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the contingencies inseparable from pendence. These conditions are placed them; and it would be more advan- before her, with a demand for an im tageous to Turkey to grant the Greeks mediate armistice. The three lawless absolute independence, than to accept nations command her, at the moment them.

when she has subdued the Greeks, We will here ask,-why do the to cease hostilities, and to abandon three powers give to Turkey a share Greece, with the absurd reservation like this in the nomination of the we have named; and they threaten to Greek authorities ? What benefit can acknowledge Greece as an indepenshe draw from it? If she have the dent nation, if she refuse. This they smallest right to it, she must, of ne call an offer of mediation ! cessity, have an equal right to share It might have been expected that in the general government of Greece. even an “offer” of this kind would It is, we think, the most preposterous be made according to the regular forms provision that folly ever blundered of diplomacy; but no, it was graced upon. To her it is utterly worthless, with the company of a huge fleet of and it must be a source of perpetual British, French, and Russian ships of animosity and strife between her and war. Why was this fleet sent? The Greece.

treaty represents that Turkey had a The people whom the piratical right of refusal ; and it binds the three powers thus render independent, do powers from taking any part in the not possess anything worthy of being war, in case of her refusal. Why called a government. They are divi- then was this fleet sent? It could ded into conflicting, unprincipled fac- only have been sent for offensive pur. tions, and they are in a great measure poses---for purposes flatly at variance lawless. It is almost matter of cer with the terms of the treaty. tainty, that the elements for forming a This fleet, on its arrival, is put under reasonably efficient government, do the command of a British admiral. The not exist among them. To what an treaty says, the "offer of mediation” was extent they have carried piracy, is to be made to the Porte ; and every one sufficiently known; and his Majesty's knows that the Turkish generals and Ministers have solemnly proclaimed admirals had no independent characto the world, that their government is ter, and could not disobey the Porte: unable to prevent their piracies. If it might therefore have been expected Turkey submit to the conditions of that “ the offer of mediation” would the treaty, how is her tribute to be be left solely to the care of the regular paid ? How is the exercise of her veto ambassadors and the Turkish governto be enforced? How are the Greek ment. The lawless powers and their pirates to be suppressed? Who is to agents were, however, determined establish a government in Greece ? that their atrocious proceedings should How is Turkey to act, and how is she not display one redeeming speck of to be treated, if her Greek tributaries, honour and fair dealing. The British and feudal vassals, attack, or are at. Admiral—we regret from our souls tacked by, other nations ? Nothing that we are compelled to call him one exists in Greece which can be relied -discovers that it will utterly dison for paying the tribute, allowing the grace his own great talents to content exercise of the veto, respecting the himself with acting as a mere admiral; rights of other states, and discharging he blazes out into an ambassador-a the obligations which the treaty would sovereign, holding despotic authority impose on her.

over the subjects of Turkey. He takes That the conditions of the treaty into his hands the “ offer of medias are to Turkey what we have stated — tion;" deems the opinion of the Turke that they are of the most insulting, ish Government a thing of no conseinjurious, and degrading character, - quence ; commands the Turkish com. that they are such as she should re manders to receive orders from him ; ject with scorn, if she have any altera and then destroys the Turkish fleet. native to compulsory acceptance-will We need add but little to what bas be confessed by ali men, save him been said of the battle of Navarino, for whose grovelling soul never felt the the country has already pronounced holy glow of British pride and indea its verdict. This verdict is--the three

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piratical powers, in this battle, were with the whole conduct of the law. guilty of a most outrageous violation less piratical powers, but it was not of public law, and it has imprinted an one calculated to bind even a Turk. indelible stain on British honour. We His refusal gave mighty offence to the will, however, glance at a few of the admirals; and they resolved to “take circumstances connected with it. a position with the squadrons in Nam The Admiral gives a

protocol of varino.” This position was taken a conference” which he and his bro- with hostile intentions, and the tather Admirals held—in these jack-of- king it was an act of hostility. The all-trades times, even Admirals must Turkish fleet would only have acted have their protocols—in which the on the defensive, had it fired on the Admirals say, they “ met before Na- allied one, to prevent its being taken. varino for the

