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for much that is written against Dissenters at of a great revival of godliness in the Estabthe present moment. We are not without lished Church of this country.” hope that a better feeling is rising in the “We have deep sympathy with those holy land. God grant that it may grow apace, and enlightened men who are struggling to until it shall drive all uncharitableness and stem the tide which has set in against apos. false doctrine from the midst of us.
tolic truth; we forgive any of them who
may have looked on our little communities The Signs of the TIMES ; or, the Present
with an evil eye; we heartily wish them God Position of the Established Church, con.
speed in their efforts to hold fast the doc
trines of grace ; but, looking at the signs of sidered in relation to the grand interests
the times, at the mighty influences enlisted of the Protestant Reformation. A Dis.
against them, at the tone and temper in course, preached at Reading, before the East Berkshire Association of Pastors
which the Tractarians have been received by and Churches, on Tuesday, April 11th,
the English people, we have not a shadow
of hope that the evangelical clergy will ulti1843. By John MORISON, D.D., author of " Homilies for the Times, &c."
mately triumph, or that they will be able, Published at the urgent request of the
for any length of time, to hold fast their
position as witnesses for God's neglected and Association.
persecuted truth. They well know that, Ward and Co.
within the last few years, their numbers Though it is obviously not to be expected have been greatly diminished; that some of that we should give much space to single their most honoured champions have gone sermons, and Dr. Morison is not in need over to Rome itself, and that others have of our recommendation, yet the portentous abandoned the fellowship of their old contheme of this discourse, the semi-popery nexions, and made common cause with the called Puseyism, and the faithful warning Tractarians; while it is a notorious fact, which the watchman in Zion has sounded, that the rising clergy are not generally in may well claim a departure from our ordinary their wake, but in that of a school struggling rule. The new schism within the Estab. for the downfall of the evangelical clergy as lishment is here pourtrayed, with the vivid a distinct class in the Established Church." colouring of an artist, who was horrified at The preacher then appeals to facts of an the monster he saw. Its opposition to that alarming character, such as the state of the soundest part of the Establishment, the periodical literature. The “Christian Ob. evangelical body, to which Dissenters turned server," and some other publications, are when they wished to feed their charity and mentioned as honourable exceptions ; but the their hope, is here, with great force and pro “Quarterly Review," the “ British Critic," priety, made prominent.
the “ British Magazine," the “Christian " As Nonconformists, we are not alone in Remembrancer,"and some daily newspapers, this estimate of existing controversies. Many are shown to be deeply engaged in the crudevoted clergymen of the Established churcb, sade against the Protestantism of the Estab. who have done noble service to their coun. lishment and nation of Britain. An affecting try and to mankind, have committed them passage occurs at page 16, which, though selves to the opinion, that if Tractarianism rather long, we must press upon the notice shall give the type and colouring to the na. of our readers. tional church, it will then become an evil “We have pleasure, however, in acknowrather than a blessing to the country. I ledging that the honoured men who were know not how any clergyman or private mainly employed by God towards the close member of the Church of England, profess- of the last century, in reviving the spirit of ing to hold evangelical sentiments, can ar- evangelical religion in the Established Church, rive at any other conclusion. Tractarianism were but little anxious to put forth the ex. is essentially antagonist, both in doctrine treme claims of the episcopate. They saw and discipline, to the evangelical theory of that such claims were ordinarily urged by Christianity. It aims a vital blow at the those who were the antagonists of spiritual righteousness of God our Saviour,' by which religion, and they could not but perceive alone sinful beings can be justified in the that their main sympathies, at that time, sight of God; while it connects all the vital were, after all, with a class of teachers who functions of spiritual life with the participa- boasted of no apostolic succession, but who tion of sacramental rites, which it regards as preached Christ and him crucified. They the exclusive channels of all saving grace to left, in fact, all the wrangling about excluthe human family. The prevalence of such sive orders to a body of clergymen, who & system in the Establishment must be the talked and wrote much about the apostolic absolute downfall of evangelical Christianity, church of England, and lived from day to and the ultimate extinction of all that hal day like men of the world. lowed influence by which the Romaines, and “It is surely for a lamentation, that the Newtons, and Venns, and Cecils, and Scotts, successors of these eminent men have not, in of a former generation, laid the foundation general, followed in their steps, as it respects VOL. XXI,
