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Vol. XXIII, No. 10.] LONDON, SATURDAY, MARCH 6, 1813.

[Price Is.

289)

-[290 TO JAMES PAUL,

share, a farthing of the public money as Q: BURSLEDON, IN Lower Dublin Town- of mine to do it, if I have it in my power to

long as I live, and never to suffer any soul SHIP, IN PHILADELPHIa County, IN THE prevent him, and I do Hatter myself that STATE OF PENNSYLVANIA ; ON MATTERS | neither of their will ever entertain suck a RELATING TO HER Royal Hiçene$$ THE design. Thus standing before the public, PRINCESS OF WALES.

having nothing to complain of with regard Letter II.

to either party; having nothing to fear,

and nothing to hope for, from either, I Bolley, 3d March, 1813. shall, I trust, be listened to without prejuMy dear Friend,

dice, and that the facts, or the reasonings, Since the date of my last letter I have which I shall bring forward, will, at the returned home, where I found my children least, have a fair chance of producing their delighted to lear, that I had resumed my wished-for effect; a just decision in the correspondence with Grand-daddy Paul ; minds of all persons of sense and integrity. but very much surprised, that I did not My last letter concluded with a remark write to you about sheep, and turnips, and as to the separation of dwelling-places of carrots, in preference to the subject which the Prince and Princess. The lime, howI had chosen. To say the truth, I should ever, was not exactly named; and, as I prefer the forner topics ; but, I have a duly wish to leave nothing less perfect than cirto perform with regard to the latter. It is cumstances compel me, I have now to recertainly one of the most important public ind you, that this separation of dwellings mallers that ever has been discussed in Eng. took place in April, 1796, twelve months land. It is a matter that must make a after the marriage, and three months after great figure in the history of a country the birth of the Princess Charlotte of which fills a high rank in the community Wales. It is said, that, as to the cause of of nations; and, viewing it in this light, this unhappy event, and as to the manner I cannot help being anxious, that those of its taking place, there is a Letter in exwho, some years bence, may refer to the istence, in the hands of Her Royal HighRegister for information relating to it, ness the Princess of Wales; and, as this should not have to blame me for their dis. Letter was, as it is stated, written by the appointment.

Prince himself, it will, doubtless, be found It is impossible for any one to enter on a to be, at once, satisfactory in its reasons discussion with more perfect impartiality and delicate in its sentiments and diction. than I have entered upon this. I know This being the case, we shall, I hope, see nothing personally of either of the Royal this Letter in print; because it will answer parties most concerned ; I have never re- one great purpose ; it will clear up every ceived enher good or evil from the hands thing to the day of separation, and will, í of either; I have never been under any in. have no cloubt, show the world, that any direct influence flowing from either. I re infamous tales, which the tongues of base side at a great distance from the scene of all parasites may have been engaged in circucabals and intrigues; I hold no correspond-lating, are wholly without foundation. ence which the people at our Post-office Before I come to that consideration, may not, if they like it, amuse themselves which I have promised, of the several wiih reading; I never deal in secrels, and parts of the Princess's Letter, let me renever desire to hear any thing that may not quest you to bear in mind, that

, in '1806, be uttered by the mouth of the cryer in the when Lord Grenville, Lord Erskine, Lord open streets. I can have no motive to Grey, and Mr. Fox were in the ministry, make my court either to the Prince or the there was, in our news-papers, many artiPrincess, seeing, that I am bound by the cles published, relative to an inquiry, most solemo pledge never to touch, in any which was then going on, respecting the

K

conduct of the Princess of Wales. This state of things, the nation seemed, with one was called, at that time, the “ Delicate voice, to ask, why no change was to be “ Investigation," by which name it has made in the pecuniary circumstances and ever since gone. The Princess was observ. the exterior appearance of the Princess of ed, at that time, and for sometime after-Wales, the wife of the Regent and the mowards, not to go to court, as she had done ther of the sole heiress to the throne. The before, which circumstance had the effect question was actually asked in Parliament; of producing an opinion to her disadvan- it was put to the then minister, Perceval, tage. Some months after this, however, what was the cause of this marked slight to she re-appeared at court; but, in the mean- Her Royal Highness; and, finally, it was while, ihe ministry had changed, and the put distinctly to him, who had been intilate Perceval and his set had become mi-mately acquainted with all the facts, whenisters. It was understood, also, that an ther there existed any ground of charge account of the Delicate Investigation had against the Princess : to which he as disbeen formed into A BOOK, had been tinctly answered, that there existed none. printed, had been upon the eve of publica- Now, my friend, you will observe, that tion, had, all at once, just when the change this declaration was made by a man, who of ministry took place, been stopped; and had been a minister at the time when the that, certain copies, which had escaped by Princess was restored to court, and who, of chance, had been bought up by the sup- course, bad advised that measure. He, as posed' authors at an enormous price. What a Privy Counsellor, was sworn to give the I state here as matter of mere report, will, King the best advice in his power. Besides, probably, hereafter appear in a more authohe, at the time of his making the Declararitative shape; but, in the meanwhile, tion, was the prime minister, chosen by there having been such reports current is the Prince himself to fill that office. He fact sufficient for our purpose ; namely, to was the man who directed the councils of explain certain parts of the Princess's Let the Prince, now become Regent with kingter, which, without such explanation, must ly powers. Therefore, his Declaration of appear unintelligible to you.

