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So on he passed, till he comen hath
Who well could measure with the rule and line,
But other skill of cumming architect,
How to contrive the house for dwelling best,
As corresponding with their purpose least;
And herein be they copied of the rest,
Who aye pretending love of science fair,
And generous purpose to adorn the breast queen.
With liberal arts, to Vertù's court repair, For the rich spoil of all the continents,
Yet nought but tunes and naines, and coins away The boast of Art and Nature there was brought,
do bear. Corinthian brass, Ægyptian monuments,
For long, to visit her once-Honour'd seat
Her venerable reliques to adore,
And load their bosom with the sacred store,
Whereof the world large treasure yet enjoys. All these and many more that may not here be told. But sithences she declin'd from wisdom's lore, There in the middest of a ruin'd pile,
They left her to display her pompous toys
To virtuosi vain, and wonder-gaping boys.
Offering, with shows of courteous boantihed,
And show him all the wonders of her state, Emboss'd, and pillars huge of costly porphyry. Whose names and price they wisely can areed, Aloft on this strange basis was ypight',
And tell of coins of old and modern dale,
And pictures false and true right well discriminate.
Shook the dictator in his curule chair,
And, thundering through the Roman senate, rang
And, casting round his quick discerning eye, Or gentle love, sole king of pleasures natural. At every deal 9 he dropt a manly tear,
As he the stately buildings mote descry,
Baths, theatres, and fanes, in mouldering frage
“ And, oh! imperial city!" then he said, And oft would by her place in princely sted", “How art thou tumbled from thine Alpine throne! Though from the dregs of earth he springen were,
Whereon, like Jove on high Olympus' head, And oft with regal crowns she deck'd his head,
Thou sittedst erst unequal'd and alone, And oft, to sooth her vain and foolish ear, And madest through the world thy greatness She bade him the great names of mighty Kesars 3
known : bear.
While from the western isles, to Indus' shore;
From seven-mouth'd Nilus, to the frozen Don, Thereto herself a pompous title bore,
Thy dradded bolts the strong-pounc'd eagle bore, For she was vain of her great auncestry, And taught the nations round thy fasces to adore. But vainer still of that prodigious store Of arts and learning, which she vaunts to lie
“ And doth among thy reliques nought remain, In the rich archives of her treasury.
No little portion of that haughty spright,
Which made thee whilom scorn soft Pleasure's These she to strangers oftentimes would show,
chain, With grave demean and solemn vanity, Then proudly claim as to her merit due,
And in free Virtue place thy chief delight, The venerable praise and title of Vertù.
Whereby through ages shone thy glory bright?
And is there nought remaining to confound Vertà she was yclept 4, and held her court Those who, regardless of thy woeful plight, With outward shows of pomp and majesty, With idle wonder view thy ruins round, To which natheless few others did resort, And without thought survey thy memorable wound? But men of base and vulgar industry. Or such perdy as of them cozen'd be, Mimes, fidlers, pipers, eunuchs squeaking fine,
6 Belong. Painters and builders, sons of masonry,
7 Good-nature or civility.
8 Relate or declare. These under sort of anti
quaries, who go about with strangers to show them 1 Placed. Seat or place.
the antiquities, &c. of Rome, are called Ciceroni. 3 Emperors. 4 Called or named. 9 At every turn, every now and then,
“ Arise, thou genuine Cicero, and declare
Where Happiness heart-felt, Contentment sweet, That all these mighty ruins scatter'd wide Philosophy divine, aye hold their blest retreat. The sepulchres of Roman virtue were,
Thou, most belov'd, most honour'd, most rever'd! And trophies vast of luxury and pride,
Accept this verse, to thy large merit due! Those fell diseases whereof Rome erst dy'd.
And blame me not, if, by each tye endeard, And do you then with vile mechanic thought
Of nature, gratitude, and friendship true, Your course, ye sons of Fairy, hither guide,
The whiles this moral thesis I pursue, That ye those gay refinements may be taught,
And trace the plan of goodly nurture ' o'er, Which Liberty's fair lond to shame and thraldom
I bring thy modest virtues into view; brought ?
