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object of the Magazine fund is suitably presented, it is never urged in vain. Why not canvass a town or village throughout ? The experiment would be fraught with no discouragement. Could the widows of our congregations, who know the anguish of widowed grief, employ a portion of their time better than in extending the circulation of a work, which even now devotes twelve hundred pounds annually to the relief and comfort of the widows of pious ministers ?, Such advocates could scarcely fail of success. They would plead with all the eloquence of their sex, and with all the pathos which the remembrance of their own griefs would inspire. But they should take up the matter without delay. The sufferings and privations of widows of ministers press upon them. The Trustees meet early in January, and, o how it would cheer their hearts to find that the January sale of the Magazine was such as to warrant them in taking on eight or ten new cases.

Again, we would suggest, that those who can afford it, should take in two copies of the Magazine, and give one of them to the Sunday School Superintendent, the City Missionary in their district, or to those persons employed in visiting the abodes of the poor.

Those who cannot afford to purchase two copies of the Magazine, should determine to persuade some one or more in their circle to take in a copy. How great will be the pleasure connected with such an act of benevolence !

Those who feel powerfully for the widow, and whom God has blessed with means, may effectually aid her, by forwarding donations to the Magazine Fund, through the medium of the Treasurer, the Rev. Dr. Burder, or the Editor, the Rev. Dr. Morison.

And, finally, those who in prospect of eternity, are making a last disposal of their property, cannot surely act more in accordance with the spirit of the Gospel, than by leaving behind them a token of their sympathy to the widows of those devoted men, whose incomes did not enable them to provide for the necessities of their sorrowing families. *

In entering on the fifty-first year of their labours, it would be a great encouragement to the Conductors of the Evangelical Magazine, if they should find themselves so far seconded in their endeavours by the Christian Public as to be enabled to entertain every application made to them within the rules of distribution.

The Trustees cannot close their Annual Address without adverting, with subdued and sorrowful feelings, to the mortality which has occurred, during the present year, in their immediate circle. They have suffered the loss of two of their most honoured and influential Trustees, the Rev. Joseph Fletcher, D.D., of Stepney, and the Rev. Thomas Jackson, of Stockwell ;--brethren greatly beloved by them, and who had rendered essential service to the interests of the Magazine. But “ they rest from their labours, and their works do follow them." May their surviving brethren, who mingled with them in walks of usefulness and charity, “work while it is day,—the night cometh in which no man can work !".

* FORM OF A BEQUEST. "I give and bequeath to the Treasurer for the time being of a certain periodical publication called the Evangelical Magazine and Missionary Chronicle,' published in London (the profits of which work are by certain Trustees therein named, devoted to the benefit of Widows of Evangelical Ministers of different denominations, and to other charitable purposes,) the sum of £

, to be raised and paid out of such part only of my personal estate, as shall not consist of chattels real or money secured on mortgage of lands, or tenements, or in any other manner affecting lands or tenements, to be applied by the Trustees of the said periodical in like manner as the profits of the said work are applied : for which Legacy the receipt of the Treasurer for the time being shall be a sufficient discharge to my Executors.

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THE

EVANGELICAL MAGAZINE,

AND

MISSIONARY CHRONICLE.

FOR JANUARY, 1843.

THE DEPARTED YEAR.

A RETROSPECT.

The departed year, which rose upon us in the midst of calamity and glooin, has been crowned with the Divine goodness, and its close has been far more auspicious than its commencement; nor ought we to suffer it to pass without a serious and solemn review. The judgments and the mercies which have marked its progress, call alike for humiliation and gratitude ; while the lapse of so much time is suggestive of profitable reflections, to which we shall do well to take heed.

