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and a corresponding intensity of devotion to enmity against God. To these obstacles the their adoring homage, and strength to the atonement bears a very different relation bond of their loyal attachment. This was to rom that which it bears to the other. When be a new variety in Jehovah's moral admin. the atonement has been made, and its end istration; and a variety of the most inter has been fully effected, in the clearing of esting kind ; pregnant with divine wonders; the sinner's way to acceptance with God, full of all the sublime and all the lovely, all these still remain in all their inveteracy and the awful and all the gracious, of the Divine force. The relation which the atonement character ;-replete with glory to God, and bears to these obstacles is that of a motive with blessing to his self-ruined and misera of inducement to their renunciation." ble creatures."
The following is too solemn and momenViewing God under the twofold relation tous, not to be cited :in which he stands to his intelligent and ac “He has done his part, then, for the salcountable creatures, that of moral Governor vation of men, in a manner infinitely worthy and that of sovereign Benefactor, and, in of himself;—' according to the riches of his this twofold relation, determined to effect glory.' And then, let it be further obthe salvation of mankind; in the way of the served,-in making, as he has done, the accomplishment of this salvation, Dr.Ward. provision for salvation, by the removal of law shows there lie two descriptions of ob- every obstacle on his own side, he has not stacles. Those of the one class exist in the only done what he was in no sense bound to character of God, the perfections of that cha. do, but has also done, in regard to those for racter being virtually the same with the prin- whom the provision was made, all that was ciples of his moral government: those of the necessary to render them solely and entirely other are found in the character of man, in responsible for the use they make of it, for the corrupt principles and passions of his the treatment it receives from them, for fallen nature. These two classes of obsta- their reception or rejection of it, in every cles are very different in their kind, and may instance in which it is set before them,-re. be considered as relating respectively to the sponsible, that is, for their own salvation or different departments of the same great trans- perdition. Let me be clearly understood. action ; departments of which one may be I wish to make no half-statements—far less characterized as the theoretical, and the statements that are, in any degree, equivoother as the practical; the one consisting in cal. What I mean is this :-that, with rethe laying of the ground, or provision of the gard to all men to whom the gospel comes, means, the other in the actual efficiency of before whom its proposals are laid, and to the means provided, or the bestowment of whom its offers of pardoning mercy are adsalvation on the ground thus laid and re. dressed, it is, on the part of God, put in vealed. The one kind of obstacles requires their option, or, which is the same thing, to be removed, in order to the possibility of put in their power, to be saved,—to obtain salvation at all; the other, in order to the pardon and life; so that, if they fail of the actual enjoyment of salvation by any. It is blessing, the blame rests exclusively with the removal of the first class of obstacles, themselves; their blood is upon their own those which arise from the character and heads.'”. government of God, that is the special pro- Irrespective of personal election to life, vince of atonement. Atonement secures the bis belief of which the author again avows, honour of public justice in the pardon and he discusses the probable results of the salvation of the guilty. The author then moral state of man in relation to the atoneasks, “ What else is there between the sin- ment on the supposition in the first instance ner and pardon-between the sinner and of there being no such thing. The ques. salvation ?"" And he answers, “The only tion of a sinner's responsibility is ably disobstacles in these circumstances are such as cussed, and the doctrine of moral ability and exist in the sinner himself. There are none inability clearly stated, establishing the sin. in God. There are none in the atonement. ner's guilt, in rejecting the atonement and It is a general indefinite atonement, neither the salvation it ensures. The doctrine of limited in its sufficiency, like a quid pro quo the Divine decrees is placed on the only payment of a debt, nor limited in its desti. tenable foundation, and is of course exnation to a specific number, so as to render plained in harmony with human account. the pardon of any beyond that number a ableness. The difficulties of the subject are natural impossibility. There are none in acknowledged and met. The following is the invitations and offers of the gospel. In indeed valuable, and deserves very grave these all is universality and freedom. The consideration :obstacles, then, to a sinner's pardon and “The atonement, and the purpose to save salvation are in himself, and in himself by means of the atonement, can never be alone, and thus they are summed up, what. identified. The atonement would have reever may be their varieties of modification, in mained the same, had the offers made on
account of it been refused by every indivi- of the Spirit that this discernment is im. dual of the human race; and God would parted, and that the native enmity of bis have been glorified in having graciously pro heart is subdued and slain. Enmity is the vided it, and graciously offered his rebel essential element of the old nature,- love, lious creatures pardon on the ground of it, that of the new : and regeneration is a and glorified in the universal condemnation change from enmity to love, effected by the of men for their ungrateful requital of his Spirit's agency, and the truth's instrulove. There it stands,-illustriously accom- mentality." plished, and graciously revealed. In itself T he summary of agreement and difference considered, while it renders possible the between the contending parties in this consalvation of all, it secures, or renders cer troversy breathes the very spirit of Christain, the salvation of none. The security tian charity. We cannot think that either of the salvation of the chosen number lies, is justified in charging the other with not in the atonement itself, but in the pur preaching another gospel. So perfect is the pose of God, providing in their case for its agreement between them, that there is only acceptance and efficacy.