And proudly boast that from thy precious store, “ Let Rome those vassal arts now meanly boast, Which erst enrich'd my heart, I drew this sacred Which to her vanquish'd thralls she erst resign'd;
Jore, Ye who enjoy tha: freedom she has lost,
And thus, I ween, thus shall I best repay That great prerogative of human-kind,
The valued gifts thy careful love bestow'd ; Close to your hearts the precious jewel bind,
If, imitating thee, well as I may, And learn the rich possession to inaintain,
I labour to diffuse th’important good, Learn virtue, justice, constancy of mind,
Till this great truth by all be understood, Not to be mov'd by fear or pleasure's train; “ That all the pious duties which we owe, Be these your arts, ye brave; these only are humane.” Our parents, friends, our country, and our God; As he thus spake, th' enchaunter half-asham'd
The seeds of every virtue here below, Wist not what fitting answer to devise,
From discipline alone, and early culture, grow."
The knight, as to Pædia's ' house
He his young son conveys,
And his vain pride disdays.
A gentle knight there was, whose noble deeds
O'er Fairy-land by Fame were blazon'd round: WRITTEN IN IMITATION OF THE STYLE AND MANNER OF Por warlike enterprize, and sage areeds 3, SPENSER’S FAIRY QUEEN. Among the chief alike was he renown'd;
Whence with the marks of highest honours crown'd
By Gloriana, in domestic peace,
That port, to which the wise are ever bound,
He anchor'd was, and chang'd the tossing seas
Of bustling busy life, for calm sequester'd ease. Unum studium verè liberale est, quod liberum
There, in domestic virtue rich and great facit. Hoc sapientiæ studium est, sublime,
As erst in public, 'mid his wide domain, forte, magnanimum: cætera pusilla et puerilia
Long in primeval patriarchal state, sunt.-Plus scire velle quàm sit satis intempe
The lord, the judge, the father of the plain, rantiæ genus est. Quid, quòd ista liberalium
He dwelt; and with him, in the golden chain artium consectatio molestos, verbosos, intem
Of wedded faith y-link'd, a matron sage pestivos, sibi placentes facit, et ideo non dicen
Aye dwelt; sweet partner of his joy and pain, tes necessaria, quia supervacua didicerunt.”
Sweet charmer of his youth, friend of his age, Sen. EP. 88.
Skill'd to improve his bliss, his sorrows to assuage.
From this fair union, not of sordid gain, O Goodly Discipline ! from Heaven y-sprong!
But merit similar and mutual love, Parent of Science, queen of arts refind!
True source of lineal virtue, sprung a train To whom the Graces and the Nine belong :
Of youths and virgins; like the beauteous grove, ( ! bid those Graces, in fair chorus join'd
Which round the temple of Olympic Jove, With each bright virtue that adorns the mind !
Begirt with youthful bloom the parent tree', O bid the Muses, thine harmonious train,
The sacred olive; whence old Elis wove
1 Education, That doth essay to teach thy treasures how to gain!
? Pædia is a Greek word, signifying education. And thou, whose pious and maternal care,
3 Counsels. The substitute of heavenly Providence,
4 Parent tree, the sacred olive.] This tree grew With tenderest Jove my orphan life did rear, in the Altis, or sacred grove of Olympic Jupiter at And train me up to manly strength and sense; Olympia, having, as the Eleans pretended, been With mildest awe, and virtuous influence, originally planted there by Hercules. It was Directing my impractis'd wayward feet
esteemed sacred, and from that were taken the To the siuooth walks of Truth and Innocence; Olympic crowns.
Her verdant crowns of peaceful' victory,
And now forth-pacing with his blooming heir, The guerdons' of bold strength and swift activity. And that same virtuous palmer them to guide;
Arm'd all to point, and on a courser fair So round their noble parents goodly rose
Y-mounted high, in military pride, These generous scyons: they with watchful care
His little train before he slow did ride. Still, as the swelling passions 'gan disclose Him eke behind a gentle squire ensuese, The buds of future virtues, did prepare
With his young lord aye marching side by side, With prudent culture the young shoots to rear; His counsellour and guard, in goodly thews 9, And aye in this endearing pious toil
Who well had been brought up, and nurs’d by every They by a palmer ? sage instructed were,
Muse. Who from deep thought and studious search erewbile
Thus as their pleasing journey they pursu'd, Had learnt to mend the heart, and till the human
With cheerful argument beguiling pain :
Ere long descending from an hill they view'd For by celestial Wisdom whilom led
Beneath their eyes out-stretch'd a spacious plain, Through all th' apartments of th’immortal mind, That fruitful show'd, and apt for every grain, He view'd the secret stores, and mark'd the sted 3 For pastures, vines, and flowers; while Nature fair, To judgment, wit, and memory assign'd;
Sweet-smiling all around with countenance fain', And how sensation and reflection join'd
Seem'd to demand the tiller's art and care, To fill with images her darksome grotte,
Her wildness to correct, her lavish waste repair. Where, variously disjointed or combin'd, As reason, fancy, or opinion wrought,
Right good, I ween, and bounteous was the soil, Their various masks they play'd, and fed her pen
Aye wont in happy season to repay sive thought.
