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according act of congress admiralty admitted American appears apply authority Bank become belligerent belonging British carried cause character Circuit citizens civil claim colonies commerce committed common law considered constitution contract convention crime decided decisions discussion district doctrine duties effect enemy England English equally established Europe exclusive executive exercise existing extend federal force foreign give given grant held History hostile instance interest judges judgment judicial jurisdiction justice land law of nations legislative legislature Letter limited Lord March maritime means nature neutral New-York observed offence opinion original party passed peace person port practice President principle privileges prize protection provision punishment question reason regulations relation reports respect Roman rule Senate ship statute suit Supreme Court taken territory tion trade treaty Union United unless Vattel vessel Wheaton whole
500 ページ - So, if a law be in opposition to the Constitution, if both the law and the Constitution apply to a particular case, so that the court must either decide that case conformably to the law, disregarding the Constitution, or conformably to the Constitution, disregarding the law, the court must determine which of these conflicting rules governs the case. This is of the very essence of judicial duty.
649 ページ - States, which shall consist of a senate and house of representatives. Section 2. — 1. The house of representatives shall be composed of members chosen every second year, by the people of the several states ; and the electors in each state shall have the qualifications requisite for electors of the most numerous branch of the state legislature.
371 ページ - that the laws of the several States, except where the Constitution, treaties, or statutes of the United States shall otherwise require or provide, shall be regarded as rules of decision in trials at common law in the courts of the United States, in cases where they apply.
328 ページ - Poulson, the editor of a daily paper, to show cause why an attachment should not issue against him for...
499 ページ - To what purpose are powers limited, and to what purpose is that limitation committed to writing, if these limits may at any time be passed by those intended to be restrained ? The distinction between a government with limited and unlimited powers is abolished, if those limits do not confine the persons on whom they are imposed, and if acts prohibited and acts allowed, are of equal obligation.
652 ページ - To exercise exclusive legislation in all cases whatsoever, over such district (not exceeding ten miles square) as may, by cession of particular States, and the acceptance of Congress, become the seat of government of the United States, and to exercise like authority over all places purchased, by the consent of the Legislature of the State in which the same shall be, for the erection of forts, magazines, arsenals, dockyards, and other needful buildings : and, 17.
651 ページ - States;  To borrow money on the credit of the United States;  To regulate Commerce with foreign Nations, and among the several States, and with the Indian Tribes;  To establish an uniform Rule of Naturalization, and uniform Laws on the subject of Bankruptcies...
333 ページ - ... saving to suitors, in all cases, the right of a common law remedy, where the common law is competent to give it...
413 ページ - Congress cannot vest any portion of the judicial power of the United States, except in courts ordained and established by itself...