International Frontiers and Boundaries: Law, Politics and Geography
Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 2008 - 504 ページ
International frontiers and boundaries separate land, rivers and lakes subject to different sovereignties. Frontiers are "zones" of varying widths and they were common many centuries ago. By 1900 frontiers had almost disappeared and had been replaced by boundaries that are lines. The divisive nature of frontiers and boundaries has formed the focus of inter-disciplinary studies by economists, geographers, historians, lawyers and political scientists. Scholars from these disciplines have produced a rich literature dealing with frontiers and boundaries. The authors surveyed this extensive literature and the introduction reveals the themes which have attracted most attention. Following the introduction the book falls into three sections. The first section deals systematically with frontiers, boundary evolution and boundary disputes. The second section considers aspects of international law related to boundaries. It includes chapters dealing with international law and territorial boundaries, maps as evidence of international boundaries and river boundaries and international law. The third section consists of seven regional chapters that examine the evolution of boundaries in the Americas, the Middle East, Africa, Asia, Europe, islands off Southeast Asia and Antarctica.
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Africa agreed agreement American annexed Antarctic Antarctica arbitration Article border borderland boundary disputes Britain British Burkina Faso Cambodia Cameroon century China claims coast colonial Commission conﬁrmed conﬂict conﬂuence continental shelf Convention countries Court deﬁned deﬁnition delimitation demarcation difﬁculties east East Timor eastern effective occupation enclaves Eritrea established ﬁnal ﬁrst ﬁve ﬁxed ﬂowing France French Frontier Dispute Geographer Germany ICJ Rep identiﬁed independence India inﬂuence international boundaries International Boundary Study international law international tribunals islands Italy Kuwait Lake land located London maritime boundary meridian Naval Intelligence Division negotiations Nigeria northern occupied Ofﬁce ofﬁcial Paciﬁc parallel parties political population principle reﬂected region Republic River Russia Schoﬁeld sector settlement frontiers signiﬁcant southern terra nullius territorial disputes territorial sovereignty Thailand thalweg Treaty Turkey United uti possidetis uti possidetis juris Walvis Bay watercourse watershed western Western Sahara zone