purpose

of concerting The British Admiral, in his dispatch, the means of effecting the object spea says, he gave orders that, in taking cified in the said treaty, (the treaty the position, no gun should be of the three powers,) viz. an armistice, fired, unless guns were first fired by de facto, between the Turks and the Turks.” He says further, that the Greeks.' Now, according to the battle began, because a boat, sent from treaty, the ambassadors of the three the Dartmouth to one of the Turkish powers were to demand an armistice fire-ships, was fired on by the latter with of the Turkish Government, and this musketry. He does not say that the Government was to have the right of boat bore a flag of truce; neither does refusal ; no compulsion was to be re he state why it was sent to the Turksorted to. What right then had the ish vessel. His silence on this imintermeddling Admirals to take any portant point is alike suspicious and steps for “ effecting" an armistice ? reprehensible. The Morning Post The protocol says that Ibrahim Pacha, gives the following explanation on this after consenting to a provisional point, as from authority : “ The Dartsuspension of hostilities,” violated his mouth chose to place herself about engagement, "by causing his fleet to thirty yards from the Turkish firecome out with a view to its proceed- brig. The pinnace of the Dartmouth ing to another point of the Morea.” was manned, with orders to take poso His doing this was, it seems, an act of session of the fire-brig. The first hostility! Now the term provisionallieutenant, Mr Smith, with two midevidently proves, what, in truth, no shipmen, (Harrison and B. Smith, man can doubt, that Ibrahim's engage- and fourteen picked men, went in her; ment was a conditional one; every when in the act of boarding the Turkone must be sure that the agreement ish brig, the first lieutenant and Mr imposed obligations on the Admirals as Harrison were wounded, and midshipwell as on himself; and every one will man B. Smith killed, by being blown admit that their violation of their en up; two of the men were also killed. gagements released him from his. Why, The Turks, after a short fight, fired then, have not the terms of this armi- their brig, and jumped into a boat stice or agreement been published ? alongside. Lieut. G. W. H. Fitzroy, It may be regarded as certain, that the and eight men, were then sent in the Admirals would stipulate to him that Dartmouth's cutter to tow the brig. the Greeks should likewise suspend clear of the Dartmouth; he attacked hostilities. Did the Greeks do so ? the Turkish boat, in which there were No. They have never yet suspended about 18 men; he was shot dead by hostilities. While the admirals acted the Turks in the boat, and brought thus to the Turks, they suffered the alongside the frigate. The fire-brig Greeks to continue the war without was then towed clear of the Dartmolestation. If ever the truth ap- mouth, and afterwards went down pear, we suspect it will be found that when within 30 or 40 yards of the it was not the “boasted Ottoman, but Turkish frigate, in the attempt to tow the three blustering admirals, whose her on the Turkish frigate.word of honour was basely sacrificed. It must be remarked, that the Ad

It was not to be expected that Ib- miral is wholly silent touching the rabim would hold himself to be bound sending of the pinnace. The boat he from hostilities, while the Greeks were alludes to, is the cutter sent under suffered to continue them. Such an Lieutenant Fitzroy ! “ armistice” was in exact keeping The Morning Post, we say, states

that it gives these particulars from destroy an old, faithful, and valuable authority. We ask our readers to friend, without the smallest provocacompare them with the Admiral's dis- tion, and with the certainty that it patch, and more especially with his must bring upon her gigantic inju. assertion, that he ordered no gun to ries of every description. be fired, &c.

If this abominable treaty had not The Morning Post, on the same au been concluded, peace would have thority, says further—" Was the ac been established before this time betion at Navarino the first open act of tween Greece and Turkey; and the hostility committed by the British peace of Europe would have been prefle against the Turkish ships ? Do served. This treaty is not only perthe Ministers not know, that, in the petuating the war between Greece and Gulf of Patras, the signal was made by Turkey, but it is involving Europe in the Dartmouth—The fleet are much general war. At the moment when scattered, and some may be cut off?' we write, Turkey refuses the “ offer Do they not know, that, in conse of mediation;" her fleet has been dequence, a firing commenced about four stroyed without the least provocation; o'clock in the afternoon from the Bri- and for this tbe lawless powers are all tish squadron, which was kept up for to make war on her. This sequel to nearly two hours, without the Turks their guilt is worthy the commencereturning a shot ?"

ment. Such a war must, however, Do they not know, that about ten be entered into by other parties. If of the Turkish brigs were cut off Austria expect to preserve her Italian that the next morning the Asia, the possessions and her existence, she Talbot, and the Dartmouth, boarded must be neither a neutral, nor the Turkish brigs, which they found full ally of the piratical powers. This of provisions, for the relief of the country, with a sinking revenue, with Turks at Patras ?”

taxes which her destructive policy has Do they not know, that their ves rendered almost insupportable, with sels were towed as far as Zante?”

