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of Hindoostan! Where does the gallinaceous order of birds
comprise the greatest number of species ? Ans. In southeastern
Asia.

What two great. peninsulas of Asia are embraced within the
range of parrots ? Is nearly the whole of the East Indies and
of Australia included within this range? What narrow region
and what small extremity are the only parts of Africa not
within the range of parrots ? What of the abundanee of the
partot family on the Eastern Continent ? Ans. It is less abundant
than on the Western Continent.

What bird, remarkable for its height and for the elegant
plumes it affords, inhabits the dry plains of Africa ? Ans. O-h.
What of the locomotion of the ostrich ? It is incapable of flight,
but its wings assist it in coursing along the ground, and thus render it
probably the fleetest of all running creatures. Sumatra, Java, and
smaller parts of the East India islands, form the district of what
species of ostrich ? Ans. C-y. What species inhabits Australia ?
Ans. E-w. Are there any of the ostrich family in America ?
Ans. There are two species: the Brazilian ostrich and the Patagonian
ostrich. Does the African ostrich outrival in size and elegance
the other members of this family? Ans. It does. What aquatic
wading-bird, held sacred by the ancient Egyptians, inhabits the
northeast of Africa ? Ans. L-8.

What gallinaceous fowl has its native haunt in western Africa ?

What rapacious bird, noted for preying on serpents, inhabits
the southern extremity of Africa and some other parts of the
kame grand division ?

What remarkably beautiful birds belong to the island of New
Guinea ?

What singular species of swan is found in Australia ?

In what parts of the world do the feathered tribes display the
most gorgeous plumage? Ans. In the hot and damp regions of South
America and the East Indies. Where do they comprise the great-
est number of species ? Ans. In tropical South America. Of what
orders of birds is there a remarkable variety in this region ?
Ans. Song-birds and climbers (the latter including the parrots etc.). Are
the songsters of South America particularly distinguished for
their melody? Ans. They are not. What grand division con-
tains the greatest number of feathered species in the temperate
regions ? Ans. Europe. What orders are more variously repre-
sented here than in any other part of the world ? Ans. Swim-
ming birds and wading birds. Of what other order does Europe
contain a great number of species ? Ans. Songsters. For what
are many of the songsters of Europe celebrated? Ans. For the

remarkable sweetness of their notes. Where are rapacious birds most What kind of turtle, yielding the valuable tortoise-shell of 8
numerous ? Ans. In South America and Europe, or, more specifically, commerce, is found in the region of the Molucca Islands and
where the songsters and other small birds affording an easy prey are most the northwestern part of New Guinea ? In the region of what
abundant.

large islands of America is this kind of turtle also found? In DISTRIBUTION OF REPTILES.

which region does it yield the most valuable shell ? Ans. In
Is nearly the whole of the arctic zone beyond the northern the region of the Moluccas and New Guinea. What huge tortoise (per
limit of reptiles? In the valley of what river does this limit haps the largest known species) belongs to the Galapagos Islands,
extend a little beyond the Arctic Circle? What kind of rep- west of South America ?
tiles are found in the far northern regions? Is the southern Do the chameleon genus (the members of which are remark.
point of Greenland within the region of reptiles ? Are there able for their changing hues) belong exclusively to the Old or
any reptiles in Iceland ?

In the southern part of what cold New World ? To what grand division do they pertain chiefly P
peninsula on the east of Asia is a species of lizard found ? Is In what part of Asia do they exist? In what great island are
the southern limit of reptiles in America far north of Tierra del

they found ?
Fuego? What kind of reptile is found near this limit?

