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That rattles loud a small enchanted box,

Our pride so great, our passion is so strong, Which, loud as thunder, on the board she knocks. Advice to right confirms us in the wrong. And as fierce storms, which Earth's foundation I hear you cry, “This fellow's very odd.” shook,

When you chastise, who would not kiss the rod? From Æolus's cave impetuous broke,

But I've a charm your anger shall control, From this small cavern a mix'd tempest flies, And turn your eyes with coldness on the vole. Fear, rage, convulsion, tears, oaths, blasphemies ! The charm begins! To yonder flood of light, For men, I mean-the fair discharges none; That bursts o'er gloomy Britain, turn your sight. She (guiltless creature!) swears to Heaven alone. What guardian power o'erwhelms your souls with See her eyes start! cheeks glow! and muscles Her deeds are precepts, her example law; [awe ? swell!

'Midst empire's charms, how Carolina's heart Like the mad maid in the Cumean cell.

Glows with the love of virtue, and of art!
Thus that divine one her soft nights employs ! Her farour is diffus'd to that degree,
Thus tunes her soul to tender nuptial joys ! Excess of goodness! it has dawn'd on me :
And when the cruel morning calls to bed,

When in my page, to balance numerous faults, And on her pillow lays her aching head,

Or godlike deeds were shown, or generous thoughts, With the dear images her dreams are crown'd, She smild, industrious to be pleasid, nor knew The die spins lovely, or the cards go round; From whom my pen the borrow'd lustre drew. Imaginary ruin charms her still ;

Thus the majestic mother of mankind ?, Her happy lord is cuckold by spadille :

To her own charms most amjably blind, And if she's brought to bed, 't is ten to one, On the green margin innocently stood, He marks the forehead of her darling son.

And gaz'd indulgent on the crystal flood; O scene of horrour, and of wild despair,

Survey'd the stranger in the painted wave, Why is the rich Atrides' splendid heir

And, smiling, prais'd the beauties which she gave.
Constrain'd to quit bis antient lordly seat,
And hide his glories in a mean retreat ?
Why that drawn sword ? and whence that dis-

mal cry?
Why pale distraction through the family?
See my lord threaten, and my lady weep,

And trembling servants from the tempest creep.
Why that gay son to distant regions sent ?

Carmina tum melius, cum venerit Ipse, canemus. What fiends that daughter's destin'd match prevent? Why the whole house in sudden ruin laid?

VIRG. O nothing, but last night-my lady play'd.

On this last labour, this my closing strain, But wanders not my Satire from her theme? Smile, Walpole, or the Nine inspire in vain : Is this too owing to the love of fame?

To thee, 't is due; that verse how justly thine, Though now your hearts on lucre are bestow'd, Where Brunswick's glory crowns the whole design! 'Twas first a rain-devotion to the mode ;

That glory, which thy counsels make so bright; Nor cease we here, since 't is a vice so strong; That glory, which on thee reflects a light. 'The torrent sweeps all womankind along.

Illustrious commerce, and but rarely known. This may be said, in honour of our times,

To give, and take, a lustre from the throne. That none pow stand distinguish'd by their crimes. Nor think that thou art foreign to my theme;

If sin you must, take Nature for your guide : The fountain is not foreign to the stream. Love has some soft excuse to sooth your pride : How all mankind will be surpris'd to see Ye fair apostates from love's antient power ! This flood of British folly charg'd on thee! Can nothing ravish, but a golden shower,

Say, Britain ! whence this caprice of thy sons, Can cards alone your glowing fancy seize ;

Which through their various ranks with fury runs! Must Cupid learn to punt, e'er he can please? The cause is plain, a cause wbich we must bless ; When you're enamour'd of a lift or cast,

For caprice is the daughter of success, What can the preacher more, to make us chaste ? (A bad effect, but from a pleasing cause !) Why must strong youths unmarried pine away? And gives our rulers undesign'd applause; They find no woman disengag'd—from play. Tells how their conduct bids our wealth increase, Why pine the married ?- severer fate !