War is as great a curse as it is a crime, and in both respects it is the penal result of long accumulating na tional guilt. From experiencing its immediate horrors as a Divine inflice tion, our country has been mercifully preserved. But that we have been dreadfully implicated in its criminality, and have much to apprehend from its consequences, though they may be comparatively remote, must be apparent to the most superficial inquirer. War is, in every case, the triumph and the harvest of the first great murderer. By war, we must not, however, be understood to mean the incursion of violent depredators upon the innocent and defenceless; but the mutual determina

VOL. XXI.

tion of belligerent parties to settle their disputes by an appeal to arms. This is war. Every thing short of this places the unhappy community attacked by physical force, in the situation of righteous Abel. Though they may act on the defensive, they are victims and not warriors. In the Scriptures, war is frequently threatened as one of the severest judgments of heaven, Without being politicians, or meddling with political affairs at all, as Christians we may be allowed to say, that the politics that lead to war, or that generate and foster the evil principles and passions which excite it, and of which it is at once the gratification and the punishment, must equally violate the dictates of justice and humanity; and if by any they are deemed wise, our conviction is, that the wisdom is from beneath. Every man who is not an infidel, finds no difficulty in arriving at the conclusion, that if Christianity, as an intelligent and live ing energy, were at the head of this world's governments, that the sword would never be thrown into the scales of justice ; and what is now the ultima ratio regum would, in that case, be regarded as a strange compound of

malignity and madness. The dullest just and equitable laws, into all of understanding in a moment perceives, which the religious spirit shall conthat however Christianity may be made tinue to be infused as a grand moral a pretext for crimes, that they are element, with a greater facility, and to alien from its spirit, and condemned a wider extent than ever, will be proby its precepts: and could war be di- ductive of the happiest results. Relivested of the false virtues which im- gion, we hope, will teach our Governpose on the imagination and mislead ment, wherever it is established, a the conscience, and be seen in its wiser policy than any that has been naked selfishness and cruelty, no one suggested by the love of conquest professing to understand and revere and the mere power of the sword. the gospel would dare to become its But it is to China that the eye of apologist : he would feel, in making the Christian philanthropist is directed, the attempt, that he was a traitor to while his heart is inspired with the the Prince of peace.

liveliest hope. Never has so wide a The tragedies of Afghanistan and field been opened, in the history of the China, in which what is called British world, so favourable to the missionary valour has acted so fearful a part, are enterprise. China is open! Her imterrible to think of. A dreadful amount passable wall no longer exists. No of guilt must attach somewhere. Con- longer a celestial empire, that disquest has been dearly purchased ; and dained to hold intercourse with other it would have been, in the eye of reli- nations on equal terms, and that exgion, if only one human life had been cluded, by imperial edicts, the Sun of sacrificed. We shudder when we think righteousness from shining on her of the massacres in China, and hold mighty population of three hundred our breath in apprehensive dread, as and fifty millions, — China has been we read of " disasters unparalleled in compelled to descend to the same their extent” beyond the banks of the level with other countries to consent Indus, and which have been retrieved to be as one among many compeers by repeated victories in the field, and to make her cities as accessible and “ the capture of the cities and to Great Britain as London is to all citadels of Ghuznee and Cabool,"—that the world. is, by shedding torrents of human I f the merchant and manufacturer blood. We have nothing to do with have read the following statement, and war, but to deplore it, nor with victory, hailed the prospect which it unfolds for except to rejoice when it ends in the the employment of their capital and the establishment of peace. The curse and working of their speculations, with the the blessing are both to be registered confidence of hope and with the deteramong the events of the past year, mination of enterprise ; how ought it by which the supreme Ruler has been to be read by the directors of our mismysteriously working out his own de- sionary societies, by our churches, and signs. He will make the wrath of man by every individual who longs, and to praise him, and convert the chas- prays, and is willing to labour for the tising scourge in his hand into a guid- evangelization of the world! “No ing sceptre, which his church shall fewer than four new ports are opened adore, while she follows its indications out to British commerce, each of them with devoted obedience. The evacu- better and in a richer country than ation of Afghanistan, under the cir- Canton, and hitherto sealed against all cumstances in which it took place, European enterprise. The trade thus will not only in a worldly, but in a about to be established with England, higher point of view, operate bene- will enable the Chinese to possess the ficially on our empire in the East. manufactures of Manchester, the proThe encouragement of commerce, duce of the forges of Birmingham, and the cultivation of the arts of peace, all the varied articles which the skill

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