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UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION

WASHINGTON

COLONIAL
TARIFF POLICIES

WASHINGTON
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

1922

4. 8. Cort.

10-19-1922

gt.

UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION.

Office: Eighth and E Streets NW,

Washington, D. C.

COMMISSIONERS.

THOMAS WALKER PAGE, Chairman.
THOMAS 0. MARVIN, l'ice Chairman,
DAVID J. LEWIS.
WILLIAM S. CULBERTSON.
EDWARD P. COSTIGAN.
WILLIAM BURGESS.

John F. BETHUNE, Secretary.

ADDITIONAL COPIES

OF THIS PUBLICATION MAY BE PROCURED FROM
THE SUPERINTENDENT OF DOCUMENTS
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE
WASHINGTON, D. C.

AT

$1.00 PER COPY

NOTE.

This report treats in detail of the tariff policies of the colonial powers and of the self-governing Dominions of the British Empire. Part I contains chapters on tariffs and tariff policies in the colonies of Belgium, France, Germany, Great Britain (Crown Colonies and India), Italy, Japan, the Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, and the United States, with some general descriptive and historical matter. The tables of contents prefixed to each chapter, and the general index will enable the reader readily to locate the discussion of any phase of the subject in which he may be especially interested. Part II sets forth the development of the preferential tariff policy in the British Empire, with chapters on Great Britain, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, and Newfoundland.

A large part of the Introduction and Summary is based upon the material contained in other chapters, but it begins with an outline of the rise of the modern colonial empires. After establishing the necessary distinctions between the different kinds of colonies, it discusses the characteristics and importance of colonial trade. The summaries of the other chapters of the report include brief statements of the general policy of each of the colonial powers, but the survey of colonial tariff policies is mainly developed subject by subject. In the sections of the Introduction and Summary devoted to treaty obligations, import duties, export duties, intercolonial trade, the treatment of colonial products in the market of the mother country, and minor and concealed preferences the reader will find a general presentation of those topics. It is felt that the material presented in this chapter will be sufficient to introduce the subject, and it has been published separately under the title Introductory Survey of Colonial Tariff Policies, which may be obtained from the Government Printing Office for 10 cents a copy.

It is believed that the text or notes include substantially every development of any importance in the field of colonial tariffs to the middle of November, 1921.

In the preparation of this report the Tariff Commission has had the services chiefly of Dr. Benjamin B. Wallace, Dr. Jacob Viner, and Dr. Stanley K. Hornbeck. 'In addition, assistance was rendered in the preparation of the report by Mr. P. T. Hitchens, Dr. Percy Bidwell, Mr. Gilbert Hirsch, Mr. Walter E. Myer, and Miss Violet Bacon Foster.

III

409320

CHAPTER I.

I. DEVELOPMENT OF THE PRESENT COLONIAL EMPIRES: THREE PERIODS .

First period

Second period

Third period.---

Table 1-Areas and populations of the colonial empires---

II. CLASSIFICATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF COLONIES AND MANDATED

TERRITORIES...

Spheres of influence.

Protectorates.

Doubtful use of term “ colonial

Assimilation to the mother country-

Self-governing Dominions

Territories held under mandate of the League of Nations.

III. GEOGRAPHICAL AND ECONOMIC DIVISION OF COLONIES

EFFECT ON

TARIFFS

Characteristics of colonial trade..

IV. IMPORTANCE OF COLONIAL TRADE, WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO THE

L'NITED STATES

Table 2-Trade of the world, 1903 and 1913.-

Table 3— Importance of the colonial trade to the mother

countries.

Trade of the United States with the colonies of the world..

Table 4-Average annual values of manufactured articles ex-

ported and of raw materials imported, excluding foodstuffs,

since 1870.---

Table 5-Trade of the United States with the colonies of the

world, 1900, 1913, and 1920.

Table 6-Summary of the trade between the United States and

the world's colonies, 1900, 1913, and 1920_.

Table 7-Imports into the United States of principal articles

of which more than one-half of the world's supply is de-

rived from colonies.---

1. TREATIES AND OTHER INTERNATIONAL ARRANGEMENTS IMPOSING LIMITA-

TIONS IN KEGARD TO COLONIAL TARIFFS:

Open-door agreements and pledges.

Treaties limiting rates.

General commercial treaties.

VI. FEATURES OF COLONIAL TARIFF POLICIES-SUMMARY :

Political

Economic

Types of colonial tariff policies.

Policy of tariff assimilation.

Preferential tariff policy.

The “open-door ” policy.

National policies and colonial tariffs-

Table 8-Colonies classified according to import tariff

system

The Netherlands, Belgium, and Germany.

Great Britain-Crown Colonies..

The self-governing Dominions-

Italy

Spain

Portugal

France-

Japan.

United States..

Reasons for exceptions to Dational policies---

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