And lulls us in the don ny lap of peace. They find from play no disengag'd-estate.

While I survey the blessings of our isle, Flavia, at lovers false, uutouch'd, and hard,

Her arts triumphant in the royal smile, Turns pale, and trembles at a cruel card.

Her public wounds bound up, her credit high, Nor Arria's Bible can secure her age;

Her commerce spreading sails in erery sky, Her threescore years are shuffling with her page. The pleasing scene recalls my theme again, While Death stands by, but till the game is done, And shows the madness of ambitious men, To sweep that stake, in justice, loug his own ; Who, fond of bloodshed, draw the murdering sword, Like old cards ting'd with sulphur, she takes fire ; And burn to give mankind a single lord. Or, like snuffs sunk in sockets, blazes higher. The follies past are of a private kind ; Ye gods! with new delights inspire the fair ; Their sphere is small; their mischief is consin'd: Or give us sons, and save us from despair.

But daring men there are (Awake, my Muse, Sons, brothers, fathers, husbands, tradesmen, And raise thy verse!) who bodler prhensy choose; close

Who, stung by glory, ruve, and bound away : In my complaint, and brand your sins in prose : The world their field, and humankind their prey. Yet I believe, as firmly as my Creed, Lo spite of all our wisdom, you'll proceed :


The Grecian chief, th' enthusiast of his pride, How Versus is less qualified to steal With Rage and Terrour stalking by his side, With sword and pistol, than with wax and seal. Raves round the globe; he soars into a god !

How lawyers' fees to such excess are run, Stand fast, Olympus ! and sustain his nod. That clients are redress'd till they're undonç. The pest divine in horrid grandeur reigns,

How one man's anguish is another's sport; And thrives on mankind's miseries and pains. And e'en denials cost us dear at court. What slaughter'd hosts! what cities in a blaze ! How man eternally false judgments makes, What wasted countries ! and what crimson seas ! And all his joys and sorrows are mistakes. With orphans' tears his impious bowl o'erflows, This swarm of themes that settles on my per, And cries of kingdoms lull bim to repose.

Which I, like summer flies, shake off again, And cannot thrice ten hundred years unpraise Let others sing; to whom my weak essay The boisterous boy, and blast bis guilty bays? But sounds a prelude, and points out their prey : Why want we then encomiums on the storm, That duty done, I basten to complete Or famine, or volcano ? They perform

My own design; for Tonson's at the gate. Their mighty deeds; they, hero-like, can slay,

The Love of Fame in its effect survey'd, And spread their ample deserts in a day.

The Muse has sung: be now the cause display'd : O great alliance! O divine renown!

Since so diffusive, and so wide its sway, With dearth, and pestilence, to share the crown. What is this power, whom all mankind obey ? When men extol a wild destroyer's name,

Shot from abuve, by Heaven's indulgence, came Earth's Builder and Preserver they blaspheme. This generous ardour, this unconquer'd fame, One to destroy, is murder by the law;

To warın, to raise, to deify, mankind, And gibbets keep the lifted hand in awe;

Still burping brightest in the noblest mind. To murder thousands, takes a specious name, By large-soul'd men, for thirst of fame renown'd, War's glorious art, and gives immortal fame. Wise laws were framd, and sacred arls were found; When, after battle, I the field have seen

Desire of praise first broke the putriot's rest; Spread o'er with ghastly shapes, which once were And made a bulwark of the warrior's breast; men ;

It bids Argyll in fields and senate shine :
A nation crush'd, a nation of the brave !

What mure can prove its origin divine?
A realm of death! and on this side the grave! But oh! this passion planted in the sout,
Are there, said I, who from this sad survey, On eagle's wings to mount her to the pole,
This human chaos, carry smiles away?

The flaming minister of virtue meant,
How did my heart with indignation rise !

Set up false gods, and wrong'd her high descent, How honest nature swell'd into my eyes !

