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One thing we know, we must die ; We cannot discover the shores of the and if we would be saved, we must ocean, no more the bounds of the love come to Christ and believe his love. of Christ; we cannot tell the length of Think not that I have exaggerated in eternity, nor the joys of the heavenly speaking of it ; look at a glow-worm, world, neither can we the love of and then at a tropical sun shining in its Christ. Oh! let it constrain us to love splendour, and you will see the infinite him, and to devote ourselves, body, disproportion between man's highest soul, and spirit to his service. conceptions and the love of Christ.

INROADS OF POPERY; A SKETCH FROM HISTORY

To the Editor of the Evangelical Magazine. As the inroads of Popery find the The wise virgins were Saints Mary, present generation uninformed of its Catharine, Barbara, Dorothy, and Marhistory, accept an extract from Mel garet. To these the five foolish virchior Adams's “Vitæ Germanorum The- gins were represented as coming to ologorum."

beg some of their oil. This the actor “ Before the fourteenth century interpreted, as requesting Mary and there was a church in the Papacy, as the other saints to intercede for the there was a true Head where the na- fools, that God would admit them into tion was abandoned to Baal. But the marriage chamber, that is to say, Gobelin Persan was born in West-' into heaven. What was the consephalia, 1358 ; and he, when Petrarch quence? The wise positively refuse and Boccaccio restored learning, went to give any of their oil to the foolish. through Italy, and lived much at Here a doleful spectacle was exhibited. Rome, among popes and courtiers. The foolish knock and weep, and beg Entering the priesthood, he preach- and pray, but not a drop could they ed so faithfully that the Benedictine get : they are ordered to go away and monks, hating him, attempted to take buy oil. him off, by mixing poison with his “The Margrave, seeing and hearing food.

all this, is said to have been thrown “ He showed his suspicion of the into such consternation that he became Popish legend, by calling in question dangerously ill. · What is our Christhe story of the Eleven Monks and tian faith good for,' he exclaimed, if Virgins of St. Catharine ; for, amidst neither Mary nor any other saint can the thick darkness, many hated the be prevailed on to intercede for us? primacy of the Pope, the pride, ava- What is the use of so many meritorious rice, and vices of the clergy, and even good works, by which we have sought the idolatry of the mass. Nor were to obtain the intercession of the saints there wanting those who had scriptural before God, and secure his favour?' views of the gratuitous justification of This alarm brought on apoplexy, by a sinner before God, of the invocation which he died in four days, and was of saints, and of the efficacy of the buried at Senach. sacraments. Many sighed for reform- “What the actors in this drama meant ation, which they secretly laboured to may be easily seen that men had forintroduce.

saken Christ, the fountain of living “For, before the days of Gobelin, one waters, and had hewn out to themof the mysteries, interludes, or religious selves broken cisterns that could hold farces, was acted at Senach, before the no water. What the more discerning Margrave Frederick ; and the parable durst not preach in the pulpit, they of the ten virgins was the theme. acted on the stage.”

171

POETRY,

In all thy majesty arise,

Thou only canst reverse this doom : Recall thy people to thy swayRestore, and make them know their day.

ON THE
DEPARTURE OF THE REV, ROBT, MOFFAT

FOR AFRICA.
God of Heaven! O guide the wanderer

O'er the fearful, stormy main ;
Cease, ye billows, cease your wrestling-

Mountain waves, your rage restrain.
Jesus ! quell their mighty anger,

Smooth the wrathful surges' foam ; Roll them back, and free from danger

Land the pilgrim at his home. One small voice can calm the ocean

Whisp'ring, bid it “ Peace, be still;"
And its vast tumultuous motion

Pause to listen to thy will.
Let the sun in soften'd splendour

Shed on him a cheering ray ;
And the moon her sweet light tender,

Guiding o'er the watery way.
Lord ! in mercy be his pilot-

Safely steer to yonder shore, 'Tis the land of his adoption,"

Afric pants to hear once more Notes of heavenly music sounding

From those lips so free to tell,
With the spirit's inmost bounding,

Of a Saviour loved so well.
Jan, 24, 1843.

S. A. N.

DARKNESS COVERS THE EARTH.

Isa. xxv, 7.
Dark, dark, the cloud portentous lies

O'er all the nations spread-
O Sun of Righteousness, arise,

And chase the dreadful shade.
Hast thou not promis'd to remove

The impenetrable veil ? When wilt thou breathe the breath of love,

And wake th' inspiring gale ?
In vain may missionaries try

To drive the gloom away
In vain they suffer, preach, and die,

Thou, thou, must give the day.
The horrid reign of sin and night

Prevails o'er earth too long ;
Sweet inorning-star, display thy light

To every tribe and tongue !

