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positæ Semifloscule; and iu generic character is in some instances, a viry powerful sedative, they all have the calyx common imbricated and many have found it to act as an opiate, its and cylindric, its scales also are numerous and miiky juice partaking much of the qualities of sharp, and membranaceous on the margin : the poppy. ludeed it is a wise dispensation of the corolla, like the calyx, is imbricated, but the heneticene God of nature, that our common compound, yet uniform, with numervus corol. articles of food sbould bave a medicinal prolets which are numerous, equal, and herma perty; and this from its aperient qualities has pbrodite; the corolla also is one pelalled, is of en been used with success when administerfour, some times five toothed, and always ed to those of hot and bilious constitutions. truncated and ligulate. In the stamen we find This may be pleasing intelligence to those five filaments, which are capillary and very who, according to the volgar adage, “bave short, whilst the anthers are tubular and more need of the cook tban the doctor;" but it cylindric. The pistil has the germ subovate; may also be interesting to the fair patronesses ibe style filiform and of equal length with the of the children of poverty in the neighbour. stamens; whilst the stigmas are reflex, and hood of their country seats, that a very cheap two iu number. This genus is remarkable medicine may be prepared from the very refor having no pericarp; instead of which it fuse of their kitchen gardens, by gathering the has the calyx converging and ovate cylindric; seeds of this plant which may by the help of. ibe seeds also are solitary, acuminate, ovate, a pestle and mortar, and a little water, be form. and compressed ; with a capillary dowo; and ed into an emollient emulsiou fully equal to on a long stipe attenuuated at the lower ex milk of almonds, nay in some instances sutremity. The particular features of the essen perior to it, being really possessed of a more tial character of this useful vegetable are, that refrigerating quality, and therefore extremely it has the calyx imbricate, and cyliudrical, |, beneficial in many complaints arising from with a membranaceous niargio; that the re acrimony in the blood, the offspring of poor ceptacle is naked; and that the seeds are diet, &c. ; nor has it any affinity in its opiate even, with a simple stipitate down.
quality to the juice of the leaves, and therefore Of the lettuce there are no less than eleven less likely to be injudiciously administered. distiuct species, several of which have other Some of the varieties of this elegant vege. varieties; these are the oak leaved, endive table have a great resemblance to the thistle in leaved, garden, prickly, strong scented, tube their leaves; particularly that called the oak. rous rooted, Canadian, Indian, Perennial, &c. leaved. This is now supposed to be a native of
Of these, the garden lettuce more par- Germany, and also of Sweden; but has long ticularly claims our attention, but it is been cultivated in this country, though not in almost unnecessary lo enumerate its several commou use; but there is another sort called varieties of the cabbage, Cilicia, Dutch brown, the strong scented which may be found wild Aleppo, Imperial Cos, &c.; nor shall we in Cambridgesbire, and in several other parts preseut our fair readers with any novelty, when of England. This latter kind too abounds we tell them that it has large, milky, wrinkled with the milky juice, whose soporific qualities leaves of a palish green in general, but of dif are so powerful that it may be administered ferent tints in the different varieties ; yet it is so as to produce exactly the same effect as possible from this vegetable being generally cut
laudanum. The process of collecting this for use before its efflorescence, that many of juice is easy; the succulent parts of the plant them have not observed it in that stale, when must be wounded in various places in April it may be found with a strong round stem, and May, when the exuding juice dries up nearly a yard in height, covered with a pro from the heat of the sun, and it is then fit for fusion of small yeilow Aowers.
There is perhaps no vegetable in common It is rather a curious fact that the medical use possessed of more powerful medicinal world should adhere so strictly to tke exhibit: qualities than this ; fortunately, indeed, its ing of foreign drugs, when there are so many effects are bo;b cooling and wholesome; yet it' medicinal plants at home whicb in some in
stances are more efficacious, and may with || thirst iu that disorder. It is dissolved in wine, some justice be considered as specifics in par• and the proportions may be easily ascertained, ticular disorders. One physician, indeed, a as a certain quantity of wine will only dissolve Doctor Collier, has given us some very favour a certain portion of the extract, wheu a tea. able statements of the efficacy of the strong | spoonful may be given in a glass of water. scented lettuce in cases of dropsy; twenty We must now conclude this part of our four of which he states to have been cured by dish of sallad with observing, that although its use, the patients having taken from eigh- || This plant is so common, practical botanists teen grains to three drachms of the extract in have not yet agreed whether the cabbage twenty-four bours. It is unnecessary to enter lettuce is an improvement by cultivation from joto a detail of its effects, any further than. the common, or if the latter is deteriorated that it immediately relieves the distressing from tbe forwer.
Illustrations of the Graphic Art; EXEMPLIFIED BY SKETCHES FROM THE NATIONAL MUSEUM AT PARIS.
