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Expenditure, 1821.

Expenditure, 1998.
Naval, L.500,000 0.0

Naval, L.500,000 0 0
Sundries, 184,521 16 13

Sundries, 180,794 51

Total, L.680,794 8 4

Total, L.684,521 18 19

Expenditure, 1822.
Naval, L.500,000 0 0
Sundries, 176,126 14 8}

Expenditure, 1824.
Naval, L.500,000 0 0
Sundries, 197,980 16 44

Total, L.676,126 14 81

Total, L.697,980 16 43

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1825.–From Parliamentary Papers, 1825. Naval Expenditure, Quart. Reo.

L.300,000 0 0 Army Estimates, Pap. No. 31 of 1825, p. 20. Pay Staff and Medical Officers,

2,868 147
Ariny Extraordinaries, Pap. 61 of 1825, pp. 3, 4, 9, 11,
and 13, sundries,

87,319 16 11
Commissariat Estimates, Pap. 23 of 1825, p. Pay Officers, 2,669 1 3'
Commissaries' Accounts, Pap. 62 of 1825, p. 61, Sierra
Leone, &c.

L.28,736 0 24
P. 61. Provided in England,

16,419 2 7 16,419 275

L.45,165 2 10 Ordnance Estimates, Pap. 35 of 1825, pp. 13 and 21, sundries,

303 0 0 P. 36, supplies to Liberated Africans, Sierra Leone,

10,000 0 0 Miscellaneous Estimates, Pap. 29, No. 4, of 1825, p. 6, Captured Negroes, free Americans,

46,000 0 0 P. 7, Slave Commissions, L.17,425,

7,200 0
Miscellaneous Estimates, Pap. 30, No. 5 of 1825, pp. 5 and
1, Civil Establishments,

29,162 2 0 Page 8, Military ditto, provided in England,

33,781 2 5 Expenditure, 1825,

L.735,722 1994
1826.-From Parliamentary Papers, 1826.
Naval Expenditure, Quart. Rev.

L.500,000 0.0
Army Estimates, Pap. 43 of 1826, p. 17, Staff and Medical
Officers,

4,008 18 4
Commissariat Estimate, Pap. 57 of 1826, p. 3, Officers' Store
Branch,

2,750 $ 9 Ordnanice Estimates, Pap. 25 of 1826, pp. 11, 20, 37, 42, and 47, sundries,

28,760 00
Comtaissaries' Accounts, Pap. 60, of 1826, p. 61, Sierra
Leone, &c.

L.43,302 5 11
Provided in England,

19,180 16 84 19,180 16 8 L.62,483 274

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P. 71, Gold Coast sundries,

L.45,896 15 92
Provided in England,

3,745 19

L.49,612 15 449,648 15 48
Accounts Commissariat, Pap. 60, of 1826, p. 65, Gold
Coast, 1823,

L.8,109 15 55
Provided in England,

532 2

L.8,641 18 14 8,641 18 1!
Commissaries' Accounts, Pap. 65, of 1826, p. 67, Gold
Coast, 1823,

L.10,602 7 8
Provided in England,

1,737 17 84
L.12,310 51} 12,310 j }

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Army Extraordinaries, Pap. 59 of 1826, pp. 3, 4, 14, 13, 16, and 16, sundries,

120,515 6 1 Miscellaneous Estimates, Pap. 86 of 1826, p. 6, liberated Africans, free Americans,

35,000 0 0 P. 7, Slave Commissions, L.18,000,

7,000 0 0 Miscellaneous Estiinates, Pap. 156 of 1826, pp. 6 and 7, Ci. vil Establishments,

27,420 19 10 Pp. 6 and 7, Military do. do. (Årmy Account,)

33,161 15 5 P. 9, Clothing, tools, &c. liberated Africans,

12,168 00 Civil Contingencies, Pap. 123 of 1826, pp. 11 and 15, sundries,

1,450 00 Expenditure, 1826, L.862,140 19 03

1827.-From Parliamentary Papers, 1627. Naval Expenditure, Quart. Rev.

