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PROJECTED CATHEDRAL AT LIVERPOOL.
The Corporation of Liverpool are cure in the possession of a property said to have solicited the erection of which could not be taken from them a Bishopric, for which they are in by the common predatory habits of return to show their zeal by the the time. They produced noble builderection of a Cathedral. The Bishop- ings; and however it is to be regretted ric is to be composed of the diocese that the enormous sums laid out on of the Isle of Man, and a fragment them were not better employed, in of that of Chester. The diocese of the popular education, in the propagaMan is an absurd anomaly in the tion of science, or in works of humaestablishment, for it makes his Grace nity and charity, yet here we have the Duke of Athol head of a church, them, and it would be culpable to let and gives him the disposal of a mitre, them go to decay. But the idea of which, of course, always falls on the building new Cathedrals is totally abhead of the “ gude blude." This surd, extravagant, and useless. The strange privilege ought to be extin- modern expense of building a single guished, and probably will, by the Cathedral on the old scale-and to way most congenial to the pockets of build it on any other must be beggarthe great dispensers of the good things ly-would actually erect fifty tolerable of this world. But the formation of churches, which are as much wanting a new diocese out of that of Chester in the northern parts of the diocese of. may have its difficulties. Chester is Chester as in any other quarter of the an immense diocese, extending over kingdom,-would repair all the glebea considerable part of the north-west, houses,-would erect and furnish an even into Yorkshire; but it has the hospital in every town in Lancashire, episcopal objection of being rather un- and, in short, do a multitude of most productive as it is. ' Such a Bishop as useful and most necessary things. The Bishop Bloomfield deserves the rich- best Cathedral that we could build est see of them all; and even if he would be a bad one, for economy should be translated, his successor would, of course, be among the prinwill have to stomach the mortifica. ciples of the founders. But economy tion.
has nothing to do with the lavish exBut the proposal of the Liverpool penditure that alone could make one people is more obnoxious. To build of those edifices in any degree correa Cathedral would be to embark in a spondent to the name. We should tremendous expense, for no useful ob- have a bad Cathedral, probably never ject under the sun.
Cathedrals were more than half-finished; for the funds the natural growth of the rnonkish and the zeal of the Corporation would system. When rival abbots laboured soon be equally exhausted by the exto attract popular favour to their pious penditure, which would so soon be fooleries, by exciting popular wonder, discovered to be totally misapplied. the Cathedral, too, was the scene of The fact is, that the whole Catheriyal ambition. Nothing could better dral system is, to the mind even of show off the idolatrous tricks or the churchmen, the most cumbrous and pompous train of this early prelacy. inefficient part of the church polity. The Cathedral, besides, gave the chief The reformers, however, were forced employment that men of monkish se- to take it as it was--edifice, form of goclusion could find for the exercise of vernment, and state of revenue. The their tastes in architecture, which prebends were once little better than were sometimes cultivated in Italy, sinecures; and though they are now and were admirable. The expense of often given to men diligently emthe building was unimportant to those ployed in parishes, or perhaps as the who received immense sums of money rewards of literature, they are obnoxwhich they had but few other means ious from their being connected with of employing; the work gave occupa- scarcely any other actual duty than tion to artists and the peasantry. It that of sitting in a stall twice a-day, was equivalent to the manufacturing for a month or two in a year, for an occupation of later days, and at once hour at a time, which is called resia made the brotherhood popular, ser- dence, and which any man alive may wiceable to the district, comfortable do, and devote the rest of his existe and stately in their dwellings, and se- chce to lounging at a watering-place, touring on the continent, or going Paul's and Westminster Abbey as pleasantly through the nothingness of churches ? Next to nothing. A corLondon life. This is not said in a ner is railed off, in which a service is spirit of reproach to the general spirit chanted, which during the week noof the British ecclesiastics, for they body attends, which on Sundays is uniformly, when they have any sense attended by no more than the ordi. of the infinitely solemn importance of nary congregation of any of the small their duty, regret this temptation to churches, and which is the most inindolence, a temptation which is be- congruous and unsuitable form of ser. sides chiefly reserved for men willing vice, as any one will know who ate enough already to save themselves tempts to sing his prayers. The Catrouble—the sons and connexions of thedral and its service are equally the the higher orders. The whole system legacy of Papal times. St Paul's and ought to be revised. The stalls ought Westminster Abbey are actually little to be connected with positive duties. better than cemeteries, and very fine The Cathedrals ought to be turned in- ones they are ; and it is well, on the to Colleges for theological education, whole, that we have such receptacles or for some public purpose connected for our national monuments. But as with the public knowledge, The there are no such uses for our country stalls ought to be given to clergymen cathedrals, however it may be right to distinguished by their literature, and keep them up, the Liverpool Corpowho would be actual professors. It ration will act wisely in thinking a is singular that in England, the Pro- little, before they fling away their motestant head of Europe, and the actual ney on a mountain of stone, useless stronghold of whatever religious truth to every purpose but those of the subsists among men, there is no insti- contractors for the stones, and the tution for religious education. In the idle, who may be pleased to promes universities it forms an altogether nade its aisles. Let them build subordinate branch, and the divine is churches, hospitals, and alms-houses, left to hunt out his knowledge as well if they have money to dispose of, and as he can.
