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that connexion between the Princess and the in 1787, upon a clear understanding, that Prince, which has, unhappily, been, for no more debts should be contracted on his some years, interrupted.

account, the nation ought not to be called It is generally well known, but not im.) on again, and that the King ought to pay proper to state here, that the Princess of the debts out of his annual allowance, Wales is the Daughter of the late Duke of which we here call the Civil List, and Brunswick, and that her mother is a sister which amounts to nearly half as much as of our present King. Of course she is a your whole American revenue, though first cousin of the Prince her husband. there are eight millions of you on whom to They were married on the 8th of April, raise that revenue. See how rich a nation 1795, the Prince being then 32 years of we must be ! age, and the Princess being 26 years of The proposition was, however, at last age; the former will be 51 she 12th day of agreed to; but, it ought to be borne in next August, and the latter will be 45 on mind, that, through the whole of the disthe 17th of next May. On the 7th of Ja- cussions, the ground upon which this new nuary, 1796, that is to say, precisely nine call upon the publie purse tested, was the months from the day of their marriage, Prince's marriage. The debts were not was born the Princess Charlotte of Wales, paid off in a ready sum; but, were to be who, being their only child, is the heiress liquidated by certain yearly deductions to to the Throne, and who, of course, has now come out of an additional yearly allowance completed her 17th year.

to be made to the Prince; and, in case of Here you have an account of who the the death of the King or of the Prince bea parties most concerned are, and of the how fore the debts were all paid, the payinerrt and the when of their connexion. But, of the remainder was to fall upon the pubthere were some circumstances, connected lic revenues. So that it amounted to exactwith the marriage of the Prince and ly the same thing in effect as it a simple Princess, to which it will be necessary to vote had been given for the payment of the go back, in order to have a fair view of the debts, at once, out of the year's taxes. matter.

The King, in his message to the Houses, The Prince, at the time when he was in about twenty days after the marriage about to be married, in 1795, was greally took place, asked for an establishment to be in debt. He had an ainual allowance from settled upon the Prince" and his august the nation, besides the amount of certain " spouse," and, at the same time, told * revenues in the county of Cornwall belong them, that the benefit of any such settleing to him as Duke of that county. But, ment could not be effectually secured to the these proving insufficient to meet his ex- Prince, “till he was relieved from his prepenses, he was found, in 1795, to have “sent encumbrances to a large amount. contracted debts to the amount of £639,890. Upon this ground the Prince's annual al4s. 4d.; for we are very particular, in this lowance from the nation was augmented. country, in stating the fractions of sums in It was raised, at once, from £60,000 a our public accounts. You will, perhaps, year to £125,000 a year; and, of this sum, stare at this sum; but, you may depend £25,000 a year were set apart for the disupon my correctness in stating it, as I copy charge of his debts. To this was added a it from the documents laid before Parlia- sum of £27,000 for, preparations for the ment.

marriage; £28,000 for jewels and plate; When the Prince was married, a propo- and £26,000 for finishing Carleton House, sition was made to Parliament for the pay- the residence of the Prince. ment of this sum of debt, which, indeed, It was necessary to enter into this stateseems to have been stipulated for before the ment, in order to show you whạt were the marriage; for, in the report of the debate circumstances under which the Prince and upon the subject of the debts, the Duke of Princess came together, and to inake you Glarence is stated to have said, "that, acquainted with the fact, that Her Royal 66 when the marriage of the Prince of Highness did really bring to her Royal " Wales was agreed upon; there was a Spouse one of the greatest blessings on "s stipulation that he should be exonerated earth; namely, a relief from heavy pecu" from his debts.". Much and long oppo- niary encumbrances, which encumbrances sition was, bowever, made to the proposed | would, it is manifest, have continued to payment by the country, and those who weigh upon His Royal Highness had his made this opposition contended, that, after marriage not taken place. having paid his debts, to a great amount, But, Her Royal Highness also brought

with her other claims to love and gratitude. tions of a very serious nature are, in the She was represented at the time, and with public prints, now stated to have taken truth, I believe, as a person of great beauty, place in private, and, at last, the consebut not greater than her sweetness of man- quence has been the writing and the publiners, her acquired accomplishments, and cation of that Letter of the Princess, which ber strength and greatness of mind. She I am now about to make a subject of most was received in England with transports of respectful consideration and remark. joy; addresses of admiration and gratitude This, however, I shall defer till my next poured in upon her from all quarters, and Number, for reasons, which, when that her husband was congratulated as the hap- Number shall appear, will, I imagine, be piest of men. A similar torrent of ad- obvious to all my readers. dresses came in upou the birth of the

WM. COBBETT. Princess Charlotte of Wales. : In short, no

London, 21th Feb. 1813. events seem-ever to have caused such un. mixed joy in this country as the marriage of this illustrious Lady and the birth of her child.

