2d-8th July 1760. * Towns, village-belfries, courses of streams; a country of mossy 6 woods and wild agricultures, of bogs, of shaggy moor. South• ward 10 miles is Radeberg' (not Radeburg, observe); ‘yonder ' is the town of Pulsnitz on our stream of Pulsnitz; to south• east, and twice as far, is Bischofswerda, chasmy Stolpen (too

well known to us before this): behind us, Königsbrück, Kamenz and the road from Grossenhayn to Bautzen: these and

many other places memorable to this King are discoverable ' from Bludgeon Hill. But the discovery of discoveries to him ' is Lacy's Camp,—not very far off, about a mile behind Pulsnitz; clearly visible, at Lichtenberg yonder. Which we at once determine to attack; which, and the roads to which, are the one object of interest just now,—nothing else visible, as it were, on the top of the Keulenberg here, or as we ride home'ward, meditating it with a practical view. “March at mid6 night," that is the practical result arrived at, on reaching home.?

Friday, July 4th. Since the stroke of midnight we are all * on mareh again; nothing but the baggages and bakeries left (with Quintus to watch them, which I see is his common function in these marches); “King himself in the Vanguard,—who hopes to give Lacy a salutation.! “The march was full of defiles,” says Mitchell: and Mitchell, in his carriage, knew * little what a region it was, with boggy intricacies, lakelets, “tangly thickets, stocks and stumps; or what a business to pass ' with heavy cannon, baggage-wagons, and columns of men ! 'Such a march; and again not far from 20 miles of it: very “ hot, as the morning broke, in the breathless woods. Had Lacy known what kind of ground we had to march in, and been enterprising-! thinks Tempelhof. The march being so retarded, · Lacy got notice of it, and vanished quite away,-to Bischofs' werda, I believe, and the protecting neighbourhood of Daun. • Nothing of him left when we emerge, simultaneously from this “hand and from that, on his front and on his rear, to take him as in a vice, as in the sudden snap of a fox-trap;—fox quite * gone. Hardly a few hussars of him to be picked up; and no • chase possible, after such a march?

14 Tempelhof, iv. 56.



2d-8th July 1760. Friedrich had done everything to keep himself secret: but Lacy has endless Pandours prowling about; and, I suppose, the Country-people in the Lausitz here, who ought to have loyalty) are on the Lacy side. Friedrich has to take his disappointment. He encamps here, on the Heights, headquarter Pulsnitz,—till Quintus come up with the baggage, which he does punctually, but not till nightfall, not till midnight the last of him.

Saturday, July 5th. "To the road again at 3 A.M. Again to “ northward, to Kloster (Cloister) Marienstern, a 15 miles or so, 6-headquarter in the Cloister itself. Daun had set off for · Bautzen, with his 50 or 60,000, in the extremest push of haste, 6 and is at Bautzen this night; ahead of Friedrich, with Lacy as rearguard of him, who is also ahead of Friedrich, and safe

at Bischofswerda. A Daun hastening as never before. This 6 news of a Daun already at Bautzen awakened Friedrich's

utmost speed: “Never do, that Daun be in Silesia before us ! “ Indispensable to get ahead of Bautzen and him, or to be wait‘ing on the flank of his next march !” Accordingly,

Sunday, July 6th, ‘Friedrich, at 3 A.M., is again in motion ; in three columns, streaming forward all day: straight eastward, " Daun-ward. Intends to cross the Spree, leaving Bautzen to * the right; and take post somewhere to north-east of Bautzen, 6 and on the flank of Daun. The windless day grows hotter and " hotter; the roads are of loose sand, full of jungles and impedi"ments. This was such a march for heat and difficulty as the

King never had before. In front of each Column went wagons • with a few pontoons; there being many brooks and little streams to cross. The soldier, for his own health's sake, is

strictly forbidden to drink; but as the burning day rose higher, ' in the sweltering close march, thirst grew irresistible. Crossing

any of these Brooks, the soldiers pounce down, irrepressible, • whole ranks of them; lift water, clean or dirty ; drink it

greedily from the brim of the hat. Sergeants may wag their 'tongues and their cudgels at discretion : “showers of cudgel16 strokes," says Archenholtz; Sergeants going like threshers on 'the poor men ;-“though the upper Officers had a touch of

mercy, and affected not to see this disobedience to the Sergeants 6 and their cudgels,” which was punishable with death. War is


2d-8th July 1760. í not an over-fond Mother, but a sufficiently Spartan one, to her 'Sons. There dropt down, in the march that day, 105 Prussian ó men, who never rose again. And as to intercepting Daun

by such velocity,—Daun too is on march ; gone to Görlitz, at * almost a faster pace, if at a far heavier,—like a cart-horse on 'gallop; faring still worse in the heat: “200 of Daun's men “ died on the road this day, and 300 more were invalided for

6 life.”

» 15


* Before reaching the Spree, Friedrich, who is in the Vanguard, hears of this Görlitz March, and that the bird is flown. · For which he has, therefore, to devise straightway a new expe• dient: “Wheel to the right; cross Spree farther down, holding towards Bautzen itself,” orders Friedrich. And settles within two miles of Bautzen; his left being at Doberschütz,—on the strong ground he held after Hochkirch, while Daun, two years ago, sat watching so quiescent. Daun knows what kind of

march these Prussians, blocked out from relief of Neisse, stole . on him then, and saved their Silesia, in spite of his watching

and blocking ;-and has plunged off, in the manner of a cart" horse scared into galloping, to avoid the like. What a Sabbathday's journey, on both sides, for those Sons of War! Nothing in the Roman times, though they had less baggage, comes up to such modern marching: nor is this the fastest of Friedrich’s; though of Daun's it unspeakably is. “Friedrich, having missed 'Daun, is thinking now to whirl round, and go into Lacy,– ' which will certainly bring Daun back, even better.

