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A Genealogical Account of MANNERS, Duke of RUTLAND. T HE fainily of Manners is one and probably took its denomination

1 of the most antient and ho- from the village of Mannor in the nourable houses in Great Britain, bishopric of Durham. We find them April 1761.



of confequence immediately after surviving male issue. John's eldest the Conquest, settled in the north of son and heir, Roger, was a great England, wardens of the marches, traveller, an intimate friend of the confervators of truce, and principal- famous earl of Effex, and married, ly concerned in all the expeditions the daughter and heiress of Sir Phito Scotland. Sir Robert de Man- lip Sidney; but dying without issue; ners had no small share in the vic- was succeeded in the earldom by his tery obtained over the Scots near brother Francis. This nobleman Durham, where their king David was also a great traveller, and much was taken prisoner. Sir Robert respected by king Jaines. He left Manners, in the fourth year of no children, and therefore was sucRichard III, married Eleanor, eldest ceeded by the third brother, Sir litter and coheir of Edmund Lord George Manners; who dying likeRoos, with whom he poffessed the wise without iffue, the earldom of antient seat of Belvoir-castle, built Rutland, with the other titles, deby Robert de Todenei, a Norman volved on John Manners of Netherbaron, who came over with Wil. Haddon, Elg; fon and heir of Sir Jiam the Conqueror : by this mar- George Manners, fun and heir of riage he likewise enjoyed Helmesley Sir John Manners, second son of or Hamlake castle in Yorkshire, and Thomas the first earl of Rutland. Orfton caltle in the county of Not- It was John, the grandson of this tingham, with divers other manors noble earl, whom queen Anne and lands belonging to Lord Rous, created marquis of Granby and duke lineally descended from that of Wil- of Rutland, in consideration of his fiam Lord Roos of Hamlake, who own great merits, and the services stood competitor with Bruce and of his ancestors to the nation. Baliol for the kingdom of Scotland, His grace the present duke of being great grandson of Robert Rutland is grandson of this nobleLord Roos · and his wife Isabel, man, and father to the marquis of daughter of William king of Scot- Granby. land. George Manners, the son of It is observable of this antiene this marriage, intherited the title of and honourable house of Manners, Lord Roos after the decease of his that it has been always famous for pother, and espoused the daughter loyalty, fidelity, valour, affability, of Sir Thomas St. Leger and Anne generosity, and old English hospitadutchess of Exeter, filter to king lity, without one intervening blank Edward IV. so that in the issue of or blemish. inis marriage the blood royal of John, the present duke of RutPngland and Scotland were united. land, born in the year 1696, was, The eldest son, Thomas, was created after his father's deceafe, constiearl of Rutland by Henry VIIl. and tured lord lieutenant of the county was very inftrumental in quelling of Leiceller, inHalled knight of the the two insurrections in Lincolnshire Garter, tworn of the privy council, and Yorkshire. John, the second and made chancellor of the dutchy fon of this first earl, was ancestor of of Lancaster, in the reign of George the present duke of Rutland, his f. Ile carried the focpire with the aluer brother, having died without crofs at the coronation of George

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T he hiftory of these times is no of the succeeding year, they found

more than a repetition of rava. means to inclose the army of the ges. Clothaire and Childebert, ftill Visigoths in Languedoc, in a naractuated by the rage of making con- row place near the sea-side, where, quests, and allured by the hope of being furiously attacked, they were plunder, invaded Spain with an in- either butchered or taken. finite multitude, reduced Pampe. The events of war being thus luna, pillaged all Hispania-Tarra- pretty evenly ballanced, the two conenfis, and undertook the fiege of French kings concluded a peace with Saragosia, which, however, they the Visigoths. During these transcould not take. Theudes, king of actions, the troubles in Italy conthe Visigoths, assembling his forces, tinued to rage without intermiffion. fell upon them upawares, and de- In the space of eighteen months, feated them with great Naughter, the Ostrogoths elected three kings, They were even pursued into their two of whom were affafinated, own country, where Fortune de- The third was Totila, a prince of clared in their favour. In the course fining talents, equally brave, equi



table, and moderate. He in a little Liguria, and subdued the country time recovered a great number of as far as the territories of Venice. towns and provinces which had been Totila, intimidated at his success, subdued by the Romans; gained offered advantageous terms of acsome battles, and even made hiin- commodation, which were embraced. self master of Roine, which he first Theodobert continued in poffefTion pillaged, and then abandoned. Of all his conquests on the other

Juitinian, alarmed at his pro- fide of the Alps; and, notwithstandgrefs, endeavoured to secure the ing his alliance with the emperor, friendlip and interest of the French engaged to allist the Goths in drivkings, to whom he now made a ing the Romans out of Italy. The formal ceision of Provence, to which more effectually to accomplish this he pretended a right, as it had been' end, he agreed, not only to fuccour dismembred from the einpire. He Totila in that country, but also to now agreed that the French kings make a diversion on the Davube. Should preside at Arles, ia the Cir- The scheme was far from being chicensian games; an honour which merical. He actually poffefied Baforinerly belonged to the emperors varia, and part of Panonnia ; and and their representatives; and that did not despair of securing the af the gold coin bcaring the image of fiftance of the Gepidæ and Lomthe French kings, should be current bards, who had the same cause of through the whole empire.

animofity against the emperor, Nor did 'Totila negleå the means which he affected to declare as the of frustrating this alliance; he sent source of this new repture. Justiambafadors to demand Theodo- nian, anong his own titles, assumed bert's daughter in marriage ; but his the appellation of Francic, and this proposal was not embraced. The Theodobert pretended to resent. ambassadors, in explaining their He wrote a letter to the emperor, business, having stiled their master denanding satisfaction for this af. king of Italy, Theodobert told them, front, and threatered, if it was not he would never own him for king redreflod, to carry the war into of Italy, who could not keep Rome 'Thrace and Illyriurn. In all protaafter it was taken. Totila, piqued tility he would have put his threats at this sarcastic answer, attacked in execution, had not he been preand carried Rome a second time, vented by the hand of accident. In repaired its walls, re-establithed the hunting the buffalo he was mortally fenate, and restored it to all the wounded by the splinter of a tree Splendour that the misery of its in- which the animal broke in its fight, habitants would admit.

and died about the age of forty fe• Tois success had no weight with, ven, in the fourteenth year of his

Thcodohert, whofa resolution was reign. He was a prince of great already fixed, to make his advantage power and ambition, dreaded and ef the intestine troubles of the Oftro courted by all his neighbours ; goths. With this view he sent a intrepid and enterprizing, and not nuinerous arıny into Italy, under fo'savage in his disposition as were the command of the general Buce- his father and uncles. He is faid to lin, who reduced some . . of have performed some acts of bene


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