What genus of reptiles, closely allied to the lizard genus,
The northern limit of what order of reptiles in America is in abounds in the warmer parts of America ? For what are some
about the latitude of the mouth of James Bay ? Of what, near members of this genus remarkable? Ans. For their large size and
the mouth of the St. Lawrence River ?

the agreeable food which their flesh affords.
What venomous snakes belong to the mild and warm climates Are reptiles most abundant on the Eastern or Western Conti-
of middle and eastern North America and to the hot climate nent! Ans. On the Western. What order of reptiles is especially
of middle and eastern South America ? What to the warmer predominant ou the Western Continent ? Ans. The amphibia or
latitudes of the Old World, as far east as China and Farther frog order. In what respect is this part of the globe better suited
India ?

to the presence of a multitude of reptiles ? Ans. In the prevalence
The northern border of the district of what huge reptiles of vast lowland plains and the great extent of marshes and forests, espe-
extends on the eastern coast of America several degrees north cially in the warm regions. Does this abundance of reptiles in
of the peninsula of Florida ? Does the southern border of this America seem to make up in part the deficiency of animal life
district reach to within a few degrees of the La Plata River ? which arises from inferiority in its representatives of the higher
Does the district of crocodiles occupy nearly as wide a range on orders? In what part of America do reptiles most abound ?
the western coast of America as on the eastern ? Does it ex- Ans. In the hot and moist regions of Brazil. In what part of the Old
tend as far north as the Gulf of California ? Does it reach World are they most abundant ? Ans. In the East Indies. What
much south of the equator? What are the crocodile species order, notwithstanding this abundance, is wholly wanting in the
of the New World commonly termed ? Ans. Alligators or cay- East Indian Archipelago? Ans. The frog order. What one is lack-

ing throughout Polynesia ? Ans. The serpent order.
Does the district of crocodiles on the western coast of Africa
occupy nearly the whole breadth of the torrid zone! Does it

CONCLUSIONS.
extend more than half way between the equator and the Tropic We have observed in the foregoing connection that the Old
of Capricorn on the eastern coast ? Does it embrace nearly the World is superior in its animal kingdom to the New, and-in the
whole of the valleys of the Nile and Red Sea ? Does it include consideration of a former map (see page 001—that the New World
the Persian Gulf ? Does its northern limit extend uch north is the more productive or superior in its vegetable kingdom ; do
of the peninsula of Hindoostan and Farther India ? Does the these opposite characteristics of the two thus appear to counter-
district of crocodiles embrace the whole of the East Indies ? balance each other? With what is the vegetable superiority of
The northwestern coast of what neighboring large island does it the New World evidently associated ? Ans. With its moisture.
include? To what grand division do the true crocodiles belong? With what does the animal superiority of the Old World appear
Ans. To Africa. What are the crocodile species of Asia termed ! to be associated ? Ans. With its dryness ; since it is in the dry me
Ans. Gavials.

gions—as in Africa, for instance that it is most strongly marked.

THE ORGANIC CREATION.

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ZOOLOGICAL REGIONS. 588. In the temperate and cold regions the quadrupeds of

LESSON VI. . the carnivorous order are chiefly represented by the lynx, wild

ZOOLOGICAL REGIONS. cat, weasel, fox, wolf, and bear; the rodents, or gnawing animals, by the porcupine, squirrel, rat, mouse, hare, and beaver ; 591. The peculiarities which distinguish the animals of the the ruminants, which chew the cud, by various species of the warm, the temperate, and the cold parts of the earth were ox, sheep, goat, and deer tribes; and the cetacea, inhabitants briefly explained in the preceding lesson. But we have learned, of the ocean, by the porpoise, seal, walrus, narwhal, and from our examinations of the map, that the same species are by whale. The herbivorous reindeer and musk ox, and the car- no means universal in countries within the same latitudes or nivorous arctic fox and white polar bear, are restricted to the which have the same temperature. Different regions are charcoldest climates, as the herbivorous rhinoceros and elephant and acterized by distinct species of animals as well as vegetables. carnivorous tiger and hyena are to the hottest.