their published views of the outward form net,' as Mr. Marks would phrase it; and and offices of the church. Many of the bence it is, that sympathy with the bold and evangelical clergy of our day have spoken as decisive doctrines of the Reformation is presumptuously as their heterodox brethren, every day becoming less popular within the on the exclusive orders of the episcopate, pale of the Establishment. If my evangemaintaining that none are ministers of Christ lical brethren of the Church of England, except those who bave been ordained by a whom I love in the truth, would listen to bishop, and that Christian ordinances must the counsels of one so humble as myself, I lack in their proper effect, as administered would say to them, 'Do not vainly dream of by any but such as have been episcopally keeping the hallowed ground you now ocqualified. Such stress do some of high re- cupy, by symbolizing with an ecclesiastical putation lay upon mere orders, that they creed, which, as honestly maintained, must have taught their flocks to believe, that if a compel you to uncburch every other body regularly ordained priest should hand out of Christians, not recognising the rule of
poison' to the people, the chief shepherd bishops, however orthodox in sentiment, will convert that poison into wholesome nu. however devout in spirit, and however holy triment, if they will but look to him through in conversation. It is not by such weapons their episcopally-trained guide. I am far as these that you will be able to stand your from charging all, or even the majority, of ground against the enemy which now meets the evangelical clergy with these monstrous you in the field. You must take firmer notions ; many there are who repudiate footing on the rock of truth, if you would them with scorn and indignation, and who not be swept away by that fierce current say, with Mr. Marks, that the doctrine of which now dashes itself, like the waves of a apostolic succession lies at the root of all tempestuous sea, against all the ancient high-church extravagances, of all Puseyism, landmarks, both of Protestantism and aposof all Popery, and of every kind of spiritual tolic Christianity.' There would yet be hope intolerance. But how many are there for the Established Church, that she might among the pious clergy who are continually recover herself from her present retrograde magnifying their orders, in spite of all the movement, if her evangelical clergy would ungodly and heretical priests who lay claim fearlessly ally themselves to the great prin. to them, and who employ a considerable ciples of the Reformation ; if they would portion of their public instructions in making put on charity and love to all who abide light of the orders of Nonconformists, whose firm in the truth of Christ; and if they
attachment to Protestant and evangelical would disencumber themselves of all those - truth is as much unimpaired at the present exclusive pretensions which have contributed, moment as when the Tractarians began their in no slight degree, to secure the triumph of dire effort to unprotestantize the English Tractarianism, as a system hostile to the inchurch?
terests of the Reformation." “To me, brethren, this appears to be the While we could weep over the failure of darkest feature in the history of the Estab those who once inspired us with hopes, we lished Church at the present moment. Many cannot wonder if men like Mr. Sibthorp of those who should have been as a salt in commenced in the Church of England what the midst of it have lost much of their sa they have finished in the church of Rome. vour. They have symbolized with high An interesting account of the early history church notions, though they never received of Puseyism we had marked for quotation, life from them, and though life was never but must leave it to be gathered from the discommunicated by them to any who em course, by those who wish not only to see, braced them. If the spirit of the Reforma- but to feel what God has called us to opposé. tion was to be maintained, and was to ad- The poisonous qualities of the schism are vance in the English church, it was by the shown to be such as these--that the Bible is rising energy of the evangelical clergy; but an obscure book, which laymen have not a many of them forsook the humble, spiritual right to interpret ; that ministers of the Es. ground on which their fathers were content tablishment and of Rome are the only real to stand ; and God, in his providence, is Christian ministry; that such men, however teaching them the solemn lesson, that their wicked, can save by their ministrations; that strength is but weakness, in resisting that —but enough of the ravings of these madmen. giant power with which they have now to The last portion of the discourse adminiscontend. In so far as high-church notions ters pious healing counsels to all real Prohave obtained in the Established Church, testants, who are justly reminded, that these she has receded from the spirit of the Pro times demand the wisdom of the serpent, testant Reformation, and has ceased to che. with the harmlessness of the dove, the charish heart-felt sympathy with the other rity that endureth all things among brethren, churches of the reformed. The evangelical that they may secure the Master's mighty clergy have been the only powerful check benediction on their struggles against the against high-church notions ; but they, alas! common foe. have been sadly 'entangled' of late in this Islington.
The HIGHLANDS, the SCOTTISH MARTYRS,
WORKS RECENTLY PUBLISHED. and other Poems. By the Rev. JAMES G. SMALL. 12mo, pp. 288..
1. Discourses on the Nature and Extent of the
Atonement of Christ, By RALPU WARDLAW, D.D. Longman and Co.
12mo, pp. 296. Hamilton, Adams, and Co.
