these men will never be forth-coming; and, exacerbation, before this, was that which we have been told the like twenty times seized the country a few months before the during the last twenty years. In every in-. battle of Marengo; but, though it has not stance, however, we have been told false- yet broken out so authentically as it did hoods, and so, I am convinced, we are now. then, I think that the present exacerbation

-The fate of Napoleon, and of conti- is full as strong:- That the notions and mental Europe, depends upon the French writings, of which I have been speaking, people ; and I am very glad that he is com- do proceed from real mental malady, and pelled to confess thiş. While they remain that the parties entertaining or uttering attached to him, he has little to fear. The them are bona fide mad, or, more politely resources which he finds in their soil, their speaking, affected with mental delirium, is, industry, and, above all, in their love of I think, pretty well proved by the fact, glory, are greater than all the other powers that the malady here, as in the cases of inof the continent possess. While the French dividuals, unhappily afilicted with high people remain, as they now appear to be, delirium, are to be quieted only by coercive animated with his soul, he has nothing to means, vulgarly called beating. The high fear: his ambition may receive checks; he delirium of 1792 and 1793 was totally may meet with difficulties and mortifica- cured the next years by the campaigns of tion; -but, he will lose very little of the the French in Flanders, Holland, and Gerpower that he now possesses.- --Never- many. The Helder war operated as a great theless, he must now, one would suppose, composer; and, the battle of Marengo acbe in a state that would induce him to listen tually effected a cure, which, though temto moderate terms of peace; an advantage porary, was, at least, a proof of the truth to us, resulting from bis reverses, which of the position for which I am contending: our hired writers never even allude to; that this species of delirium is, like that nay, the fairer that the occasion for offering of individuals, quieted by beating.---To terms of peace become, the farther do they effect the counter-revolution obviously conseem to be from wishing for such offers to templated by these writers, the human be made. They represent him as humbled mind must travel backwards three centuin the dust ; as trembling for the daily ex- ries; and, they may be assured, that, great istence of his power; as reduced to the ut- as may be the merit of the old dynasties, most extremity; and, instead of recom- the human mind is going to perform no mending this as the moment to offer terms such movement. France, and, indeed, the of peace, they cry out for war, war, war, greater part of Europe, is in the hands of until peace can be attained by “marching new possessors ; fame, power, property,

over his corpse.". In short, their view respect, reverence, have changed owners. of the matter is this: that peace ought The change, too, has been from the feeble never to be sought for, till what they call to the vigorously minded; and, do the silly “the legitimate sovereigns of Europe are inen, who live by selling their columns of “ restored;" or, iu other words, till Hol lies and trash in London, imagine, that land be in the hands of the Stadtholder; there is to be a change back again, because Hanover in those of its former Elector; those who purchase those lies and that trash Naples in those of its former King; the shake in their shoes lest the same change States of the Church and the rest of Italy should come hither? -But, suppose it in those of the Pope and its former King, possible to effect such a chauge as these Duke, and Princes; Spain in those of Fer- wise-acres contemplate, of what use would dinand; and France itself in those of the it be to us? To make France weaker Bourbons. This is their view of the ques- Better tell her so. It is not, however, netion of peace. Without such a counter- cessary, for there is not a man in France revolution, they think, or, at least, they who does not know, that it is with that say, that England cannot make peace with view that her enemies wish for a countersafely. To entertain such an idea, really revolution.- -This is the real object wishseems to argue a state of mind that calls, ed, but there is also another, which is that raves aloud for a straight waistcoat. now-and-then avowed; namely, to put a But, these fils, or, more politely speaking, total stop to the progress of revolutionary paroxysms, or, still more politely speaking, principles; to extinguish for ever the hopes ** exacerbations," have visited this coun- of those who are charged with wishing for try for the last twenty years, upon every a change in England. Now, how false occasion when the Freoch have met with a must be the hearts of those men who wish reverse in the war. The most remarkable for the fall of Napoleon upon this ground! They call him tyrant, despot, monster; / and caused so many fathers and mothers they say he has established a military des- to be flogged, for the transgressions of potism in France; they assert, that the their children. We might then hear, people of France lament the change from with our own ears, the reasons of the comthe sway of the Bourbons; they swear, that, non people for lamenting that the privilege from ove end to the other of France, the of being commissioned officers in the army name of Napoleon is execrated; and, that and navy is no longer confined exclusively were it not for the army, his power would to the Aristocracy; we might then hear not last a day.---Now, if this he true, the farmer's reasons for lamenting that he what has the Government, what has the is no longer called upon

