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This Shane-Dymas, or John the Wanton, held the title and power of O'Neale in the earlier, part of Elizabeth's reign, against whom he rebelled repeatedly.
‘This chieftain is handed down to us as the most proud and profligate man on earth. He was immoderately addicted to women and wine. He is said to have had 200 tuns of wine at once in his cellar at Dandram, but usquebaugh was his favourite liquor. He spared neither age nor condition of the fair sex. Altho' so illiterate that he could not write, he was not destitute of address; his understanding was strong, and his courage daring. He had 600 men for his guard : 4ooofoot, 1ooo horse for the field. He c aimed ...”. over all the lords of Ulster, and
alled himself king thereof. When com
missioners were sent to treat with him, he said, “That, tho' the Queen were his sovereign lady, he never made peace with her but at Aer lodging; that she had made a wise Earl of Macartymore, but that he kept as good a man as he that he cared not for so mean a title as Earl ; that his blood and power were better than the best: that his ancestors were Kings of Ulster; and that he would give place to none.” His kinsman, the Earl of Kildare, having persuaded him of the folly of contend. ing with the crown of England, he resolved to attend the Queen, but in a style suited to his F. dignity. He #. London with a magnificent train of Irish Galloglasses, arrayed in the richest habiliments of their country, their heads bare, their hair flowing on their shoulders, with their long and open sleeves dyed with saffron. Thus dressed and surcharged with military harness, and armed with battle-axes, they afforded an astonishing spectacle to the citizens, who regarded them as the intruders of some very distant part of the globe. But at Court his versatility now F. his title to the sovereignty of Tyrone was pleaded from English laws and Irish institutions, and his allegations were so specious, that the Queen dismissed him with presents and assurances of favour. In England this transaction was looked on as the É.i. of a repenting rebel; in Tyrone it was considered as a treaty of peace between two potentates.”—CAMDEN's Britannia, by Gough. London, 1806, fol., vol. iv. p. 442.
When reduced to extremity by the English, and forsaken by his allies, this Shane-Dynas fled to Clandeboy, then occupied by a colony of Scottish Highlanders of the family of MacDonell. He was at first courteously received; but by degrees they began to quarrel about the slaughter of some of their friends whom Shane-Dymas had put to death, and advancing from words to deeds, fell upon him with their broadswords, and cut him to pieces. After
his death a law was made that none should
resume to take the name and title of 'Neale.
Geraldine.— P. 347.
The O'Neales were closely allied with this powerful and warlike family; , for . Henry Owen O'Neale married the daughter of Thomas Earl of Kildare, and their son ConMore married his cousin german, a daughter of Gerald Earl of Kildare. This Con-More cursed any of his posterity who should learn the English language, sow corn, or build houses, so as to invite the English to settle in their count Others ascribe this anathema to his son Con-Bacco. Fearflatha O'Gnive, bard to the O'Neales of Clannaboy, complains in the same spirit of the towers and ramparts with which the strangers had disfigured the fair sporting fields of Erin.—See WALKER's Irish Bards, p. 140.
He chose that honour'd flag to bear.
—P. 347. Lacy informs us, in the old play already quoted, how the cavalry raised by the country gentlemen for Charles's service were usually officered. “You, cornet, have a name that's proper for all cornets to be called by, for they are all beardless boys in our army. The most part of our horse were raised thus:— The honest country gentleman raises the troop at his own charge; É. he gets a Low-country lieutenant to fight his troop safely; then he sends for his son from school to be his cornet: and then he puts off his child's coat to put on a buff-coat: and this is the constitution of our army.'
