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elsewhere. In China there is no caste en the tenderness of parents put into their slaving and chaining the minds of men, as hands for their childish purposes. The in Hindostan. There is no priesthood like mere infantile contribution of young hearts, the Brahmins, for the Bonzes of China are opening for the first time to the wants of as much despised as the Brahmins are re- their sable fellow-creatures, gave 4,8001. to Fered. In China there is no long chain of aid the Society in its need. And is it conmiracles-lying miracles, it is true, but be- ceivable, that the thousands, the hundreds lieved by millions—which have every where of thousands, that are interested in the met the statements of the Christian Mis progress of your Missions, are not able, if sionary in India, respecting the genuine a good cause is proved to them, to do far miracles which establish the Gospel of more than this? Why even this would jus. Christ. la China there is no reverence fortify and enable you at once to enter upon prescriptive faith- a faith handed down the important Mission. But they can from the remotest ages. The time at which surely do far more than this. If I were Buddhism was introduced is well known. asked what it was that would justify your It is a comparatively modern faith ; and all Directors in this undertaking, I find the they can oppose to us from remote antiquity, complete answer in this assembly-in your is the cold, heartless scepticism of Confu. conviction of duty-in your resolution to cius, which cannot retain its bold, even accomplish what duty dictates. There is upon a small minority of that people. It answer enough here to satisfy the Directors is therefore apparent, that the circum. as to whether or not they ought to proceed stances under which we are called to enter
are called to enter in this undertaking. With the advantage this novel field of Missions are most invit. which cheap postage affords, you can make ing, and those eight Missionaries, it may be the news circulate every day to every part presumed, by their long acquaintance, not of the empire; this meeting may fill the with the Chinese language only, but with whole country with a knowledge of the the Chinese character and habits, are now, claims of China, and you may make every at last, standing as once the army of Israel Christian pulse beat in unison with your stood on the banks of Jordan, and are look. own, while you resolve in this hall that your ing to the land of promise, to the ultimate Directors shall not want the means of pro, attainment of which they have devoted their ceeding in this benevolent and sacred work. bopes and their lives. It is not for those Here, then, alone is the answer, as it seems who sent them forth with this prospect, to me, to the question, whether you may, telling them to devote their energies to the with resources inadequate to the present aceomplishment of this design, now to tell Missions, yet enter upon a new and costly them, in this hour of auspicious hope, one without the charge of imprudence? If that they must restrict their energies, and this be established in the affirmative, then tura back from those distant fields of la. I am prepared to move the resolution which boor bere hitherto they have wrestled in your Directors have intrusted to me, and faith and patience with such varied ob which I will now therefore read :stacles.
" That this meeting deliberately and heartily apSomething, then, it is obvious, ought to
proves of the measures adopted by the Directors, be done, to improve the advantages which for the removal of the Anglo-Chinese College from circumstances have placed in your hands. Malacca to Hongkong, and for transferring the la.
bours of the Missionary brethren hitherto prosecutBut, it may be asked whether the time is
ed in European settlements far distant from China come; whether the resources which Chris.
