The Urals and Western Siberia in the Bronze and Iron Ages
This book is the first synthesis of the archaeology of the Urals and Western Siberia. It presents a comprehensive overview of the late prehistoric cultures of these regions, which are of key importance for the understanding of long-term changes in Eurasia. At the crossroads of Europe and Asia, the Urals and Western Siberia are characterized by great environmental and cultural diversity which is reflected in the variety and richness of their archaeological sites. Based on the latest achievements of Russian archaeologists, this study demonstrates the temporal and geographical range of its subjects starting with a survey of the chronological sequence from the late fourth millennium BC to the early first millennium AD. Recent discoveries contribute to an understanding of issues such as the development of Eurasian metallurgy, technological and ritual innovations, pastoral nomadism and its role in Eurasian interactions, and major sociocultural fluctuations of the Bronze and Iron Ages.
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Stabilization Colonization and Expansion in the Late
Final Bronze Age
part two the iron age forming eurasian interactions
The World of Cultures of CisUrals Forest Zone of Eastern
Social Trends in NorthCentral Eurasia during the Second
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Abashevo Abashevo culture Alakul culture Altai Andronovo cultural animal bones archaeological culture Arkaim arrowheads barrows burial ground cal bc cemeteries central Kazakhstan ceramics Cherkaskul Chernykh chronological Cis-Urals climatic complex copper decorated difﬁcult early eastern Europe ecological economic elite Eneolithic Eurasian nomads Eurasian steppe excavated Final Bronze Age ﬁnds ﬁrst ﬂat forest zone forest-steppe formation fortiﬁed fortified settlements funeral ritual Gamayun Gorokhovo graves groups horse houses Hsiung-nu inﬂuence Iron Age Irtysh Itkul Kazakhstan Koryakova kurgan landscape Late Bronze Age material culture metallurgy Mezhovka migration ornaments pastoral percent period Petrovka population pots pottery production Pyanobor radiocarbon dates reﬂected regions relations represented river sacriﬁces Sargary Sarmatian Sauromatians scholars Scythian second millennium bc Seima-Turbino Siberia signiﬁcant Sintashta social southern Urals speciﬁc Srubnaya culture stone structure Tairov territory third century bc traces tradition Trans-Uralian Trans-Urals variant Volga western Siberia wooden Yamnaya Yamnaya culture Zdanovich
359 ページ - Richards, M. & V. Macaulay, 2000. Genetic data and the colonization of Europe: genealogies and founders, in Archaeogenetics: DNA and the Population Prehistory of Europe, eds C. Renfrew & K. Boyle. (McDonald Institute Monographs.) Cambridge: McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research, 139-51.