We have read this volume with a delight we can The appearance of a new poet in the re
appearance, anew poet in the re- hardly express; and venture to hope that it may go public of letters, is a circumstance as rare far to unite moderate Calvinists in the whole of that as it is joyous. We are not only lovers of truth which pertains to the doctrine of atonement. poetry; but firm believers in the mighty
Next month, we intend reviewing the work fully. influence which it has exerted in the improve
2. "The Signs of the Times," or, the present poment of mankind. When, indeed, it is pos
sition of the Established Church considered in rela
tion to the grand interests of the Protestant Resessed of an evil genius, it carries moral formation. A Discourse, preached at Reading, pestilence and death in its train. But when before the East Berkshire Association of Pastors it is animated by pure and lofty sentiments,
and Churches, on Tuesday, April 11th, 1843. By
JOHN MORISON, D.D. Royal 18mo. 8d. Ward -and more especially when it is baptized by
and Co. the spirit of Christianity, it tends to refine 3. The Case as it is; or, a Reply to the Letter of the taste and intellect of mankind, to soften Dr. Pusey to His Grace the Archbishop of Canterthe asperities of human life, and to impart
bury; including a compendious statement of the
Doctrines and Views of the Tractators as expressed to young and buoyant minds some of their by themselves. By WILLIAM GOODE, M.A., or rarest pleasures.
Trinity College, Cambridge, Rector of St. Antholin, We hail the author of “the Highlands"
London. Third edition. 8vo. pp. 56. Hatchard. and of “the Scottish Martyrs" as a bard of 4. Puseyism, or Anglo-Catholicism briefly conno mean promise ; and though, perbaps, it
sidered in connexion with the Doctrine of the Church
of Rome. By a Member of the Protestant Reformed would be presumption in us to dream of fix
Church of England. Svo. pp. 24. John Lee, ing his reputation, yet we do venture to pre West Strand. dict that other critics will do so, to whom
5. M'Gavin on "The End of Controversy ;" being the lovers of poetry will be ready to pay a Strictures on Dr. Milner's Work in Support of willing homage. Mr. Small has all the Popish Errors, entitled, “The End of Controversy."
By WILLIAM M'GAVIN, Esg. 32mo. pp. 416. qualities of a real poet. He is a lover of
Tract Society. ls. nature, has a keen perception of its varied beauties, and possesses withal a power of
6. Sketch of Popery. 32mo. pp. 300. Tract So
ciety. description which enables his readers to fol.
7. Proposed Protest against Puseyism, for the low him in all his wanderings. To us who Laity of the Church of England. With illustrative had gone before him into every nook and notes. 8vo. Pp. 16. Hatchard and Son. 3d. corner of the Scottish Highlands, he has im We are much gratified at the sight of this Protest. parted the high gratification of reviving some If the laity of the Churcb of England should take of our early recollections of scenes which can
their stand against Puseyism, its reign will be very
short. No other movement will be equally effectual. never pass from the regions of memory and
8. The Papal and Hierarchical System compared imagination, and of connecting them with a
with the Religion of the New Testament. 12mo. depth of feeling, rarely surpassed, with those
pp. 276. C. Gilpin, 5, Bishopsgate-street. legendary and historical associations, which
9. A Letter to the ght Hon, and Right Res. the impart to Scotia's mountains and glens their
Lord Bishop of London, in which the chief docrichest charm. Mr. Small, too, is a phi. tripal points of his Lordship's recent Charge are losopher and a Christian, and well knows
proved to be Unscriptural, Tractarian, and Popish.
By the Rev. JAMES SUTCLIFFE, M.A., Perpetual how to render tributary to all his poetic
Curate of Knockholt, near Sevenoaks. 8vo. PP. 48. reveries and imaginings, all the discoveries J. Nisbet. of mental and moral science, and all the
10. The Question, "Is it the duty of the Governtranscendent principles of revealed truth. ment to provide the means of education for the
His Scottish Martyrs is a beautiful poem, people?" examined. By GEORGE PAYNE, LL.D. which will live when the author has been
12mo. pp. 32. Hamilton, Adams, and Co. called to sleep with his fathers. True in 11. A Tract for these Times. A plea for the suffigeneral to history, it is fraught with noble
ciency of the Scriptures and the right of private
judgment, viewed with reference to national edusentiments, and rears a monument to the
cation and the present crisis of religious freedom. Protestant Reformation which will perpetuate By J. C. GALLAWAY, A.M. 12mo. pp. 40. Ward the fame of the Scottish martyrs, and read
and Co. lessons to sacerdotal tyrants in every age.