It was observed by Buffon that “when America was discovered, its indigenous quadrupeds were all dissimilar to those previously known in the Old World. The elephant, the rhinoceros, the hippopotamus, the cameleopard, the camel, the dromedary, the buffalo (Asiatic), the horse, the ass, the lion, the tiger, the apes, the baboons, and a number of other mammalia, were nowhere to be met with on the new continent ; while in the old, the American species of the same great class were nowhere to be seen—the tapir, the llama, the peccary, the jaguar, the cougar, the agouti, the paca, the coati, and the sloth.”

592. The earth has been divided by naturalists into ten zoo. LION-SEALS OR SEA-LIONS.

logical regions. First. The European region, which compre589. The animals of temperate and cold districts are gen- hends, besides Europe, the borders of the Mediterranean, and erally remarkable for a tendency to be gregarious or social. even the north of Africa, and extends into Asia, beyond the Wolves often hunt in packs; beavers form colonies; the wild Ural Mountains and the Caspian. The bear, the fox, the hare, goats and mountain sheep, with the domestic breeds, asso- the rabbit, and the deer are among the animals which belong to ciate in flocks; the bison, or American buffalo, is rarely seen this district. solitary on the plains of the Missouri, but has membership Note.-It is important to bear in mind that the same name is often apwith a vast herd; and the reindeer, with other kindred spe- plied, in different countries, to animals of different species. Thus in North cies, have eminently the same characteristics. The gregarious

America are found bears, foxes, rabbits, and deer; but they are of a different

species from those of Europe. The buffaloes which roam in vast herds over tendency of some kinds of fish is observed in the immense

the prairies of America are very unlike those of India ; and the species of shoals of herrings and mackerel that visit our coasts, and the India and America differ greatly from the Cape buffalo of southern Africa. salmon and shad that flock into our rivers at certain seasons 593. Secondly. The African region is inhabited by many of the year. Many kinds of birds are remarkably gregarious, animals not found elsewhere. The hippopotamus, for example, of which the wild pigeon of America is an example.

the giraffe, the zebra, the chimpanzee and gorilla, and the 590. Animals are adapted to different climates and diverse thumbless apes, are exclusively African. A few of the species physical circumstances, by clothing, differing in quantity and inhabiting the northern confines of this continent, such as the quality. The quadrupeds of the torrid zone are mostly fur- dromedary and jackal, are common to Asia. The elephant of nished with a coat of short and thin hair; but with increasing Africa is smaller, has a rounder head and much larger ears latitudes, soft and abundant fleeces become common; while in than the Indian one, and has only three instead of four nails still colder regions, the beaver, sable, ermine, and bear are sup- on each hind foot. In like manner, not one of the four African plied with the thickest furs. The aquatic tribes of birds which species of rhinoceros agrees with either of the three Indian kinds.

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swim in the cold waters of high latitudes are supplied with a 594. Thirdly. The southern region of Africa, where that

compact coat of oily feathers, which abound most upon the continent extends into the temperate zone, constitutes another breast, as it, in swimming, first meets and cleaves the cold separate zoological province. This region is cut off from the fluid. The right-whale and walrus, which permanently dwell countries of milder climate in the northern hemisphere by the in the cold ocean, derive protection from the chilling waters intervening torrid zone. Here may be found peculiar species by the enormous amount of blubber, a bad conductor, which of the rhinoceros, the hog, and the hyrax, among the thicksurrounds their bodies.

skinned races; and among the ruminating, the Cape buffalo,

and a variety of remarkable antelopes, as the springbok, the NOTE.— The map-questions relating to mammalia, birds, oryx, the gnou, and several others. reptiles, etc., on pages 79 and 80, should be studied before pro- 595. Fourthly. The island of Madagascar, though separated ceeding with the following lesson.

from Africa by a channel only 300 miles wide, forms another

Questions.—588. What animals in the temperate and cold regions represent the car. nivorous order? The rodents? The ruminants ? The celacea ? What animals are restricted to the co'dest climates? What to the hottest? 589. For what are the animals of the temperate and cold regions remarkable ? Illustrate. 590. What is said of the adaptaLion of animals to different climates ? Illustrate. 691. What must not be inferred respecting the species of diferent countries in the same latitudes ?

