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Immediately on our descent, a priest pre more notice of the rudeness than the good lady sented himself at the door of the convent, berself), convinced me of my error; however, ready to show us the bidden rarities. And as a greater token of his civility, having adtliough, as I understood, hardly a day passes mitted no Spaniards along with my companions without the resort of some strangers, to gratify and me, it passed off the better ; and his after their curiosity with the wonders of the place, || civilities manifested that he was willing to reyet is there, on every such occasion, a supe. form my ignorance by his complaisance. To rior concourse of vatives ready to see demonstrate which, upon my telling him that agaiu, out of mere bigotry and superstition, I had a set of beads which I must intreat him what they have seen .perhaps a hundred times to consecrate for me, he readily, nay eagerly before. I could not avoid taking notice, how- complied, and having hung them on her arm ever, that the priest treated these constant for the space of about half or somewhat short visilants with such less ceremony, or more of a whole minute, he returned me the holy freedom, if you please, than any of the stran.
baubles with a great deal of address, and most gers of what uation soever ; or, indeed, he evident satisfactiou. The reader, will be apt seemed to take as much pains to disoblige
to admire this curious piece of superstition those, as he did pleasure in obliging us.
of mine, till I have told bim, that even rigid The hall was neat, large and stately; but
protestants have, in this country, thought it being plain and unadorned with more than
but prudent to do the like; and likewise bas. decent decorations, suitable to such a society,
ing so done, to carry them about their per. i bastened to the other.
sons, or in their pockets ; for experience has When we entered the chapel, our eyes were convinced us of the necessity of this most immediately attracted by the image of Our catholic precaution ; sioce those who bare Lady of Montserrat (as they call it), which
here, travelling or otherwise, come to their stands over the altar piece. It is about the ends, whether by accident, sickness, or the natural stature, but as black and shining as course of nature, pot having these sanctifyebony itself. Most would imagine it made of ing seals found upon them, have ever been that material; though ber retinue and adorers refused Christian burial, under a superstitious will allow nothing of the matter. On the con.
imagination, that the corpse of a heretic will trary, tradition, wbich with them is, on some
infect every thing near it. occasions, more iban tantamount to religion, Two instances of ibis kind fell within my has assured them, and they relate it as un
knowledge; one before I went to Montserrat, doubted matter of fact, that her present co the other after. The first was of one Slunt, lour, if I may so call it, proceeded from ber who had been bombadier at Monjouick, but concealmeut, in the time of the Moors, be- | being killed wbile we lay at Campilio, a priest, tween those two rocks on which the chapel is whom I advised upon the matter, told me, that founded, and that her long lying in that dis if he should be buried where any corn grew, mal place changed ber once lovely white into his body would not only be taken up again, its present opposite.
but ill treated, in revenge of the destruction As the custom of this place, (wbich is like. of so much corn, which the people would on wise allowed to be a distinguisbed piece of no account be persuaded to touch; for which civility to strangers), wben we approach the reasou we took care to have bin laid in a very black lady (who, I should have told you, deep grave, on a very barren spot of ground. bears a child in her arms, but whether mater The other was of one Captain Busb, who was nally black, or of the mulatto kind, I protesta prisoner with me on the surrender of Denia ; I did not mind), the priest, in great civility, || who being sent, as I was afterwards told, to St. offers you ber arm to salute; at which juncture, || Clemente la Mancha, there died; and, as I I, like a true blue protestant, mistaking my word was informed, though he was privately, and by of command, fell foul on the fair lady's face. | night, buried in a coro field, he was taken out The displeasure in his countenance (for he took of his grave by these superstitious people, as
soon as they could discover the place where grimage. To me as a stranger, divested of bis body was deposited. But I return to the acquaintance or friend (for at that instant I convent at Montserrat.