With tenfold usury the peasant's toil.
But now't was ruin all, and wild decay; Alse 4 through the fields of Science had he stray'd Untill'd the garden and the fallow lay, [grown,
With eager search, and sent his piercing eye The sheep shorne down with barren brakes'i o'erThrough each learn'd school, each philosophic The whiles the merry peasants sport and play, shade,
All as the public evil were unknown,
Astonish'd at a scene at once sn fair
And so deform’d; with wonder and delight His curious soul, be turn'd him to explore
At man's neglect, and Nature's bounty rare, The sacred writ of Faith : to learn, believe, adore.
In studious thought a while the Fairy knight
Bent on that goodly lond 19 his eager sight : Theuce foe profess'd of Falsehood and Deceit, Then forward rush'd, impatient to descry Those sly artíficers of tyranny,
What towns and castles there-in were empight 13; Aye holding up before uncertain feet
For towns him seem'd, and castles he did spy, His faithful light to knowledge, liberty,
As to th' horizon round he stretch'd his roaming eye. Mankind he led to civil policy, And mild Religion's charitable law :
Nor long way had they travell’d, ere they came That, fram'd by mercy and benignity,
To a wide stream, that with tumultuous roar The persecuting sword forbids to draw,
Amongst rude rocks its winding course did frams; And free-created souls with penal terrours awe.
Black was the wave and sordid, cover'd o'er
With angry foam, and stain'd with infants' gore. Ne7 with the glorious gifts elate and vain
Thereto along the unlovely margin stood Lock'd be his wisdom up in churlish pride; A birchen grove, that, waving from the shore, But, stooping from his height, would even deign Aye cast upon the tide its falling bud, The feeble steps of infancy to guide.
And with its bitter juice empoison'd all the flood. Eternal glory him therefore betide,
Right on the centre of the vale empight, Let every generous youth his praise proclaim;
Not distant far a forked mountain rose; Who, wandering through the world's rude forest
In outward form presenting to the sight wide,
That fam'd Parnassian hill, on whose fair brows By him hath been y-taught his course to frame
The nine Aonian Sisters wont repose; To Virtue'ssweet abodes, and heaven-aspiring Fame!
Listening to sweet Castalia's sounding stream, For this the Fairy knight with anxious thought,
Which through the plains of Cirrha murmuring And fond paternal care, his counsel pray'd;
flows : And him of gentlest courtesy besought
But this to that compar'd mote justly seem His guidance to vouchsafe and friendly aid ;
Ne fitting haunt for gods, ne worthy man's esteem. The while his tender of spring he convey'd, For this nor founded deep, nor spredden wide, Through devious paths to that secure retreat, Nor high up-rais'd above the level plain, Where sage Pædia, with each tuneful maid, By toiling Art through tedious years applied, On a wide mount had fix'd her rural seat,
From various parts compild with studious pain, 'Mid flowery gardens plac'd, untrod by vulgar feet. Was erst 14 up-thrown; if so it more attain,
Like that poetic mountain, to be hight 15 · Rewards. · Pilgrim. The person here signified is Mr. Locke, 8 Follows.
9 Manners, characterised by his works.
10 Earnest, eager.
11 Priers. 3 Place, station. * Also, further.
12 I and.
13 Placed. 5 Might.
15 Called, named.
The noble seat of Learning's goodly train. Affecting Wisdom's antiquated dress,
And usages by time cast far behind.