12. Suppression of the Opium Trade. The Speech
of the Right Hon. Lord Ashley, M.P., in the House We hope, in some future number of the
of Commons, on Tuesday, April 4, 1843. 8vo. PP. magazine, to introduce some extracts from 56. Houlston aud Stoneman. this excellent volume, which will tend to
13. Essays on the Principles of Morality, and on confirm the high opinion we have expressed the Private and Political Rights and Obligations of respecting it. Meanwhile, we would warmly
Mankind. By JONATHAN DYMOND, Author of" An
Inquiry into the Accordancy of War with the recommend it to all young people of taste, Principles of Christianity." Imperial 8vo. pp. 198. who either have visited the Scottish High Gilpin, 5, Bishopsgate-street. lands, or have any purpose of doing so.
14. Equity without Compromise; or, Hints for the Construction of a just System of National Education. By EDWARD SWAINE.
THE LONDON ANNIVERSARIES.
BRITISH AND FOREIGN BIBLE SOCIETY.
Thirty-ninth Anniversary, May 3.
The Right Honourable Lord Bexley, the president of the society, occupied the chair.
The report, read by the Rev. A. Brand. ram, stated, that a larger distribution of the sacred scriptures had taken place during the past than in any former year, and that it amounted to nearly 1,000,000 copies, bringing up the grand total circulated since the formation of the society, to 15,000,000. The report of M. de Pressençé, the society's agent in France, presented the same features as on former occasions—the same obstacles, the same successes, the same resistance of man, and the same blessing of God. There were about fifteen communes in which a remarkable religious movement had taken place, in the midst of a Roman Catholic population, a portion of whom had decidedly renounced the superstitions of popery for the pure creed of the gospel of salvation. From the Frankfort depôt, Dr. Pinkerton reported a distribution of 68,525 copies. From Berlin, Dr. Pinkerton wrote that the issues of the past year had amounted to 14,000, of which only about 700 were Testaments. At Hamburgh, 500 copies had been distributed to the sufferers by the late conflagration in that city. In Hungary, 57,247 copies had been distributed since 1837, and 17,086 during the past year. In Belgium, the society's agent, Mr. Tiddy, reported that the numbers distributed amounted to 12,546 vo. lumes, being 3,000 copies more than in the preceding year. In Belgium, 'a deeply interesting series of Bible meetings had also been recently held, which had been attended by M. de Pressençé, of Paris, and the Rev. Dr. Malan, from Geneva. With regard to Prussia, his majesty the king of that country had transmitted, through the hands of Chevalier Bunsen, a donation to the society of 1001., and had become an annual subscriber of 251. The issues of the Prussian Bible Society and its auxiliaries, made a grand total of 1,091,321 copies. At Stockholm, during the year 1842, 10,000 Bibles and 15,000 Testaments, in Swedish and Finnish, had been recived into the depôt; and 19,935 had been issued from it. To the agency at St. Petersburgh there had been supplied 1,918 copies, and their entire issues for the past year had been 25,160. Forty thousand poor families in Finland had received through the hands of their clergy, and chiefly by the help of this society, a copy of the New Testament. In south Russia, 12,356 copies had
been issued up to April, 1842. In Spain and Portugal, the committee regretted that they had been disappointed in the hope that the door would have been opened ere this for the admission of the scriptures. The society regretted that the Church Missionary Society had been lead to break up its mis. sion in Malta. From that spot, as a centre, 3,522 copies of the scriptures had been issued in various languages to Egypt, Abyssinia, Corfu, &c. From Greece, the Rer. H. D. Leeves reported an issue, during the year, of 8,428° copies. From Mitylene, 4,417 copies of the scriptures were distributed last year to Smyrna, &c. There prevailed an increasing demand for the Turkish New Testament in Syria, Trebisond, and elsewhere. In India, the labours of their valued agent, Dr. Hæberlin, had been seri. ously interrupted by repeated attacks of ill. ness during the past year. He had, how. ever, been enabled to leave Calcutta in December last, to commence a lengthened journey on the part of the society. Dr. Haeberlin had taken with him 60,000 volumes from Calcutta. The issues of the Calcutta Auxiliary had been, in the past year, 25,032; and the Calcutta Bible Society continued its very useful labours. The total issues in Madras for the past year had been 23,968. In Jaffna, 50,250 portions of the Old Testament had been issued, and 20,651 volumes of various portions of both the Old and New Testament. With respect to China, the committee rejoiced at the recent results of the last three years of hostility, and had passed a resolution, that it be communicated to the directors of the London Missionary Society that their missionaries were at liberty to draw upon the depôts of the British and Foreign Bible So. ciety in Canton and Malacca for such copies of the Chinese scriptures as they might require, &c. Special subscriptions had been kindly given, by several friends of the society, for the benefit of China. Several remittances had been received from Sydney. New South Wales, and from other parts of Australia, by the society. At the request of the Church Missionary Society, 20,000 copies of the New Testament had been provided in the native language of New Zealand; of which, 10,000 had been placed at the disposal of that society, and 5,000 at that of the Wesleyan Missionary Society, in consequence of the earnest demand for them in New Zealand. Five hundred reams of paper had been granted for printing the Old Testament in the language of Rarotonga. The Committee regretted that, with one or two
exceptions, South America presented a very made an appeal for a subscription of 2,0001. painful blank. Mr. James M‘Murray, the Of the general progress and result of the new agent in the West Indies, had arrived society's missionary labours, the report reon the 20th March in Jamaica, and had met ferred to several very satisfactory instances; with a most cordial reception. One of his and the Committee adverted with much first movements was to establish a depôt at gratification to an extract from a report of a Kingston. Large supplies had been for Committee of the House of Commons, relawarded to Jamaica, amounting to more than tive to West Africa, in which the benefits 25,000 copies. The expediency of adopting which had been conferred upon that part of a similar course at Antigua and Barbadoes the world by the exertions of the Church was also suggested. Supplies of Bibles bad Missionary Society were spoken of in high been forwarded for all these places.