Originally, the order of chivalry embraced three ranks–1, the Page; 2, the Squire; i. the Knight;-a gradation which seems to have been imitated in the mystery of freemasonry. But, before the reign of Charles I, the custom of serving as a squire had fallen into disuse, though the order of the page was still, to a certain degree, in observânce. This state of servitude was so far from inferring anything degrading, that it was considered as the regular school for acquiring every quality necessary for future distinction. The proper nature, and the decay of the institution, are pointed out by old Ben Jonson, with his own forcible moras colouring. The dialogue occurs between Lovell, ‘a compleat fo soldier, and a scholar, known to iave been page to the old Lord Beaufort, and so to have followed him in the French wars, after companion of his studies, and left guar. dian to his son,' and the facetious Goodstock, host of the fight Heart. Lovel had offered to take Goodstock's son for his page, which the latter, in reference to the recent abuse of the joini declares as ‘a desperate course of life':— assumed circumstances of chivalry; or, as in the Hunting of the Hare (see weber's Metrical Romances, vol. iii), persons of the same description following the chase, with all, the grievous mistakes and blunders incident to such unpractised sportsmen. The idea, therefore, of Don Quixote's frenzy, although inimitably embodied and brought out, was not, perhaps, in the abstract, altogether original. One of the very best of these mock romances, and which has no small portion of comic humour, is the Hunting of the Felon Sow of Rokeby, by the Friars of Richmond. Ralph Rokeby, who (for the jest's sake apparently) bestowed this intractable animal on the convent of Richmond, seems to have flourished in the time of Henry VII, which, since, we know not the date of Friar Theobald's wardenship, to which the poem refers us, may indicate that of the composition itself. Morton, the Mortham of the text, is mentioned as being this facetious baron's place of residence; accordingly, Leland notices, that ‘Mr. Rokeby hath a place called Mortham, a little beneath Grentey-bridge, almost on the mouth of Grentey." That no information may be lacking which is in my power to sup § I have to notice, that the Mistress Rokeby of the romance, who so charitably refreshed the sow after she had discomfited Friar Middleton and his auxiliaries, was, as appears from the pedigree of the Rokeby only daughter and heir of Danby of Yaf. ort.
• Lovell. Call you that desperate, which by a line # Of institution, from our ancestors Hath been derived down to us, and received In a succession, for the noblest way Of breeding up our youth, in letters, arms, Fair mien, discourses, civil exercise, And all the blazon of a gentleman? Where can he learn to vault, to ride, to fence, To move his body gracefully; to speak His language purer; or to tune his mind, Or manners, more to the harmony of nature, Than in the nurseries of nobilit Host. Ay, that was when § noble, And only virtue made it, not the market, That titles were not vented at the drum, Or common outcry. Goodness gave the greatness, And greatness worship: every house became An academy of honour; and those parts We see departed, in the practice, now, Quite from the institution. Lowell. Why do you say so? Or think so enviously? Do they not still Learn there the Centaur's skill, the art of Thrace, To ride? or, Pollux’ mystery, to fence? The Pyrrhic gestures, both to dance and spring In armour, to be active in the wars? to . figures, numbers, and proportions, May yield them great in counsels, and the arts Grave Nestor and the wise Ulysses practised? To make their English sweet upon their tongue, As reverend Chaucer says? Host. Sir, you mistake; To play Sir Pandarus, my copy hath it, Äää carry messages to Madame Cressida; Instead of backing the brave steed o' mornings, To court the chambermaid; and for a leap O' the vaulting horse, to ply the vaulting house: For exercise of arms, a bale of dice, Or two or three packs of cards to show the cheat, And nimbleness of hand; mistake a cloak Upon my lord's back, and pawn it; ease his pocket Of a superfluous watch; or geld a jewel Of an odd stone or so ; twinge two or three buttons From off my lady's gown: These are the arts Or seven liberal deadly sciences Of pagery, or rather paganism, As the tides run; to which if he apply him, He may perhaps take a degree at Ho! Yurn, A year the earlier; come to take a lecture Upon Aquinas at St. Thomas a Watering's, And so go forth a laureat in hemp circle i' BEN JONSON's New Inn, Act I. Scene III.