to the island now ceded to Great Britain, and to tian zeal has placed in the hands of the such of the Chinese cities opened for commerce by
the treaty of peace as may appear most eligible Directors are such as warrant them to en
for Missionary efforts; and that this meeting, gage in any new undertaking, however
deeply sensible of the inadequacy of the present momentous, or to turn their attention to amount of agency, warmly approves and commends new fields of enterprise, however ripe the
the resolution of the Directors to increase the num
ber of labourers already in the field." harvest seems to be for the sickle. When we remember the resources of this great nation, I must now offer a few remarks on the and think how large a portion of that pation three topics which this resolution embraces. is interested in Christian Missions, it seems I have to recommend to you, on the part of impossible to doubt, that with an adequate the Directors, to remove the Anglo-Chinese knowledge, and with a due conviction, of College from Malacca to Hongkong. No. the character of the emergency, these re- thing can be more important than this ; sources must be placed in the hands of the and I am persuaded that those I bave the Directors. It was only last year, that upon honour to address know well the importance the mere mertion of the Missionary wants of training up that Missionary agency to of the church, the Sunday schools con- which Mr. Lacroix has directed our attenDected with the Wesleyans raised for their tion. It is not by European agents only Missionary Institution 4,8001., the mere that we can hope to line both banks of the savings of those little sums of money which mighty inlets to China with villagers be
lieving on Christ, and worshipping God in spirit and in truth. But it is by multiplying Chinese labourers that this great work, if effected at ali—and the word of God permits us not to doubt it-must be at last accomplished. If so, nothing can be wiser than, at the present moment, when we bave the opportunity, to enter on the work, and establish a broad and deep foundation for Missionary success, by beginning at once to train young men in the Anglo-Chinese College for Missionary service in China. But it is obvious, that our position at Hongkong will be incomparably superior to that at Malacca, which is 1,500 miles distant from Hongkong.
The second point which I am instructed to recommend to you this evening is, that your Missionaries shall be removed from the posts they now occupy at a distance from China, and placed at Hongkong, and those cities opened to European enterprise. And here a thought has occurred to me, mingled with a feeling of regret, which I cannot help expressing. As Mr. Lacroix naturally feels for India, lest some of your resources should be diverted from that interesting land, it is natural to ask ourselves, What do the Directors mean to do with Penang, Malacca, Singapore, and Macao, where Christ has been honoured and preached for so many years by such faithful labourers ? Are all these stations to be swept away like a dream? Is nothing to be done for them? I would say, the Society must not think of relinquishing its efforts there, so long as the religious community at home places in their hands resources adequate to the expense. But at the same time, if a sacrifice must be made, no one can question that when one-third of the human race, scarcely known to us but by their crimes and their follies, asks for the humane inter position of England,-if one sacrifice or other must be made, Ningpo, Shanghai, Amoy, Foo-chow-foo, and Canton, must not be left while these more distant places are regarded with greater interest. Here the tide of commerce is setting in; here European population is to be guided ; here you are to exercise a sanctifying influence on the European community; here you are to set an example which a whole empire may see. I might almost use the powerful language of Napoleon. If he could say, as his army marched over the plains of Egypt, “ Centuries are looking down upon us from the Pyramids;" so may we exclaim to the first Missionaries that shall enter China, “ Centuries are looking down from the lofty mountains of the Himalayas, to see what the first evangelists will do, to bring those benighted millions to the knowledge of the
Saviour." You approve, then, of the se· coud of the propositions which your Direct
ors have it appears to me most wisely) offered to your notice.