was sole prisoner there), at first it appeared If you ascend from the lowest cell to the l such, though in a very small compass of time very summil, the las' of all the thirteen, you I luckily found it made quite otherwise by an will perceive a continual contention between || agreeable conversation. pleasure and devotion; and at last, perhaps, Sainte Clemente de la Mancha is rendered find yourself at a loss to decide which deserves famous by the renowned Don Michael Certhe pre-eminence: for you are not here to take | vantes, who, in his facetious but satirical rocells in the vulgar acceptation, as the little mance, bas.fixed it the seat and birth-place of dormitories of solitary monks ; no, neatness, his hero Don Quixote. use, and contrivance, appear in every one of The gentlemen of this place are the leastthem; and though in an almost perfect equa- priest-ridden, or sons of bigotry, of any that I Bly, yet ju such perfection, that you will find met with in all Spain; of which, in my converit difficult to discover in any one of them any sation with them, I had daily instances. Among thing wanting to the pleasure of life. If you many others, an expression that fell from Don descend to the convent near the foot of that Felix Pacheo, a gentleman of the best figure venerable hill, you may see more, much more thereabout, and of a very plentiful fortune, of the riches of the world, but less, far less ap shall now suffice. I was become very intimate pearance of a celestial treasure. Perhaps it
with him; and we used often to converse tomight be the sentiment of a heretic, but that I gether with a freedom too dangerous to be awe and devotion, which I found in my atten common io a country so enslaved by the indant from cell to cell, grew languid, and was lost quisition. Asking me one day in a sort of a in mere empty bigotry and foggy superstition | jocose manner, who, in my opinion, had done when I came below.
the greatest miracles that ever were heard of? Before I leave this emblem of the beatific
I answered, Jesus Christ. “It is very true," vision, I must correct something like a mis.
says he, “ Jesus Christ did great miracles, and take as to the poor borigo. I said at the be
a great one it was to feed five thousand people ginning that his labour was daily, but the
with two or three small fishes, and a l.ke num. Sunday is to him a day of rest, as it is to the
ber of loaves: bat Saint Frances, the founder hermits, bis masters, a day of refection : for,
of the Franciscan order, has found out a way to save the poor faithful brute the bard drud
to feed daily one hundred thousand lubbards gery of that day, the thirteen bermits, if with nothing at all;" meaning the Franciscans health permit, descend to ibeir cænobium, as
the followers of Saint Francis, who have no they call it, that is, to the hall of the convent,
visible revenues; yet in their way of living where they dive in common with the monks
come up to, if they do not exceed, any other, of the order, who are Benedictines. After
order. seven days variety of such innocent delight
Another day, talking of the place, it natur. (the space allowed for the entertainment of || ally led us into a discourse of the kuight of La strangers), I took my leave of this pacific Mancha, Don Quixote. At which time he told bermitage, to pursue. tbe more boisterous
me, that, in his opinion, that work was a per duties of my calling.
fret paradox, being the best and the worst romilice that ever was wrote.
“ For," says be, . TAKING THE VEILA
(though it must infallibly please every man
that has any taste of wit, yet has it had such Being now pretty well recovered of my a fatal effect upon the spirits of my countrywounds, I was, by order of the Governor of men, that every man of wit must ever resent; Valencia, removed to Sainte Clemento de la for," continued he,“ before the appearance in Mancha, a town somewhat more inland, and the world of that labour of Cervantes, it was consequently esteemed more secure, than a next to an impossibility for any ran to walk seaport. Here I remained under a sort of pil" the streets with any delight, or without dan..
FROM THE SAME,
ger. There were seen so many cavalieros
So soon as she entered the chapel belonging praucing and curvetting before the windows to the nunnery she kneeled down, and, with an of their mistresses, that a stranger would have appearance of much devotion, saluted the imagined the whole nation to have been no
grourd, then rising up, she advanced a step thing less than a race of kuight-errants. But or two farther, when, on her knees, she re. after the world became a little acquainted with peated the salutes; this done, sbe approached that notable history, the man that was ovce to the altar, where she remained till mass was scen in that notable drapery was pointed at as over; after which, a sermon was preached by a Don Quixote, and found himself ibe jest of one of the priests, in praise, or rather in an high and low. And I verily believe," added he, exalted preference, of a single life. The ser“ that to this, and this only, we owe that mon being over, the nun elect fell down on dampness and poverty of spirit which has run her kuees before the altar, and, after some through all our councils for a century past, short mental orisons, rising agaio, she withso little agreeable to those nobler actions of drew into an inner room, where, stripping off our famous ancestors."
all ber rich attire, she put on her nun's weeds; After many of these lesser sorts of confi. in which, making her appearance, she, again dences, Don Felix recommevded me to a lodg- | kneeling, offered up some private devotions, ing next door to bis own. It was at a widow's, which, being over, she was led to the door of who had one only daughter, her house just the nunnery, wbere the lady and the rest of the opposite to a Franciscap nunnery. Here I
nuns stood, ready to receive her with open remained some time; all which time, lying in
Thus entered, the nuns conducted ber my bed, I could hear the nuns early in the
into the quire, where, after they had epter. morning at their matins, and late in the even
tained her with singing, and playing upon the ing at their vespers, with delight enough to
the ceremony concluded, and every one myself, and without the least indecency in the departed to their proper habitations. world in my thoughts of them. Their own The very same day of the year ensuing, the divine employ too much engaged every faculty relations and friends of the fair novitiate meet of mine to entertain any thing inconsentaneous again in the chapel of the nunnery, where the or offensive.