terms, it being stated that on that part of Under the head of domestic affairs, the the African coast not less than one-fifth of Rev. Dr. Daly, now Bishop of Cashel, had the whole population had attended the been added to the list of Vice-Presidents. schools of the society, and that the effect The entire receipts for the past year had been was visible in their general moral and reli92,4761.28.8d., consisting of the two items of gious improvement. In the East African 39,8211. 78. for the general objects of the mission, the same desire for the word of society, and of 52,6541. 158. 8d. received God, which was noticed in the last report, for Bibles and Testaments, including draw. continued to increase ; and the Mediterbacks, the expenditure amounted to 86,9641. ranean missions were equally progressive. 108. 6d. There had been 101 new societies With respect to the New Zealand mission, formed; making 2,870 in this kingdom. it was advancing in every respect, in spite of Grants of copies of the scriptures had been the opposing efforts of popery and worldmade to the amount of 13,000 to the London liness. The bishop had arrived on the 19th Hibernian Society; to the Sunday School of June, at the Bay of Islands, and had Society for Ireland, 23,750; to the Church made such progress in his knowledge of the Scriptural School Committee (Cloyne) 1,000; Dative language, that, immediately on land. to the Irish Society, 2,000; the Baptist ing, he had commenced conversing with the ditto, 1,250.
people in their own tongue. In the eastern The resolutions were moved and seconded and western districts there were increasing by the Bishop of Winchester, and Professor evidences of usefulness and of real faith. Sack (Bonn); the Dean of Salisbury, Rev. War was almost entirely given up, and the A. Tidman, and Rev. P. Jacobs (Canada); old chieftains spoke of it with disgust. The Rev. F. Close, and Rev. Dr. Hannah ; Rev. desire to possess copies of the New TestaA. Hanson (Gold Coast), and — Milsom, ment was general and intense. Within the Esq. (Lyons); the Earl of Chichester, and last four years, the number of natives who Rev. Dr. Steinkopff.
had embraced Christianity had increased from 2,000 to 35,000, and not a few to the
saving of their souls. The arrangements for CHURCH MISSIONARY SOCIETY. withdrawing the operations of the society
from Trinidad had been delayed by circumForty-third Anniversary, May 2. stances justifying the delay; nor were they
quite completed at Jamaica, but three The Earl of Chichester occupied the chair. stations only remained out of nineteen which The report was read by the Rev. Messrs. existed in 1842. In North-west America Davies and Venn. The income of the so the work progressed favourably. At Cal. ciety for the past year had exceeded 115,0001.; cutta the good work had prospered during and the committee were glad to be able to the last year, and on the out-stations great state, that their report this year was un. success had followed the efforts of the alloyed by any accounts of any serious mor missionaries. Those stations comprised tality among those who were engaged in eighteen villages, and the number of concarrying its labours into execution. The verts was 300, of whom ninety-six had been Bishops of Barbadoes and of British Guiana baptized during the past year. In South had accepted the office of vice-presidents of India, from the Tinnevelly station, the rethe society; and the King of Prussia had port differed in some degree from that of become a member of it, having presented it last year. It had pleased God to visit and with a donation of 1001., besides becoming purify the church in this district with a vioan annual subscriber of 251. Of the West lent persecution, which had occasioned many African Mission, the Committee were en to go back. The total number of baptized abled to give an encouraging report. With on this station was 13,604, and there had respect to that Christian Institution, the been 1,221 baptisms in the course of the Committee felt that a necessity existed for last year; and notwithstanding the number placing it on a more efficient footing; and, that had gone back on account of the persein order to carry out this object, they had cution, there were still 1,178 communicants.