the innocence of the Princess had deserved. Bearing in mind what has been said, you ly very great weight with the public, who will now have the goodness to follow me to then, more than beforg, seemed astonished, the period of the establishment of the Re- that, while the Prince was raised in splen? gency in the person of His Royal Highness dor as well as power, to the state of a king, the Prince of Wales. Hitherto the Princess the Princess, his wife, should experience had lived chiefly at a small mansion at no change whatever in her circumstances; Blackheath, upou, apparently, a very limit- but appeared to be dooped to pass the ed pecuniary allowance, which, by almost whole of her life in obscurity. The puball ihe public prints, we were told she par-lic did not seem to wish to pry into any faticipated with the poor and distressed per- mily secrets. They generously wished not sons.of her neighbourhood. I do not know to revive past disputes. They were willing that this was the case. I cannot know it, and anxious to forget all the reports which and, therefore, Ivouch not for the fact: had been circulated. They wished to have but, I do know well that the fact was as- no cause to suspect any thing improper in serted in print, and that the assertion so either husband or wise; and, therefore, often met the public eye, accompanied with anxiously wished to see the Princess placed a detail of the instances of her benevolence, in a situation suited to the rank of her royal that it was next to impossible that iż should spouse, by which means all doubts, the not bave obtained general belief.

effect of all malicious insinuations and ruWhen, therefore, the Regency came to mours, would, at once, have been rebe settled, and the Prince came to the pos- moved. session and disposal of a kingly income, it In the articles, , which I wrote at the was natural for the nation to expect to see time, recommending a suitable establishthe Princess placed upon a corresponding ment for Her Royal Highness, I was, I sinfooting ; and this became the more a sub- cerely believe, no more than the echo of ject of observation, because, just at the same ninety-nine hundredths of the people of time, large sums of money were granted England. No such establishment did, by the Parliament for the purpose of en- however, take place; and Her Royal Highabling the Prince's maiden sisters to keep ness the Princess of Wales, the wife of the their stale in separate mansions, and to Regent; she who, if the King die before maintain separate establishments. In this the Regent, will he crowned Queen with her husband ; she who is the mother of our cess's Letter, that (at what time is not future sovereign, was left in her former mentioned), the Royal Mother's visits to comparative obscurity, even at a time when her daughter, or, rather, the interviews establishments were granted to the sisters between them, were limited, at first, to of the Prince; and this happened, too, you ONCE A WEEK; that they were afterwill bear in mind, while the prime minister, wards reduced to interviews of ONCE A the Prince's chief adviser, explicitly declar- FORTNIGHT; and that she now learns, ed, in open parliament, thai there was no that, even this most rigorous interdiction ground of charge existing against Her Royal" is to be STILL MORE RIGIDLY ENHighness.

" FORCED.” It will be said, perhaps, and it has been This, her Royal Highness says, has comsaid, that, in not granting an establishment pelled her reluctantly to break a silence of a higher order to the Princess ; in not which has long been most painful to lier. enabling her to hold a court of her own, Her complaint is this:-That, at the time and giving her the necessary accompani- of settling the Regency, she was unwilling ments of splendor ; it has been said, that, to obtrude herself upon the Prince with her in not doing this no law was violated. Very private complaints; that she waited patrue; but, if this were a sufficient answer tiently, expecting redress from the Prince's to us, to what a state might she not be re- own gracious condescension; but, that, hayduced before the proper season of complaint ing waited so long without receiving that would arrive? We are not talking about redress, and now perceiving that the mealaw: the question before us is a question of sures with regard to her interviews with feeling; a question of moral propriety. her daughter, are calculated to admit of but For my part, I appear not as an accuser of one construction, and that construction faany one in authority: my object is simply. lal to her own reputation, she has now re-this: to inquire, whether the foul, the solved to give utierance to her feelings. base, the malignant publications against the Whether the reasoning of the Princess Princess of Wales do, or do not, admit of be correct; whether the separation of her. a shadow of justification. - Justification, from her daughter ; whether the limiting indeed, they cannot admit of; but, whether of their interviews to once a reek, and they admit of the shadow of an apology; then further limiting them to once a fortand the answer to this question will natur- night; whether, in short, the prohibition

out of a consideration of the se- against a mother (any mother), seeing and veral parts of Her Royal Highness's Let-speaking to her daughter at her pleasure;

whether such a prohibition can admit of In entering upon this consideration, we any construction not fatal lo lhe mother's remust bear in mind, that the Leller treats pulation, I will, my sensible and honest of two subjects; namely, the treatment of friend, leave you to judge. And, with rethe Princess herself, and the education of gard to the Princess's maternal feelings, you her daughter. These we inust keep sepa- will, I am sure, want nothing to guide rate in our mind, or else we shall fall into you in your judgment further than the supa confusion which will prevent a clear view position, for a moment, of a similar prohiof the case.