Ambition, hence, exerts a doubtful force, How was I shock'd to think the hero's trade Of blots, and beauties, an alternate source ; Of such materials, fame and triumph, made !

Hence Gildon rails, that raven of the pit, How guilty these! Yet not less guilty they, Who thrives upon the carcases of wit; Who reach false glory by a sinoother way; And in art-loving Scarborough is seen Who wrap destruction up in gentle words,

How kind a paitern Pollia might have been. And bows, and smiles, more fatal than their swords; Pursuit of fame with pedants fills our schools, Who stile nature, and subsist on art;

And into corcombs burnishes our fools; Who coin the face, and petrify the heart;

Pursuit of fame inakes solid learning bright, All real kindness for the show discard,

And Newton lifts above a mortal height; As marble polish'd, and as marble hard ;

That key of Nature, by whose wit sbe clears Who do for gold what Christians do through grace, Her long, long secrets of five thousand years. “ With open arms their enemies embrace;">

Would you then fully comprehend the whole, Who give a nod when broken hearts repine; Why, and in wbat degrees, pride sways the soul !

The thinnest food on which a wretch càn dine:” (For, though in all, not equally she reigns) Or, if they serve you, serve you disinclin'd, Awake to knowledge, and attend my strains. And, in their height of kindness, are unkind.

Ye doctors ! hear the doctrine I disclose,
Such courtiers were, and such again may be, As true, as if 't were writ in dullest prose;
Walpole, when men forget to copy thee.

As if a letter'd dunce had said, “'Tis right,
Here cease, my Muse! the catalogue is writ; And imprimatur usher'd it to light.
Nor one more candidate for fame admit,

Ambition, in the truly noble mind,
Though disappointed thousands justly blame With Sister virtue is for ever join'd;
Thy partial pen, and boast an equal claim: As in fam'd Lucrece, who,' with equal dread,
Be this their comfort, fools, omitted here,

From guilt and shame, by her last conduct, fled, May furnish laughter for another year.

Her virtue long rebelld in firm disdain, Then let Crispino, who was ne'er refus'd

And the sword pointed at her heart in vain ; The justice yet of being well abus'd,

But, when the slave was threaten’d to be laid With patience wait; and be content to reign Dead by her side, her Love of Fame obey'd. The pink of puppies in some future strain.

In meaner minds Ambition works alone; Some future strain, in which the Muse shall But with such art puts Virtue's aspect on, tell

That not more like in feature and in mien, How science dwindles, and how volumes swell. 'The God and mortal in the comic scene'.

How commentators each dark passage shun, False Julius, Ambush'd in this fair disguise, And hold their farthing candle to the Sun.

Soon made the Roman liberties his prize.
How tortur'd texts to speak our sense are made, No mask in basest minds Ambition wears,
And every vice is to the Scripture laid.

But in full light pricks up her ass's ears :
How misers squeeze a young voluptuous peer ;
Mis sins to Lucifer not balf so dear.


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All I have sung are instances of this,
And prove my theme unfolded not ansiss.

Ye vain! desist from your erroneous strife;

Be wise, and quit the false sublime of life.
The true ambition there alone resides,
Where justice vindicates, and wisdorn guides;
Where inward dignity joins outward state ;

HIS MAJESTY'S ROYAL ENCOURAGEMENT Our purpose good, as our achievement great;

Where public blessings public praise attend ;
Where glory is our motive, not our end.

Wouldst thou be fanı'd? Have those high deeds

in view
Brave men would act, though scandal should ensue.
Behold a prince! whom no swola thoughts in-

No pride of thrones, no fever after fame :
But when the welfare of mankind inspires,
And death in view to dear-bought glory fires,

