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PROSPECTS OF NATIVE FEMALE EDUCATION. We learn from the Bombay papers that a work of female education bas been, Educate Parsee gentleman has confided his daughter the men. The men are, at least many of to the care of a Christian lady for educa- them, educated; but what have they done, tional purposes. Such an act cannot be or what are they doing, for the education of too highly applauded, and we do sincerely the female portion of the community ? We trust he will be but one of many who will call upon our native contemporaries to move avail themselves of the devoted zeal of the in this matter, to rise above the petty premany educated Christian ladies who are pre judices of their subscribers, and to endeapared to afford to the higher orders of native vour to lead the way in this, one of the females the benefits of an enlightened educa. principal means for the reformation of Intion. On this side of India we believe there dia. Educate and elevate the females, and is scarcely an instance of the kind: not the men will necessarily and inevitably be withstanding the advance of education raised to their proper position in society; amongst the male part of the community, but if you allow the women of India to rewe know of none who have yet had courage main ignorant and depressed, the men, be enough to commit the education of their they ever so educated, must and will still daughters to the keeping of devoted, intel grovel in the dust. May the example of ligent, and educated Christian ladies. The the Parsee gentleman find many imitators argument which has hitherto been employed in the Hindoo community throughout to fence off more enlarged efforts in the India 1-Calcutta Christian Advocate.
MAY MEETING IN THE SAMOAS.
(Extract of a letter from the Rev. Thomas Slatyer, Tutuila.) Deep impression produced by a Missionary one side to make room for the next. It sermon.
was highly gratifying to see the families, MAY 26, 1842.–To-day we held our May consisting of old and young, down to quite meeting. The whole island, so far as it is little children, bringing their arrow-root to “ lotu,” was convened on the occasion, at
the treasury of the Lord. At length the mul. Leone. We deferred commencing the meet titude having brought their offerings, the ing for some little time, on account of the church-members agreeably surprised us heavy rains in the early morning. I made approaching, each with his or her parcel arrangements previously with Teava, to hold of arrow-root, larger by half than the para meeting in the great house, with the mul cels generally brought; and, in addition, titude that could not get into the chapel, many of them bore baskets beautifully which was far too small, though 1,200 or worked with siapo, and fine mats. 1,300 were crowded into it. The text from I was affected by the manner in which which I preached was, “And I, if I be lifted they offered these tributes of their gratiup, will draw all men unto me." A delight. tude, their countenances seeming to say, ful earnestness of attention was manifested: “Ah! Lord, what is this mite to thy m. marks of deep feeling were observable in finite love?" The fact that they had so far many; and the countenances of some of exceeded others in their contributions, led the more devoted of the teachers seemed me to think that they felt, that, having had to say, “Here am I, send me to erect the much forgiven, they owed much. What standard of his blessed Cross." To myself, would be the result, if the spontaneous plan and I trust to all, it was a deeply interest
of these poor Samoan Christians were uniing occasion.
versally acted upon by the Church, and the
amount of contributions presented by all Offerings for the spread of the Gospel.
Christians united in church-fellowship, at After the service the people dispersed; least doubled that of those not in the and, according to Samoan fashion, prepared church? Would not the result be a more and partook of their repast, during which speedy approach to the contemplates several short speeches were made, referring 100,0001.? chiefly to the subject on which their atten The collection of contributions having tion had been engaged. We now perceived ended, I addressed a few words to the that we could not do more to-day than
people. I could not but hope that this day, collect the contributions, such being a work so encouraging to us all, might bear 18 of time, and requiring to be done in an
share of influence, though but small, in adorderly manner. We now proceeded to the
vancing the object for which Jesus died and great house, to receive the offerings : the reigns above. The quantity of ari plan was for each village and town to come collected was, on weighing, found separately and in order; we receiving their 1,522 lbs. parcels of arrow-root, and packing them on
und to be
Gratifying character of the public meeting.
On the following morning we assembled at seven o'clock, to hold the public meeting; that is, a meeting for speeches. The chapel was, as the day before, densely crowded withia, and, in addition, on every side without; all appeared deeply interested in the object of the meeting. After singing and prayer, I opened with a short address, pointing out the leading objects of our assembling together, and expressed my hope that the speakers, whoever they might be, would endeavour to stir us up in this glorious work. Our plan is not to appoint and annonnce speakers, but to leave it to those who may feel induced to stand up; but, though thus left open, none but persons of moral character and influence ventured to address the auditory. I can only generally say, the speeches were character.
ised by great earnestness ; some by no mean degree of thought; and occasionally deep feeling vented itself in tears on the utterance by some of the speakers of affecting sentiments, while the countenances of all bespoke deep interest in the proceedings of the morning. On the whole it was a most cheering meeting-felt so I believe by all. The speakers were eight in number, teachers and converted Chiefs mostly, and the meeting lasted about three hours, with out any apparent diminution of interest. Afterwards the people dispersed to all parts of the island, having, I trust, been truly benefited by the services they had attended. Subsequently to the May meet. ing, we were favoured with seasons of more than usual solemnity, when the Word seemed to take a still deeper hold of the minds of the people.