L.800,000 0 0 Army Estimates, Pap. 58 of 1827, p. 17, Staff and Medical Officers,

4,008 18 4 Commissariat Estimate, Pap. 84 of 1827, p. 3, Sundries :

2,751 39 Ordnance Estimates, Pap. 59 of 1827, pp. 11, 20, 42, 44, and

4,773 00 Civil Contingencies, Pap. 161 of 1827, pps. 10 and 12, Sundries,

2,101 12 8 Commissaries

' Accounts, Påp. 87 of 1827, p. 55, Sierra Leone,
&c.

L.50,983 5 0
Provided in England,

19,546 13 14 19,646 184 L.70,529 18 104

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L.13,759 19 10 13,759 19 10 Army Extraordinaries, Pap. 261 of 1827, pp. 3, 4, 8, 7, 8, 9, and 12, Sundries,

64,343 10 6 Miscellaneous Estimates, Pap. 161 of 1827, pp. 5 and 6, No. B, Civil Establishments,

19,609 16 0 Military do (Army account),

32,065 1 4 P.7, Tools, Clothing, &c. for Lib. Africans and Convicts N. S. Wales, L.49,000 say

13,000 0 0 Miscellaneous Estimates, Pap. 160 of 1827, p. 8, Captured Negroes, Bills drawn,

30,000 0 6 Slave Commissions, L.18,000,

8,000 0 Expenditure, 1827, L.713,959 15 6

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Abstrach 1821

L.684,521 18 1. the expenditure from 1791 till 1808 to 1822

684,768 12 make the annual expense from 1808 1823

693,134 10 8 till 1821 equal to the expense from 1824

697,980 16 1820 to 1828) as follows, viz.-1825 735,722 19 9

L.14,429,278 2 0 1826

841,158 15 67 To which add re2827 713,959 15 cruiting, fitting

out, and trans L.5,060,247 18 1: porting of Eu.

ropean troops, Yearly average, L.721,463 18 1 7000,

700,000 0 0 and which multiplied by 20 gives the expenditure for British Africa, or Si Total, L.15;129,278 % 0 ERRA LEONE, since 1807, (allowing

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Exclusive of sums paid for captured 1825

45,000 € and liberated Africans !

1826

35,000 0 The expense of maintaining Sierra 1827

30,000 0 Leone may, with the greatest justice, be set down as a sum paid for liberated

L.261,195 100 Africans. I proceed, however, to shew Home supplies the sums which, independent of this, L.11, 60annually, we have directly and actually paid for this description of British subjects;

L.338,195 10 and to obtain an accurate datum to determine the whole, let us take the cums Annual average, 48,313 12 to for the following years according to the official estimates, and the bills which for 20 years is L.966,272 10 5 drawn in each year for this portion of above nine-tenths of which sum is uncur national expenditure thus : questionably for Sierra Leone alone!!

With these remarks I proceed to lay *1821

L.35,533 3 43 before you the sums which Great Bric 1822

36,830 8 0 tain has actually and directly paid for 1823

34,031 18 74 LIBERATED AFRICANs in one way or 1824

45,000 0 0 another as follows:Bounties, Par. Pap. 399 of 1827,

L.484,344 6 8 Maintenance liberated Africans,

966,272 5 Spain paid for illegal captures, Par. Pap. 43 of 1822, granted session 1818,

400,000 0 0 Portugal paid for illegal captures, Par. Pap. 43 of 1822, p. 2,

L.348,904 2 2 Do. do. p. 3, granted session 1820,

150,000 0 Do. do. Miscellaneous Estimates, Pap. 44 of 1821, p. 3,

150,000 0 Do. do. Miscellaneous Estimates, Pap. 21 of 1822,

35,000 0 Miscellaneous Estimates, Pap. 192 of 1823, No. 2, p. 35,

15,000 0

+ 698,904 2 g United States, paid for Slaves per award Emperor Alexander, 1,250,000 dolls.

