Theories of Case
Cambridge University Press, 2006/02/16 - 258 ページ
Case, a system which marks the relationships between words in a sentence, is fundamental to every language. Looking at how different theories of syntax have accounted for the distribution of case across languages, this accessible 2006 textbook introduces the various approaches to case that have been proposed in modern linguistics. Clearly organised into topics, it provides beginning students with a solid understanding of the ideas behind the development of theories of case. For the more advanced reader, it presents theories that have been formulated about the interaction between case morphology, argument structure, grammatical relations and semantics, and offers a detailed cross-theoretical discussion of how these are motivated. Each chapter contains practical exercises, encouraging students to engage with the ideas discussed. Drawing on data from a wide range of languages and pooling together a variety of perspectives, Theories of Case is essential reading for all those studying this important area of linguistics.
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abstract accusative languages agent alternation analysis approach argument structure AspP assigned assumed basic Bresnan chapter Chomsky classiﬁcation clause complement constraints crosslinguistic dative default deﬁned deﬁnition direct object ditransitive Dyirbal encoded English ergative languages example f-structure featural speciﬁcations Fillmore’s ﬁnal ﬁrst formulated GB/MP genitive Georgian German grammatical functions grammatical relations hierarchy Icelandic ideas identiﬁed indirect interaction intransitive Jackendoff’s Kiparsky Kiparsky’s linking theory Latin lexical semantics LFG’s licensed linguistic locative macrorole markedness markers marking morphology morphosyntactic Nadya notion noun overt passive patient pattern phenomena position predicate principles Proto-Role Punjabi quirky realized relevant representation rules Sanskrit Scottish Gaelic sentence shown Spec speciﬁc SpecVP SUBJ syntactic pivot syntactic theories syntactically ergative syntax thematic roles theme tion tive transitive transitive verb unaccusative verbs unaccusatives underlying unergative verb unergatives Urdu Urdu/Hindi Wambaya West Greenlandic word order Wunderlich’s Zaenen