DEATH OF THE NATIVE CHIEF MALIETOA.
(From Rev. C. Hardie, Savaii, Feb. 9, 1842.) Natural character of the Chief. among the people, his visits were less When we arrived at Samoa, in June, frequent and protracted-evidently showing 1836, we found Malietoa and several of the
that his mind was disaffected to its spiritmembers of his family at Sagana, on Upolu, uality and its claims. When his family in living with the people of that place, who ad. Sapapalii embraced the gospel, and made a hered to him as their Chief. He made Sa
decided stand against the wicked customs gana his principal residence up to his last and practices of their former ignorance, he illaess. But he frequently visited Sapapalii, was exasperated, and used every means that and made short stays. These visits were
either cunning or intimidation could devise, more frequent and protracted during the
to bring them to compliance with his amearly part of the mission. He was always
bitious and wicked desires. But it was all very friendly towards us, and frequently
in vain. They stood out manfully against loaded us with the most extravagant flattery.
what they were taught was fatally injurious His love of power, and his desire to be and
to his and their own spiritual interests, and to appear great, were excessive. So far as
several instances of their patient endurmere talking is valuable, he would dispense ance of mockery and threatening, and their his favours, and dispose of the property and opposition to the obscene and brutalizing services of others, in the most liberal and practices of heathenism, might be furnished. lordly manner. For instance, pointing to the boundary of his land, he would say to
Serious impressions under affliction. me, “ All this land is yours—you may do
Malietoa regarded his last illness as a with it as you please. If you want work
visitation from God on account of his sins, done, you have only to tell the people to do
and mentioned particularly his evil-speaking it; if you want food, tell them to bring it;
against me, for he regarded me as the perif you want fish, you have only to say the
son who had influenced his family not to word, and they shall be brought." These comply with his sipful wishes. His weakthings, I could easily perceive, were not at ness increasing, and there being no hope of his disposal ; and, while I thanked him his recovery, he was brought, according for his good wisbes and kind attentions, I
to the custom of Samoa, from Sagana to gave him to understand that my desire in
Sapapalii, his own land, to die there. On coming among them was not to obtain land, his arrival, I visited him. He was extremely or exact unnecessary and unwilling labour weak. I spoke kindly but faithfully to him. from the people, but to live among them on He made little reply, for he was unable. terms of mutual kindaess, and to labour for Several times I gave him medicine, by which their present, but especially for their eternal he partially recovered, and was able to go good.
out a little. But his weakness ultimately
increased, and he was confined to his bed, His temporary opposition to the Gospel
where I had frequent opportunities of con· As the word of God obtained influence versing with him, and exhorting him, as a
great sinner, to repent and believe in the Lord Jesus.
Conduct in the prospect of death. His brother Taimalelagi, and other church members belonging to his family, frequently conversed and prayed with him. He con fessed he had been a great sinner, encour aged them to tell him wherein he was wrong, and said he wished to give up all evil, and seek salvation through Jesus. When he thought his end was approaching, he put away all his wives (of whom bethen had four) except one, assembled his family, and dis. tributed among them his titles and property. His family and adherents, and many others, came from all parts of Savaii, Manono, and Upolu, to visit him in his sickness, bring. ing presents with them. Excepting those who had embraced the gospel, they would all have crowded into the house of the dying Chief, and, as is the custom in Samoa, have filled his ears with vile speeches, and loaded him with fulsome and extravagant flattery, for the most part in order to obtain pro. perty either then or at bis decease. This however, was positively prohibited by his family and the leading persons of the land. Only one or two persons from each place were permitted to enter the house. These were either Chiefs or heads of families.