300,000 0 0 Commission attending award at Petersburgh, Pap. 123 of

1826, p. 15. Pap. 151 of 1827, and Pap. 43 of 1821, pp. 3 and 5,

8,295 4 6 Civil Contingencies, Pap. 191 of 1283, p. 6. illegal capture by Captain Willis of H. M. S. Cherub,

6,740 14 6 Liberated Africans Comm. West Indies, say for six years, 118,600 0 0 Do. do. to Sierra Leone, say three years,

7,000 0 Slave Commissions Sierra Leone, 'Havannah, Rio de Janeiro, &c. say nine years, at L.18,700,

168,300 00 Carry forward, L.3,058,456 18 3

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• The sums really expended are, I believe, much greater. Thus, in the FINANCIAL ACCOUNT for 1824 we find, at page 266, the following entry; “ Alexander Grant, Acting Governor of Sierra Leone, account from 1st July 1820 to 30th Nov. 1821 (17 months) L.65,483: 19: 74d." the whole of which, it is fair to presume, was for maintaining liberated Africans. See also note, page 75 of this letter. The par. ticulars of the sum for 1821 shew the proportions: Sierra Leone, L.33,824, 19: 74d. Dominica, L.697, 1 : 6d ; Isle of France, L.186, 188. ;. Demerarą, L.508, 1: 21d; Dominica, L. 34, 9: ld.; Jamaica, L. 746, 3s. ; Fees, L.535, lls. ; Tocal, L.35,533, 3: 430.-Civil List, Pap. 43 of 1821, p. 16.

+ Exclusive of the sum of L.601,771: 7:9, being the amount of a loan remitted to Portugal 1815. (Par. Pap. 43 of 1822, p. 2.)

By Par. Pap. 325 of 1823, p. 22, this commission cost L. 3100 annually,

Brought forwarı, L.3,058,456 18 3 Pensions, Disbanded Blacks, Soldiers, average of three years, (1st Lett. Black. Dec. 1826,)

251,000 0 0 Paid Sierra Leone Company for Sierra Leone, and the ex.

pense of removing and inaintaining Maroons and Nova Scotians &c, as per first letter

441,442 6 7 Total,

L.3,750,899 4 10 Look at these enormous sums, and settlements which we at present mainsay what we have got for them! Only tain in Africa! In a political point of the net proceeds of his Məjesty's share view, is Sierra Leone, a Gibraltar, of a few slave ships sold and paid a Malta, the Ionian Islands, the Cape into the military chest at Sierra Leone; of Good Hope, a Mauritius, a Ceyand the collection of idle people assem- lon, a Sincapore, a Bermuda, a Barbabled in that settlement, which require does, or a Jamaica ? No! It come an establishment exceeding in expen, mands nothing-it influences nothing diture L.800,000 per annum to keep in this world! What, ther, I must rea them idle, and from disappearing from peat, have we done in Africa, or FOR the map of the world!

Africa ? The answer must be- NOListen to facts. Attend to truth. THING! And what, in our connexion What have we done in Africa ? Have with Africa, have we done for Great we suppressed the Slave Trade ? No! Britain? Why, we have sacrificed It is quadrupled in extent, and QUIN- thousands of valuable lives; and we TUPLED in horrors. Have we civili- have squandered away many, - MANY zed or reclaimed, -that is, have we MILLIONS of money! Yet the work of made more moral and industrious & folly, and delusion, and extravagance, single African beyond the bounds,- and waste, still proceeds! Will the nay, even within the bounds, of our nation and our legislature submit to own narrow territories? No! Have this for ever? Impossible ! we taught, or have we planted addi I have thus, and at great length, ad. tional agriculture in Africa ? No! verted to Mr Macaulay's work, and Have we extended or created com followed out the Report of the Commerce in Africa ? No! At this day it missioners, in order therefrom to shew is less in the bona fide articles of legi- the accuracy of my former statements, timate commerce than it was in 1789. and the misrepresentations, the errors, Have we created a settlement in Afrin and the falsehoods, put forth by my ca, with which, in case of war and mis- irritated and incautious opponent, refortune, we could at a peace purchase garding the detested spot.

The reany British object or interest in any proaches of “ mercenary, writer,” other quarter, by renouncing or ex partizan of West Indian slave-own, changing it? No! The meanest power ers,” and all such ribaldry, the conin the world would scorn to accept, temptible weapons of detected delineven as a free gift, the whole of the quency, and exposed error, and Afri.

• Exclusive of claims made, but not yet paid, for bounties, and illegal captures, which, it may be a low estimate to take at L. 200,000 ! In the Naval estimates there is the sum of L. 40,000 granted annually for “ pilotage, bounties on slaves," &c. the proportion of which sum for “ bounties on slaves," we learn by Par. Pap. 20 of 1823, was L. 12,785.

