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variance with the sense of wh gnant to the ear of cultivated
ND FALLING INFLECTIONS, OR SI
imple inflections, -the upwa
SIMPLE RISING AND FALLING INELE DEFINITIONS. Inflection, as a ter tion, signifies the inclining, or slidi either upward or downward. I I
There are two simple inflections. rising, usually denoted by the acute acce downward, or falling, marked with the cent 0.
The former occurs in the tone of a question w
"Is it a difficult affair ?"_" Yès.”
Note 1. In the tones of strong emotion, the rising
descends to one very low. The space traversed by the voice, in such cases, is sometimes a 'third,' sometimes a 'fifth,' and sometimes an "octave,' according to the intensity of emotion.
Example 1. [The tone of indignant surprise, heightened by question and contrast]:"Shall we in your person crówn the author of the public calamities, or shall we destroy him?”. 2. “Hark!-a deep sound strikes like a rising
knell." [Earnest, agitated inquiry]:-"Did you not héarit?" (Careless and contemptuous answer) :-"No! 'twas
but the wind, Or the car rattling o'er the stony street.” 3. [Excessive impatience] :-"Must I endure all
this?" Derisive and scornful repetition):-"All this?" (Emphatic assertion) :-"Ay, mòre."
Note 2. In unempassioned language, on the contrary, the tone being comparatively moderate, the inflections rise and fall but slightly.
The following examples, in which this diminution of inflection takes place, are so arranged that the inflections are to be reduced by successive stages, till they lose entirely the point and acuteness of the tone of question, from which they are supposed to commence, and are, at last, brought down nearly to the comparative level which they acquire in conversational expression,—the form in which they are oftenest employed in a chaste and natural style of reading.
Example 1. Interrogation, when not emphatic, thus, “Shall I speak to him?”
2. Contrast, when not accompanied by emotion : " They fought not for fáme but freedom.”
3. The expression of a condition or a supposition : “If we would be truly happy, we must be actively useful." “ Your enemies may be formidable by their number and their power. But He who is with you is mightier than they.”
4. Comparison and correspondence: “As the beauty
body always accompanies the health of behaviour a concomitant to virtue
rion: "He shook the fragment of
of the body always ac
And shouted, Victory!"
uance of thought, or incomplete
pproach us; let us not conclude that unless we use the necessary precautions a
secure, unless we use the nece
When the double inflection thus produced, terminates
These inflections occur in the following passage ironical expression,-deriding the idea that Cæsar" entitled to the credit of humane feeling, because could not pass the Rubicon without a pause of mii giving: “ Ôh! but he păused upon the brink!”
marked thus (-). This tone belongs to emotions arising from sublimity and grandeur. It characterizes, also, the extremes of amazement and horror.
“ High on a throne of royal state, that far
RULES ON THE FALLING INFLECTION. Rule I. Forcible expression requires the falling inflection, as in the following instances of energetic emotion : earnest calling or shouting, abrupt and vehement exclamation, imperious or energetic command, indignant or reproachful address, challenge and defiance, swearing and adjuration, imprecation, accusation,-assertion, affirmation, or declaration,-assurance, threatening, warning, denial, contradiction, refusal,-appeal, remonstrance, and expostulation, earnest intreaty, exhortation, earnest or animated invitation, temperate command, admiration, adoration.
Examples. Calling and shouting: “Awake! arise ! or be for
ever fallen!" Abrupt exclamation: “ To drms! they come !-the
Greek, the Greek!” Imperious command: “Hènce! hòme, you idle
creatures, get you hòme !” Indignant address : “You blocks, you stones, you
worse than senseless things”— Challenge and defiance: "I dàre him to his proofs.” Swearing and adjuration: “By all the blood that
fury ever breathed, The youth says well.”
* Farther examples of this inflection occur under the Rules on Monotone.
“I do beseech you,
Set me against Aufidius and his Antiates." Imprecation: “ Accurs'd may his memory blacken,
If a coward there be that would slacken" — Accusation: “ With a foul tràitor's name stuff I thy
throat.” Assertion, affirmation, declaration: “We must fight,—I repeat it, sir,—we must fight.”
Assurance: “But whatever may be our fate, be assùred, be assured that this Declaration will stand.” Threatening: “Have mind upon your health, tempt
me no further.” Warning: “Lochiel, Lochiel, beware of the day." Denial : - For Gloucester's death,
I slew him not, but, to my own disgrace,
Neglected my sworn duty in that case.” Contradiction :- Brutus. I did send to you
For certain sums of gold, which you denied me
Cas. I did not”— Refusal: “Your grace shall pàrdon me, I will not back."
Appeal: “I appeal to all who hear me, for the truth of my assertion.” Remonstrance and expostulation :
“Good reverend father, make my person yours,
Unyoke this seizure and this kind regret ?” Earnest intreaty: “Let me, upon my kneè, prevail
in this !"