Death of the Chief. A few days after this meeting, Talavau came to me in great haste, and said his father was dying. I hastened to his house, and found the aged Chief lying quite mo. tionless, and breathing at long intervals, evidently quite insensible to all around him. I gazed upon him for a few moments, and then addressed his sorrowing family on the solemnity of death, and the necessity of a speedy preparation for it by repentance, and faith in the Son of God! I reminded them that their dying relative had requested me to dissuade them from following his evil example, and exhort them to attend to the word of God. All were solemnised, and some of them wept much. I then knelt down and prayed with them,-but the ears of the aged Chief no more heard the voice of prayer and friendship-his hand no more returned affection's pressure-his eyes were closed to human sympathy-life gently stole away, imperceptibly and without a struggle. So ended the mortal life of Man lietoa, on May 11, 1841. That he died a true penitent and believer in Jesus Christ, I can hardly believe. His case is with God, and there we leave it to be revealed in another world. Interment of the Chief according to Christian custom-Former mode of burial in Samoa. His mortal remains were put in a properly
made coffin, and respectfully interred on his own land in Sapapalii. A square of stones, twenty feet long, by ten feet broad, neatly built, and raised about three feet, marks the place. No heathen customs obtruded their wild, unhallowed, and revolting ceremonies on the solemnities of his sepulture. The dead was solemnly committed to his kindred dust, and the living were admonished and exhorted to prepare for the solemn change, which must leave them either in endless happiness, or woe. But for the gospel of Jesus, the body of the departed Chief would, immediately on his death, have been placed on a frame-work of wood, and two or three women with it, and carried through the dif. ferent lands on the shoulders of the people; as the ungovernable multitude, shouting and wailing hideously, beating their heads with stones and clubs, or wildly brandishing their war-instruments, and hurling their spears, strove incessantly wbo should carry him. The body would have then been placed in a piece of scooped wood, and kept in the house till completely putrefied. There it would have been attended for many days by females compassionating the dead, and either abstaining from food altogether, or being fed by others-feeding themselves being a sacred prohibition.
It was also customary, on such occasions, for the different lands to divide into parties, and successively join in single combat with the root of the cocoa-nut tree, frequently inflicting serious injury on each other, and sometimes death. Another custom was, on the death of a Chief, for his family to col. lect property to be distributed among his adherents and others, who, in order to oh. tain it, lavished their lying and extravagant praises and blasphemous flatteries on the departed Chief-the whole affair being connected with many other great and glaring evils, inimical alike to the present and future happiness of the parties concerned.
But none of these things attended the death of Malietoa. The crowds who came from different parts on the occasion did all they could to oppose the gospel, and to induce its converts to compliance with former heathen customs, but they departed completely disappointed, and sufficiently angry with the gospel and the missionary. Some of the most persevering opposers, however, were beard to say, “ It is no use to oppose the word of God any more, for it has triumphed; and we, who have hitherto raised our proud heads like the towering cocoa-nut tree on the beach, but whose roots are incessantly being loosened by the waves till it falls prostrate, will also be brought down by the power of God." Indeed the influence of this firm stand made by the church and people here in favour of the gospel, has been very beneficial, salutary,
and extensive. These facts may serve to show some of the evils of heathenism which stand in the way of the gospel, and
also something of the temptations, difficul. ties, and opposition with which converts have still to contend.
(From Rev. David Livingston, July 18, 1842. General estimate of the work. even their eleventh hour to the service of A PERIOD of twelve months has nearly Him who died for them. The Lord is, inelapsed since my arrival in the country of deed, doing great things amongst us, and the Becbuanas; and though, during that our hearts rejoice in the works of His time, ample opportunities have been afforded hands. I can the more freely bear testime for ascertaining the real state of this mony to the mighty effects which have Mission, I have not until now felt it my followed and do still follow the faithful ladaty to make any definite statement to the bours of my elder brethren in this place, as Directors respecting the amount of good my instrumentality has in no way contri. which, by the Divine blessing on the de- buted to the result; and, from my knowvoted labours of the Missionaries, has been ledge of the character of Mr. Hamilton and effected among the Bechuanas.
Mr. Edwards, I believe, in their commuUntil lately, too, I was not fully aware nication to the Directors, they must always of the proper point from which to view the have kept considerably within what they improvement which has taken place. We migbt have said of the progress of the cause must not only be conversant with the pre- of Christ through their instrumentality.
sent condition of the Bechuana converts, .but we must be intimately acquainted with
Actual and probable results of infant other tribes sunk low in the same depths of
education. degradation from which the former have One of the most pleasant features of the been raised, before we can appreciate the Mission is the progress made by the chilmagnitude of the change. On my arrival dren in the infant school, under Mrs. from England, the condition of the converts Edwards. Formed and carried on from its presented to me many features of pleasing commencement almost entirely by herself, interest. But not until after I had visited it shows what an amount of influence may the tribes in the interior-the facsimiles of be exerted over a country by the devoted what these converts were-was I able to see, ness of a single individual. The parents in all their greatness, the wonderful works form a great contrast with their fellowof the Lord. The contrast between their countrymen still in darkness, and it is former and present state is most striking, nearly as great between them and their and it forces on my mind with greater children. Indeed the intelligent exprespower than ever the conviction, that the sion of countenance visible even to stranGospel has lost none of its pristine efficacy. gers, and their amount of knowledge, would It is still, thanks be to the Lord ! the power almost lead one to fancy they belonged to of God unto salvation ; and the evidences another species ; and I have no hesitation of that power which I am now witness- in asserting that, if the efficient tuition of ing, will, I believe, make me cherish their instructress is continued to them, higher ideas than ever of the efficacy of the there will be as much difference between instrument with which we are intrusted for the intellectual developement of children turning the nations to God.
