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: state, here being no fewel for the smelting
house or forge. Perhaps by diligent search in this world of stone, valuable species of marble might be discovered. But neither philosophical curiosity, nor commercial industry, have yet fixed their abode here, where the importunity of immediate want supplied but for the day, and craving
on the morrow, has left little room for exi cursiveknowledge or the pleasing fancies of distant profit.
They have lately found a manufacture considerably lucrative. Their rocks abound with kelp, a sea plant, of which the ashes. are melted into glass. They burn kelp in great quantities, and then send it away in ships, which come regularly to purchase them. This new source of riches has raised the rents of many maritime farms; but the tenants pay, like all other tenants, the additional rent with great unwilling. ness; because they considered the profits of the kelp as the mere product of person: al labour, to which the ļandlord contributes nothing. However, as any man may be said to give what he gives the power of gaining, he has certainly as much right to profit from the price of kelp as of any thing else sound or raised upon his ground,
This new trade has excited a long and eager litigation between Macdonald and Macleod, for a ledge of rocks, which, till the value of kelp was known, neither of them desired the reputation of possessing.
The cattle of Sky are not so small as is commonly believed. Since they have sent their beeves in great numbers to southern marts, they have probably taken more care of their breed. At stated times the annu. al growth of cattle is driven to a fair, by a general drover, and with the money which he returns to the farmer, the rents are paid.
The price regularly expected, is from two to three pounds a head: there was once one sold for five pounds. They go from the islands very lean, and are not of. fered to the butcher till they have been long fatted in English pastures.
Of their black cattle, some are without horns, called by the Scots bumble cows, as we call a bee an bumble bee, that wants a sting. Whether this difference be specific, or accidental, though we inquired with great diligence, we could not be informed. We are not very sure that the bull is ever. without horns, though we have been told that such bulls there are. What is pro:
* duced by putting a horned and an inhornE ed male and female together, 'no man has
ever tried, that thought the result worthy of observation. ' Their horses are, like their cows, of a moderate size. I had no dfficulty to mount myseif commodiously by the favour of the
gentlemen. I heard of very little cows : in Barra, and very little horses in Rum, i where, perhaps no care is taken to prevent that diminution of size, which must always happen where the greater and less copulate promiscuously, and the young animal iş restrained from growth by penury of suş. tenance.
The goat is the general inhabitant of the 6 earth, complying with every difference of
climate, and of soil. The goats of the He: brides are like others: nor did I hear any
thing of their sheep to be particularly remarked.
In the penury of these malignant regions, nothing is left that can be converted to i food. The goats and the sheep are milk. í ed like cows. A single meal of a goat is a į quart, and of a sheep a pint. Such, at least,
was the account, which I could extract Į from those of whom I am not sure that į they ever had inquired.
The milk of goats is much thinner than that of cows, and that of sheep is much thicker. Sheeps milk is never eaten be. fore it is boiled : as it is thick, it must be very liberal of curd, and the people of St Lilda form it into small cheeses.
The stags of the mountains are less than those of our parks, or forests, per. haps not bigger than our fallow deer. Their flesh has no rankness, nor is inferi. or in flavour to our common venison. The roebuck, I neither saw nor tasted. These are not countries for a regular chase. The deer are not dộiven with horn and hounds, A sportsman, with his gun in his hand, watches the animal, and when he has wounded him, traces him by the blood.
They have a race of brinded greyhounds larger and stronger than those with which we course hares, and those are the only dogs used by them for the chase.
Man is by the use of fire-arms made so much an overmatch for other animals, that in all countries, where they are in use, the wild part of the creation sensibly diminishes. There will probably not be long either stags or roebucks in the is. lands. All the beasts of chase would have been lost long ago in countries well inha,
bited, had they not been preserved by laws for the pleasure of the rich.
There are in Sky neither rats nor mice, but the weasel is so frequent, that he is heard in houses rattling behind cheets or beds, as rats in Englend. They probably owe to his predominance that they have no other vérmin; for since the great rat took possession of this part of the world, scarce a ship can touch at any port, but some of his race are left behind. They have within these few years began to infest the isle of Col, where, being left by some trading
vessel, they have increased for want of ; weasels to oppose them.
The inhabitants of Sky, and of the other islands, which I have seen, are commonly i of the middle stature, with fewer among
them very tall or very short, than are seen į in England, or perhaps as their numbers
are small, the chances of any deviation í from the common measure are necessarily
few. The tallest men that I saw among them are of the higher rank. In rejions of barrenness and scarcity, the human race is hindred in its growth by the same causes the as other animals.
The ladies have as much beauty here as in other places, but bloom and soliness are