T here remains a third, which is yet more adventurous, and therefore seems to de. mand still more consideration; it is, that within two years, ten or twelve men shall be added to the list. But think a moment, and I am persuaded that you will feel that you must not shrink even from this responsibility. Do you send your Missionaries to labour in a tropical climate, to toil in the acquisition of the most difficult of languages; and do you send tbem there to labour and die alone? Are they to have no respite ? Is a brother's face never to be seen by them? Are they never to unite in social prayer? Are they never to mingle their counsels in the most arduous undertaking that can be set before a body of men? Should there be no division of labour amongst them? These Missionaries have to translate books into a difficult language, to become expert and fluent in tongues not their own, to stand before mandarins and emperors ; and they must be in Pekin what Morrison was in Capton, when it was said in vain to the Governors, “ Send him home," because they said, “We want him here." You must have men in China, who, when our ambassador visits the metropolis of that country, can go with him, and stand before a monarch, in some respects the mightiest on earth, and implore him, as he values his own salvation, not to interpose bis mighty power between his subjects and their salvation. You want men who will do what Verbeest and other Missionaries have boldly done-penetrate the interior, and tell the mandarims and great council of state, and the emperor of three hundred millions, that there is a God, to whom they are responsi. ble, and a Saviour who may yet rescue them from condemnation, beseeching them, by the mercy of Christ, as St. Paul, when in chains, be sought Agrippa, to believe, and turn to the Redeemer and live. For all this, it is most apparent, that there must be not the same force which is now occu. pied in China, but a much larger one. You want some to translate books into the language of the Chinese ; you want others to conduct the education of their youth, and form a native ministry; you want others who can conduct the labours of the press ; and still another class must be occupied in evangelizing those around them; and as God blesses their labours, some must be engaged in forming and cherishing the Christian churches ibat have been gathered, in the midst of this population, from heatbenism. Nor can we conceal from ourselves that men, the noblest and the best, are wanted. You must not take Lacroix from Bengal, you must pot take
Moffat from Africa ; but if ever you are to to give to the youth of China an education accomplish the work that God calls you to which shall ameliorate their temporal conperform, you must have nevy Lacroixs, you ditition, and to let them enjoy what it is well most have other Moffats. Many a young kaown the children of Bengal enjoy in man of the same energy, the same charity many an English school established by for souls, the same zeal for the Redeemer, Government-the means of obtaining Eumust be found among your thousands, or ropean knowledge and the arts of life ; but this work cannot be prosecuted to its ac- it is to give to thein, through the knowcomplishment. God has not promised to ledge of the Scriptures, that acquaintance work miracles, though he blesses faith ; and with immortal and eternal truth, which is therefore the grand necessity which this to fit them for the enduring bliss of heaven. day exbibits to us, is, that there should be It is to grapple with every form of evil found some to inherit the assiduity of which now enslaves and torments them, Morrison, the devotedness of Milne, and and bring them to that liberty wherewith that living virtue which I rejoice to think Christ makes his people free. It is not to the lists of your Society still contain and say to an arbitrary, despotic Government, exbibit.
that they are no longer to treat these three If I am asked, lastly, why is it that I hundred millions as slaves made for their appear here, without having shared in your pastime; but it is to throw open the dunlabours, or participated in your conquests, geon doors in which a far worse tyranny to advocate this cause? I answer, because has held them, and to give them at last a I pity the Chinese, and rejoice in seeing any place among the free-born children of God, efforts that are made to ameliorate their when the blessing of Heaven shall ulti. condition, and bring them to an acquaint. mately crown your endeavours and surpass ance with the Saviour. What would you have thought of that Jewish cottager, who, when Am I asked again why I take an interest confined by sickness, and incapable of aid in this work? It is because, when the Proing a fellow.creature, as he saw the good vidence of God has called out a Protestant Samaritan walking on foot, on the way to army to march directly to the invasion of Jericbo, and tenderly watching the poor idolatry, and points out the road to victory, traveller whom he had placed on his beast, I behold one regiment ready for the work; should have turned away to execrate the and as I hear the military music, and see Samaritan for his deed of charity? You the unfurled banners, and watch the gleam of would not have thought that that Jewish the bayonets as they advance on the road bosom was animated by any of the feelings of duty towards the goal of victory, I canof Him who came to seek and to save the not resist the impulse I feel, as the sub.. lost. And such, I conceive must be the altern of another regiment, to raise my voice feelings of every man, who, when you are and cheer them on. Yes, I must give my called by Divine Providence, and are willing comrades a cheer from my heart, and then to labour for those in a yet more forlorn go back to urge my own regiment to follow condition than the traveller on his way to