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In the Name of the Most Holy and Undivided
IS Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of
Great Britain and Ireland, and His Royal Highness the Prince Regent of Portugal, being equally animated with the Desire not only of confolidating and strengthening the ancient Friendship and good Understanding which so happily subfift, and have during so many Ages subsisted between the Two Crowns, but also of improving and extending the beneficial Effects thereof to the mutual Advantage of their respective Subjects, have thought that the most efficacious Means for obtaining these Objects would be, to adopt a liberal System of Commerce, founded upon the Basis of Reciprocity and mutual Convenience, which by discontinuing certain Prohibitions and Prohibitory Duties might procure the most solid Advantages on both sides, to the National Productions and Industry, and give due Protection at the same Time to the Public Revenue and to the Interests of fair and legal Trade. For this End, His Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and His Royal Highness the Prince Regent of Portugal, have named for their respective Commissioners and Pleni. potentiaries, to wit, His Britannic Majesty the most Illustrious and most Excellent Lord Percy Clinton Sydney, Lord Viscount and Baron of Strangford, One of His Majesty's most Honourable Privy Couna
cil, Knight of the Military Order of the Bath, Grand Cross of the Portugueze Order of the Tower and Sword, and His Majesty's Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary at the Court of Portugal; and His Royal Highness the Prince Regent of Portugal, the most Illustrious and most Excellent Lord Dom Rodrigo de Sousa Couttinho, Count of Linhares, Lord of Payalvo, Commander of the Order of Christ, Grand Cross of the Orders of Saint Bento and of the Tower and Sword, One of His Royal Highness's Council of State, and His Princi. pal Secretary of State for the Departments of Foreign Affairs and War; who, after having duly exchanged their respective full Powers, and having found them in good and due Form, have agreed upon the following Articles :
ARTICLE I. There shall be a sincere and perpetual Friendship between His Britannic Majesty and His Royal Highness the Prince Regent of Portugal, and between their Heirs and Succeffors; and there shall be a constant and universal Peace and Harmony between Themselves, their Heirs and Succeffors, Kingdoms, Dominions, Provinces, Countries, Subjects, and Vaffals, of whatsoever Quality or Condition they be, without Exception of Person or Place; and the Stipulations of this present Article shall, under the Favour of Almighty God, be permanent and perpetual.
ARTICLE II. There shall be reciprocal Liberty of Commerce and Navigation between and amongst the respective Subjects of the Two High Contracting Parties in all G
and several the Territories and Dominions of either. They may trade, travel, sojourn, or establish themfelves in all, and several the Ports, Cities, Towns, Countries, Provinces, or Places whatsoever belonging to each and either of the Two High Contracting Parties, except and save in those from which all Foreigners whatsoever are generally and positively excluded, the Names of which Places may be hereafter specified in a separate Article of this Treaty. Provided, however, that it be thoroughly under. stood, That any Place belonging to either of the Two High Contracting Parties, which may
hereafter be opened to the Commerce of the Subjects of any other Country, shall thereby be considered as equally opened, and upon correspondent Terms, to the Subjects of the other High Contracting Party, in the same Manner as if it had been expressly stipulated by the present Treaty. And His Britannic Majesty and His Royal Highness the Prince Regent of Por. tugal, do hereby bind and engage themselves not to grant any Favour, Privilege, or Immunity in Matters of Commerce and Navigation, to the Subjects of any other State, which shall not be also at the fame Time respectively extended to the Subjects of the High Contracting Parties, gratuitously, if the Concession in Favour of that other State should have been gratuitous, and on giving quam proxime, the fame Compensation or Equivalent, in case the Concession should have been conditional.
ARTICLE III. The Subjects of the Two Sovereigns respectively shall not pay in the Ports, Harbours, Roads, Cities, Towns, or Places whatsoever, belonging to either of them, any greater Duties, Taxes, or Imports (under whatsoever Names they may be designated
or included) than those that are paid by the Subjects of the most favoured Nation; and the Subjects of each of the High Contracting Parties shall enjoy within the Dominions of the other, the same Rights, Privileges, Liberties, Favours, Immunities or Exemptions, in Matters of Commerce and Na. vigation that are granted or may hereafter be granted to the Subjects of the most favoured Nation.
His Britannic Majesty, and His Royal Highness the Prince Regent of Portugal, do stipulate and agree, that there shall be a perfect Reciprocity on the Subject of the Duties and Imposts to be paid by the Ships and Vessels of the High Contracting Parties, within the several Ports, Harbours, Roads, and anchoring Places belonging to each of them ; to wit, that the Ships and Vessels of the Subjects of His Britannic Majesty shall not pay any higher Duties or Imposts (under whatsoever Name they be designated or implied) within the Dominions of His Royal Highness the Prince Regent of Portugal than the Ships and Vessels belonging to the Subjects of His Royal Highness the Prince Regent of Portugal, shall be bound to pay within the Dominions of His Britannic Majesty, and vice versa. And this Agreement and Stipulation shall particularly and expressly extend to the Payment of the Duties known by the Name of Port Charges, Tonnage, and Anchorage Duties, which shall not in any case, or under any Pretext, be greater for British Ships and Vessels within the Dominions of His Royal Highness the Prince Regent of Portugal, than for Portugueze Ships and Veffels within the Dominions of His Britannic Majesty, and vice versa.
ARTICLE V. The Two High Contracting Parties do also agree, that the same Rates of Bounties and Drawbacks shall be established in their respective Ports upon the Ex. portation of Goods, and Merchandizes, whether those Goods or Merchandizes be exported in British or in Portugueze Ships and Vefsels, that is, that British Ships and Vessels shall enjoy the same Favour in this Respect within the Dominions of His Royal Highness the
Prince Regent of Portugal, that may be shewn to Portugueze Ships and Vessels within the Dominions of His Britannic Majesty, and vice versa. The Two High Contracting Parties do also covenant and agree, that Goods and Merchandizes coming respectively from the Ports of either of them, fhall pay the same Duties whether imported in British or in Portugueze Ships or Vefsels, or othera wise, that an Increase of Duties may be imposed and exacted upon Goods and Merchandizes coming into the Ports of the Dominions of His Royal Highness the Prince Regent of Portugal from those of His Britannic Majesty in British Ships, equivalent, and in exact Proportion to any Increase of Duties that may hereafter be imposed upon Goods and Merchandizes coming into the Ports of His Britan. nic Majesty from those of His Royal Highness the Prince Regent of Portugal, imported in Portugueze Ships. And in order that this Matter may be feta tled with due Exactness, and that nothing may be left undetermined concerning it, it is agreed, that Tables shall be drawn by each Government respectively, specifying the Difference of Duties to be paid on Goods and Merchandizes so imported in British or Portugueze Ships and Veffels; and the faid Tables (which shall be made applicable to all