Copy of a Leller from Her Royal Highness What a contrast, alas! is presented in the Princess of Wales, to His Royal the occurrences of the present day! What Highness the Prince Regent :short-sighted mortals we are! Who,

" SIR,--It is with great reluctance that though ihe most far-seeing of men, could, I presume to obtrude myself upon your in 1796, while addresses of congratulation Royal Highùess, and to solicit your attenwere succeeding each other to the Princetion to matters which may, at first, apand Princess upon the birth of their child; pear rather of a personal than a public nawho, at that day, could have anticipated, ture. If I could think them so-if they that the time was to come, when the mo- related merely to myself— I should abstain ther would have to complain, aye, and to from a proceeding which might give unmake public her complaints, of being de- easiness, or interrupt the more weighty barred a free communication with that occupations of your Royal Highness's time. child!

I should continue, in silence and retireThis leads us to a consideration of the ment, to lead the life which has been prePrincess's Letter; but, I ought, in the first scribed to me, and console myself for the place, to remind you, that it was not, as loss of that society and those domestic comwas stated at the time in print, many forts to which I have so long been a stranger, months after the Princess Charlotte was by the reflection that it has been deemed born before her royal Mother had a place proper I should be afflicted without any of residence separate from that of the fault of my own--and that' your Royal Prince. Now, this might happen without Highness knows it. ground of blame on eilher side. There are “ Bul, Sir, there are considerations of so many ways in which misunderstandings a higher nature than any regard to my-own in families are created; there are so many happiness, which render this address a causes from wbich the society of man and duty both to Myself and my Daughter. wife become disagreeable; and these causes May I venture to say-a duty also to my tay be founded in so many incidents hav- Husband, and the people committed to his ing nothing of crime or blame belonging to care? There is a point beyond which a them, that, when separations of this sort guiltless woman cannot with safety carry take place, it is a harsh judgment that will her forbearance. If ber honour is invaded, jasist upon affixing blame to one party or the defence of her reputation is no longer a the other. Therefore, I, for my part, have matter of choice ; and it signifies not whealways been willing to content myself with ther the attack be made openly, manfully, expressing merely regret upon this subject, and directly or by secret insinuation, and in which respect, I am satisfied, that I did by holding such conduct towards her as no more than follow the example of the countenances all the suspicions that malice great mass of the community. Had things can suggest. If these ought to be the feel. continued in this state; had the parties, ings of every woman in England who is though living at a distance from each other, couscious that she deserves no reproach, suffered the world to hear nothing from your Royal Highness bras 'too sound a them in the way of complaint against each judgment, and ioo nice a sense of honour, other, all would yet have been well. Un not to perceive, how much more justlý bappily this has not been the case; accusa- they belong to the Mother of your Daughter


--the Mother of her who is destined, Idence of my innocence, and disregard the trust, at a very distant period, to reign seatence of complete acquittal which it prothe British Empire.

dụced, or is wicked and false enough still “ It may be known to your Royal High- to whisper suspicions in your ear,-betrays ness, that during the continuance of the his duty to you, Sir, to your Daughter, restrictions upon your royal authority, I and to your People, if he counsels you to purposely refrained from making any re permit a day to pass without a further inpresentations which might then augment vestigation of my conduct. I know that ihe painful difficulties of your exalted sta- no such calumuiator will venture to recomtion. At the expiration of the restrictions mend a measure which must speedily end I still was inclined to delay taking this step, in his utter conlasion. Then let me imin the hope that I might owe the redress I plore you to reflect on the situation in which sought to your gracious and unsolicited con. I am placed; without the shadow of a descension. I have waited, in the fond charge against me--without even an acindulgence of this expectation, until, to cuser_after an Inquiry that led to my my inexpressible mortification, I find that ample vindication-yet treated as if I were my unwillingness to complain, has only still more culpable than the perjuries of my produced fresh grounds of complaint; and suborned traducers represented me, and I am at length compelled, either to aban- held up to the world as a Mother who may don all regard for the two dearest objects not enjoy the society of her only Child. which I possess on earth,

-mine own ho- 6. The feelings, Sir, which are natural nour, and my beloved Child; or to throw to my unexampled situation, might justify myself at the feet of your Royal Highness, me in the gracious judgment of your Royal the natural protector of both,