lady abbess brings her out and delivers her to This my neighbourhood to the donnery them. Then agajo is there a sermon preached gave me an opportunity of seeing two nuns on the same subject as the first; wbich, being invested; and in this I must do a justice to over, she is brought up to the altar, in a decent the whole country to acknowledge, that a but plain dress, the fine apparel which she put stranger who is curious (I would impute it off on her initiatiou being deposited on one rather to their hopes of conversion than to side of the altar, and her nun's weeds on the their vanity) shall be admitted to much greater other. Here the priest, in Latin, cries, Utrum freedoms in their religious pageavtries than horum mavis, accipe: to which she answers, as
her inclination or as her instruction directs One of their nuos was of the first quality, her. If she, after this her year of probation, which rendered the ceremony more remarkably shows any dislike, sbe is at liberty to come fine. The mauner of investing them was again into the world: but if, awed by fear (as tbus :- In the moroing her relations aud too often is the case, or won by expectation, friends all met at her father's house, whence,
or present real inclination, she makes choice she being attired in her most sumptuous ap of a nun's weeds, she is immediately invested, parel, and a coronet placed on ber head, they | and must never expect to appear again in the attended her, io cavalcade, to the nunnery, tbe | world out of the walls of the numrery. The streets and windows being crowded, and filled young lady I saw thus invested was very beau. with spectators of all sorts.
tiful, and sang the best of any iu the nunaers.
THE NEW SYSTEM OF BOTANY,
If the myrtle may particularly be con the fainily; and any accurate observer may sidered as a domesticated exotic, the
notice that the peduncles are always curved
downwards at the commencement of that peGERANIUM
riod, but become erect the moment the flower Is even inore so. This elegant shrub (for such
opens, and are thus flowered by each separate it actually is in more genial climes), which has
pedicel. long borne the English name of cranesbill, was
In generic character (as applicable to each well known to the ancients, and bore in the
branch of the general family, for we shall not classic regions of Greece a name of similar im
notice minuter variations) the c-lyx is five port, from its fruit, or berry, having an exact
leaved, wi hovate, acute, concave, and permaresemblance to the head aud neck of the crave;
nent leaflets; the corolla bas also five petals, so that from Geranos, geranium is a name of
wbich are spreading, regular in disposition, self-evident derivation. In modern classifi.
und in shape obcordate or ovate; the nectary cation the plant is to be found amongst the
also has five horned glands, which are fastened MONADELPHIA DECANDRIA, and in the na.
to the bases of the longest filaments; the statural order of Gruinales; but though of such
men has ten filaments, wbich are awl shaped, high antiquity in botanical chronology, yet
and spreading at the top, but connected more modera discoveries have developed such
slightly at the base, and are shorter than the a number of varieties that the arrangemeut of corolla ; the anthers are oblong and versatile; the genus, even by the Linnean classification, the pistil has a five-cornered germ, a permais become too extended for convenient simpli.
nept awl-shaped style longer than the stamens, city; a division of the gevus bas therefore
and five reflex stigmas; in the pericarp the tiken place, founded on recent observations
capsule is five grained, with the cells openiog that in some species all the filaments are fer
inwards, the seeds are solitary and oblare, tile, wbilst in others it happens that four or
The essential character is simply the five leaved five of them form no efficient part of the fruc.