I THINK myself obliged to recommend to you a Proud conquests then, then regal pomps delight;

consideration of the greatest importance; and I Then crowns, then triumphs, sparkle in his sight;

should look upon it as a great happiness, if, at the Tumult and noise are dear, which with them bring laid of so great and necessary a work, as the in

beginning of my reign, I could see the foundation His people's blessings to their ardent king : But, when those great heroic motives cease,

crease and encouragement of our seamen in general; His swelling soul subsides to native peace ;

that they may be invited, rather than compelled From tedious grandeur's faded charms withdraws, by force and violence, to enter into the service of A sudden foe to splendour and applause ;

their country, as oft as occasion shall require it: Greatly deferring his arrears of fame,

a consideration worthy the representatives of a Till men and angels jointly shout his name.

people great and flourishing in trade and navigation. O pride celestial! which can pride disdain ;

This leads me to mention to you the case of GreenO blest ambition! which can ne'er be vain.

wich Hospital, that care may be taken, by some From one fam'd Alpine hill, which props the sky, effectual that charitable provision for the support

addition to that fund, to render comfortable and In whose deep womb unfathom'd waters lie, Here burst the Rhone and sounding Po; there shine, and maintenance of our seamen, worn out, and beIn infant rills, the Danube and the Rhine;

come decrepit by age and infirmities, in the service From the rich store one fruitful urn supplies,

of their country. (Speech, Jan. 27, 1727-8.) Whole kingdoms smile, a thousand harvests rise.

In Brunswick such a source the Muse adores, Which public blessings through half Europe pours.

TO THE KING. When his heart burns with such a godlike aim,

OLD Ocean's praise Angels and George are rivals for the fame;

Demands my lays ; George, who in foes can soft affections raise,

A truly-British theme I sing; And charm envenom'd satire into praise.

A theme so great Nor human rage alone his power perceives,

I dare complete,
But the inad winds, and the tumultuous wavesa.

And join with Ocean, Ocean's king.
E'en storms (Death's fiercest ministers !) forbear,
And, in their own wild empire, learn to spare.

To gods and kings
Thus, Nature's self, supporting man's decree,

The poet sings;
Styles Britain's sovereign, sovereign of the sea. To kings and gods the Muse is dear ;
While sea and air, great Brunswick! shook our

The Muse inspires

With all her fires ; And sported with a king's and kingdom's fate,

Begin, my soul! thy bold career. Depriv'd of what she lov'd, and press'd by fear

From awful state, Of ever losing what she held most dear,

From high debate, How did Britannia, like Achilles, weep,

From morning-splendours of a crown, And tell her sorrows to the kindred deep!

From homage paid, Hang o'er the foods, and, in devotion warm,

From empires weigh'd,
Strive, for thee, with the surge, and fight the From plans of blessings and renown ;

Great monarch! bow
What felt thy Walpole, pilot of the realm !
Our Palinurus slept not at the helm ;

Thy beaming brow ;
His eye ne'er clos'd; long since inur'd to wake,

To thee I strike the sounding lyre, And out-watch every star fur Brunswick's sake :

With proud design By thwarting passions tost, by cares opprest,

In verse to shine;

To rival Greek and Romau fire.
He found the tempest pictur'd in his breast :
Put, now, what joys that gloom of heart dispel,

The Roman ode
No powers of language-but his own, can tell ; Majestic Aow'd ;
His which Nature and the Graces form, Its stream divinely clear and strong;
At will, to raise, or hush the civil storm.

In sense, anil sound,

Thebes rollid profound; ? The king in danger by sea.

The torrent roar'd, and foain'd along,




Let Thebes, nor Rome,

Jore mark'd for man So fam’d, presume

A scanty span, To triumph o'er a Northern Isle ;

But lent himn wings to fly his doom : Late Time shall know

Wit scorns the

grave; The North can glow,

To wit he gave If dread Augustus veign to smile.

The life of gods! immortal bloom! The work is done!

Since years will ny, The distant Sun

And pleasures die, His smile supplies! cxalts my voice!

Day after day, as years advance ; Through Earth's wide bound

Since, while life lasts, Shall George resound,

Joy suffers blasts, My theme, by duty, and by choice.

Frown, frowning Pate, and fickle Chance! The naval crown

Nor life is long; Is all his own!