for a tenth-part of established order of things in England to his produce; we might hear why it is that fear from the example of France. If all the people of Brittany sigh for the return this be true; if it be all notorious, as it is of that order of things, when the little assumed to be; or, if it be capable of Seigneurs left them not even their newproof, what danger is there, that the peo- married wives to call their own, and when, ple of England, and especially the lovers of under the title of droit de baisé de mariées, liberly, will receive encouragement from they exacted from each bridegroom a fine, the example of France ? If these accusa- in the way of composition for abstaining tions against Napoleon and his government from the first possession of his bride. he well-founded; or, if the accusers be We might, I say, hear with our own ears, sincere in their accusations, what can they the reasons of the people of France for ladesire better than the example of France as meuting the loss of the old government ; a warning to England ? If they be sincere and, therefore, if these accusers of the goin their accusations, nothing but a wonder-vernment of Buonaparté were sincere in ful stretch of philanthropy can possibly in their accusations, they would wish for noduce them to wish for any change of things thing so ardently as peace. --The Times in France ; for, if revolution be really at- news-paper, which, some few weeks ago, tended with all the horrors ascribed to the abused the whole French nation, now calls government of Napoleon, who can believe, for a Declaration on our part of our view that the people of England are to be pre-in the war. Very good. Let us have that vailed upon to enter upon such a revolu- declaration; we shall then know for what tion? Those, therefore, who wish to sup- the war is to be continued ; and the people port the present system of things in Eng- of France and of all the world will know land, ought, one would think, to wish for it too. There is nothing that I'should like the prolongation of the present system of better than to see such a Declaration just things in France. -But, the truth is, at this time; because, if our views were that these writers are not sincere. They. moderate ; if we had no wild scheme about produce no proof of the truth of what they deliverance, if we spoke in the language of say respecting Napoleon's government; peace, I have no doubt that peace we and they do not themselves believe that should have.- -But, if our language were which they assert on the subject. If they high ; if we insisted upon the restoration were sincere, they ought to wish for a of Holland, Hanover, and the like, the peace, that Englishmen night go, and Declaration would assuredly do harm. with their own eyes, convince themselves In short, it appears to me, that we may, of the truth of what now rests on bare as- if we will, now have peace upon safe and sertion. Peace (which Napoleon has 80 honourable terms; and, if we miss this often tendered us) would enable us to go, opportunity, we may never have another. and satisfy ourselves of the miseries which The ministers have now the means of putthe French people have brought on their ting down their rivals for many years to country by the change in their government. come, and, amongst the advantages of Peace, one would think, would be worth peace, that, perhaps, would not be the making, were'it only to effect this purpose. least ; for, of all the factions that. I ever We might go, and come back loaded with heard of, that of the present Whigs is certhe proofs of what now rests upon the bare tainly the worst; the most corrupt, the word of notorious dealers in falsehood. most greedy, and the most hostile to the We might publish in detail the fatal con- people's rights. sequences of the abolition of Tithes and feudal rights, of the corvée, the gabelle, and PRICE OF PORTER.- -The general com the game-laws, which two latter sent so plaint of things being dear, and especially many thousands of people to the galleys, the complaints of the rise in the price of Porier, require some observation.- - This Is. a week, and now he has 15s. He is, beverage was sold not a great many years indeed, paid in paper; but, then, the ago, and, indeed, until the war against wheat is purchased in paper also.-In the Republicans of France, at three-pence short, all goes on together rising in price, half-penny the pot : it is now to be sixpence and nobody visibly suffers from the rise, the pot. The rise has been called unrea- except persons of fixed incomes. The sonable ; some have called it extortion. fixed annuitant, whether his annuity arise The latter it cannot be, because no man is from the funds or from any other source, compelled to purchase it; no man is com- suffers most lamentably. If his annuity pelled to give his money for it.

