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To the Authors of the British Magazine. GENTLEMEN,
" " 'foon obliged to fpend large fums.in VoU will, no doubt, think the repairing a breach on his own estate;
I following story scarcely čredi. yer Mr. H. still continued to demand ble; tho”, I affure you,' it is almost fresh fums from him, which Mr. B. literally fa&." Mr. John B. and Mr. ,was fo generous as to part with, tho, Frederic H. were very intimate in order to raise them, he was obliged friends, and had adjoining estates, to burden his estate with new mortwashed by a large river, very liable gages. When both breaches were at to overflow its banks, which they length fully repaired, Mr. H.'s estate were obliged therefore to heigliten, was as intire as before the breaking and keep in constant repair. Mr. in of the river, exclusive of the deB.'s estate was worth 10,0001, a year, valtation which the overflowing had and Mr. H.'s worth 1000 l. and both madc; but the generous Mr. B. of them lived nearly up to their in- found himself burdened with a mort. comes. Ms. H. having neglected the gage of more than one third of his banks on his eftate, suffered the river whole reveoue."* ,
q ui!!! to break in; and having spent all his. Many of your readers will doubt. ready call in endeavouring to stop less censure Mr. B. from an opinion the breach, applied to his friend to that such an inftance of imprudent help him in his need. Mr. B. freely conduct cannot be paralleled in 'all gave him all the ready money he was history, but their cenfures will fall. in poffeffion of; yet Frederis, not ultimately upon them lelves; for mucontented, sti]I demanded more; and sato nomine de illis fabula narratur. In even prevailed on Mr. B. to raise à what other light can the conduct of fum in his behalf, by mortgaging this nation be looked upon, in regard part of his lands, to save him from to our foreign allies, for these seventy mortgaging any of his own estate. years past? Which of them, either Mr. B. in the mean time, neglecting antient or modern, in consequence the repairs of his own banks, from of the wars they have been engaged his alliduity in serving his friend, was in, conjunctly with us, have mort
THE NATURAL HISTORY OF THE ELEPHANT.
[With an elegant Copper-plate of that curious Animal.]
THIS noble animal is found in divers fuch remarkable particulars relating to this
1 parts both of Afia and Africa, and wonderful creature, as are supported by is the largest of all quadrupeds. It is of proper authorities only. different fizes in the various kingdoms it They are often taken in deep ditches, inhabits. In the Eaft-Indies they are 12 covered over flightly with earth, branches, and oftentimes 15 feet in height; those on and leaves, which finking under their the Gold and Ivory Coasts are not quite weight, they are thus caught without any fo large. The skin of some is black, very poffibility of escaping. If it so happens, thick, and without hair ; of others it is of that a young elephant falls into the snare;' a dusky brown, thinly scattered over with the mother, on perceiving the disaster of Mhort black hairs; it hangs loose in folds her offspring, throws herself in after it, in divers parts of the body. The ears are through the anxiety the endures and the large, hanging downwards; the eyes are love me bears it, though natural instinct foll; the tail is Nender and not very long; informs her that by this step the loses her their legs are like the trunks of small trees liberty, perhaps her life. In danger the cut off towards the roots, and the feet set never forsakes it, the will lose her own round with thick, short, and broad toes. life first in its defence : in palling a river The proboscis, or trunk, is of a great me winds her snout round its body, and length, hanging down between the two carries it in that manner to the other side, tasks, and gradually lessening towards the where the lands it in safety. If they chance extremity, which is flat, and hath two to meet a Gck elephant, it is surprifing to holes, or noftrils, at the flat end. It can fee with what tenderness they behave tofhorten and lengthen its trunk at pleasure, wards him, reeking herbs and other reit being full of wrinkles : It is of a grilly medies to comfort him; if he dies they do fobstance, and is endowed with so much not leave the body exposed, but bury it, ftrength, that the Atroke of it will break and cover the grave with leaves and the bones of a horse or camel, and even branches of trees. At the loss of a keeper kill him outright. With it the elephant they have been known to pine away with can even pull up great trees by the roots ; grief, ro fufceptible are they of love and yet it is so pliable, that he conveys all his affection ! viduals through it to his mouth, by means According to Pausanias, the Indians in of those two holes. His body is round Afia, and the Lybians in Africa were the and full, and the back rises in an arch first nations that used elephants in battle, more remarkable and prominent than in others only esteeming them on account of any other animal. The grinders are of a the ivory they produced, The Persians, very great thickness, but the tongue is Lydians, and neighbouring nations, anfman. They shed their teeth often, more ciently intermixed camels with their troops, especially when young, the negroes often as in after-ages they did elephants. Tho', finding fingle teeth dropt at different places. from Herodotus, Plato, and others, it is The tusks, which are what we call ivory, fufficiently evident that Egypt produced are larger in the male than in the female ; them, particularly that part of it bordersome of them are seven or eight feet long, ing upon Ethiopia, yet they were not and weigh 150 pounds.
known in that country as military animals This ftupendous creature is of a docili- till the time of the Prolemys. From Egypt ty and ingenuity very nearly approaching it is probable the practice of fighting with to buman reason. Its surprising fagacity, them spread into Cyrenaica ; the people retentive memory, wonderful gratitude of which region in all lkliehood might and resentment, with many other qualities communicate it to their neighbours the peculiar to this animal, have ever excited Carthaginians. They had various ways the admiration of both ancients and mo. of taming them. derns. Secting aside every thing which Pyrrhus, king of Epirus, was the first may be deemed fabulous, we thall mention who brought them into Italy, in the year January, 1761,