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the part of the public bodies who affect things; and, amongst those who sintoact for them, altogether unjustifiable. cerely wish to promote the interests of Their attempts to dictate to the entire the cause, much may fairly be attribody how they are to act on each parti buted to the heat naturally' generated cular, political occurrence, their pre. by long.continued opposition ; much suming to hold an inquisition on the to the effects of disappointed hope ; conduct of individuals in the exercise much to the resentment excited and of their elective franchise, and putting justified by insolent and virulent oppothem under the ban of their displeae sition. But the unfortunate state of sure because they vote for their private the public mind in Ireland, is, above friends, and abide by their plighted en. all things, imputable to the conduct of gagements; all this is a degree of in- government ; for that there are pere quisitorial authority unexampled and sons in Ireland who look to revolution insufferable ; and this by persons pro- and separation cannot be denied. The fessing themselves the advocates of un- separatists are, however, neither nu. bounded freedom and unlimited tolera- merous, nor, in themselves, formidation, at the moment when they are ble ; and they tremble at the progextending their tyranny into the do- pect of the adjustment of the catholic mestic arrangements of every catholic claims, as a measure deadly to their family in the country. The tone of views. Is it a wise policy, is it a course
a unqualified demand, and haughty re- which any government can justify to jection of all conditions or accommo- the country, to recruit for these public dation, so confidently announced by enemies, by endeavouring to embody them, is not less disgusting ; nor can the legitimate claims of the catholica the intemperance of many of their pub- with their wild and pernicious prolic speeches, the exaggeration and vio- jects? Is it not madness to oppose the lence of some of their printed publica- same blind and indiscriminate resitstions, be palliated.
ance to the honest objects of the great But it is most unfair to visit on the untainted landed and commercial inRoman catholics, the opinions and the terests of the catholic people, and to conduct of such public assemblies as affect to confound them, in a common profess to act for them ; if they la. cause, with those miserable enemies of bour under a real and a continuing public freedom and safety !-But this grievance, and one which justifies, on measure, it was admitted, cannot be their part, a continued claim, they finally and satisfactorily adjusted, unmust act through the medium of po- less some arrangement shall be made pular assemblies, and must, of course, with respect to the Roman catholic be exposed to all the inconveniences clergy, and some security afforded to which attend discussions in such as the state against foreign interference. semblies. In all such places, we know Such security may be afforded, with. that unbounded applause attends the out interfering, in any degree, with the man who occupies the extreme position essentials of their religion ; and if so, of opinion, and that the extravagance the mere circumstance of its being reof his expression of such opinion will quired is a sufficient reason for connot be calculated to diminish it. That ceding it. This is not a struggle for there may be many individuals anxious the triumph of one party of the state to promote their own consequence, at over another; it is a great national sa. the expence of the party whose inte. erifice of mutual prejudices for the rests they profess to advocate, is an common good ; and any opportunity evil inseparable from such a' state of of gratifying the protestant mind should be eagerly seized by the catholic, even committee was appointed to arrange if the conditions required were uncall. and determine the different clauses ed for by any real or well-founded ap- which were to be introduced into the prehension. The state has a right to act. Mr Grattan, who still took the require some fair security against fo- lead, guve, on a subsequent occasion, a reign influence in its domestic
concerns. general view of the various provisions What this security may be, provided of which it was intended that this leit shall be effectual
, ought to be left to gislative measure should consist. The the option of the catholic body. As catholics were to be admitted to sit in a veto has been objected to, let it not both houses of parliament, and to hold be required ; but let the security be all offices, civil and military, except afforded, either by domestic nomina- those connected with the great seal, tion of the clergy, or in any shape or and that of Lord Lieutenant of Ireform, which shall exclude the practical land. They were to be denied, howeffect of foreign interference. Let ever, the right of presentation to any them be liberally provided for by the living in the church, in an university, state ; let them be natives of the coun- or public school.