-But as

was granted before the French war, he to its being unreasonable, how can it be does not now receive much more than half so called, when the brewer's expenses are as much as was intended. And, here, I wore than three times what they formerly would beg to remind parents, who prowere, while the price, even at sixpence, vide annuities for their children in the way does not amount to the double of what it of Insurance, what a losing, nay, what a formerly was. The average price of Bar- perilous, game they play. --Suppose, ley before the French war was not more for instance, a father, in 1792, laid out a than three, shillings the Bushel. The ave- sum sufficient to secure his daughter £300 rage price for years past has been seven a year in 1813, and thereafter for her life; shillings the Bushel. Hops have kept on she, in fact, will receive now only £200 rising in the same way, and the duty both of money of the same quality that he laid on malt and beer have kept pace with the out for her ; and, which is still worse, if other expenses. Rent, labour, utensils, the paper continue to depreciate, she will, have all tripled. How, then, is it pos- in another ten years, receive not £100 a sible to make beer as cheap as before the year. The thing will appear more clear, war? There is only one way, in which it if we suppose the payment of the annuity can be done, and that is, by making the to take place in wheat instead of money. pump keep pace with the Barley, Hops, — When he lodged the money which &c. This has, of course, been done ; was to secure tlie annuity to his daughter, but, things are now come to that pass, wheat, we will say, was £20 a load, and, that, if the pump is to be resorted to for of course, the annuity, when it came to be the purpose of protecting the Brewer, those paid, would have brought her 15 loads of who drink must be content with something wheat ; but, it will now, if she be paid very little stronger than water itself. in wheat, bring her only lo loads; and, It is very certain that sixpence is nearly in all human probability, if paid in wheat the double of three-pence halspenny; but, ten years hence, the annuity would not then, it must be in money of the same bring lier 5 loads. The insurance of quality ; whereas, our money has changed fices, on the contrary, drive a most profitits nature. It was, before the French war, able trade. The more the paper depregold and silver : it is now paper; and six- ciates the better it is for them. They pence in this money is not worth more can never be wrong. They are sure to than four-pence in the money which we gain. They must always pay in a money had before the war. Wheat is said to be inferior in value to that which they redear; and so it is; but, it is not so dear ceive as the consideration for the annuity. as it appears to be at first sight. It sells -When, therefore, a father is making for £50 a load, or more ; but the sale is this sort of provision for his children, he for paper; and, I state it as a fact which should reflect upon the uncertainty of what I know to be true, that, only a few weeks he is doing. If he be a true blue Antiago, wheat was sold at £22 a load, at jacobin, he will, perhaps, impute my Christ-church market, for hard cash. This opinions to disloyalty; but, he should is a high price; but it is one-third less not, because he hates the jacobins, expose than the price seems to be ; for the average his own children to starvation.- -Не price of the market, on that day, was £32 may depend upon it, that a depreciated a load in paper. Here is, at once, a suf-paper-money, like the human frame, is ficient cause for the rise in the price of doomed to inevitable extinction. It can no porter.--- It should be borne in mind, more be brought back to its original value, too, that the wages of men rise in the same than an old woman can be made young, proportion as the wheat. I can remember though my Lord Lauderdale professes to when wheat was thought dear at £12 a know how to do it. Wheat will, I load; but, then the labouring man had dare say, be £200 or 300 a load ; but, that will make no difference to either the to think of those writers, who nourish the farmer or the ploughman, since the ex- fallacious ideas respecting monopolies, compenses of the former and the wages of the binations, and the like? This they do; latter will keep due pace with the price of because they would not acknowledge the the wheat. Not so with the fired annui- truth. They encourage, too, the stupid tant. He will receive the same nominal cry against Country Banks. Just as if it sum that he now receives; and, instead of signified a straw from what house, the the price of ten Loads of wheat, he will paper issued. Just as if that which arises receive the price of only one load. from the quantity of a thing was at all asThere are other descriptions of persons be- fected by the place whence it comes. sides the fixed annuitant, who deserve The fact is, the nation feels itself ill, and consideration. I mean persons in the does not know what is the matter with it. army and the navy, and all pensioners, It is peevish and cross-grained, and ascribes who have had pensions granted them for its pains to the first thing that comes in its real services or losses. The private sol-way. In the midst of all this, however, dier and sailor have, indeed, their bread our hireling writers have the impudence and meat supplied them at fixed prices, to call for a continuation of the war upon and, as these form the, principal part of the ground,' that the enemy's resources their wants, they cannot suffer much from will soon be exhausted. What assurance the depreciation of money. But, their must they have ! What matchless efofficers, the greatest part of whose ex- frontery! When it is well known, that, penses arise from the purchase of articles not only is there no paper money in France; not supplied them by the government, that not only is specie in great abunmust experience the effect of depreciation dance, but that the very guineas which in a very serious degree. The necessary have gone from England are to be found expenses ; I am not talking of wine and chiefly in France. This reliance upon the other superfluities ; but of expenses abso- exhausting of the French finances has been lutely necessary to decent existence, must now revived after having been laid aside be, at least, one third more than they were for ten years, and, it must be confessed, at the commencement of the French war; that the time of the revival has been adand, I believe, that their pay has received mirably chosen.-The finances of France very little indeed of augmentation. The are of a solid nature. They depend not case of officers' widows and children is upon external commerce, which is subject equally hard. These persons are objects to so many fluctuations, nor upon slocks of all the compassion and kindness that we and loans. What is raised is raised in can possibly bestow ; and to what' a pit- real inoney, and every pound tells for a tance must their allowances be reduced in pound; while, on the contrary, every a short time, if the paper money continue pound of paper-money, withers in the