nearly all her great interests in a state Do they not know, that at this of decline and suffering, must plunge very time Lord Cochrane was at sea, into war to fight against herself, and

conquer her own ruin. In such war TURKISH VESSELS?"

she must receive no protection from We are inclined to believe that the public law. Public law exists no truth of all this will, in due time and longer; she has assisted in its solemn place, be properly established. These annihilation. She must be attacked proceedings have been resorted to un on all points, by all the means that der the mask of offering mediation, lawless power and rapacity can emand demanding an armistice ; they ploy. hare been resorted to under a treaty There are yet men in Parliament which pretends to bind the contract who value their country's honour as ing parties from taking any part in their own; and who feel that they the war between Turkey and Greece. are disgraced and degraded in her disWe need not dilate on their atrocity, grace and degradation. Such men, in neither need we shew what hideous the approaching session, will purge pollution they have cast on the Brie themselves from the stain which these tish flag, the uniform of the British atrocious proceedings have cast on navy, and British honour.

them and their countrymen. They Russia has an intelligible motive. will re-echo the nation's voice, and She is pursuing this career of crime protest in the nation's name against and infamy for the sake of territory all participation in the iniquity. They and power:

France is not without will call for inquiry, and, we trust, such a motive. She is aiding to crush punishment. Farther than this, we the British empire in India, and she hope they will do their utmost to has doubtlessly an understanding with take the charge of the honour and inRussia that she shall have her full terest of their country from the hands share of Turkish territory. Bat Bri- of Ministers, who have done so much tain is doing it only for her own des towards blasting the one, and ruining struction. She is aiding to rob and the other.

AND HAD CAPTURED FIVE OF THESE

THE CAUSES OF THE DECLINE OF THE BRITISH DRAMA.

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" Why, this was known before
Not to them all."

Coriolanus.
Ix the treatment of things trite the stomach waxed weak, the pepper-
there is a peculiar difficulty. The de- ing grew stronger. At last the patients
cline of the British Drama has been could digest nothing, and retain little.
so evident—so notorious and palpable It was in vain, like the King of Prus-
to any one who has lore enough to sia in his dropsy, to set disease at de-
compare the healthy productions of fiance, and eat hot eel-pies.”—“E'en
our ancestors with the rickety off- dismissing the doctor don't always suc-
spring of modern times--that one feels ceed.” Hydrothorax and pthisis su-
inclined to apply for a solution to phy- pervened, and the sisters are now
sical causes alone, leaving out moral gasping under the triple evils of ill
considerations as too evanescent to ac taste, ill cooks, and too much money.
count for effects so glaringly obtrusive. As for their applications to the quacks
Melpomene, in short, is in the last to tap or bleed them, it would be mere.
stage of a consumption, with strong ly putting them to useless pain. The
hectic symptoms; and 'Thalia in a water would soon accumulate again,
tabes, inclining to the dropsical. This putting aside the risk of mortification
is the best account that can be given or hemiphlegia ; and this is the media
of the matter; and if Doctor Paris or cal account of the matter. Under a cri-
Mr Abernethy is of a different opi- tical system, the three causes of the
nion, let him publish his bulletin ace decline of the English Drama range
cordingly. In the history of the com under three heads,-II Taste, Ill Cric
plaint there is nothing new. The ticism, and Monopoly-III taste as to
prognosis is easy enough. The sisters the drawing of character, I criticism
were respectable and amiable spinsters as to style, and Monopoly as to repre-
in Queen Elizabeth's time. They un- sentation.
luckily for themselves got into habits Most men are, some time or other,
of familiarity with that insinuating induced to read occasional sermons,
debauchee, Charles the Second. From or moral discourses, or philosophical
him they learned to take more stimue dissertations, or treatises on ethics, or
lus than is proper for well-educated something in some shape or other,
young ladies. They talked French, pretending to treat of the human
kept late hours, and company none of mind or character. Now, be the
the most reputable

. Such conduct books good or bad, everybody will recould only have one end. Loss of collect that they all agree in one character kept pace with increase of point, and that is in a general bewail. style