to the charms of younger Science blind, In figur'd plots with leafy walls enclos'd,
Thecustoms, laws, the learning, arts, and phrase By measure and by rule it was out-lay'd;
Of their own countries they with scorn declin'd; With symmetry so regular dispos'd,
Ne sacred Truth herself would they embrace, That plot to plot still answer'd, shade to shade; Unwarranted, unknown in their forefathers' days. Fach correspondent twain alike array'd
Thus ever backward casting their survey With like embellishments of plants and flowers, To Rome's old ruins and the groves forlorn Of statues, vases, spouting founts, that play'd Of elder Athens, which in prospect lay (tum
Through shells of Tritons their ascending showers, Stretch'd out beneath the mountain, would they And labyrinths involv'd, and trelice-woven bowers. Their busy search, and o'er the rubbish mourn. There likewise mote be seen on every side
Then, gathering up with superstitious care The yew obedient to the planter's will,
Each little scrap, however foul or tom, And shapely box of all their branching pride In grave harangues they boldly would declare, Ungently shorne, and, with preposterous skill,
This Ennius, Varro; this the Stagyrite did wear. To various beasts and birds of sundry quiil Yet, under names of venerable sound, [rod; Transform’d, and human shapes of monstrous size; While o'er the world they stretch'd their awful Huge as that giant-race, who, high on hill Through all the provinces of Learning own'd
High-heaping, sought with impious vain emprize, For teachers of whate'er is wise and good. Despite of thundering Jove, toscale the steepy skies. Alse from each region to their drad s abode Alse other wonders of the sportive shears
Came youth unnumber'd crowding all to taste Fajr Nature misadorning there were found : The streams of Science; which united flow'd Globes, spiral columns, pyramids and piers
Adown the mount, from nine rich sources cast; With sprouting urns and budding statues crown'd; And to the vale below in one rude torrent pass'd. And horizontal dials on the ground
O’er every source, protectress of the stream, In living box by cunning artists trac'd;
One of those virgin sisters did preside ; And gallies trim, on no long voyage bound, Who, dignifying with her noble name
But by their roots there ever anchor'd fast, Her proper flood, aye pour'd into the tide
D'er all appear'd the mountain's forked brows Despotical and abject, bold and blind,
Fierce in debate, and forward to decide;
Vain love of praise, with adulation join'd, And vistos broad, the velvet slopes adown And disingenuous scorn and impotence of mind, The ever-verdant trees of Daphne shone.
Extending from the hill on every side, But, aliens to the clime, and brought of old In circuit vast a verdant valley spread, From Latian plains, and Grecian Helicon,
Across whose uniform flat bosom glide They shrunk and languish'd in a foreign mould, Ten thousand streams, in winding mazes led, By changeful Summers starv'd, and pinch'd by By various sluices from one common bead; Winter's cold.
A turbid mass of waters, vast, profound, Amid this verdant grove with solemn state, Hight, of Philology the Lake; and fed On golden thrones of antique furin reclin'd, By that rude torrent, which with roaring sound In mimic majesty nine Virgins sate,
Came tumbling from the hill, and now'd the level In features various, as unlike in mind:
round. Alse boasted they themselves of heavenly kind, And every where this spacious valley o'er, And to the sweet Parnassian nymphs allied; Fast by each stream was seen a numerous throng Thence round their brows the Delphic bay they Of beardless striplings, to the birch-crown'd shore, twin'd,
By nurses, guardians, fathers, dragg'd along: And matching with high names their apish pride, Who, helpless, meek, and innocent of wrong, D'er every learned school aye claim'd they to pre- Were torn reluctant from the tender side side.
Of their fond mothers, and by faitours 6 strong, In antique garbs (for modern they disdain'd) By power made insolent, and hard by pride, By Greek and Roman artists whilom 4 made, Were driven with furious rage, and lash'd into the Of various woofs, and variously distain'd
tide. With tints of every hue, were they array'd; On the rude bank with trembling feet they stood, And here and tbere ambitiously display'd
And, casting round their oft-reverted eyes, A purple shred of some rich robe, prepard
If haply they mote 'scape the hated food, Erst by the Muses or th' Aonian maid,
Fill'd all the plain with lamentable cries; To deck great Tullius or the Mantuan bard;
But far away th' unheeding father flies, Wbich o'er each motley vest with uncouth splen- Constrain'd his strong compunctions to repress; dour glar'd.
While close behind, assuming the disguise And well their outward vesture did express Of nurturing care, and smiling tenderness, The bent and habit of their inward mind, With secret scourges arm’d, those griesly faitours
press. i Drest.
? Fnterprise, attempt. 3 All, used frequently by the old English poets
5 Dreadful. for although.
Faitour, doer, from faire, to do, and fait, deed; 4 Formerly.
commonly used by Spenser in a bad sense.
