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governor of the universe, and had thereby sinned against heaven, as well as in his sight. (Luke xv. 18.) Immediately preceding those sufferings which terminated the spotless life of Jesus, we find him thus addressing his Almighty FatherFather, the hour is come, glorify thy Son, that thy Son also may glorify Thee. (John xvii. 1.) Although every human being has in some instance dishonoured Thee, their great and good Creator, for all have sinned and fallen short of thy glory, (Romans iii. 23,) I have exemplified unto the heavenly hierarchies, by my assumption of this feeble nature, that it is endued with an energy that has resisted all the allurements of its great deceiver, and portrayed a perfect pattern of unblemished virtue. (Heb. ii. 10.) Now, O my Father, may I glorify thee by overcoming all fear of suffering, and evincing the most resigned patience and unshaken fortitude while enduring every torment which in this hour, that is delivered up unto the power of darkness, (Luke xxii. 53,) it can, through the agency of wicked and deluded men, inflict; I shall then have been tempted in all points like they have been ; (Heb. iv. 15;) and by vanquishing the great infernal chieftain, whereinsoever he has vanquished them, glorify thee on earth, and finish the work thou gavest me to do. (John xvii. 4.) By this I shall vindicate thy honour and glory; and display, as is thy intent, to the principalities and powers in heavenly places, (Eph. iii. 10,) that human nature could surmount all difficulties; and as my death is an event which the angels desire to look into,

(1 Pet. i. 12,) I shall be seen of them; (1 Tim. iii. 16;) and they shall behold the spoiling of the principalities and powers of the kingdom of darkness; for I will make a show of them openly;* (Col. ii. 15;) and demonstrate to the universe that frail and feeble human nature, as it is the work of God, can sustain every trial their utmost malice can invent, triumphing over them in it.

Thus in a nature weak as ours,
Christ clear evinced his heavenly powers,

And made a full display;
That the most frail, polluted thing,
Could glory to the Creator bring,

And every foe dismay.

Into this wonder angels pry'd,
And from their lofty 'bodes decry'd,

As was our God's intent,
That hellish fiends are held in chains,
And high o'er all Jehovah reigns,

Lord God Omnipotent.

* All the scriptural quotations just inserted will be very particularly commented on hereafter.

CHAPTER II.

Let us next consider on what rational principle so guilty and polluted a creature as man can hope to be received to the favour of an infinitely pure and perfect God. To assist our inquiry on this subject, we will suppose an earthly potentate sole governor of this world, possessed of a creative power, which he had employed by forming various orders of intelligent beings, assigning to each class different situations and occupations on the globe, of which he was proprietor ;—that one of these classes, who had been placed in a distant colony of his empire, endued with a knowledge of his will, and stimulated by the hope, if they acted agreeably to that knowledge, of being advanced to some more elevated station in his dominions, had, so far from having fulfilled the part allotted to them, wilfully and presumptuously persisted in conduct directly opposite to their Maker's dictates; had made but feeble or no attempts to divest themselves of those frailties which had been permitted to attach to their nature, for the purpose of constituting a state of trial ; had, instead of refusing to listen to the

wicked persuasives of an artful seducer, fallen an easy prey to his artifices, and become the

perpetrators of most enormous crimes. Under such circumstances, how should we conceive a wise and good sovereign would probably act towards such perverse creatures, consistent with his own honour, and the happiness of his other subjects; his estimation having been lessened in the view, or within the knowledge, of an innumerable number of them, by their behaviour: for how impotent and unjust a being must he appear-impotent to have been the former of a nature that seemed utterly incapable of obeying his commands; and unjust in requiring obedience, if he knew it was unable to perform it. It therefore became necessary for his sullied reputation to be cleared, before he could pardon the offending parties. This, his benevolent regard for all his creatures made him earnestly desirous of doing. His pity was moved by considering the many difficulties which they were destined to encounter, though these tests of their virtue were appointed with the kind design of preparing them for the enjoyment of great felicity. Frequent messengers had been sent to instruct and admonish them, but their directions and reproofs they almost entirely disregarded. He, notwithstanding, felt a most compassionate concern for the unhappy situation in which they were involved, and which obliged him, in justice to himself, and the welfare of his other subjects, to testify his high displeasure at their conduct; to threaten them, if their misconduct continued, with forfeiture of all the gracious promises he had tendered; and to warn them of the dread fate which ultimately awaited themtotal exclusion from his favour, and everlasting banishment from his presence.

This impending ruin they appeared in imminent danger of incurring, for their hearts were become callous, and almost insensible to amiable affections; and the very recollection of those virtuous precepts that had been originally imparted to them seemed nearly lost amidst the prevalence of vice and evil example.

Now, we cannot reasonably suppose that a most merciful being, who felt a parent's affection for his people, would pass his final sentence on them, without having previous recourse to every expedient hitherto left untried for endeavouring to reclaim them from such a state of depravity and danger; without sending them the fullest and most express declaration of his will, and kind intentions respecting them. And he looked, but there was none to help; and he wondered that there was none to uphold ; therefore his own arm brought salvation unto him. (Isa. lxiii. 5.) For he was blest with a beloved son, with whom he lived in perfect love, whose sentiments were one; this son, well knowing his father's wishes, being zealous for his honour, and benevolently bent upon endeavouring to restore this culpable race unto his favour, did himself consent to undertake the difficult and hazardous attempt of trying to effect their reformation. For this purpose he made an embassage unto them, enshrined

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