The chosen women in Korean politics: an anthropological study
Chung-Hee Soh here contributes a unique perspective on women in politics by analyzing the ethnographic materials on the experiences of Korean women in their national legislature. Among the questions she raises are: Who are these women? How did they attain their political positions? What motivated their participation in male-dominated politics? Soh investigates the life histories of twenty-nine women who have been chosen to serve in the South Korean National Assembly. Her study sheds light on the dynamics of sociocultural change in male-female relations and gender role conceptions in a modernizing society. Soh obtained unique insights into the processes of change in the gender role system by studying the "chosen" women in male-dominated Korean politics. The experiences of Korean women in politics not only delineate the systematic limits to female life in Korean culture, but also reveal some commonalities in social structural impediments to women in high-level public office. The author provides cross-cultural comparative perspectives on such topics as family backgrounds, gender role socialization, the patterns of recruitment, and the impact of the electoral system on the representation of women in national politics. Soh adds an important new dimension to the study of women in politics by situating her findings in the broader sociohistorical context of a modernizing nation and offers useful insights into the processes of sociohistorical change in the gender-role system. Her book will be welcomed by sociocultural anthropolgists, political scientists, Asian historians, and women's studies scholars.
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A Cultural Account
Other Personal Characteristics
Pathways to the National Assembly
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appointed legislators appointed member appointed women legislators assemblywomen became behavior candidates Chapter chiban Christian Chun Doo Hwan Chungang University Confucian constituency cultural daughters Democratic Party Dong-a Ilbo elected women legislators father gender gender-role attitudes gender-role ideologies Girls Han'guk hanbok husband Ilbo informant interview Japanese Kim Ch'ol-an Kim Chong-rye Kim Ok-son Kim Yun-dok Korean politics Korean society Korean Women Legislators Kwangju lawmakers leadership legislative appointments legislative career legislative seat legislature Liberal Party lives major male colleagues March First Movement marriage married minister modern Korea national politics opposition party P'yongyang Pak Hyon-suk Pak Sun-ch'on Park Chung Hee party list system percent pioneer pioneer-generation political career political participation political party political women President Park President Rhee professional Republic of Korea role ruling party Seoul social South Korea Syngman Rhee twelfth National Assembly vote women politicians women's organizations yangban Yi dynasty Yim Yong-sin