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and the appropriation of its revenues to the professors of the two others. The chapel of the alienated college is yet standing a fabric not inelegant, of external structure; but I was always, by some civil excuse, hindred from entering it, A der cent attempt, as I was since told, has been made to convert it into a kind of greenhouse, by planting its area with shrubs. This new method of gardening is unsuc. cessful; the plants do not hitherto prosper. To what use it will next be put I have no pleasure in conjecturing. It is something that its present state is at least not osten: tatiously displayed. Where there is yet shame, there may in time be virtue.
The dessolution of St Leonard's College, waz doubtless necessary, but of that necessity there is reason to complain. It is surely not without just reproach, that a nation, of which the commerce is hourly extending, and the wealth increasing, denies any participation of its prosperity to its literary societies; and while its merchants or its nobles are raising palaces, suffers its universities to moulder into dust.
Of the two colleges yet standing, one is by the institution of its founder appropriated to divinity. It is said to be capable of containing fifty students; but more than
one must occupy a chamber. The library which is of late erection, is not very spacious, but elegant and luminous.
The doctor, by whom it was shewn hoped to irritate or subdue my English vanity, by telling me that we had no such repository of books in England.
Saint Andrews seems to be a place emi. nently adapted to study and education, be. ing situated in a populous, yet a cheap country, and exposing the minds and manners of young men neither to the levity and dissoluteness of a capital city, nor to the gross luxury of a town of commerce, places naturally unpropitious to learning; in one, the desire of knowledge easily gives way to the love of pleasure, and in the other, is in danger of yielding to the love of money.
The students however are represented as at this time not exceeding a hundred. Perhaps it may be some obstruction to their increase that there is no episcopal chapel in the place. Į saw no reason for imputing their paucity to the present professors; nor can the expence of an acade. mical education be very reasonably object. ed. A student of the highest class may keep his annual session, or, as the English call it his term, which lasts seven months, for about fifteen pounds, and one of lower rank for less than ten; in which, board, lodging, and instruction, are all included.
The chief magistrate resident in the university answer ing to our vice-chancellor, and to the rector magnificus on the continent, had commonly the title of Lord Rector; but being addressed only as Mr Rector in an inauguratory speech by the present chancellor, he has fallen from his former dignity of style. Lordship was very liberally annexed by our ancestors to any station or character of dignity; They said the Lord General, and Lord Ambassador; so we still say, my Lord, to the Judge upon the circuit, and yet retain in our Litur. gy the Lords of the Council.
In walking among the ruins of religious buildings, we came to two vaults, over which had formerly stood the house of the sub-prior. One of the vaults was inhabited by an old woman, who claimed the right of abode there as the widow of a man whose ancestors had possessed the same gloomy mansion for no less than four generations. The right, however it began, was consider. ed as established by legal prescription, and the old woman lives undisturbed. She thinks, however, that she has a claim to something more than sufferance; tor as her husband's name was Bruce, she is all.. ed to royalty, and told Mr Boswell, thať when there were persons of quality in the place, she was distinguished by some notice; that indeed she is now neglected, but she spins a thread, has the company of her cat, and is troublesome to nobody.
Having now seen whatever this ancient city offered to our curiosity, we left it with good wishes, having reason to be highly pleased with the attention that was paid us. But whoever surveys the world must see n'any things that give him pain. The kindness of the Professors did not contri: bute to abate the uneasy remenibrance of an university declining, a college alienata ed, and a church protaned and hastening to the ground.
St Andrews indeed has formerly suffered more atrocious ravages and more extensive destruction, but recent evils affect with greater force. We were reconciled to the sight of arcbiepiscopal ruins. The distance of a calamity from the present time seems to preclude the mind from contact or sympathy. Events long past are barely known; they are not considered. We read with as little emotion the vio. lence of Knox and his followers, as the ir. ruptions of Alaric and the Goths, Had
the university beën destroyed two centuries ago, we should not have regretted it; but to see it pining in decay, and struggling for life, fills the mind with mournfull ima. ges and ineffectual wishes.
ABERBROTHICK. As we knew sorrow and wishes to be vain, it was now our business to mind our way. The roads of Scotland afford little diversion to the traveller, who seldom sees himself either encountered or overtaken, and who has nothing to contemplate but grounds that have no visible boundaries, or are separated by walls of loose stone. From the bank of the Tweed to St An. drews I had never seen a single tree, which I did not believe to have grown up far within the present century. Now and then about a gentleman's house stands a small plantation, which in Scotch is called a policy, but of these thire are few, and those few all very young. The variety of sun and shade is here utterly unknown. There is no tree for either shelter or tim. ber. The cak and the thorn is equally a stranger, and the whole country is extended in uniform nakedness, except tnat in the toad between Kirkaldy and Cowpar, I pas.