As on the steepy margin of a brook,
Of all the various speeches that while-ere 10 When the young Sun with flowery Maia rides ; On Shinar's wide-spread champain did astound With innocent dismay a bleating flock
High Babel's builders vain, and their proud works Crowd back, aflrighted at the rolling tides:
confound. The shepherd-swain at first exhorting chides Much was the knight empassion'd at the scene, Their seely' fear; at length impatient grown, But more his blooming son, whose tender breast With his rude crook he wounds their tender sides; Empierced deep with sympathizing teen And, all regardless of their piteous moan,
On his pale cheek the signs of drad imprest, Into the dashing wave compels them furious down. And fill'd his eyes with tears, which, sore distrest,
Thns urg'd by mastering fear and dolorous teen? Up to bis sire he rais'd in mournful wise;
Who with sweet smiles paternal soon redress'd Right piteous was the spectacle, I ween,
His troublous thoughts, and clear'd each sad Of tender striplings stain'd with tears and blood,
surmise ; Perforce conflicting with the bitter flood; Then turns his ready steed, and on his journey hies. And labouring to attain the distant shore,
But far he had not march'd, ere he was stay'd Where, holding forth the gown of manhood, stood
By a rude voice, that like th’ united sound The syren Liberty, and evermore
Of shouting myriads, through the valley bray'd, Solicited their hearts with her enchanting lore. And shook the groves, the floods, and solid ground; Irksome and long the passage was, perplex'd
The distant hills rebellow'd all around. With rugged rocks, on which the raving tide, “Arrest, sir Knight,” it cried, “thy fond career, By sudden bursts of angry tempests vext, (abide Nor with presumptuous disobedience wound Oft dash'd the youth, whose strength mote ill
That awful majesty which all revere! [hear !" With head-uplifted o'er the waves to ride.
In my commands, sir Knight, the voice of nations Whence many wearied ere they had o'erpast Quick turn'd the knight, and saw upon the plain, The middle stream (for they in vain have tried) Advancing tow'rds him with impetuous gait, Again return'd astounded 3 and aghast;
And visage all inflam'd with fierce disdain, Ne one regardful look would ever backward cast.
monstrous giant, on whose brow elate Some, of a rugged, more enduring frame,
Shone the bright ensign of imperial state; Their toilsome course with patient pain pursued;
Albeit lawful kingdom he had none; And, though with many a bruise and muchel 4 But laws and kingdoms wont he oft create, blame,
And oft'times over both erect his throne, [own. Eft hanging on the rocks, and eft embrued While senates, priests and kings his sovran' sceptre Deep in the muddy stream, with hearts subdued
Custom he hight; and aye in every land And quail'd by labour, gain'd the shore at last, Usurp'd dominion with despotic sway But in life's practic lear 5 unskill'd and rude, O’er all he holds; and to his high command
Forth in that forked hill they silent pac'd; Constrains even stubborn Nature to obey ; Where hid in studious shades their fruitless hours Whorn dispossessing oft, he doth assay they waste.
To govern in her right: and with a pace Others, of rich and noble lineage bred, (strain'd, So soft and gentle doth he win his way, Though with the crowd to pass the flood con- That she unwares is caught in his embrace, Yet o'er the crags with fond indulgence led And, though deflower'd and thrallid, nought feels By bireling guides and in all depths sustain'd,
her foul disgrace. Skimm'd lightly o’er the tide, undipt, unstain'd, For nurturing, even from their tenderest age, Save with the sprinkling of the watery spray, The docile sons of men withouten pain, And aye their proud prerogative maintain'd,
By disciplines and rules to every stage Of ignorance and ease, and wanton play,
Of life accommodate, he doth them train
A few, alas, how few! by Heaven's high will Alse bis behests or gentle or severe,
He craftily persuades them to revere,
Protector, therefore, of that forked bill, Cut briskly through the waves; and, forces new
And mighty patron of those Sisters nine, Gathering from toil, and ardour from the throng Who, there enthron'd, with many a copious rill
Of rival youths, outstript the labouring crew, Feed the full streams, that through the valley And to the true Parnasse 8 and heaven-throng'd
shine, glory flew.
He deemed was; and aye with rites divine, Dire vas the tumult, and from every shore Like those which Sparta's hardy race ** of yore Discordant echoes struck the deafen'd ear, Heart-thrilling cries, with sobs and singults 9 sore Short-interrupted, the imploring tear,
11 Sovereign. And furious stripes, and angry threats severe,
19 The Lacedemonians, in order to make their Confus'dly mingled with the jarring sound
children hardy, and endure pain with constancy and courage, were accustomed to cause them to be
scourged very severely. And I myself (says Plu1 Simple. » Pain, grief.
3 Astonished. tarch, in his Life of Lycurgus) have seen several of 4 Much. 5 Learning.
6 Although them endure whipping to death at the foot of the 7 Amazed, scared. & Parnassus.
9 Sighis. altar of Diana, surnamed Orthia.