But soon we throng, Our Acet, if war or commerce call,

Like autumn leaves, Death's pallid shore; His will performs

We make, at least, Through waves and storms,

Of lad the best, And rides in triumph round i he ball.

If in life's phantomn, fame, we soar. Since then the main

Our strains divide Sublimes my strain,

The laurel's pride; To whom should I address my song?

With those we lift to life, we live; To whom but thce?

By fame enrollid The boundless sea,

With heroes bold, And grateful Muse, to George belong.

And share the blessings which we give. Hail, mighty theme!

What hero's praise Rich mine of fame!

Can fire my lays, If gods invok d extend their aid;

Like bis, with whom my lay begun? Haul, subject now!

“ Justice sincere, As Britain's due

And courage clear, Reserv'd by the Pierian maid.

Rise the two columns of his throne. Durst Homer's Muse,

• How forin'd for sway! Or Pindar's, choose

Who look, obey ; To pour the billows on his string?

They read the monarch in his port. No, both defrand

Their love and awe The tuneful gol;

Supply the law; Scarce more sublime, when Jove they sing.

And his own lustre makes the court; No foriner race,

" But shines supreme, With strong embrace,

Where heroes flame; This theme to ravish durst aspire;

In war's bigh-hearted pump he prides! With virgin charms

By godlike arts My soul it warms,

Enthron'd in hearts, And melts melodious on my lyre.

Our bosum-lord o'er wills presides." Now low, now high,

Or factions end ! My fingers fly,

The nations bend ! Now pause, and now fresh music spring;

For when Britannia's sons, combin'd Now dance, now creep,

In fair array, Now dire, now sweep,

All march one way; And fetch the sound from every string.

They marchi the terrvur of mankind. Now numbers rise,

If equal all Like virgin's sigbs;

Who tread the ball, The soft Favonians melt away;

Our bonnded prospect, here, would end; As from the north

But herves prove Now rushes forth

As steps to Jove, A blast, that thunders in my lay.

By which our thoughts, with ease, ascend.

From what we view My lays I file lith curious toil;

We take the clue, Ye Craces! turn the glowing lines;

Which leads from great to greater things;

Men doubt no more,
Onanvils eat
Your strokes repeat;

But gods adore,
At e ery stroke the work resines !

When such resemblance shines in kings. How music charms!

On yonder height, How more varms!

What golden light Parent of actions good and brave!

Triumphant shines, and shines alone? J!ox vice it tamis!

Unrivall'd blaze ! And werth india mes!

The nations gaze! And holds proud empire v'er the grave!

'Tis not the Sun, 'tis Britain's throne.

Our monarch, there,

Attigerint, quantas acies stragemque ciebunt ! Reard high in air,

Qui Juvenes ! quantas ostentant, aspice, vires. Should tempests rise, disdains to bend;

Ne, pueri! ne tanta animis assuescite bella. Like British oak,

Tuque prior, tu parce, genus qui ducis Olympo, Derides the stroke;'

Sidereo flagrans clypeo, et cælestibus armis, His blooming honours far extend !

Projice tela manu, sanguis meus! Beneath them ljes,

Nec te ullæ facies, non terruit ispe Typhorus With lifted eyes,

Arduus, arma tenens; nonte Messapas et Ufens,

VIRG. Fair Albion, like an amorous maid ;

Contemptorque Deûm Mezentius. While interest wings

But to return. He that has this idea of perfecBuld foreign kings

tion in the work he undertak-s, however successful To fly, like eagles, to his shade.

he is; will yet be modest ; because to rise up to

that idea, which he proposed for his model, is alAt his proud foot The sea pour'd out,

most, if not absolutely, impossible. Immortal nourishment supplies;

These two observations account for what may

seem as strange, as it is infallibly true; I mean, Thence wealth, and state,

they show us why good writers have the lowest, and And power, and-fate,

bad writers the highest, opinion of their own perWhich Europe reads in George's eyes.

