The First American Constitutions: Republican Ideology and the Making of the State Constitutions in the Revolutionary Era
Rowman & Littlefield, 2001 - 378 ページ
For the last twenty years this book has been cited by every serious writer on early American constitutional development. Any constitutional history of the independent United States must begin with this comprehensive study. Professor Adams combines a European perspective and a thorough knowledge of the antecedents of 1787 to create an insightful analysis of the replacement by the revolutionary generation of one government by another by-they thought-"constitutional" means. Acting for "the people" in 11 of the 13 rebelling states, various kinds of self-empowered committees, "congresses," or "conventions" created new constitutions and a system in which the states dominated over the weaker Confederation government. This volume contains two new chapters: one demonstrating precedents in the state constitutions for the U.S. Constitution, and another chapter critically testing the "republicanism over liberalism" thesis against political ideas and institutional arrangements that constitute the first state constitutions. The bibliography has been updated to include the rich body of work written during the last two decades, much of it indebted to this pioneering study.
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adopted American American Revolution appointed argued argument assembly authority bill of rights Boston British called chapter claim colonies colonists committee common Compare concept considered constitution Continental Congress convention council Court debate decisions delegates demanded democracy draft early elected electors England English equal established executive federal form of government founding freedom governor Handlin History idea independence individual institutions instructions interests issue James John Adams Journal July June king land legislative legislature Letters liberty limited majority Mass Massachusetts ment natural North Origins Paine Parliament Pennsylvania persons Philadelphia political popular practice present principle property qualifications provincial congress rejected representation representatives republic republican republican government Revolutionary rule senators separation social society sovereignty Suffrage theory Thomas thought tion town town meeting United Virginia vote Whig worth York
18 ページ - Britain. Yet that we may not appear to be defective even in earthly honors, let a day be solemnly set apart for proclaiming the Charter; let it be brought forth placed on the divine law, the Word of God; let a Crown be placed thereon, by which the world may know, that so far as we approve of monarchy, that in America THE LAW 1s KING. For as in absolute governments the king is law, so in free countries the law ought to BE king, and there ought to be no other.