one point in which they may be said to differ. “This provision consists in the sovereign It is thus stated by Dr. Wardlaw. That one efficacious influence of the Holy Spirit. I point lies in the answer to the question, am far from holding any such ability on the “Whether universality in the atonement be part of man, as either precludes or dimi. necessary to consistency in universality of nishes the necessity of his influence to the invitation? The propriety and the duty sinner's conversion. The work of the Spirit of universal invitation being on both sides is as essential to salvation as the work of assumed, and the practice, on both sides, Cbrist. While in the latter the sinner actually followed, is there, on both sides, in finds his ground of acceptance, he owes to this practice, the same consistency? The the former his personal interest in that question, observe, is one, not of duty,- for ground. The mode of the Spirit's opera. the duty is mutually granted, but of con. tion, in effecting that change of heart in sistency between duty and principle. I canwhich conversion consists, we are admon- not refrain from avowing my surprise that, ished by Christ himself not to expect or on this point, there should be a moment's attempt to comprehend :- The wind blow. hesitation. It is not necessary to go back eth where it listeth, and thou hearest the upon former discussions relative to the true sound thereof, but canst not tell whence it nature and design of atonement, and of the cometh, or whither it goeth ; so is every one Christian atonement, in order to return a that is born of the Spirit,' John iii. 8. satisfactory answer to this question of con. But the reality and necessity of his opera sistency. Like not a few questions, it may tion, not that passage alone, but the whole be answered by another-according to the Bible, testifies; and every such view of the constitution of the gospel, and of the Divine human ability as tends, in any measure, to government as regulated by it, can sin be set it aside, must be destitute of the sanction pardoned that has not been included in the of Divine authority. The influence that atonement ! or, in other words, Can a sin. effects conversion is not merely the influence ner be forgiven, and accepted of God, for of the word, or of the truth. It is true that whose sios no atonement has been made ? the Spirit is in the word considered as If, as by both parties it must be, this ques.
given by inspiration of God.' It is the tion is answered in the negative; then, if mind of the Spirit.' But still, in conver. all cannot be pardoned unless atonement sion, or regeneration, there is to be acknow. has been made for all, can all be consistently ledged, not only the influence of the word, invited to pardon, unless atonement bas but the influence of the Spirit by means of been made for all ? Can sinners be conthe word. He uses his own instrument for sistently invited to accept what God cannot effecting his own ends. The word is the consistently bestow?" sword of the Spirit.' But it is not enough The Discourse entitled " Apparent Discrethat he prepare it: he must wield it. În pancy, but real Harmony of Scripture stateconversion, there is neither the word without ments," is confirmation strong, nay irresistithe Spirit, nor the Spirit without the word; ble, that the views advocated throughout the but the word and the Spirit conjointly, the work have not been taken up lightly, but that instrument and the agent. The sinner him they are the result of a careful, patient, and self may not be directly conscious of any most searching examination of the sacred influence, save that of the truth. But this volume, with a sincere desire to ascertain very influence of the truth arises from his and communicate the mind of the Spirit. discerning its Divine excellence, its adapta. This part of the volume discovers the aution to his own felt exigencies, and its thor's profound and critical acquaintance worthiness of the “God with whom he has with the sacred oracles. Affecting and imto do.' And it is by the secret illumination pressive is the last discourse. Its whole tendency is practical ; and if the reader be Spirits : ordinary temptation; its nature i not led to the strictest scrutiny of himself, the ways in which it is managed; the ad. as to his real state before God, and especially
vantages which Satan possesses over us ; in relation to the great subject of the atone
our danger; apathy; mistakes, &c. ment, his heart must be callous, or his con
Such are the stirring questions investiscience seared as with a hot iron. We
gated in the series of lectures now introexpect that one of the happy results of the
duced to public notice. And we can truly appearance of this volume will be, the mu.
say, that our author has not shrunk from a tual conciliation of the parties involved in
single field of inquiry, because of the diffithe controversy which has produced it. For culties it involved; but, with a manly boldthe difference confined to one point, and ness, chastened only by profound reverence that not always clearly to be discerned, in no for the data of revelation, has grappled with view of it can be a " sufficient warrant for
every topic belonging directly or collaterally schisms, and separations, and depositions
to the theology of fallen spirits. from the ministry.”