desire to dispose of it usefully. What is the practical value of St
MANAGERS OF THE OPERA.
Why, among the innumerable books pendence, but some property boxes of the day, has no book appeared on to be soon out of lease, and to revert the destiny of Theatres ? The Opera- to the income of the lessee, tempted House is in the market again. It Waters still more ; he finally refused would seem of all others the most cer- the offer, with expectation of making tain source of fortune, yet nothing is a mine of gold out of those boxes. He more unaccountable than the fates of relied on a banker, the banker relied every lessee of this theatre, contraste on something else; both were mistaed with the eagerness for the pure ken; the bank stopped, and Waters chase. The history of the adventu- went abroad sur le champ. rers for the last half century would Another lessee was Taylor, whose be worthy of a first-rate collector of name has figured so often in the perthe speculations of mankind. Gould, petual Chancery proceedings of this who had the theatre when Kelly, theatre. He, however, began his spewhose Memoirs have lately so much culation with so little to lose, that his amused the world, was manager, died, losses could not be formidable ; but it was supposed, deeply embarrassed. his chief dwelling continued to the Some of his shares got into the hands last to be in a place where, as the wits of an opulent trader, Waters, who say, to live within Rules, is not alpurchased on until he had in one way ways to live in comfort. or other embarked little less than a Ebers, a respectable and active maa plum in the speculation. He grew nager, then took it, urged by the ped sick of it, and a party started up to culiar patrons of the Italian Theatre purchase his title. They actually of- among the nobility. He carried it on fered him L.90,000. He pondered on with unusual spirit, and apparently this most tempting chance of inde. with considerable success. But he too is gone. At present there is actually under-diligence, the eleverest, giddie a keen canvass for the hire of the est, most hurrying, and most tardy of theatre from year to year. Laurent, earthly creatures, his whole conduct a Frenchman, a most dashing specu- has formed the most advantageous lator, is stirring up powerful patron- contrast, and his success has corree age to back his proposal. This man sponded to his prudence. At a season is certainly not afraid of being over- when theatres can but seldom collect stocked with business. For he has an audience, he has full houses. A already the English theatre in Paris, train of new performances, the secret a theatre in Brussels, branches of thea- of success, has rapidly been presented, tres in other places of the Continent, without being pressed on the public. and some interest in the theatres of If they have been found unpopular, Italy, to which he is labouring to add the manager has flung them aside af. the tremendous responsibility of the ter a night or two, and something else King's Theatre. What is the business has started forth. The result has been of a prime minister to this man's wear success to the theatre. and tear of brain ! His chief antago- Other candidates for the Operanist on the present occasion is one, House are making their proposals with who, like himself, sets distance at de- the vigour of projectors, and the Duke fiance; Price, the manager at once of of Devonshire is understood to declare Drury-Lane and of New-York, with his astonishment that there is so much half a dozen, or half a hundred thea- money on earth to be disposed of in tres besides in the States. His ma- scenery and singing, and his sorrow nagement of Drury-Lane certainly af- that his acceptance of a “ sinecure" fords a favourable promise of his suc- should have suddeniy overloaded him cess in any dramatic speculation. Fole with the most laborious office under lowing poor Elliston, who had every the Crown. fault of rashness, over-activity, and