Highness, had I no other motives for ad"I presume, Şir, to represent to your dressing you but such as relate to myself : Royal Highness, that the separation, which but I will not disguise from your Royal every succeeding month is making wider, Highness what I cannot for a moment conof the Mother and the Daughter, is equally ceal from myself, that the serious, and it injurious to my character, and to her edu- soon may be, the irreparable injury which cation. I say nothing of the deep wounds my Daughter sustains from the plan at prewhich so cruel an arrangement indicts upon sent pursued, has done more in overcoming my feelings, although I would fain hope my reluctance to intrude upon your Royal that few persons will be found of a dispo- Highness, than any sufferings of my own sition to think lightly of these. To see could accomplish : and if, for her sake, I myself cut off from one of the very few do- presume to call away your Royal Highness's mestic enjoyments left me-certainly the attention from the other cares of your exonly one upon which I set any value, the alted station, I feel confident I am not society of

my Child—involves me in such claiming it for a matter of inferior importmisery, as I well know your Royal High- ance either to yourself or your people. ness could never inflict upon me, if you The powers with which the Constituwere aware of its bitterness. Our inter- tion of these realms vests your Royal Highcourse has been gradually diminished. A ness in the regulation of the Royal Family, single interview weekly seemed sufficiently I know, because I am so advised, are am hard allowance for a Mother's affections. ple and unquestionable. My appeal, Sir, That, however, was reduced to our meet- is made to your excellent sense and libeing once a fortnight; and I now learn, that rality of mind in the exercise of those poweven this most rigorous interdiction is to be ers; and I williogly hope, that your own still more rigidly enforced.

parental feelings will lead you to excuse “ But while I do not venture to intrude the anxiety of mine, for impelling me to my feelings as a Mother upon your Royal represent the unhappy consequences which Highness's notice, I must be allowed to the present system must entail upon our say, that in the eyes of an observing and beloved Child. jealous world, this separation of a Daugh- * Is it possible, Sir, that any one can ter fronı her Mother will only admit of one have attempted to persuade your Royal construction, a construction fatal to the Highness, that her character will not be Mother's reputation. Your Royal High-injured by the perpetual violence offered to ness will also pardon me for adding, that her strongest affections--the studied care there is no less inconsistency than injustice taken to estrange her from my society, and in this treatment. He who dares advise even to interrupt all communication beyour Royal Highness to overlook the evi- tween us ? That her love for me, with whom, by His Majesty's wise and gracious matter, even if you should listen to other arrangements, she passed the years of her advisers on things of less near concernment infancy and childhood, never can be ex- to the welfare of our Child ? tinguished, I well know ; and the know- " The pain with which I have at length ledge of it forms the greatest blessing of my formed the resolution of addressing myself existence. But let me implore your Royal to your Royal Highness is such as I should Highness to reflect, how inevitably all at in vain attempt to express. If I could adetempts to abate this attachment, by forci- quately describe it, you might be enabled, bly separating us, if they sueceed, must Sir, to estimate the strength of the motives injure my Child's principles—if they fail, which have made me submit to it: they must destroy her happiness.

are the most powerful feelings of affection, “ The plan of excluding my Daughter and the deepest impressions of duty towards from all intercourse with the world, ap. your Royal Highness, my beloved Child, pears to my humble judgment peculiarly and the country, which I devoutly hope she unfortunate. She who is destined to be the may be preserved to govern, and to shew Sovereign of this great country, enjoys by a new example the liberal affection of a none of those advantages of society which free and generous people to a vittuous and are deemed necessary for imparting a know- Constitutional Monarch. ledge of mankind to persons who have in- "I am, Sir, with profound respect, and finitely less occasion to learn that important an attachment which nothing can alter, your lesson; and it may so happen, by a chance Royal Highness's most devoted and most which I trust is very remote, that she affectionate Consort, Cousin, and Subject, should be called upon to exercise the

(Signed) CAROLINE LOUISA. powers of the Crown, with an experience “ Montague-house

, 14th of Jan. 1813." of the world more confined than that of the most private individual. To the extraordinary talents with which she is blessed, and which accompany a disposition as sin

OFFICIAL PAPERS. gularly amiable, frank, and decided, I willingly trust much: but beyond a certain

FRENCH PAPERS. point the greatest natural endowments cannot struggle against the disadvantages of Continued from page 256.) circumstances and situation. It is my ear- bestowed on Frauce by virtue of the geDest prayer, for her own sake, as well as neral laws, one only was granted by Charles her country's, that your Royal Highness the 5th, but which was neither executed may be induced to pause before this point nor even acted on afterwards.- -The suf. be reached.