in value at only the same rate hand of him who holds it. It purchases that it has been diminishing during the less this year than it did last year, and next last two years ! -— These are matters year it will purchase still less. Thus it is worthy of the serious reflection of those with our Government, whose revenue inwhose business it is to take care of the na- creases in amount while it diminishes in tion's concerns. Here, in this paper the powers of purchase.

These things money, we have an enemy that is not easi- ought to engage the attention of the minisly subdued. Victories in Spain and Rus- ters, and not wild schemes of effecting the sia do not affect this enemy, the child of the deliverance of Europe. But, this is a Whigs at the latter end of the 17th cen- subject which they seem to wish to keep tury, and brought up to destructive man- out of their minds. Yet, it must come hood by Piąt and his colleagues at the close upon them at some time or other. They of the 18th century. This is an enemy must think of it, and act in it.— I know, over whom no park-and-tower-gun vic- that it is the notion of soine men, that, if .tories will be obtained. It is an enemy, we can but carry on the paper system, till too, which is always in the field, summer Napoleon be put down, we may then do and winter, night and day. If the mi- what we like ; that we shall then have nisters subdue this enemy, they will de- time for settling our affairs at home. This serve immortality ; but, if they do not, is a very weak notion; for, if we should all their other triumphs are in vain.---- not put Napoleon down in the course of To return, for a moment, to the Price of four or five years, what is then to become Porter and, of other things; what are we of us? What is then to beco.ne of those

to dimir

who receive fixed incomes. What is to) at Konigsberg, with both his legs off.become of the hundreds of thousands, whose , The Prussians have retreated from before sole dependence is on the public funds ? Riga. The Russians have entered Liebau, What will then avail us all our present and were expected at Memel. boastings about the victories of the Russians, who, to save their country, set it on fire ? -The French ruler understands