formances. They who have only a partial idea of this perfection, as their portion of ignorance or

knowledge of it is greater or less, have proportionON LYRIC POETRY.

able degrees of modesty or conceit. How imperfect soever my own composition may

Nor, though natural good understanding makes be, yet am I willing to speak a word or two, of the will the reader judge the worse, for forming to him

a tolerably just judgment in things of this nature, nature of lyric poetry; to show that I have, at

self a notion of what he ought to expect from the least, some idea of perfection in that kind of poem in which I am engaged ; and that I do not think piece he has in hand, before he begins his perusalof it. myself poet enough entirely to rely on inspiration is more spiritous, and more remote from prose

The Ode, as it is the eldest kind of poetry, so it for success in it.

To our having, or not having, this idea of perfec- than any other, in sense, sound, expression, and con. tion in the poem we undertake, is chiefly owing the and moral ; its numbers full, easy, and most har

Its thoughts should be uncommon, sublime, merit or demerit of our performances, as also the modesty or vanity of our opinions concerning them.

monious; its expression pure, strong, delicate, vet And in speaking of it I shall show how it unavoida- unaffected; and of a crious felicily beyond other bly comes to pass, that bad poets, that is, poets in poems ; its conduct should be rapturous, somewhat general, are esteemed, and really are, the most vain, abrupt, and immethodical to a vulgar eye. That the most irritable, and most ridiculous set of men apparent order, and connexion, which gives form

and life to some compositions, takes away the very upon Earth. But poetry in its own nature is cer

soul of this. Fire, elevation, and select thought, are tainly

indispensable; an humble, tame, and vulgar ode - Non hos quesitum munus in usus. Virg. is the most pitiful errour a pen can commit. He that has an idea of perfection in the work he

Musa dedit Fidibus divos, puerosque deorum. undertakes may fail in it; he that has not, must : and yet he will be vain. For every little degree

And as its subjects are sublime, its writer's genius of beauty, how short or improper soever, will be should be so too; otherwise it becomes the meanest looked on fondly by him ; because it is all pure thing in writing, viz. an involuntary burlesque. gains, and inore than he promised to himself; and

It is the genuine character, and true merit of the because he has no test, or standard in his judgment, ode, a little to startle some apprehensions. Men with which to chastise his opinion of it.

of cold complexions are very apt to mistake a want Now this idea of perfection is, in poetry, more

of vigour in their imaginations, for a delicacy of taste refined than in other kinds of writing; and because in their judgments; and, like persons of a terder more refined, therefore more dificult; and because sight, they look on bright objects, in their natural more difficult, therefore more rarely attained ; and lustre, as too glaring; what is most delightful to a the non-attainment of it is, as I have said, the stronger eve, is painful to them.

Tbus Pincar, source of our vanity. Hence the poetic clan are

who has as much logic at the bottom as Aristotle more obnoxious to vanity than others. And from va

or Euclid, to some critics has appeared as niad; nity consequently flows that great sensibility of dis- and must appear so to all who enjoy no portion of respect, that quick resentment, that tinder of the his own divine spirit. Dwarf-understandings, meamind that kindles at every spark, and justly marks suring others by their own standard, are apt to them out for the genus irritabile among man

think they see a monster, when they see a man. kind. And from this combustible temper, this se

And indeed it seems to be the amends which Na. rious anger for no very serious things, things looked

ture makes to those whom she has not blessed with on by most as foreign to the important points of an elevation of mind, to indulge them in the comlife, as consequentially fous that inheritance of fortable mistake, that all is wrong, which falls not ridicule, which devolves on thein, from generation within the narrow limits of their own comprehen. to generation. As soon as they beconie authors, sions and relish. they become like Ben Jonson's angry boy, and

Judgment, indeed, that masculine power of the learn the art of quarrel.

mind, in ode, as in all compositions, should bcar Concordes animadum nocte premuntur;

the supreme swav; ani a beautiful imagination, Heu! quantum inter se bellum, si luona vitæ

as its mistress, should be subdued to its dominion

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