Questions.—What was observed by Buffon? 592. Into how many zoological regions has the earth been divided ? What countries does the European region comprehend, and what animals belong to it? 598. What animals are exclusively African? Which of the African animals are common to Asia ? How does the elephant of Africa differ from that of India ? 694. What is said of the southern region of Africa ? What animais are peculiar here? 696. What is said of the island of Madagascar ?

province, all the species, except one, being peculiar. This dis | bear, the largest and most ferocious of its kind, inhabits the trict is distinguished by the number of the Lemur genus (akin western highlands; and the American buffalo roams in herds to monkeys) which inhabit it.

of thousands over the prairies which extend west from the head 596. Fifthly. Another of the great nations of terrestrial waters of the Mississippi. mammalia is that of India, containing a great variety of pe- 600. Tenthly. South America is the most distinct, with the culiar forms, such as the sloth-bear, the musk-deer, the nylghau, exception of Australia, of all the provinces into which the mamthe gibbon or long-armed ape, and many others. Sixthly. A malia can be classed geographically. The monkey tribe, which portion of the Indian Archipelago, embracing the large islands are very numerous in the forests of Brazil, differ widely from of Java, Sumatra, and Borneo. A few of the species inhabiting those in the Old World ; many of them having prehensile tails, these islands are common to the continent of India, but most and all being noted for their widely separated nostrils. The of them are distinct.

sloths and armadilloes, the true blood-sucking bats or vampires, 597. Seventhly. The islands of Celebes, Amboina, and Nero and many other animals, are peculiar to South America. Guinea constitute another region, in which are found many marsupial quadrupeds. Of this region Lyell remarks: “As we proceed in a southwesterly direction, from Celebes to Amboina and thence to New Guinea, we find the Indian types diminish

LESSON VII. ing in number, and the Australian (i. e., marsupial forms) increasing. Thus in New Guinea seven species of pouched

MAN. quadrupeds have been detected, and among them two singular 601. The number of the human race is variously estimated at tree-kangaroos ; yet only one species of the whole seven, viz., from 1,000 to 1,200 millions. The impossibility of stating it the flying opossum, is common to the Indian Archipelago and with any degree of precision arises from the fact, that in but few the mainland of Australia.”

countries is any enumeration of the inhabitants ever made ; 598. Eighthly. When Australia was discovered, its land while there are vast and populous regions which have scarcely quadrupeds belonged almost exclusively to the marsupial or been visited by civilized man. The best opinion appears to be pouched tribe, such as the kangaroos, wombats, flying opos- that 1,200 millions is a close approximation to the real number. sums, kangaroo-rats, and others. From recent investigations 602. Mankind, pre-eminently distinguished from the lower it has been ascertained that there are no less than 170 species animals by the high endowments of reason, conscience, and of marsupial quadrupeds, and of the whole number all but speech, also differ from them in consisting only of a single spe thirty-two are exclusively restricted to Australia.

cies. They are geographically diffused through almost every 599. Ninthly. North America constitutes another vast zoo- climate, from the hottest to the most frigid. Under the scorchlogical province, inhabited by species of animals very rarely ing rays of a tropical sun, upon the banks of the Senegal, the identical with those of Europe or Asia. The influence of human body supports a heat which causes alcohol to boil; and climate in limiting the range of animals is here conspicuously in the polar regions of northeast Asia it resists a cold which

freezes quicksilver.

603. Few lands have been discovered destitute of a native human population. Iceland, Spitzbergen, Nova Zembla, Madeira, the Azores, St. Helena, the Falkland Isles, and South Shetlands, some groups in the Pacific Ocean, as the Galapagos Isles, and a large number of small islets, with all the lands within the Antarctic Circle, were uninhabited when first made known to European nations, but have, in several instances, since been colonized. The range of man extends from the 75th parat lel of north latitude to the 55th of south latitude. The most northern dwellers are the Esquimaux, on the shores of Baffin Bay; the most southern are the inhabitants of Tierra del Fuego.