It is said that the present state of give the soldier a convenient clothing, the military uniforms about to un- and to distinguish him from the enemy, dergo some revision, and that already –neither is attained by the present systhe revision has produced, as military tem, and the failure in the latter point matters may be fairly entitled to do is striking and unaccountable. The some very belligerent conversation in entire service, which is most likely to very high quarters. The Lord High be confounded with the enemy, from Admiral has begun with his departo the nature of its operations, and whose ment, and the navy are in future to confounding is, of course, most hainvest their lower man in blue trow- zardous to the general force, is actually sers, seamed with gold, for dress, in- made as like as possible to the same stead of close white pantaloons, which description of troops in the foreign must have been, of all possible investe armies. If we have lancers to raise, ments, the most inconvenient for tars. instead of making them so obviously The naval uniform in all other points British as to leave no liability to misis, however, the most rational of that take in the field, we dress them on the of all our services, because the practi- very model of the French ; who, note cal life of the navy compels a man to withstanding all their experience, are rationality. The cocked hat may be so afflicted with Melodramatic taste, an exception, for no more inconvenie that they make everything on the moent contrivance for covering or com- del of a stage-tailor. We load the fort was ever adopted for the human horseman with a cap of sickening head. But it is seldom used on board, weight, good for nothing as a defence, its chief display is on gala days, and and so high, that in the commonest in the streets of the dock-yards; and breeze half his time is taken up with if the navy are fond of it, they may keeping it from flying off, with hima be allowed to have their whim. But self in it. We cover the English face, the dress of the army is the true ob- not merely with the dandyism of the ject of censure.
mustache, a military-looking appenOf the two purposes of uniform,uta dage enough when worn by a foreign
er, but inevitably incongruous and are sure to turn our clumsy tricks coxcom bish when pasted on an English against us. To say that blue is necountenance. But the Lancer goes cessary for concealment in the opefarther, and buries his physiognomy rations of light cavalry, is absurd, to in a huge bush of beard-which would those who know that cavalry of any do honour to a Turk, and leaves kind have little or nothing to do in scarcely any other evidence of the hu- woods or ditches; that to conceal the man face than the nose and eyes. At horse is next to impossible; and that three inches off, no man could distin- to sit as a vidette and gallop off with inguish between this bearded burlesque telligence, is the most that can be ex« and any savage from Scythia. The pected of any light-horseman; or, at rest of the uniform is exactly of the all events, of the British trooper. But cut, the colour, and the frippery of the if concealment were to be ensured, Frenchman. The accumulation of all its fullest advantages are not to be put this foolery, which costs a prodigious in competition with a tenth of the disdeal to the country in the case of the advantages felt in every campaign by privates, as may be judged from the the Infantry Officer's utter impossibiexpense of the officers' uniform, which lity of discovering, a few hundred yards amounts to about five hundred pounds, off, whether the regiment, riding down actually unfits the British soldier for upon him, is coming to reinforce or to anything but a dandy. Our light ca- charge. valry are, of all others, the most inef. The arming of the light-horseman is ficient in the field. The outpost duty equally cumbrous. He is loaded with is intrusted to our German allies, and a carbine, which, in the line, he never the charges are given up to the heavy uses, and which in skirmishing he dragoons. Yet these lancers are, of uses to no effect. The German mounta course, individually as brave as other ed marksman is a valuable soldier, for men. But the evil does not stop here. his shots tell from practice. Not one From theirstudied similitude to French shot out of five hundred of the Bris cavalry, the enemy have frequently tish is calculated to do anything bet, contrived to get in upon our infantry; ter than frighten the crows. His horse the firing that might have repelled is unruly under fire, his hand is unthem was restrained, under the idea practised, and he only wastes powder, that they were our own troops, and and exposes himself to be taken down the mistake was discovered only when by the enemy's rifles. A dozen care they began sabreing away in our very bineers to a regiment, trained to the lines.