A SERVANT MAID, WITH A LAMP. WERE it not for the date of 1664 upon this
Painters attempt not either the sun or a miniature, for such it is both in size and exe
candle; it is sufficient if the pencil will procution, it might well be supposed to have been
duce a resemblance of reflected lights. But one of the first attempts of Gerard Dow; in
when art does attempt those difficult subjects, deed it can scarcely be believed that at fifty
or rather those impossibilities, what is the years of age his genius should be retrograde. event? Why, simply this, that the artist, But the colour of this is a dirty dingy yellow; l obliged to reunite bis lights, as it were, to form and though all the details are very circum- a luminous focus, and to preserve as much as stantial, yet they are executed with a poor possible the scale of natural proportion beeffect; for the shadows are weakened by an tween the direct light and the enlightened excess of transparency, which is a glariog de- || object, finds himself at such a prodigious disfect: the left hand and arm also are too tance from the effect intended, in consequence meagre; the right ones are indeed beautiful, of the extreme difference in degree, that the from the accurate execution of the wriokles latter object is always less luminous than it and the aged skin; but then the face is too really is in nature. The flesh is always copthin, and has too much of the dismality of pery, or of au amber colour, and that eren greedy avarice. A little accessory to the ge- | wbilst the caudle is not an ardent or brilliant neral plau must not be omitted, that is, a seal light. All this is found in the subject before of wax banging to a lease or grant. Tbis seal us. Nobody iudeed could do it better than bas the impression of an armed knight, and || Gerard Dow has done. the talent of the painter bas certainly there It is also evident that this little picture has done its utmost. We must not either pass beeo re-touched; for the whole of the lower by part of his arm-chair, which is finished with half of the countenance is not from the band a degree of labour sufficient to drive an ordi- of Gerard Dow; nay, we can even distinguish nary painter to despair of ever imitating its the seam or line of division. The eyes alone exactitude. Indeed the evident care of the develope the pencil of the master; these are artist iu this point, and the importance be brilliant and highly finished. The effect of eeems to have given to this feature cannot the hand wbich covers the light is also well escape the observation of the most cursory | imagined; we can see the glow between the spectators. The companion of this piece | fingers; but the whole of the band and wrist in
is teo meagra
We are indebted for the following Extracts to a Volume of Poems, recently published by a Lady of
the name of MARY RUSSELL MITFORD. The Work contains a variety of entertaining Subjects, and may be recommended as deserving the patronage of our Readers.
THE VOICE OF PRAISE.
But oh! a thousayd times more sweet, TAERE is a voice of magic power,
The praise of these we love to hear! To charm the old, delight the young Like balmy.showers in summer heat, In lordly ball, in rustic bower,
It falls upon the greedy ear. In every clime, in every tougue,
The lover lulls his rankliug wound, Howe'er its sweet vibration rung,
By hanging on his fair one's name! In whispers low, in poet's lays,
The mother listens for the sound There lives pot one who has not hung,
Of her young warrior's growing fame; Euraptur'd on the voice of praise.
Thy voice can soothe the mourning dame, The timid cbild, at that soft voice,
Of her soul's wedded partner riven; Lifts for a moment's space the eye;
Who cherishes the ballow'd fame, It bids the futtering heart rejoice,
Parted on earth to meet in Heaven! And stays the step prepar'd to fly :
'Tis pleasure breathes that short quick sigh, That voice can quiet passion's mood, And dushes o'er that rosy face;
Can humble merit raise on high, Wbilst shame and infant modesty
And from the wise and from the good Shrink back with hesitating grace.
It breathes of immortality;
There is a lip, there is an eye, The lovely Maiden's dimpled cheek,
Where most I love to see it shine, At that sweet voice still deeper glows ; To hear it speak, to feel it sighHer quivering lips in vain would seek, My mother, need I say 'tis thine!
To hide the bliss her eyes disclose;
The charm her sweet confusion shows, of springs from some low broken word; O praise ! to her how sweetly flows
TO A YELLOW BUTTERFLY. Thine accent from the lov'd one beard!
HAIL! luvelist insect of the spring! The Hero, when a people's voice
Gay, careless, buoyant flutterer, hail! Proclaims their idol victor near,
High soaring on thy downy wing, Feels he not then bis soul rejoice,
Or sporting in tlie sunny vale!
Oh! lovely is thy airy form,
Tbat wears the primrose hue so fair,
It seems as if some passing storm He weeps, who never shed a tear,
Had rais'd the beautous flower in air. He trembles, who ne'er shook before.
Far different from the spotted race, The Poet too-Ah well I deem,
That sultry June's bright suos unfold; Small is the need the lale to tell;
That seek in her fair flowers, their place, Who knows not tbat his thought, his dream,
Aod proud display their wings of gold. On thee at noon, at midnight dwell? Who knows not that the magic spell
For brilliant is their varying dye, Can charm bis every care away;
And, basking in the fervid
ray, Jo memory cheer his gloomy cell,
They in the new-blown roses lie, In bope can lend a deathless day.
And round the gay carnation play. 'Tis sweet to watch affectiou's eye,
But thou, with modest April's flower, To mark the tear with love replete,
Her violet sweet of snowy hue To feel the softly breathing sigh,
Tranquil shall pass the noon-tide hour, When friendsbip'e lipe the tones repeat;
And sip content the evening dew.