As might have been expected, Mr. Scott has put forth great power in establishing the
fact of the existence of evil spirits. In this Congregational Lecture, Ninth Series. The department of his labours, we think he has EXISTENCE of Evil SPIRITS PROVED;
been eminently successful in disposing of and their Agency, particularly in rela. the semi-infidel notions of Socinians, whose tion to the Human Race, explained and determination to reject the doctrine of Saillustrated. By WALTER Scott, Pre tanic agency has led them to wage war sident and Theological Tutor of Aire
with scripture and common sense. Our audale College, Bradford, Yorkshire. 8vo.
thor has done noble service to the cause of pp. 542.
truth, by exposing the rashness and flippancy Jackson and Walford.
of that style of interpretation which has been It would be difficult for any one possessed had recourse to in order to get rid of the of an ordinary share of inquisitiveness to orthodox theory. Their favourite doctrine read the list of subjects discussed in this vo of Satan being nothing more than a mere lume, without feeling a strong desire to as. personification of evil, has been handled with certain the views of the author upon topics becoming severity, and the reductio ad which have given birth to so many deep con absurdum completely fixed upon them. troversies and curious speculations. As we The first lecture, indeed, which treats of this perused the table of contents, we could not subject, is one of the most elaborate pieces of help thinking that no one but a theologian scriptural argumentation which has seen the of the first class could do justice to the light in modern times. So many fine dethemes selected for discussion, Under the fences of truth against sophistry, we have pressure of this feeling, however, we were rarely met with in a single discourse. The instantly relieved from the knowledge we whole subject is exhausted, and nothing left had of the sound and varied attainments of for the adversary but humiliation and conthe respected Tutor of Airedale College, who tempt. In treating this topic, our author has long been regarded by his brethren as a has introduced many collateral defences of man whose studies have been conducted upon Bible truths very valuable to the friends of principles equally enlightened and profound. revelation. We have, for instance, a masHow much our author needed the best gifts terly critique upon the character of Job, and acquirements for duly investigating the proving, beyond all reasonable contradiction, topics encountered by him, may be seen by that he was a real, and not an imaginary a mere cursory survey of the following out person. . line of subjects.
There is great sobriety in all Mr. Scott's Lecture I. The Existence of Evil Spirits. views. He sifts a subject to its very bottom; Lecture II. The Character, State, and and patiently plods through the whole range Powers of Evil Spirits. Lecture III. The of adverse opinions till he reaches the sober Agency of Evil Spirits : the nature and conclusion which scripture and commonmanner of their intercourse with this world, sense would alike justify. Irrespective of witcocraft, divination, &c. Lecture IV. the value of this work to the biblical stuThe Agency of Evil Spirits : the nature and dent, it is really one of the most entertaining manner of their intercourse with this world, volumes which it has fallen to our lot to witchcraft, &c., continued. Lecture V. The examine for a long time. Our curious read. Agency of Evil Spirits : Demoniacs, and es. ers will be greatly interested in the thorough pecially those to which our attention is di investigation of witchcraft into which the rected in the New Testament. Lecture VI. author has entered ; and we shall be much The Agency of Evil Spirits : on Tempta disappointed if he does not carry their con. tion; the Saviour's temptation in the wil. victions along with him. The heathen oraderness. Lecture VII, The Agency of Evil cles, too, as presenting many difficulties upon a cursory view of the facts pertaining Preface, by WILLIAM ORME, late Foreign Secre
tary to the London Missionary Society. Second to them, have been placed in a clearer light
edition, 12mo, pp. 330. John Snow. than we have ever seen them before. But to the private Christian, the most valuable 4. A Voice from the Vintage, on the Force of Ex
ample, addressed to those who think and feel. By portion of the work is reserved for the con
the author of "The Women of England." 12mno, cluding lecture, in which Satanic temptation,
pp. 220. Fisher, Son, and Co. in its ordinary forms, as it assails every child of God, is treated in a practical, deli.
