Past, present, parallel: a survey of available parallel computer systems
Past, Present, Parallel is a survey of the current state of the parallel processing industry. In the early 1980s, parallel computers were generally regarded as academic curiosities whose natural environment was the research laboratory. Today, parallelism is being used by every major computer manufacturer, although in very different ways, to produce increasingly powerful and cost-effec- tive machines. The first chapter introduces the basic concepts of parallel computing; the subsequent chapters cover different forms of parallelism, including descriptions of vector supercomputers, SIMD computers, shared memory multiprocessors, hypercubes, and transputer-based machines. Each section concentrates on a different manufacturer, detailing its history and company profile, the machines it currently produces, the software environments it supports, the market segment it is targetting, and its future plans. Supplementary chapters describe some of the companies which have been unsuccessful, and discuss a number of the common software systems which have been developed to make parallel computers more usable. The appendices describe the technologies which underpin parallelism. Past, Present, Parallel is an invaluable reference work, providing up-to-date material for commercial computer users and manufacturers, and for researchers and postgraduate students with an interest in parallel computing.
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Alliant allows applications architecture array bandwidth BBN ACI BiiN cache chip co-processor communications compiler Computing Surface Concurrent configuration contains Cray Cray Y-MP customers database disc Ethernet execution floating point floating-point Gbyte GFLOPS graphics hardware Helios host hypercube implemented Inmos Intel interface kbyte machines manufacturers MasPar Mbyte Meiko message passing MFLOPS microprocessor MIMD MIPS Model modules Multiflow Multimax multiprocessor Mword Myrias NCUBE number of processors Occam operating system parallel computers parallel processing parallelisation Parsys Parsytec peak performance port Programming languages range registered trademark Relevant Officers scalar Sequent server shared memory SIMD single standard Stardent supercomputer SuperNode switch task Teradata topology transputer tuple UNIX vector vector processors vectorising VLIW Weitek workstation X-MP