1 Lisle. 2 Temp. Edw. 2di. 3 Temp. Edw. 3tii.
4 Temp. Henr. 7mi, and from him is the house of Skyers, of a fourth brother.
5. From him is the house of Hotham, and of the second brother that had issue.
“There is somewhat more to be found in our family in the Scottish history about theaffairs of Dun-Bretton town, but what it is, and in what time, I know not, nor can have convenient leisure to search. But Parson Blackwood, the Scottish chaplain to the Lord of Shrewsbury, recited to me once a piece of a Scottish song, wherein was mentioned, that William Wallis, the great deliverer of the Scots from the English bondage, should, at Dun-Bretton, have been brought up under a Rokeby, captain then of the place; and as he walked on a cliff, should thrust him on a sudden into the sea, and thereby have gotten that hold, which, I think, was about the 33rd of Edward I, or before. Thus, leaving ourancestors of record, we must also with them leave the Chronicle of Malmesbury Abbey, called Eulogium Historiarum, out of which Mr. I.: reporteth this history, and coppy down unwritten story, the which have yet the testimony of later times, and the fresh memory of men
yet alive, for their warrant and creditt, of whom I have learned it, that in K. Henry the 7th's reign, one op Rokeby, Esq. was owner of Morton, and I guess that this was he that deceived the fryars of Richmond with his felon swine, on which a jargon was made.”
The above is a quotation from a manuscript written by Ralph Rokeby; when he lived is uncertain.
To what metrical Scottish tradition Parson Blackwood alluded, it would be now in vain to inquire. But in Blind Harry's History of Sir William Wallace, we find a legend of one Rukbie, whom he makes keeper of Stirlin Castle under the English usurpation, j whom Wallace slays with his own hand :
“In the great press Wallace and Rukbie met, With his good sword a stroke upon him set; Derfly to death the old Rukbie he drave, But his two sons escaped among the lave."
These sons, according to the romantic Minstrel, surrendered the castle on conditions, and went back to England, but returned to Scotland in the days of Bruce, when one of them became again keeper of Stirling Castle. Immediately after this achievement follows another engagement, between Wallace and those Western Highlanders who embraced the English interest, at a pass in Glendouchart, where many were precipitated into the lake over a precipice. These circumstances may have been confused in the narrative of Parson Blackwood, or in the recollection of Mr. Rokeby.
In the § ballad of Chevy Chase, there is mentioned, among the English warriors, ‘Sir Raff the ryche Rugbe,” which may apply to Sir Ralph Rokeby, the tenth baron in the
edigree. The more modern copy of the
allad runs thus:—
“Good Sir Ralph Raby ther was slain. Whose prowess did surmount.
This would rather seem to relate to one of the Nevilles of Raby. But, as the whole ballad is romantic, accuracy is not to be looked for.
This curious m was first published in Mr. Whitaker's History of Craven, but, from an inaccurate manuscript, not corrected very o: It was transferred by Mr. Evans to the new edition of his Ballads, with some well-judged conjectural improvements. I have been induced to give a more authentic and full, though still an imperfect, edition of this, humorsome composition, from being furnished with a copy from a manuscript in the possession of Mr. Rokeby, to whom I have acknowledged my obligations in the last note. It has three or four stanzas more than that of Mr. Whitaker, and the language seeins, where they differ, to have the more ancient and genuine readings.
The FELON SOW OF ROKEBY AND The FRIARS OF RICHMOND.
Ye men that will of aunters 1 winne,
1 Both the MS. and Mr. Whitaker's copy read ancestors, evidently a corruption of aunters, adv.cntures, as corrected by Mr. Evans. 2 Sow, according to provincial pronunciation. 3 So ; Yorkshire dialect. * Fele, many; Sax. b A corruption of gree//, to kill.
She was mare 1 than other three,
Her walk was endlong 4 Greta side;
Ralph of Rokeby, with good will,
With him tooke he wicht men two,
These three men went at God's will,
She was so grisely for to meete,
These men of aunters that was so wight 15,
The sew was in the kiln hole down,
Durst noe man neigh her with his hand,
1 More, greater. 2 Went. 3 Alive. 4 Along the side of Greta. * Barn, child, man in general. 6 From. 7 To 8 Make. 9 Since.
10 Fierce as a bear. Mr. Whitaker's copy reads. perhaps in consequence of mistaking the MS., “T'other was Bryan of Bear.'
11 Need were. Mr. Whitaker reads musters.
# §3. 1* A fierce countenance or manner.
13 Wight, brave. The Rokeby MS. reads frtcounters, and Mr. Whitaker auntcestors.
15 Boldly. 17. On the beam above.
13 To prevent. 1? Assaulted. 20 Rope.
21 Watling Street. See the sequel.