LAMENT OF JESUS OVER JERUSALEM.

Luke xix. 42-44. " If thou hadst known, in this thy day,

The things which to thy peace belong, Thy God had pardon'd thy delay,

Thy Saviour had pass'd by this wrong; But now, the truths thou didst despise, Alas! are hidden from thine eyes. “Thy foes, in days that hasten on,

Shall trench and compass thee around; Thy walls erase, pluck stone from stone,

And lay thee even with the ground: Thy children too within thee slay, Because thou knewest not thy day !" When he Jerusalem beheld,

Thus Jesus spake, with flowing tears; Since this prediction was fulfill'd,

Ages have risen out of years ; But desolation triumphs still, And waste is Zion's holy hill. Thou, who didst weep, regard our sighs Messiah, now thy rights resume ;

NO TEMPLE IN HEAVEN.

Rev. xxi. 22.
The glories of the world of light,

As yet from us conceal'd,
To the Apostle's raptur'd sight,

In vision, were reveal'd.
The former things had pass'd away

Anguish, and death, and sin :
Nor night might veil the cloudless day,

Nor temple was therein.
No need of ordinances there-

But, unconfin'd by space,
God and the Lamb the temple were,

And glory filld the place.
Loud anthems to the grace that saves,

Rose from a countless throngAs ocean pours resounding waves,

As thunder peals along.

INFINITIES.

Rev. xxi. 24. O glorious scenes of future bliss . That open on the sight, Dazzled with bright infinities

And nations share the light!

Infinite rapture fills the place,

Infinite will the pleasure be And love without alloy,

To “crown him Lord of all !" And peace, and purity, and grace,

As boundless as the joy. Infinite are the choral songs

CHRISTIAN UNITY. On every side that rise,

Gal. iii. 28. Loud bursting from unnumber'd throngs,

Nor Jew nor Greek, nor bond nor free, And rolling through the skies.

Nor male nor female, will we name, Though thorns once pierced His bleeding Nor break the Christian unitybrow,

Distinguish'd, yet in Christ the same. Who sits upon the throne, Infinite glories crown him now,

And while his church but one we call,

Let Christians join in sweet accord; And splendours all unknown.

And may one spirit dwell in all O may that light but shine on me,

The followers of our common Lord. Which there irradiates all,

REVIEW OF RELIGIOUS PUBLICATIONS.

STRICTURES on PORTIONS of Dr. MAR

SHALL's late WORK on the ATONEMENT; addressed to the Ministers, Licentiates, and Students, of the United Secession Church in Scotland. By an English Congregational Minister. pp. 42.

London, Gladding. This little book has exceedingly pleased us. It is a luminous exposé of the irre. concilable nature of Dr. Marshall's opposing statements. In our recent review of his work we took occasion to animadvert on this inconsistency. We are happy that the task has been attempted in a more length, ened and elaborate manner. That Dr. Marshall confutes himself, we fancy few can fail to discover ; but to place his contradictions in so striking a light, and to demonstrate so convincingly that he has sought to reconcile incompatible opinions, we believe few could have accomplished. That the persons, in opposition to whose views Dr. Marshall's book was written, have acted throughout in the most judicious manner, may perhaps be doubted. His inconsistency is, however, clearly more glaring than theirs ; and his scheme for healing the breaches in the Se. cession walls has been overturned by this reply non levi ruina. That he has taken a most untenable position is proved with over whelming power of argument. The writer's mind is evidently well fitted for a task like this. He excels in accuracy of expression and precision of terms, and detects, as though instinctively, the fallacies that are wrapped up in the loose phraseology of Dr. Marshall. Take, as an example, the com. mencement of the book, “The first sentences in the introduction, where precision is especially demanded, perplexed me not

a little. The question,' says Dr. Marshall,

I propose to examine is, For whom did the Son of God lay down his life? Was it for some men or for all ?' This is no doubt one question, and, as I had supposed, the exclusive question. But the writer adds, • And if for all, was it for all in the same sense, with the same intention, to secure for each and every one the same benefit?' Surely, I thought, this was a different ques. tion altogether; I had, moreover, some doubt whether this latter question does not resolve itself into two. Dr. Marshall seems to identify 'sense' with intention. We affirm that Christ laid down his life for men in the sense of dying in their stead. So. cinians maintain that he did it in the general sense of promoting their benefit. These are really different senses of dying for men, but dying with intention to save some and not others cannot, I think, be so denominated."