calyx, the five petalled corolla, &c. tification, being destitute of anthers. From this curious circumstance, modern classifiers
In the thirty-two species another division bave formed three genera; the first with tive
has taken place for the sake of regularity, the fertile stameus only, and called erodium ; the
first variety having the peduncles one Howered,
whilst in the other they are doubled. The second having seven, by the name of pelagonium; and the third more particularly called
most beautiful of these species are the Siberiar, geranium, with all the filaments distinctive of
which bas been about half a century in cultiits class completely fertile. Independent of vation here; the bloody gerauium, which is these sexual differences there are other discri- || indigenous in various parts of the European minative marks arising from varieties in their continent, found wild in thickets and even in generic characters, but these are too tedious pastures, and from its flowering during great for a general lecture; at the same time we part of the summer is well deserving of more must premise, that notwithstanding this con general cultivation; then come the silky leavvenient arrangement, still must we considered, and the boary cranes bill, which latter the whole species, amounting to thirty-two, species is herbaceous, and was introduced here as of one oatural family, and the minuter dis from the southern districts of Africa about the tinctions to be merely artificial, as they all || eighteenth century; the tuberous rooted is agree in tbeir leading features; such as they also an elegant variety from the abundance of all agree in the form of the calyx and corolla, lits Rowers, and bas been cultivated here since and in general form and babit. Indeed one the reign of Qucen Elizabeth, but is not indi. most curious circumstance respecting their genous but a native of Italy, and also of Silesia, inflorescence is common to all, and peculiar to in Germany; after these come the purple
flowered, meadow, mountain, marsh, and wood food for the American wild deer, yet it is cranesbill; the dovesfoot, or common cranes highly deleterious to cattle and sheep which in bill, is the most frequent of our wild gerani severe winters have eaten it when viher food uins, and may be found growing under walls, could not be got. On its introduction into or in corn fields, and even in pastures; and Europe it was classed as DeCANDRIA Monothe last variety is the herb-robert, or stinking GYNIA, and placed in the natural order of cranesbill. We shell pass over its medicinal Bicornes; in generic cbaracter the calyx bas astringent qualites, which rank it deservelly 'the per anth small, permanent, and five part. amongst the domesticated bowers, and pro- ed, the segments being subovate, acute, and cee to a plint of more recent introduc ion to in some measure columnar; the corolla is our green-b« uses, and sometimes exposed to one petalled, and of a funnel form, the tube more open cultivation. This is the
cylindric and longer tbau 1 he calyx; the bor
der is with a flat disk, the margin upright and KALMIA,
ball live cleft, whilst len nectariferous boruAn elegant plant of American nativity, deriv- lets project outwardly from the corolla and ieg its name from Péter Kilm, who was Pro surrourd it when the border is upright; the fessor of Botany at Abo, in Sweden, and hav. stanien bas tea awl-shaped filaments, which ing described this plani in bis travels in Ame are upright and spreading, but rather shorter rica, received the compliment from Linneus than the corolla, into the base of wbich they of having his name affixed to it. It is a native are inserted, aud the anthers are simple; the of Carolina, and delights in rocky situations, pistil has a roundish germ, with the style filia sometimes hanging its elegant Powers over form and longer than the corolla, but bent murmuring rivulets, and at oihers covering
downwards, and the stigma is obtuse. In the sides of hills otherwise barren, and fou. essential character the calyx is five parted, the rish'ng in the most sterile soils. Eren in corolia of a salver form; and the capsule five these situations it sends out such a number celled. It contains four species, the broad of suckers as soon to foran impassable thickets; leaved, narrow leaved, glaucous, and bairy but with us, though our winters are seldom kalmia, and in its native soil is a tree of six colder than its native place, and with changes fcet in height, and four or five inches in dia. less rapid, yet it neither produces suckers, meter; its branches are roundish and placed nor do its seeds ever become ripe. This is in threes; the leaves are ovate, oblong, curio. the more remarkable as it towers with us
ceous, smooth, and sbining, and are alternate, great part of the sumo er, and nearly in as
whilst the corollas before they unfold are an great luxuriance as in its native svil, where elegant pale purple. The wood, particularly of it forms one of the greatent ornaments of the
the roots, would be an elegant addition to our forests; nor can it be injured by cold; but it
turnery ware, and is soft and easily worked is perhaps fortunate that this plant, though when green, but is too hard when imported so elegant, cannot be produced bere except as
for that purpose. an ornament, and even that by sedulous culti In our next lecture a visit to the bot-house vation, for it is possessed of very noxious shall conclude this section of our plau. qualities, and though it forms an article of
STORIES OF SEVEN DAYS.
(Continued from Page 189.)
TALE IV.-THE AUTHOR ESS FROM of the most interesting event of my life I must LOVE.
repeat an occurrence that took place thirtyThe following evening M dame de Sain- nine years ag); and that I must acknowledge ville was called upou for ber story.
tha! Madame de Sainville, who is now regardWhat is it that you require, my dear friends ed as a rational woman, was once the most (cried she)? Do you kuow that to inform you ll romantic of beings! Well, we have all our