5. Protestant Nonconformity, in its relation to
Learning and Piety : an Inangural Discourse, decate, minute, and deeply pious manner-in
livered at the opening of the Lancashire Independa manner suited to the retirement of the ent College. By ROBERT VAUGHAN, D.D., Precloset, and to the perplexities of individual
sident of the College, and Professor of Theology.
8vo, pp. 60, 18, 6d. Jackson and Walford. Christian experience.
Of the whole course of lectures, we are 6. Christian Union. A Full Report of the Proconstrained to bear this testimony, that it is
ceedings of the Great Meeting held at Exeter Hall,
Ist of June, 1843, to promote and extend Christian an admirable specimen of theological writ
Union. Published with the sanction of the coming,-admirable in sentiment,-in scripture mittee, and corrected by the various speakers. reference, and in phraseology and style. 12mo, pp. 70. 6d. Ward and Co. May we venture to hope that the Congre.
7. The Real Union of all the People of Christ. gational churches will not suffer such a vo. A Sermon, preached at Gray's Inn Lane Episcopal lume as this to drag through a tardy sale. Chapel, on Thursday, May 11th, 1843, in behalf of It is much to their discredit that they do
the Foreign-Aid Society. By the Rev. E. BICKER
STETI, Rector of Watton, Herts. 8vo, pp. 44. not encourage the standard literature of their Macintosh, Great New-street. own denomination as they ought. Of this, the slender circulation of the preceding eight
8. The Duty and the Liberty of a Christian Church,
asserted against Popery, Puseyism, and Erastianvolumes of Congregational Lectures, with
ism. By the Rev. ANDREW GRAY, A.M., Perth. the exception of those by Drs. Wardlaw 12mo, pp. 46. R. Groombridge, London. and Smith, is a painful proof. In times like
9. The People of China : their History, Court, these, there ought surely to be a vigorous
Religion, Government, Legislation, Institutions, effort made to sustain the literary efforts of
Tribunals, Agriculture, Language, Literature, Mathe denomination : when there are so many nufactures, Arts, Sciences, Manners, and Customs. who would depreciate them, and when it is
To which is added, A Sketch of Protestant Nis
sions. 18mo, pp. $42. Tract Society. so well known that they will now bear comparison with those of the Established 10. An Exposure, from Personal Obserration, of Church. Surely, among two thousand Female Prostitution, in London, Leeds, and Rochchurches, there ought to be found four or
dale, especially in the City of Glasgow. With Re
marks on the Cause, Extent, Results, and Remedy five thousand persons disposed to uphold
of the Evil. By WILLIAM LOGAN, City Missionary. the Congregational Lecture in all its vigour. Third edition, enlarged. Seventh thousand. 12mo, We would remind all our readers that there
pp. 48. Ward and Co. is no other way of upholding it, but that of
11. The Vanity of Man at his best State. A purchasing the successive volumes. We can Sermon, on the occasion of the death of His Royal assure those who do not possess themselves Highness the Duke of Sussex, preached in West
minster Chapel, James-street, near Buckingham of them, that they sustain a real loss.
Palace, on Lord's Day, May 7, 1843. By SAMUEL
WORKS RECENTLY PUBLISHED. 1. Astronomy and Scripture; or, Some Illustrations of that Science, and of the Solar, Lunar, Stellar, and Terrestrial Phenomena of Holy Writ. By the Rev. T. MILNER, M.A., author of " History of the Seven Churches of Asia," “Life and Times of Dr. Isaac Watts," &c. 12mo, pp. 410. John Snow.
12. Tracts for Inquirers. First Series. No. I. Sin. No. II. The Way to be saved. No. III. The Character of the Believer in Christ. No. IV. The Christian Church. 32mo, 8 pages each. One halfpenny. Ward and Co.
These are most valuable tracts for the parties to whom they are addressed. As they come from the able pen of Mr. Martin, of Westininster Chapel, we are assured they will have an extensive circulation.
2. Vols. 41 and 42 of The Biblical Cabinet; or, Hermeneutical, Exegetical, and Philological Library. Justin Martyr: his Life, Writings, and Opinions; by the Rev. Charles Semisch, of Trebnitz, Silesia. Translated from the German, with the author's concurrence. By J. E. Ryland. 12mo. Thomas Clark, Edinburgh.