use of the weapon, would be enough All our light cavalry are upon the for the purpose of protecting the outsame principle, as close as possible in 'posts of the camp, or concealing the their resemblance to the foreigners, movements of the lines, and would and no officer alive could tell, at a save the general incumbrance and quarter of a mile's distance, whether expense of a weighty and an expenthe column of light cavalry advancing sive weapon. upon him were English or foreign. The true service for the British is the To what hesitation this doubt might heavy cavalry. An Englishman will negive rise, in circumstances where he- ver equal a foreigner in the outpost dusitation may be ruin, is easily con- ties. He wants the forest habits; he is ceivable. Yet all this hazard, which unaccustomed to the half wild life famay be the utter destruction of an miliar to the Austrian hussar; he can army or of a kingdom, is incurred never attain the patient vigilance, the from our taste for the fashions of men, power of enduring thirst, hunger, and to whom the British troops, unde the weather, nor even the adroitness based by foreign frippery, have been in the management of his charger and in every age superior. The whole of weapons, that are almost native to the our light cavalry wear blue, for no light troops of Germany. We also other earthly reason than that the disregard thecoinmon expedients which French and German cavalry wear blue. might, in some degree, remedy those To say that this absurd imitation is original disabilities. Who ever hears for the sake of tricking the French in in England of a summer camp for the the field, is to know but little of the exercise of the cavalry? The thing is French, who are our masters in trickery done every year in every principality of every kind, and who, in the field, of the Continent. The troops are thers taught to take up positions, to move Why should our other branch of over various kinds of ground, to ma- service, the artillery, wear blue, when næuvre, to bivouac; the whole activi- red is the distinguishing colour of the ty of a campaign is gone through, and British army? In short, why should nothing new to either officer or soldier there be the existing rage for making can occur on actual service. In Eng- the army as motley as possible, with land we have still extensive spaces for only the principle preserved of making such exercises. A camp on Dartmoor it as unlike a British one, and as like would give the range of a country a French, as we can ? The rifle corps wide enough for the whole display of must be excepted, as their business is a campaign. But we need not go so concealment, and the more their colour far. Windsor Forest would allow of resembles the trees, or the grass in every operation on the most interest, which they lurk, the better. But in ing scale. Health, activity, and in all other instances let us discard the telligence, would be combined, and foreign foolery. If Englishmen have the next scene of actual service would beaten their enemies without the help: tell a different tale from the history of of mustaches and beards, cuirasses the British light-horse in the Penin- and enormous conical caps, blue coats, sula and Flanders. But why should and lace enough on one of them to eat not the equivocal and foreign colour up the fortune of a younger son-let be changed at once for the English us do without those absurdities, and red? It is infinitely handsomer, is not fight with clean faces, and limbs clothmore expensive, is as easily kept clean, ed in the same colour in which Marla and at once adds to the appearance of borough rode over the field at Blenthe soldier and the security of the ge
heim. neral system.
Tue most novel application of that ing at the same time the good work of most powerful of all agents, Steam, is washing the faces of the mob far and now coming before the public in a wide. form which at least promises practical Gurney's carriage is now ready, like effects. Gurney, an ingenious chemist a pair of lovers, for a run on the north and mechanician, has, after various at- road, and the Edinburgh mail may tempts and failures, brought his steam begin to tremble. But its first runi carriage into a state allowing of actual will be to Windsor to pay its respects experiment on the road. It some time to Majesty, as in duty bound. It is since ran up Highgate Hill, a very steep next to visit Bristol by day, and haascent, at the rate of probably ten ving felt its way in sunshine, is to try miles an hour ; but its descent was its speed with the mail ; this will be a more formidably rapid, for the pilot decisive proof of its locomotive powers, was unable to guide its velocity, and for the rapidity of the Bristol mail is it tore off one of its wheels. To be such, that double insurance is said to run away with by a horse of this kind, be required by the Offices for all who that would think nothing of whirling travel in it, and all who have anything carriage, passengers, and all, into the to leave are publicly requested to make third heavens, or dissolving them to their wills. But this machine has the a jelly in the face of mankind, was one grand defect, that the steamery is too perilous an adventure to be assu- under the feet of the passengers. The red of popularity. In the meantime mighty agent which could make another engineer sent another steam mincemeat of the whole cargo at a carriage to perambulate the streets, moment's warning, is working under but his name was the most disastrous the boards on which 20 human beings imaginable for the purpose. An old pretend to be at their ease, travelling Roman would have pronounced him fourteen miles an hour. Where the destined by fate never to prosper in journey may end, whether at Bristol steam apparatus, for the name was or in the other world, is the problem ; Burstall. The omen was true, for the and it will be some time before those carriage blew up, and boiled and pars who are not zealous of their speedy boiled several scientific spectators, do- riddance of all the cares of life, will be