, until, in a series of years, both ment of the “ inconsistency” (as they got into that equivocal situation, to call it) of human nature. They come which less delicate minds might per- plain that. ere is always something chance be inclined to apply a term too call it infirmity, or what you will) coarse for the pages of this Magazine. which contrives to set a man's doings Ill-got affluence is never permanent. by the ears with each other, and seems Overgrown incomes were followed by to take a delight in making him go to overgrown establishments, and overe buffets with himself, and contradict grown establishments by all manner himself to his own face. This is all of luxury. The consequences were very well, and very true-and as the soon evident. Great bouses and mula drama professes to be an imitation of titude of servants brought many guests human nature, one of course looks to and many tastes. Everything was gra- find the same thing there, better or dually turned topsy-turvy. The old worse pourtrayed, as may, happen. plain household economy was exchan- Hearing, as one does, such a loud ged for high French dishes, drams, talk from all manner of theatrical and extravagance. A bloated body people-authors, players, critics, masoon became the sure argument of a nagers, scene-painters, and candle. depraved appetite. False appetite is snuffers, about“ holding a mirror up but the forerunner of dyspepsia. As to nature," and " veluti in speculum,

VOL. XXIII

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and suchlike phrases, one naturally this is to go for nothing in a theatre. looks to see, at the very worst, a bad Your stage heroes and tyrants are to imitation of this self-same inconsiste be heroes and tyrants out-and-out ; to ency, which the moralists have been the world, as well as their valets-demaking such a fuss about. Not see chambre, talking nothing but “ fire, ing this, one naturally, as the next smoke, and bounce”—lapping bloodstep, inquires about it-the which in drinking gin and gunpowder ;-in quiry lets us into a bit of a secret, viz. short, perfect crystallizations of hardthat stage character is one thing, and heartedness. After the same rule, your human character another-a fact, which stage lovers are to do nothing but sigh, if a man happens to be of a considere to have nothing in their mouths but ate disposition, has an effect upon him “ Ah, me!” nothing on their stomachs pretty much like that produced by but wind, nothing in their pockets but suddenly running his nose, in the billets-doux. Your stage mothers are, dark, against a post-a sort of dirupe evermore, to have an infant in one tion of his preconceived ideas, a sud. hand, and a white pocket-handkerden break of the strata, which, whe- chief in the other. Your stage rufther he be metaphysician or geologist, fians are to be ready, at a minute's is not a little embarrassing. In such notice, to stab, rob, and ravish man, an unexpected strait what can a man woman, and child, without provoca. do, but even take to his books, and tion or remorse. Your stage fops are try “ the faculties” again ? Accord- to be, ad infinitum, silly in stays, pup ingly, he reads, from Longinus down- pyish in pantaloons, and blackguard wards, all manner of critical disserta- in buckskins; and your stage jockeys, tions, the jet of which is to take him all the three at once, in a swell hat, by both elbows, and, pinning them Belcher handkerchief, white upper close down to his sides, make him toggery-boots, spurs, and a switch. wheel, at once, to the right-about, so This is poor work. Whoever has that the “ Nasum aduncum,” which had observation enough to mark just before looked due west, turns die human nature, even in her common. rectly the other way,-plain east, est phases, must know, that even to point-blank to the opposite quarter of the most purblind metaphysics, this

consistency” is mere stuff. Instead of the inconsistency of the The fact is, that nine times out of ten, human character, he now hears of no- humanity is the reverse of consistena thing but its consistency. He is told cy, in the common acceptation of the of this and that (at every turn,) out- word, and now and then so in any raging that or the other-of keeping, sense of it. There are few general of propriety. In plain terms, he learns, rules which are true of human conthat though Elwes the miser, in real duct; so few, that, on reflection, one life, used now and then to do generous is astonished there should not be more. things ;--though even Garrick him- The best explanation, indeed the only self was, at times, liberal, until he got one, is to account for actions by argufrightened by the ghost of a farthing, ing from passions, opposite in their which met him at the door of a snuff nature, but co-existing in the same shop,-nevertheless, your stage miser individual. Of these, sometimes one, is to think of nothing but his money. sometimes another, has the mastery; Were he to show a tittle of generosity, for, as to the doctrine of a “ ruling be the occasion what it might, the passion,” that, whatever Lord Bolingcritics would at once arraign him of broke might think of it, is mere noninconsistency. They would tell the It is contradicted by all expeauthor be absolutely knew nothing of rience. If men's doings were regulated what they, in their jargon, call “ pre- by one wire, we should have much servation of character." No, forsooth! less trouble than we have. The truth it would not be “ in keeping." It of the matter is, that there is no such would be a violation of “colouring, thing as a predominant passion in this of costume, of probability”—Psha! sense. The strongest passions of men In like inanner, though, in reality, are perpetually opposed, neutralized, your Cromwells were kind-hearted and turned aside by others. men to their relations and familiars; He who feels himself entangled in and your Napoleons beloved by their the meshes of some besetting sin, every servants, military and civil, yet all now and then, like a blue-bottle in a

the compass.

sort of “

sense.

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