The writer aims, however, at a higher object than to criticize Dr. Marshall's phraseology. The doctor is waging an unnatural war against the advocates of uni. versal atonement, for in the last part of his work he has employed the arguments which they are accustomed to wield, and avowed them as his own. “Then," replies the writer of the Strictures, " for what purpose did you write the first three chapters in your book ? why sneer and scoff at men whose views are coincident with your own?"

Dr. Marshall has proved that Christ died in some sense for all men. The author of the Strictures has proved, that if he died in any sense for all men, he died in the same sense for all. “Now, as Dr. Marshall ad. mits that Christ made not only an atonement for the church but for the world, I ask him whether there was any peculiarity

in the atonement made for the former? any its advantage, nor, under its agreeable ingredient or quality in it which did not shelter, concealed matter totally irrelevant. exist in that which was made for the latter ? Perfectly mistress of her subject, and pos. any power to redeem in the one which was sessing the most commanding powers of not to be found in the other? Should Dr. delineation, she has entered fearlessly, and Marshall reply that intention to save was at once, upon the investigation of woman's this peculiarity, I reply that intention to heart, and traced the progress of its feelings save is not of the essence of atonement, through all the intricacies of the labyrinth that though it accompanies it, it is ex- which social intercourse weaves around it. traneous to it. Should Dr. Marshall in The authoress, however, is neither foremost, cautiously affirm that it is not merely an nor alone, in asserting the rights of woman, accompaniment—that it is of its essence but her fair predecessors have either laid is essential to atonement; then, I ask him, claim to an equality of the sexes as one of how he can maintain that the death of nature's prerogatives, or treated the inquiry Christ was an atonement for all men ? I as matter of history. The first of these ask him how he can rescue himself from the classes of writers we shall leave to the encharge of inconsistency in maintaining that joyment of their theory; we would remind Christ has expiated the sins of the world, the second of the faulty quality of an in. while he holds that his atonement for the duction from so small a number of exworld was defective in what enters into the amples. But it is not in a visionary or very essence of atonement ? How can it be historic manner that the author of the doubted that if intention to save be essential “ Wives of England " has described the to atonement, no sufficient atonement was elements of female character ; she has premade for the world; or, on the other hand, scribed distinct rules, she would inculcate that, if a sufficient atonement was made for emphatic precepts, that may be immediately the world, intention to save was not essen. put into practice, for the formation of such tial to atonement ?"

habits and manners—for such a precise While Dr. Marshall leaves his readers government of the heart and mind, as are bewildered and perplexed, conscious of in calculated to make the prospect of marcongruity and yet confounded by the con riage always bright, and that state itself fidence of the writer, that “ he knows his as full of earthly happiness as it was ever ground," &c., and the sophisms with which intended should be the lot of sinful man. be has, unwittingly we believe, invested his Commencing with “Thoughts before marinconsistencies, the writer of the Strictures riage," and ending with “Social Influence," commends himself to their confidence as a every intermediate stage of the journey of guide familiar with the path, acquainted domestic life receives the author's philosowith every pass and turning, who sees the phical yet practical consideration; and her precise points of difficulty, and knows the eloquent pages may be turned to again and meaning or meanings of every term em again by the anxious mother and affectionate ployed in the discussion. The style is dig. wife, for counsel and assistance in many of nified and courteous, entirely free from the those trials incident to her responsible positriumphant challenging tone of which we tion. We have never noticed any publi. had to complain in the former work. If cation on the duties of woman, not even there be in the writer a consciousness that the previous writings of the same authoress, he holds the rod, it is no more than his with more pleasurable feelings, or with a actual occupation of that position would more clear conviction of ability and usenecessarily produce, and is never displayed fulness, than the “ Wives of England." in vaunting or invidious language. It can It will become a standard work in every not be read without gratification and benefit ; family library, and exercise a lasting and and both in Scotland and England it is extended moral influence. eminently adapted to do good.

The PoeticAL WORKS of John Milton. The Wives of ENGLAND. By Mrs. Ellis.

With a Memoir, and Critical Remarks Dedicated, by permission, to the Queen. on his Genius and Writinys. By James Fisher, Son, and Co.