604. On man's capability of accommodating himself to a great diversity of circumstances, Dr. Paley remarks : “ The human animal is the only one

which is naked, and the only one which can clothe itself. This is one of displayed. The animals of the State of New York are of quite the properties which renders him an animal of all climates and of all A different species from those of the arctic regions, and also

seasons. He can adapt the warmth or lightness of his covering to the temfrom those of South Carolina and Georgia. Among the quad- perature of his habitation. Had he been born with a fleece upon his back,

although he might have been comforted by its warmth in high latitudes, it rupeds which inhabit the northern part of the continent are

would have oppressed him by its weight and heat as the species spread tothe musk-ox, polar bear, and the caribou or American reindeer,

ward the equator. besides numerous species of fur-bearing animals. The grizzly 605. “Within the tropics, where a vegetable diet is found to be most

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BUFFALO HUNT.

Questions.–506. What forms are peculiar to India ? What is said of the species inhabiting the Indian Archipelago ? 697. Of the islands of Celebes, Amboina, and New Guinca? What does Lyell remark of this region ? 598. Wbat is said of the land quadru. peds inbabiting Australia on its discovery? 599. What is said of the animals of North America ? or the influence of climate in limiting the range of animals ? Name some of the principal quadrupeds of this division. 600. What is said of South America ? Ilus. trate. 601. How is the number of the human race variously estimated ?

Questions. - Most probable number ? 602. How are mankind distinguished from tho lower animals? What is said of their wide diffusion ? 603. What regions were uninhabited when first made known to Europeans? Between what parallels does the rango of man extend ? 604, 605. Give the substance of Dr. Paley's remarks.

• This remark, though not strictly true, is applicable in respect to nearly all the higher animals.

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ARAD,

NATIVES OF TIERRA DEL FUEGO.

grateful and conducive to health, nature supplies, in the greatest abund- 609. In the Caucasian ance, the most valuable vegetable productions. In the temperate regions,

race, the head is commonly animal food is more or less abundant; and the various kinds of grain, roots,

of the most symmetrical
shape, almost round or some-
what oblong; the forehead
of moderate extent ; the
cheek-bones rather narrow,
without any projection; the
face straight and oval, with
the features tolerably dis-
tinct; the nose narrow, with
the bridge slightly arched; Y JA
the mouth small, and the
lips a little turned out, especially the lower one; and the chin
full and rounded.

610. The most perfect examples of this variety are found in the regions of western Asia, bordering on Europe, which skirt the southern foot of the Caucasus Mountains, from whence the

class derives its name, and which is near what is supposed to • be the parent spot of the human race. Here are the Circas

sians and Georgians, among whom are found the most exquisite models of female beauty.

611. The Caucasian race, of pure blood, comprises nearly all end fruit afford plentiful and wholesome nutriment. As we approach the the ancient and modern inhabitants of Europe, except the polar regions, grains and fruit gradually disappear, and animal food be

Finnian and Samoyedian tribes in the north, the Tartar and comes more and more exclusively used, until we reach the Samoyeds and

Turkish stock in the south, the Magyars or Hungarians in the Esquimaux, who are unacquainted with bread."

central section, and the Lettons in the vicinity of the Balticall of which varieties are more or less mixed with Mongolian blood. This race also includes most of the inhabitants of south

western and southern Asia as far as the Brahmapootra River, LESSON VIII.

and of the inhabitants of Africa west of the Red Sea and north

of the southern borders of Sahara, together with a great numRACES OF MEN.