† Par. Pap. 225 of 1826. Imports from W. C. Africa, goods, L. 154,948 0 0 Sierra Leone Gazette, June 19, 1826. Gold dust,

100,000 0 0

L.254,948 0 0

Total,
Trade 1789. Rep. Comm. Privy Council, Part IV. No. 10.
Imports direct, goods,

L.117,817 0 0
Ditto, by way of West Indies,

5000 0 0 Gold dust,

200,000 0 0

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322,817 0 0

Our whole expenditure in Africa was then only a grant for Gold

Coast, whichi, on an average of years,by Par. Pap. 724 of
1822, p. 13, was only

L. 19,062 4 2!!

can malevolence, I treat with scorn. think; perhaps you may get a peep at These have had their day, and are now Mr C-n's store, where a Number lies only used by the jaundiced eye and in some measure pro bono publico, and malevolent pen of Mr Kenneth Mac- almost torn to pieces from the number aulay, by pens which are paid before- of hands which endeavour to get hold hand, or work under “Contract,” in all of it.” Off they go-rush amidst the they do, and the junta which sets them assemblage-read perhaps three deep. on; but these weapons can no longer Surprising !"_" astonishing! crush truth, nor shield deception. The “who in this world informs him?”. point at issue is not, whether I am con "who tells him all these things ?". nected with the East Indies or with the “how does he get such correct inforWest Indies, with the Mufti of Mec- mation ?" &c. &c. Aye,“ observes ca, or the Lama of Thibet,---but whe- Mr C-n, with a sigh, “ there it is ther what I have stated with regard quite correct—WE CANNOT DENY A to Sierra Leone, is true or untrue ? WORD OF IT!” This is the point at issue--the ques Except as it will benefit my countion before the public ;—a question try, the civilization of Africa can do which Mr Kenneth Macaulay can me no service. Our present system neither answer by misrepresentation, is decidedly wrong, and it is with sanor evade by false and unmerited re tisfaction I perceive that a new point proaches. Let him rail, bluster, write is to be chosen, and a more judicious his efforts are vain. Sierra Leone system, it is presumed, to be adopted. and its system will be pursued from But it is with pain I perceive that the day to day, from year to year, till it is expedition sent to accomplish this has corrected, or abandoned! He cannot been dispatched at an improper season prevent this. His system, his Sierra of the year; and it is with greater pain Leone also, as it is, and some of its I perceive that it has been directed to thick-and-thin supporters, as they are, call at Sierra Leone, more especially have, in defiance of his and their an in the midst of the sickly season, ger, and their efforts, each been drawn (August,) in consequence of which forth, and recorded in volumes which the accounts from that fatal spot, dawill not soon decay, and imprinted in ted the 14th of September, inform us pages such as these in which I have that the crew of the Diadem transport again the honour to address you ; had already got sickly, which, it is which will exist and be read when to be feared, will spread, and they he and they, and the whole concern may be thus cut off by disease, or carry yea, even MARO, AFF00A, Action, it with them to be cut off in an island and KocKQUO—are rotten and forgot- where as yet they have neither home ten !

nor shelter ; and thus the whole unBlackwood's MAGAZINE is read dertaking be blasted, which if it is, (where is it not read?) on the Coast adieu to the civilization of Africa ; for of Africa, and welcomed as a deliverer with and from Sierra Leone, it is now from cant, error, deception, and im- evident Great Britain never can acposition. And at Sierra Leone, such complish that work. I am,

&c. dialogues as the following frequently

JAMES M'QUEEN. take place: “Have you seen the Last Glasgow, Dec. 1 Number," say military gentlemen sta

10, 1827. tioned there, as they run to meet, at landing, officers of the navy coming in P: S.-A house rented by Government from a cruise. “No! Anything in it?” in Sierra Leone, at the rate of L.500 “ Yes! Another tickler to them !” sterling per annum, belonged to Mr “Can we see it?” “Almost impossible K. Macaulay. The Commissioners, — very difficult.” « But we must see

p. 103, tell us, “ that it would not sedi it before we are off !” “Well, let us for THREE YEARS' purchase!”

Vol. XXIII.

MI

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