13. The People's Music Book. Consisting of Psalm Tunes, Sacred Music, Songs, Duets, Trios, Glees, &c. Principally arranged for Young Voices. With Accompaniments for the Organ or Pianoforte. By JAMES TURLE, Esq., Organist of Westminster Abbey; and EDWARD TAYLOR, Esq., Gresham Professor of Music. Parts I. and II. G. Virtue.
3. Letters on Missions. By WILLIAM SWAN, late Missionary in Siberia. With an introductory
DEMISE OF THOMAS WILSON, ESQ., Treasurer of Highbury College, and of the London
Missionary Society. This affecting event, which has been an. ticipated for some time past, took place, at the house of the deceased, on Saturday morning, the 17th June, at a quarter past twelve o'clock, A.M. Mr. Wilson's health had been declining for a considerable period, and, from the nature of the maladies under which he laboured, his sufferings were at times acute. But he endured, "as seeing Him who is invisible,' and, while consciousness remained, evinced not only dignified submission to the will of God, but firm faith in " the glorious gospel of the blessed God."
Of such a man as Mr. Wilson, it may be truly said, that the world has been the better that he lived. He followed in the footsteps of his godly father, and proved what may be effected by a single individual, when early and ardently devoted to the cause of Christ. The two grand objects to which he gave himself with sleepless energy, were the College at Highbury, and the erection of commodi. ous places of worship. Other walks of usefulness engaged a measure of his attention ; but the multiplication of faithful pastors and suitable sanctuaries was his favourite pursuit for the space of half a century. The result has fully justified all the zeal and mu. nificence expended on these objects. May his respected son have wisdom and grace given to him, to tread in the footsteps of his sire. A noble example has been set before him, which we sincerely believe he is anxious to follow.
J. P. Smith those at the grave, in Abney Park cemetery. The funeral procession was unusually large, and the interest excited, such as is rarely witnessed even in this great metropolis.
The deceased was a man greatly and justly beloved. To most urbane and Christian dispositions, he added talents of a high order, and attainments which fitted him for extensive and varied usefulness. As President, for many years, of Blackburn (now Lancashire) College ; as the author of some standard works; as pastor successively at Blackburn and Stepney; and as the eloquent and indefatigable advocate of almost all our public and benevolent institutions, he well and nobly served his generation, and his memory will be cherished with grateful respect, as “ a good minister of Jesus Christ," for many a coming year. May his bereaved and amiable widow find that support in the consolations of the gospel which they are fitted to yield, and his children have grace to imitate the virtues of their honoured and sainted parent!
THE REV. PROFESSOR KIDD. It is our mournful task to convey to our readers the intelligence of the sudden death of this estimable minister of Jesus Christ, who for some years was President of the Anglo-Chinese College, at Malacca, and lat. terly Professor of Chinese Literature in Uni. versity College, London. Mr. Kidd had been subject to epileptic fits, and on Monday morning, the 12th June, while shut into an apartment, was carried off in one of them, before any assistance could be brought to his aid. By this mournful providence, an amiable widow and little family are thrown upon the prompt and generous sympathy of the Christian church, and we firmly believe that a circle of friends will be gathered around them in their time of need.
THE REV. JOSEPH FLETCHER, D.D.,
Of Stepney. It is with emotions of sadness, blended with resignation to the Divine will, that we announce the death of our esteemed friend, the Rey. Dr. Fletcher, pastor of the Congregational church assembling in Stepney meeting-house. At the early age of fiftyeight, he was called to his rest and his reward, on Thursday, the 8th of June, 1843, at his own house, Grove-place, Mile End-road. Amidst sufferings which rarely fall to the lot of mortals, he held fast the precious hopes of the gospel, and antici pated the joys of immortality, in the darkest hour of his earthly sorrow. His funeral took place on Friday, the 16th June, when Mr. James, of Birmingham, Dr. Burder, of Hackney, and Mr. Smith, of Poplar, con. ducted the solemn services held in Stepney meeting-house ; and Mr. Walford and Dr.
THE LATE REV. THOMAS JACKSON,
OF STOCKWELL. To the Editor of the Evangelical Magazine. MY DEAR SIR,-You will oblige me, if you will allow me to acknowledge an omission in the memoir of my father, in the last number of the Magazine. Many mi. nisters in the neighbourhood of London, and some in Bristol, took notice of his death in funeral sermons ; and I should feel it to be too great an inattention to their kindly feeling if such a circumstance were wholly passed over without regard.
I am, my dear Sir, yours faithfully, Melksham.