ber of Europeans and their descendants who have settled in 606. We are informed in the Sacred Scriptures that it pleased other parts of the world. the Almighty Creator to make of one blood all the nations of 612. In the Mongolian race the hair is coarse, straight, and the earth, and that all mankind are the offspring of common black, the eyes generally rise in an oblique line from the nose parents. Though differing greatly in form, stature, features, to the temples, the arches of the eyebrows are scarcely to be and complexion, the members of the human race are found to perceived, and the face is broad and flat, with the parts impossess no specific differences,—the hideous Esquimaux, the perfectly distinguished. The complexion is generally of a refined and intellectual Caucasian, the thick-lipped Negro, and

tawny or olive color, which the fair, blue-eyed Scandinavian being mere varieties of the is described as intermedisame species.

ate between that of wheat 607. Classifications of makind have been based upon the dif- and dried orange peel, varyferences that exist in respect to the color of the skin, hair, and ing from a tawny white to eyes, and of the form of the skull. Taking the color of the hair a swarthy or dusky yellow. as the leading characteristic, there are three principal varieties : 613. This division emFirst. The Melanic,* or black class, which includes all indi- braces the tribes that ocviduals or races which have black hair. Second. The Xan- cupy the north, central, east, thous,t or fair class, comprising those who have brown, and southeast parts of Asia : auburn, flaxen, or red hair. Third. The Albino, I or white the natives of Siberia, the variety, comprising those whose hair is pure white, and who Chinese Empire, Japan, Farhave also red eyes.

ther India, Boothia, and Toorkistan; also a liberal share in the 608. Taking the shape of the skull as the basis of a classifi- mixed varieties of Europe, previously mentioned,—especially cation, mankind are divided into five grand classes or races- those in the north and east; and the Esquimaux on the shores the Caucasian, Mongolian, Ethiopic, American, and Malay. of the Arctic Ocean and Hudson Bay. A portion of this family

Questions. –606. What do the Sacred Scriptures inform us? 607. Upon what have Questions. - What are the three varieties distinguished by the color of the bair? 608 classifications been based ?

Into what classes are mankind divided, taking the shape of the skull as the basis of a

classification ? 609. Describe the Caucasian race. 610. Where are the most perfect • MELANIC, from the Greek melan, black. + Xanthors, from the Greek canthos, yellow. examples of this variety found ? 611. What people belong to this race? 612. Describe ALBINO, from the Latin albus, white.

the Mongolian race. 618. What people are comprised in this division ?

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CHINESE

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WALAY

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SANOWICH USU is distinguished for a considerable degree of culture, especially | mahogany. The division the Chinese and Japanese, but owing to their exclusive social embraces the principal system, which has separated them from the rest of mankind, tribes of the Indian Archithey have made but little progress for ages.

pelago, and all the island614. The Ethiopic race have ers of the Pacific, exceptblack eyes, black woolly hair, ing those which belong to flat noses, thick lips, and a pro- the Ethiopic varieties. jecting upper jaw. The fore- 619. “ The diffusion of manhead is retreating, and the head kind over the globe has trans

pired in the course of ages under less globular than that of the

the influence of various causes.
European. The best exam-

The pressure of population in
ples of this race are the negroes one district outstripping the means of subsistence, the love of enterprise,
south of the Sahara; in Soudan the spirit of acquisition, social disturbances, and foreign violence, have con-
and Upper and Lower Guinea. tributed to scatter the human family far from the common center where
The natives of Senegambia and

the race originated. Endowed with intelligence to devise means of sur.

mounting natural barriers--mountains, deserts, rivers, lakes, and the ocean the Kaffres of the southeastern

- there is no difficulty in accounting for the geographical range of man. part of Africa resemble others

The contiguity of the mainland of northeastern Asia to that of northwestern of this race in their jet-black color, and some of their features, America, with the nearly-connected chains of the Japan, Kurile, and Aleu

tian isles intermediate, point to the New World as having received its but they are taller, more slender, and better proportioned than

original population from the Old in that direction. In modern times, adthe rest.

verse winds have driven Japanese junks across from one continent to the 615. The nations commonly classed with this race are widely

other; and, probably, more frequent than we are apt to imagine, crews dispersed; they occupy all Africa south of the Great Desert

have been compelled to expatriation by the tempest, surviving its perils, and and Abyssinia, Australasia, and some of the interior portions colonizing distant isles and archipelagoes." —Rev. Thomas Milner. of the larger East India Islands and the Malay Peninsula. To this race belong also the negroes in Amer

WATIYE SHILIAN ica, who were originally brought from Af

QUESTIONS ON THE MAP. rica, and who have multiplied in the New

HABITABLE LIMIT AND SUBSISTENCE OF MAN. World to a vast extert.