frages of the people, the vows of the Nobiis Those who have advised you, Sir, to lity, the resolutions of the Council, the delay so long the period of my Daughter's testaments of Monarchs, tlie arret of the commencing her intercourse with the world, Parliaments, have successively and almost and for that purpose to make Windsor her always fell under the public influence, residence, appear not to have regarded the where secret passions, intrigue, seduction, interruptions to her education which this corruption, or force bestowed the Regency arrangement occasions; both by the impos- of the State. But in the midst of these sibility of obtaining the attendance of pro- various examples, it is the Regencies of per teachers, and the time unavoidably con- Queen Mothers that most frequently appear sumed in the frequent journeys to town in our annals, and which have always been which she must make, unless she is to be most conformable to the wishes of the nasecluded from all intercourse, even with tion, and the interest of the State. Hap. your Royal Highness and the rest of the pily, Gentlemen, for social order, it is in Royal Family. To the same unfortunate the strongest feeling of nature that we find counsels l'ascribe a circumstance in every the greatest security for the political opiway so distressing both to my parental and nion and conduct, and this guarantee given religious feelings, that my Daughter has by maternal tenderness becomes still more Deyer yet enjoyed the benefit of Confirma- efficacious, as we have before our eyes the tion, although above a year older than the happy example in the reciprocal affections age at which all the other branches of the which are born, and strengthened incesRoyal Family have partaken of that solem-santly between a people sensible and good, nity. May I earnestly conjure you, Sir, and the August Sovereign, to whom they to hear my entreaties upon this serious owe a successor to the Throne.

It is on

this happy principle that the first disposi

TITLE III. tions of the Senatus Consultum are founded, Extent and Duration of the Power of the which grants the rights of Regency to the

Regency. Empress Mother, who is consecrated to fill

After having instituted the Regency, it the void, by interest, the love of her Son is necessary to fix its power. -It emand of her people.

- It is not sufficient braces in its extent and in the terms of the to have established this first rule, it is still 1st Art. of Title 3, the whole' plenitude requisite that in failure of the Empress, of the Imperial authority. It commences this disposition of the Emperor by es at the moment of the Emperor's decease, tablishing a gradual order, fixed and inva: to the intent that the empire shall neither riable for the exercise of the Regency, shall suffer weakness, nor the interruption of its provide against all incertitudes, and in


government. - With regard to its duraperal against all interruption in the move- tion, the power remains in the hands of ments of Government. It is there pro- the Empress, in case of one of her minor vided that in being called to the Regency, sons being called to the throne. It passes the French Princes shall have obtained the into the hands of a Regent, if at the death age of 21 years, according to the hereditary of the Emperor as a minor, the Crown order, and in default of them, the Princes belongs to a Prince of another branch. Grand Dignitaries fixed by the Senatus Separated from the title of Empress, that Consultum. - The Vice Grand Digni- of mother has not appeared sufficient to taries shall in this respect, exercise the call to the Regency the mother of the new rights of those titularies whom they repre- Emperor. This part of the Senatus sent. To possess not a simple sovereiguty, Consultum, Gentlemen, is drawn up as bút a throne, a crown, to be in conse surplus, tó shew, that according to this quence subject to the duties, influenced by principle generally acknowledged, the exthe affections, animated by foreign interests, ercise of power should not change hands, opposite perhaps to the duties, the affec. unless when absolute necessity or great intions, the interests which ought to direct terests require it. the Government of France, is in the eyes


TITLE IV. reason and policy a motive of exclusion from

Council of Regency. the Regency, and two articles of the 1st

History teaches us, that in epochas of Title, pronounce this exclusion.

minorities the Councils of Regency assoTITLE II.

ciated in the exercise of the administraof the Regency by the Emperor,

tion, or of the Government, have been That, Gentlemen, which is established dispersed at the will of the Regents, emby Title I. as a general rule for the exercise barrassing if they wished to become indeof the Regency, may nevertheless be modi- pendent, inutile if they become seduced or fied by the will of the Emperor, solemnly subjected, dangerous if they wished to manifested.--It is without doubt that possess themselves of the public opinion. the interest of the State demands that a

-It is not such a Council of Regency stated order should give a Regency to which is appointed by title tth, but a France, at the moment when she becomes Council necessary in a fixed number of the widow of her Monarch, without any cases, useful in all

, dangerous in none. change being made in this order, establish Sect. 1.- This Council shall be composed ed by foresight and wisdom. But the in- of the first Prince of the Blood, the uncles, terest of the State likewise requires, that and two of the nearest relatives of the the Emperor, under such circumstances as Emperor, according to order of birth, tothe general views of the laws can neither gether with the Princes, Grand Dignitaforesee nor debue, may, after so much ex- ries, at which the Empress or Regent shall perience of events, the situation of affairs, preside, and to which the Emperor may the knowledge of persons, bring into the add such number of members as he may common rule modifications dictated by his judge convenient. wisdom, and inspired by the interests of his Deliberations of the Council. successors, and of his people. -This wise SECTION 2.-To chuse a consort for the restriction is sacred, and the manner of mak-Emperor, declare war, sign treaties of ing known its object and extent is determined peace, of alliance or commerce, such are in Titles 1 and 2, and finally in Art. 23 the determinations on which the Council of Title 4, toluching the Council of Re- of Regency necessarily have to deliberate.gency

The projected dispositions of the extraor

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