MONTGOMERY ; and one hundred and This admirable volume, a continuation of

twenty Engravings, by John Thompson, “The Daughters of England,” is an able

S. and T. Williams, Ö. Smith, J. Linanalysis of female character, developed by

ton, 8c., from Drawings by W. Harvey. all those changes that are contingent to a

2 vols. 8vo. married life. Fully conscious of “ What's

Tilt and Bogue, Fleet-street. in a name," the writer has given to her Those who have seen the editions of Cow. present labours one of the most attractive per and Thomson, which have already ap. titles which our language can supply, but peared in this beautiful series, will be glad has neither availed herself, ingeniously, of to find the prince of English bards attired

VOL. XXI.

in so splendid a costume. But, most of all, sentiments which gave great offence to honest will the admirers of John Milton rejoice to and ingenuous minds, unaccustomed to de. receive a critique on his character and ceive themselves with specious sophistry, writings, from the pen of James Montgo. and fearing to be deceived by doctors of that mery, an individual better qualified, per school, more learned and subtle than themhaps, for this delicate and difficult task, than selves. To the Christian, there can be but any other living man. Whether we refer to one law on the subject, that which is laid Mr. M.'s biographical sketch of Milton, or down by our Saviour himself, Matt. v. 31,32. to his strictures on his genius and writings, “ After various negotiations, into particuwe cannot but admire the candour andlars of which there is neither room nor need acuteness which our venerable friend has to enter, the poet's wife returned to him. He brought to bear upon his undertaking. To the received her kindly, and they lived together political character of Cromwell's Latin Secre- till her death, nine years afterwards. By tary our author has done full justice, in op- her, Milton had three daughters; and Dr. position to the dastardly attacks of Dr. John Johnson, whose memoirs contain scarcely a son and others. “On the next long and paragraph without a sarcasm or a slanderous arduous stage of Milton's life," he observes, hint against his noble victim's principles, “ during the great rebellion,' as it has been or his conduct in public or private lifecalled, and under the Commonwealth, from even Dr. Johnson adds on this subject1638, till the restoration of Charles II. in " It were injurious to omit, that Milton 1660, he was incessantly engaged in politi. afterwards received her father and mother cal controversy on all manners of debatable into his house, when they were distressed, subjects, in that civil war of words as well as with other royalists. The doctor himself swords; or else more soberly employed in might have made many meritorious omissions official business, as Latin Secretary to Crom- in his biographical narrative, and the acwell.

companying strictures, which abound with “Whatever honour he may have won, assertions, assumptions, and inuendoes, with a due proportion of obloquy, at the cruelly injurious to the memory of him to time, and each cleaving to his memory with whom it was his duty to do justice, and a tenacity not likely to be neutralized, in who, had he been living, would not have either case, with parties less prejudiced than accepted mercy at the hands of so inveterate his antagonists and his admirers, (to one or an enemy." other of which classes all his biographers have On Milton's prose writings, Mr. Monthitherto belonged,) Milton does not seem to gomery has written many brilliant passages. have enriched himself with any considerable of the “ Areopagitica,&c., he says, share of the spoil that fell to the disposal of “ This specimen of Milton's rhetorical Cromwell, beyond the moderate salary for power as an advocate presents a galaxy of his secretaryship, a thousand pounds re- current thought, thick sown with stars, ceived by him for one of his most obnoxious clustered or single, of every lustre, hue, and publications, (which had the further honour magnitude. Argument, illustration, fancy, of being burned by the hands of the common wit, sarcasm, and noble sentiment, are here hangman, after the return of the Stuarts,) so clearly arrayed, arranged, and concateand tbe small fragment of a forfeited estate, nated, as are not often found in Milton of which he was afterwards deprived."

himself; while the temper of the wholeOn Milton's “Doctrine and Discipline of except a few passing strokes at the prelates, Divorce,” Mr. Montgomery has fully de- -is not only blameless, but commendable. livered his conscience, yet without anything The theme is magnificent-the vindication of that grossness and severity which other of man's prerogative on earth above the writers have indulged in, in treating this brutes that perish-his realm of reason, and weak point in Milton's character.

his sovereignty of speech. No brief quota“In 1643,'' observes our author, “Mil. tions can give a just idea of the force and ton married Mary, daughter of Richard authority of plain truths, with which the Powell, Esq., of Forest Hill, in Oxfordshire. undaunted republican addresses the rulers For reasons not very clear, except a defect of his own party, when they were meditating of congeniality in their respective habits, to impose on the people, whom their prowess the lady left him a few weeks afterwards, on in the field had set free, the most hateful of a visit to her friends, from which she long all tyrannies, the enslavement of the press. delayed and eventually refused to return to Give me,' he exclaims, the liberty to his house. Under this injury, the indig- know, to utter, and to argue freely, above nant husband wrote four tracts On the all liberties.'" Doctrine and Discipline of Divorce,' in But it is upon Milton's poetic genius, which, endeavouring, with as much labour as might have been expected, that our auin vain as could be desired, to press into the thor exerts the full energy of his critical service of an infirm cause, scriptural autho. analysis. Some of his observations are rities and antiquated precedents, he hazarded happy in the extreme. After quoting the

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