Official Information from the Armies. the nature of paper-money as well as we Dispatch from Count Palenca, daled Headdo. He has seen the rise, progress, and quarlers, Kobys, 26th Nov. fall of a paper money; and, in his estimate - By all accounts hitherto received, it apof our means, he does not omit this item. pears that the enemy continues his retreat Paper-money, while it lasts in any degree through Borissow, for which reason the of vigour, gives great power to a Govern- following preparations have been made to ment, but, it is the power of self-destruc- hinder it:-A strong advanced guard of tion; and, I do not believe that the world two corps, under General Miloradowitsch, affords an instance of any Government hav- follow close upon the enemy; Count Plaing made a free use of it, without having, toff, with 15 regiments of Cossacks, 12 batin the end, fallen by it. Whether ours talions of infantry, and soine companies of will form an exception to the rule remains artillery, has orders to keep on his right to be seen.

flank, and prevent all his attempts at foWM. COBBETT. raging; but on his right, he has Adjutant

General Kutusoff's detachment, which is Botley, 22d January, 1813,

placed under General Wittgenstein's com: mand.All these considerable corps

must necessarily beat the enemy before he OFFICIAL PAPERS.

crosses the Beresena, or at least whilst doing

it. Adiniral Tchichagoff has been requestRUSSIAN BULLETINS.

ed, after passing the river, to act against

the heads of the enemy's columns. But on From the Berlin Gazelle of Dec. 3.

the left, he has three detachments of our (Continued from page 96.) partisans, to prevent his foraging and watch again be renewed has gained ground within his motions. The main army, in the mean. these few days. It is grounded on the cir- time, continues its march strait forward to cumstance of the Prince Von Stahremberg, the town of Boresino, partly to prevent the formerly Ambassador from the Emperor of enemy from stretching to the right, and Austria to the Court of London, being sent partly because that sufficient provisions for for to this city; from which many conjec- the army are only to be procured on that tures are formed.

road. Berlin, Dec. 12.- Our Gazette contains the following: -His Majesty the Emperor From the same to the same, dated Headhas just appointed the General of Division quarters, Kalouga, Nov, 27. Dessaix, Governor of Berlin, in the place of The general plan of operations laid down the General of Division Durette, who has by the Emperor is strictly followed; Admileft this place.--His Majesty the Empe- ral Tschitschagoff, whose vanguard has ror Napoleon, who was in excellent health, totally defeated Gen. Dombrowski, arrived had his head-quarters on the 3d at Molod on the 21st, together with General Count ziezno, a small town on the ci-devant Pala- Langeron's corps, at the town of Lorissow. tinate of Wilna, between 16 and 18 miles -By a report from Count Platoff, just distant from Wilna, and 10 or 12' from come to hand, we hear that Count WittMinsk.

genstein arrived at the town of Barow on Goltenburgh, Dec. 21.--Accounts from the 25th Nov. The van-guard of the main Copenhagen, dated the 17th December, army, under General Miloradowitsch, is state, that a French courier arrived there on this day in the town of Bobt. The Costhe 15th, bringing a report of a battle sacks, under General Platoff, are at Kropfought on the 28th and 29th November, ky, and have likewise taken possession of between General Tschitchagow and Witt- some places to the left of the high road-to : genstein and the Grand Army, in which, of watch the enemy's motions. To-morrow course, it is said the French were complete the head-quarters will arrive at the town of ly victorious, taking 10,000 prisoners.- Slehwald, which lies on the road between It is also said Murat, King of Naples, was Bobt and the Beresina,


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