendour of the Sun of Righteousness,” though shrouded in humanity, be esteemed too dazzling for general contemplation, would not the martyrdom of Stephen, the preservation of Peter and John, and the labours and afflictions of Paul, afford patterns of Christian virtue, of the greatest utility ? We are aware, that reasons may be assigned for stopping short of such testimonies: but we recommend it to the worthy author,

ta

to reconsider them, in the prospect of another edition; and if he judges it inexpedient to cite apostolic authority, to reflect, whether he should not, in that case, limit the scope of his work to the period subsequent to the promulgation of the gospel.

The price affixed to this neat and comprehensive volume, demonstrates, that Mr. M. aims to extend its usefulness, by its cheapness. In paper and print, as well as in size, his book is not · inferior to many that are published at twice the cost.

* Art. XII. A Summary of Modern Geography. For the Use of Schools

Third Edition. 12mo. pp. 200 price 3s. 6d. Mawman, Cadell and Davies. 1804.

Art.XIII. Classical Geography, being the Second Part of a Summary of - Geography, Ancient and Modern. A new and improved Edition 12mo.

Pp. 250. price 3. 6d. ib. 1805. THESE compends, as we are informed by advertisements -prefixed to them, were originally drawn up for the use of Dr. Thomson's school at Kensington. They are, in many respects, well adapted to the use of schools; especially the Classical part, which is called the second, seemingly because designed for the higher forms. Not having seen any former edition of either of these volumes, we cannot judge of the improvements, which have been made in them: but Geography is so fluctuating a science, especially in the present turbulent state of the world, that there always remains room for amendment in works on the subject; and more vigilance and exertion are requisite, to keep pace with terrestrial changes, than authors usually seem disposed to bestow on new editions of their works. Thus in the Modern part of the work before us, we find Poland still ranked as a kingdom, and even its mode of government referred to by way of elucidation; Switzerland is made still to retain its old constitution and divisions : the Netherlands, Savoy, &c. are still separated from France; and the Jansensits are still chief Sectaries among the Roman Catholics. Mistakes in names of places occur too frequently. The little knowledge which boys acquire, or can acquire, from books of this kind, ought to be correct.

As the Modern part is hardly new enough, so the Classical part does not appear to us sufficiently antique. We do not blame the author for making ample use of Ptolemy; but, in order to render the book serviceable to pupils who are reading the best antient poets and historians, the divisions of countries, and the names of places should have been traced upward as high as possible, from a system comparatively so late.

In this volume, quotations from Latin and Greek writers, that tend, in some measure, to illustrate the countries described, Vol. II.

are

« 前へ次へ »