* This evening, accordingly, Ziethen occupies Bautzen; sweeps out certain Lacy precursors, cavalry in some strength, who are there. Lacy has come on as far as Bischofswerda : and his ' Horse-people seem to be wide ahead; provokingly pert upon ' Friedrich's outposts, who determines to chastise them, the first ' thing tomorrow. Tomorrow, as is very needful, is to be a restday otherwise. For Friedrich's wearied people, a rest-day; not • at all for Daun's, who continues his heavy-footed galloping yet ' another day, and another, till he get across the Queiss, and actually reach Silesia.


15 Tempelhof, iv. 58; Archenholtz, ii. 68; Mitchell, ii. 166.


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7th July 1760. Monday, July 7th. ' Rest-day, accordingly, in Bautzen neigh'bourhood; nothing passing but a curious Skirmish of Horse,' in which Friedrich, who had gone westward reconnoitering, 6 seeking Lacy, had the main share, and was notably situated for some time. Gödau, a small town or village, six miles west of Bautzen, was the scene of this notable passage : actors in it were Friedrich himself, on the Prussian part; and, on the Austrian, by degrees Lacy's Cavalry almost in whole. Lacy's Cavalry, what Friedrich does not know, are all in those neigh

bourhoods : and no sooner is Gödau swept clear of them, than they return in greater numbers, needing to be again swept; ' and, in fact, they gradually gather in upon him, in a singular and dangerous manner, after his first successes on them, and before his Infantry have time to get up


support. 'Friedrich was too impatient, in this provoking little haggle, 6 arresting him here. He had ordered on the suitable Battalion with cannon; but hardly considers that the Battalion itself is six miles off,—not to speak of the Order, which is galloping on " horseback, not going by electricity :—the impatient Friedrich ' had slashed in at once upon Gödau, taken above 100 prisoners; but is astonished to see the slashed people return, with Saxon• Dragoon regiments

, all manner of regiments, reinforcing them. ' And has some really dangerous fencing there;-issuing in dangerous and curious pause of both parties; who stand drawn up,

scarcely beyond pistol-shot, and gazing into one another, for I • know not how many minutes; neither of them daring to move off, lest, on the instant of turning, it be charged and overwhelmed. As the impatient Friedrich, at last, almost was,had not his Infantry just then got in, and given their cannonsalvo. He lost about 200, the Lacy people hardly so many; 6 and is now out of a considerable personal jeopardy, which is still celebrated in the Anecdote-Books, perhaps to a mythical (

extent. “Two Uhlans” (Saxon-Polish Light-Horse) “ with “ their truculent pikes, are just plunging in,” say the AnecdoteBooks: “Friedrich's Page, who had got unhorsed, sprang to his

feet, bellowed in Polish to them: “What are you doing here, “ fellows? • Excellenz” (for the Page is not in Prussian uni“ form, or in uniform at all, only well-dressed), · Excellenz, our



8th July 1760. “ horses ran away with us,' answer the poor fellows; and whirl " back rapidly.” The story, says Retzow, is true.16

This is the one event of July 7th,—and of July 8th withal; which day also, on news of Daun that come, Friedrich rests. Up to July 8th, it is clear Friedrich is shooting with what we called the first string of his bow,—intent, namely, on Silesia. Nor, on hearing that Daun is forward again, now hopelessly ahead, does he quit that enterprise; but, on the contrary, tomorrow morning, July 9th, tries it by a new method, as we shall see: method cunningly devised to suit the second string as well. “ How lucky that we have a second string, in case of failure!”—

Tuesday, 8th July. “News that Daun reached Görlitz yesternight; and is due tonight at Lauban, fifty miles ahead of us : -no hope now of reaching Daun. Perhaps a sudden clutch ‘at Lacy, in the opposite direction, might be the method of recalling Daun, and reaching him? That is the method fallen upon.

• Sun being set, the drums in Bautzen sound tattoo,—audible to listening Croats in the Environs ;-beat tattoo, and, later in the night, other passages of drum-music, also for Croat behoof * (general-march I think it is); indicating That we have started * again, in pursuit of Daun. And, in short, every precaution

being taken to soothe the mind of Lacy and the Croats, Fried'rich silently issues, with his best speed, in Three columns, by * Three roads, towards Lacy's quarters, which go from that vil• lage of Gödau westward, in a loose way, several miles. In *three columns, by three routes, all to converge, with punctu• ality, on Lacy. Of the columns, two are of Infantry, the "leftmost and the rightmost, on each hand, hidden as much as possible; one is of Cavalry in the middle. Coming on in this

manner—like a pair of triple-pincers, which are to grip simultaneously on Lacy, and astonish him, if he keep quiet. But 'Lacy is vigilant, and is cautious almost in excess. Learning by * his Pandours that the King seems to be coming this way, Lacy 'gathers himself on the instant; quits Gödau, by one in the ' morning; and retreats bodily, at his fastest step, to Bischofs' werda again; nor by any means stops there.'17 14 Retzow, ii. 215.

1. Tempelhof, iv. 61-63.

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