and parents, as we see between the physical
developement of our agricultural and town Extent and growth of spiritual religion. population in England. I look to the in
The number of those who give good evi. fant-school with peculiar satisfaction, for dence of a decided change of heart, when it furnishes me with the hope that many compared with the amount of population on with hearts embued by piety, and minds the station, is very great; and we are de- capable of being stored with knowledge, will lighted to behold, from time to time, spring up from it, and go forth to make large additions made to it; including known in distant regions the unsearchable many whom we scarcely expected to see riches of Christ. made trophies of grace. These acces. It is with much pleasure I thus bear sions comprise not only the young and my humble testimony to the efficiency of vigorous; but the old and grey-headed, whose the brethren who have preceded me in this hearts had been subjected to a long course part of the Missionary field, and while I of induration, have also come forward magnify the grace manifested both in and professing their determination to devote through them, I pray to be enabled to walk
with humility and zeal in their footsteps. May the same power which supported them, ever uphold and cause me to be faithful ! Growth of the church in Christian graces.
The church is in a most flourishing condition, and though there are still some points in the character of the converts which require the exercise of charity and forbearance in us, a visible improvement is going on. It is not a stand still church. It is making progress against the world, and, in several instances, the truth has be
gun to prevail over their selfish national character. Of this I have had a cbeering illustration in the conduct, upon a late occasion, of the person who guided my wagon into the interior on one of my jour. neys, for when I paid him eighteen dollars as wages, he immediately laid down twelve of them as his subscription to the Auxiliary Missionary Society. May the Holy Spirit be poured out on us more abundantly, so that the spirit of benevolence may be increased, and all the dark places of the interior may soon feel its blessed effects !
MISSIONARY LABOURS IN THE BECHUANA COUNTRY.
(From Rev. D. Livingston, Kuruman, July 3, 1842.) Singular situation of a native town. whence they had been detached. In roll. AFTER leaving the Bamangwato, I pro ing, or rather sliding downwards, they have ceeded on a visit to the Bakaa tribe. These
impinged, in some places, on each other people live on a very high range of dark
and the rocks below, where considerable coloured, naked basaltic rocks, which lie rents run into the body of the rock ; thus close upon the right nearly the whole way forming considerable cavities, which are from the Bamangwato. When we arrived
used by the Bakaa as retreats when in dapopposite the part where the villages are ger from their enemies. built, we turned suddenly round, and began
The cavern that I entered, received, on to ascend by a narrow ravine, or rather
one occasion, nearly all the inhabitants of a cleft in the rock, down which there rushes village, and the powerful Chief Masilikatsi a large stream of water. By this path we
was completely foiled in his attempts to attain an elevation of three or four hundred destroy them. None of his people could feet above the valley, and enter a flat area
gain admission, for the entrance has to be covered with trees; bare rocks rising up
performed in a crawling attitude, and when perpendicularly on all sides, except at the once in, a dozen men could stand and denarrow doorway by which we enter. Di. fend the passage against the ingress of one rectly in front, the rocks rise nearly 700
individual, and he so situated. The atfeet high; and on the top of them we now tempts of the enemy to suffocate them were perceive, perched like eagles' nests, the also in vain, for the rents in the rock are so little huts of the Bakaa. We began to
numerous, that the Bakaa breathed with climb aloft towards them, and frequently freedom notwithstanding the smoke. looked upward, expecting every moment to see a crowd of natives gazing down upon
Power of conscience among the heathen. us, and waiting our arrival. But we as These people have a bad name among all cended in silence, and when on the top, al. the other tribes, and I believe they fully though so near the houses, we gazed around deserve it ; for a few years ago, it is said, on the strange scene, with no one to dis they destroyed, by poisoning both his water turb our emotions. Conscience was at and food, the second white man that ever work amongst the people, as I shall pre. visited them. He was a trader, and when sently explain.
he, with two of his people, fell victims to
the treachery of the Bakaa, a fourth still Security of the tribe against external
lingered under the effects of the poison ; danger.
but they put a leathern thong round his We found that the curious and deep basin, neck and finished him. They burned the from which we had ascended, was but one wagons for the sake of the iron-work, and of a great number all similarly formed: devoured the oxen. some were as large as Finsbury Circus, As I happened to be the first European others of smaller dimensions; and the who had visited them since this deed of rocks, as a whole, presented the most sin- darkness, their consciences loudly accused gular appearance I ever beheld, strongly them; and when I came into the town, the resembling the pews of a church on a gi. whole of them fled my presence, except the gantic scale. They are rent and split in Chief and two attendants. These were in every direction, and their sides are covered the usual place of meeting, and in their by huge angular blocks which havě slipped faces they had evident signs of perturbation, down only a short distance from the places such as I never saw in black countenances