or public school. The oaths, which try, and educated in the country ; and the law now requires to be taken by let the full and plenary exercise of persons in office, were to be dispensed spiritual authority by the Pope, which with in the case of Roman Cathoforms an essential part of their reli- lics ; and, instead of them, a new oath gious discipline, remain in all its force. was to be taken, presenting, it was Leave to their choice the mode of re- hoped, nothing to which a loyal caconciling these principles, and stand tholic could object. It contained an not upon the manner, if the thing is engagement to do nothing which could done. Pursue this course, put this be injurious to the British constitution measure into the hands of those in or to the established church, and a dis. whom the catholics can place confi- avowal of certain doctrines of the Rodence, or give them such a parliament- mish belief, which appeared inconsistary pledge, that they may see that the ent with the obligations of society. accomplishment of their wishes is de. Roman catholic clergymen were to take pendent on their own good sense and an oath that they would not recommoderation, and they will not be want. mend, sanction, or concur in the aping to contribute their part of this pointment or consecration of any bigreat national work of strength and shop, of whose loyalty they were not union. In all events, parliament will well informed. The episcopal funchave discharged its duty; it will have tions were to be conferred only upon given satisfaction to the bonest and to a natural-born subject, who had been the reasonable ; it will have separated resident in the kingdom five years imthe sound from the unsound, and left mediately previous to consecration.the bigot, or the incendiary, stripped Mr Canning proposed also that no Roof all his terrors, by depriving him of man catholic bishop should, in future, all his grievances.
be appointed without a certificate of loy. Such were the views which were alty from five English or Irish cathonow taken by the advocates of this lic peers appointed by the crown. All great question. The opponents of the bulls .or briefs received from Rome measure did not distinguish themselves were to be submitted to the examigreatly on this occasion ; and the mo- nation of commissioners, consisting
; tivn, after two adjournments, was care of the same catholic peers, two Roman ried by a majority of 264 to 224. A catholic bishops, the Lord Chancellor,
and one of the secretaries of state.-T. ings in the most decided and unqualiė these propositions it was understood fied manner. In vain did Mr Grattan
that Mr Grattan and his friends gave insist, that the report of its proceed- their consent.
ings was misrepresented, and even forEvery thing had hitherto proceeded ged; that there existed in Ireland no in a prosperous train ; and the belief spirit inimical to the bill. Every new > became general that the bill would be arrival brought new proofs of its pre
carried through with little opposition. valence. Besides an aggregate meet. Its fate, however, was very different. ing, an assembly of bishops was held, When the committee came to that which spoke the same sentiments in a clause, by which catholic members manner still less measured. Language were to be admitted to sit in both seemed unequal to express the dismay houses of parliament, Mr Abbot, the and consternation with which the pro
Speaker, made a long and eloquent posals filled them. The result of Mr coration : He declared his willingness Abbot's motion was celebrated in Ire
that the professors of this religion land as a triumph. The most bitter should be admitted to offices in the ar. enemy to the object of the bill did not my and navy, and that the soldier feel any exultation at its failure, to be should be protected in the exercise of compared to that which was excited in his worship; but he deprecated their the breasts of those for whose relief admission into parliament, where an and benefit it was solely intended. able and eloquent leader might acquire It seems impossible to deny the the most dangerous ascendency. 'He egregious mismanagement of those by warned the House against opening the whom the bill was drawn up and difood gates of innovation, which might gested. As the whole was founded not be easily closed ; and he referred upon certain conditions, to which the to circumstances, which gave reason to catholics were to agree, they ought, believe that even these ample conces. before any legislative proceedings took sions would give no satisfaction, on ac- place, to have ascertained whether these count of the conditions with which conditions would meet with general acthey were accompanied. This anima- ceptance. There could not be the ted speech, from a person seldom ac- smallest difficulty or impropriety in docustomed to open his lips, made a ing this. These communications might strong impression on the House ; and have been committed to writing ; and the clause was rejected, though by the had the catholic leaders then attempte majority only of 251 against 247. ed, from any motive, to retract or dea
This result was greatly aided by ny their consent, Mr Grattan would other important occurrences. The bill, have been able to produce full proof being founded upon certain securities of its having once been given. Noto be given by the Roman catholics, thing of this kind, however, was done, was, of course, nugatory, unless they and Mr Grattan and his friends found agreed to give these securities. Their themselves placed in the most awkward consent ought indeed to have been ob- dilemma, tained before the bill was brought into, Such was the result of the proceed. parliament ; but no sooner were its ings in parliament during the present provisions made known on the other session for giving relief to the catholics. side of the channel, than they became of Ireland. The demagogues in Irethe object of utter disgust and repro- land, however, continued their labours, bation. The catholic body immediate and made every effort to inflame the Jy assembled, and expressed these feel- minds of the people. Among other !