Where is the most northern permanent habitation of man? What settle. 616. The American race are distin

ment exists there ? Ans. Port Folk, an Esquimaux settlement. What is its latiguished by a copper-col

tude. Ans. About 780 18' north. How far north do the Samojedes, in Asia, ored complexion, long,

have a permanent abode? Does the permanent habitation of man extend coarse, coal-black hair

farther south than the islands near the southern extremity of the Western (which is never crisped

Continent ? In what zone do the inhabitants subsist almūst wholly on ani.

mal diet? [S-e perpendicular line near the middle of the map, marked with the kinds like that of the African, or

of diet in the different zones.] In what one, on little else than vegetable diet? curled, as that of the white

In what twoʻzones is their diet of mixed animal and vegetable food ? sometimes is), prominent

DISTRIBUTION OF RACES, ETC. cheek bones, broad face,

To which of the principal races of mankind do the occupants of the arctic and a scantiness of beard.

regions belong almost exclusively? Does this race overspread the entire Their senses of sight, hearing, and smell are remarkably acute.

northern borders of both the continents ? What race occupies the greatest area In war and the chase they are indefatigable, but they are averse

on the Eastern Continent? In what peninsula does it extend farthest south i to regular and mechanical labor. They are cold and phlegmatic What are the inhabitants of Farther India called ? What are the principal in temperament, and manifest an extraordinary insensibility to population on the north of the region occupted by the pure Chinese ? What

stock inhabit most of central Asia ? By what other name is it commonly bodily pain.

known? Ans. The Tartar stock. Around the borders of what sea is a limited 617. The native American tribes and nations, excepting the

portion of Europe occupied by the Turkish variety of the Mongolian race ? Esquimaux, belong to this class. The Indian tribes of North

What branch of this race is the most widely spread in northern Europe ? America are fast disappearing before the spread of the white

What stock occupies the northern part of the Scandinavian peninsula ?

What is that branch of the Mongolian race which inhabits the northern man, being now confined principally to the unsettled regions

regions of the Western Hemisphere called ? west of the Mississippi. Among the most warlike of these

Which of the races is most widely dispersed in the mild and warm tribes are the Sioux and Camanches. The Indians of South

parts of the world? Which occupies nearly all southwestern and southern America, except those of the Peru-Bolivian stock, are mostly

Asia as far as the Brahmapootra River and Himalaya and Hindoo Koosh in an abject condition, indolent, and destitute of that nerve

mountains ? Does this race possess all Europe except the small part in. and spirit which is known to distinguish their brethren of the habited by Mongolians? Is it the chief race in Africa north of the Tropic north.

of Cancer ? In the basins of what river and sea does it extend considerably

south of this section ? What remote extremity of Africa does it occupy 618. In the Malay class the top of the head is slightly nar

The southeastern and southwestern borders of what great island does it rowed, the face is wider than that of the negro; the features

inhabit? What large islands in the vicinity does it wholly or partly ovos. are generally more prominent; the hair is black; the color

spread ? of the skin is tawny, but sometimes approaching to that of The exterior portions of what grand division, except in the south, are

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Where are the best examples found ?

Questions.—614. Describe the Ethiopic race. 618. What is said of their wide dispersion ?

Questions.—616. Describe the American race. 617. What tribes and nations belong to this race ? 618 Describe the Malay race. What tribes does this race include:

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