as quickly as it can to engage in a warfare Jericho, does not bid you God speed. It that will break no widow's heart, that will is not merely to teach the women of China throw no gloom over the orphan's home, but to walk with the grace to which my friend, bring them undecaying joy in this world and Dr. Leifchild, has so felicitously alluded; the next. While, however, I should be but it is to give bloom to the emaciated unpardonable not to rejoice in the prosecucheek, wbich the unnatural practice of con- tion of your labours, permit me, in conclu. suming opium has deprived of the hue of sion, to impress upon this meeting my health; it is to prevent the millions of the strong conviction that this must be accomwomen of China sinking into premature plished without the relinquishment of other old age, by that cruel practice; it is to spheres of labour on which you have engive to every home a mother, with a vigor tered. It were not charity, but crueltyous intellect and a warm heart, that she not firmness, but vacillation-to abandon may be a blessing to her children, instead those other spheres of honour and usefulof leaving them in orphanage before half ness where you have entered. Our fellow her years are accomplished ;-it is not to subjects must not be overlooked, because teach the women of China to tread on those allied with us in commerce call for our God's earth with a firm step, but to give sympathies. Bengal has harvests waving them moral dignity, instead of moral de. for the sickle on her noble soil. Were gradation and mental imbecility ;-it is not Hiodooism once uprooted, the whole East to teach them to bound with the foot of would fall before the Gospel. You have, health over their native fields, but to teach therefore, everything to summon you to enthem to walk in the road to heaven, and counter the heathenism of China. But ron with patience the race set before there is another army in the field, that has them, looking unto Jesus. It is not merely preceded us there. There are hundreds SPECIAL MEETING ON BEHALF OF THE CHINESE MISSION. The Committee of the Bristol Auxiliary have promptly made arrangements for a meeting, in aid of the efforts now in progress for strengthening and extending the Society's Missions, to be holden in the city of Bristol, on Thursday evening, February 9, at which the Rev. A. Tidman, Foreign Secretary, and the Rev. A. F. Lacroix, from Calcutta, will attend, as a Deputation from the Parent Society.
ARRIVAL OF MRS. LESSEL FROM INDIA. It is with pecaliar thankfulness we announce the safe arrival, from Liverpool, of Mrs. Lessel and her family, after experiencing a most merciful and extraordinary deliverance from shipwreck, off the coast of Cornwall, during that fearful and destructive storm which occurred in the course of last month. Mrs. Lessel was returning to her native country for the benefit of her health, in the Jessie Logan, bound for Liverpool, and had nearly reached the termination of her voyage in safety, when this disastrous and terrific visitation occurred. Intelligence speedily reached London, that the Jessie Logan had been cast away at Bose castle, near Launceston, after being abandoned by the crew and passengers, of whose escape it seemed impossible, from the tremendous violence of the storm, to entertain the slightest hope. So entire was the conviction that our friend and sister, Mrs. Lessel, with her chil. dren and attendants, had perished in common with their fellow-voyagers, that the Directors felt it their duty to communicate the melancholy tidings to the friends of Mrs. L. in Scotland, and io present, at the same time, those expressions of Christian condoleuce which an occasion so sorrowful demanded. Scarcely, however, had they performed this painful task, when, to their unspeakable relief and joy, accounts were received from Ireland that the passengers and crew of the Jessie Logan had, with the exception of one man, been all saved. When the vessel was nearly full of water, and expected every moment to sink, they were most providentially delivered from their awfal situation by the ship Lynx, bound from the Mediterranean to the port of Cork, whither they were taken. Mrs. Lessel left Cork with ber family by the earliest suitable conveyance, and on the 22nd ult., reached the port of Liverpool. She has since proceeded to Scotland, and the Directors cannot but offer their heartfelt congratulations to herself and her friends on the gracious and timely interposition by which she and her children were rescued from the awful calamity to which they had so nearly fallen victims. The Directors also gladly take this opportunity of acknowledging the kindness which Mrs. Lessel received under her distressing circumstances from friends of the Society and others both at Cork and Liverpool.
Contributions in aid of the Society will be thankfully received by Thomas Wilson, Esq., Treasurer, and
Rev. John Arundel, Home Secretary, at the Mission House, Blomfield-strect, Finsbury, London; by G. Yule, Esq., Broughton Hall, Edinburgh ; J. Risk, Esq., Cochran-street, Glasgou; and at 7, Lower Abbeystreet, Dublin.
Tyler & Reed, Printers, 5, Bolt-court, London.