measures adopted by them, they The transactions of the catholic thought fit to come to the following board had great influence in alienaresolution, which excited the utmost ting from the petitioners many of their astonishment :“Resolved, That it best friends ; for, notwithstanding be an instruction to the catholic board, the ingenious apologies which were to consider of the constitutional fitness made for the conduct of this strange and propriety of sending an earnest association, no man could hesitate, and pressing memorial to the Spanish while " the Board” spoke, without Cortes, stating to them the enslaved contradiction, as the organ of the caand depressed state of their fellow ca. tholic body, to comprehend both in tholics in Ireland, with respect to their the same censure and condemnation. exclusion, on the score of their reli. “ It is not enough (it was justly obser. gion, from the benefits of the British ved) that the catholics should have constitution, and imploring their fa. their representative body, their con. vourable intercession with their ally, gress and convention, and thus erect our most gracious sovereign.”-It is a kind of distinct government within needless to add, that this resolution this realm; but this convention must
0 was viewed in England with contempt also send out its foreign ambassadors, and indignation.
-form foreign alliances,-and fulfil all The public prints, in the service of the acts of an independent government. the board, teemed with the wildest Is it nothing that the catholics of Ire. thapsodies. In one of them it was hint. land have delegated their influence to ed that Lord Wellington had designs a body of men systematically organi. on the crown of Spain, and was ready zed, not to convey their wishes to parto become a catholic. The obvious liament by petition, but to fill the tendency of this article was to sow dis- functions of government, to act in the sension between the British and Spa- name, and by the authority, of the canish nations. In another of these vile tholics of Ireland; to be the deposito. performances, all men belonging to ry of their complaints, and the avenger orange lodges were menaced with
ruin of their wrongs ; and so to represent in their different trades, and a plan to them as that through the Board the this effect was openly avowed. In a whole body of catholics may be treatthird, a supposed intention of the ed with either by a foreign power, or a orangemen (men attached to the protes- parliamentary party? Is it nothing that tant constitution of the country) to a body exists, which can wield both parade round the statue of King Wil. the passions and the physical force of liam, was stigmatised in the most odi- the catholic part of Ireland against the ous language. The Irish were often government at pleasure ; which can told that they alone atchieved every fawn upon a prince when supposed to be triumph of our arms,--that the Eng- favourable to their views, and offer him lish and Scots had little to do with unconstitutional assistance ; or when them. Because the frigate which took opposed to their claims can menace his the Chesapeake is named from an government, and turn the whole tide Irish river, her crew, it was pompouse of popular prejudice against him? And, ly announced, had been chiefly collect- to complete the whole, is it nothing, ed from the banks of the Shannon.. that a body should exist, which, haSuch were the mischievous absurdities ving given plan and system to the whole which these patriots addressed to the mass of religious discontent in Ireland, prejudices and credulity of the vulgar. shall at length stretch forth its arms to - foreign states that they may espouse a deep impression on the minds of all
its cause, recognise its existence, and good men; and the plan of catholic support it against its own sovereign ?" emancipation, which had already at.
It was impossible to resist the force tained such maturity, thus miscarried, of such reflections. The alarming spi. chiefly by the folly and violence of tit manifested by the catholics made those for whose relief it was intended.