bition laid upon yourself. The Princess, complains, as to herself; Upon this part of the subject I would that she is debarred from that intercourse not add a single word, did I not think it with her child which it is natural for a mo- my duty to expose some of the unfeeling ther to expect, and which mothers do usual- ruffians of the London press, who have, ly enjoy. And, here, before I proceed upon this occasion, assailed the Princess of further, you ought to be informed, that, Wales. In answer to her complaint of not when the Princess went to live at Black being permitted to have a free intercourse heath, in 1796, she took her daughter with with her daughter, the COURIER newspaper, her; that her daughter remained with her of the 13th of February, makes the follow, till she attained the age of eight years; ing remarks :that she was then placed under the care of “The charge of separating a child from proper persons to superintend her education, its mother, naturally engages the affecand that her place of residence was chiefly “tions of every parent; and her Royal at Windsor, the place of residence of the “ Highness knowing this, does not forget Queen, her mother going frequently to see to make a strong appeal to the passions her, and she going frequently to see her of Englishwomen. But to what extent mother. It now appears, from the Princ is this charge founded ? A visit once a

ally grow

ter.

" week is changed to a visit once a fort. It is a horrible case to suppose. One can s night. And how many mothers are hardly entertain the idea without being 66 there who do not see their daughters of ashamed of one's human character. Still • seventeen so often as once a fortnight? the case is possible; but then the guilt, the • They must be callous-hearted jades who profigacy, of the mother, must be so cer" trust their girls to boarding-school; they tainly established, so far removed from all

must be unfeeling monsters who allow doubt, as to leave no possibility of dispute “their daughters, when of an age fit for on the question. I do not take upon me to 6 marriage, to make visits to their friends determine in what degree the maximas, as 6 and relations with the view of forming to this matter, may be different, when the

connexions; and if this daughter were parties belong to royal families ; ,but we 66 to live under the protection of her grand- have, in the Letter of the Princess, a most € mother, her uncles, and aunts, nay of clear and positive assertion of her innde “ her very father, the conduct must be cence, as to all the charges that base insi« barbarous indeed! But how inhuman nuation had ever preferred against her.

must it be to allow girls of seventeen or This, my good friend, is by far the most « eighteen to marry, thus placing it in the material part of her Letter, and it will, “ power of a hard-hearled husband to take unless I am greatly deceived, be consider

a daughter to his own home, at a dis- ed as more than a sufficient answer to the “ tance, perhaps, where the mother may calumnies, which the panders of all the low, “ not see her for months together, a priva- filthy passions have hatched and circulated « tion, which, if any thing desirable is against her. In the former part of her let“ to be had through the daughter's influ- ter, she says, that she has been afflicted 66 ence, is certain of raising loud lamenia- without any fault of her own, and that his 66 tions."

Royal Highness knows it; but, she afterI am afraid, my friend, that the reading wards comes to this distinct and unequivoof this paragraph will give you a very bad cal assertion : opinion of the people of England; for, “He who dares advise your Royal Highyou will naturally ask, " What a people “ness to overlook the evidence of my inno* must that be, amongst whom any writer cence, and disregard the sentence of « would dare to give vent to such miserable " complete acquittal which it produced, * trash as this, and to call it an answer to 66 or is wicked and false enough still to " the Princess's complaint?" It is not of " whisper suspicions in your ear, -betrays an unavoidable separation that the Princess" his duty to you, Sir, to your Daughter, complains; it is of a separation easily " and to your People, if he counsels you avoided ; a separation, not arising from “ to permit a day to pass, without a jurdistance, or any other insurmountable ob "ther investigation of my conduci. i stacle, but simply from the prohibition of "know that no such calumniator will vena third party. It is not, as in the cases " ture to recommend a measure, which here cited, a separation growing out of a " must speedily end in his ulter confusion, calculation of advantages and disadvantages, " Then let me implore you to reflect on the but a separation without any compensation situation in which I am placed ; without to the party complaining. To her a sheer, " the shadow of a charge against me, withunmixed evil, and that, too, of a most " out even an accuser-after an Inquiry grievous kind. It is not a separation, as "that led to my ample vindication-yet in the case of school, or marriage, of a tem- 6 treated as if I were still more culpable porary nature; but is of that sort, which," than the perjuries of my suborned traduif rightly represented in the letter, pro- cers represented me, and held up to the mises no termination. It is, in one word, “ world as a Mother who may not enjoy the forcible separation of an only child from the society of her only Child.” her mother. No powers of description There is no such thing as misconception can heighten the fact, the bare naming of here. This passage of the Letter will not which is sufficient for any one who has the be misunderstood. It asserts the perfect common feelings of humanity about him.

innocence of the writer; it challenges fresh Yet, my friend, I do not say that there inquiry even after acquittal ; and it promay not be causes, even in common life, to nounces beforehand the confusion of those, justify such a separation. We may sup- who shall excite a doubt of her innocence; pose a case of a mother so profligate, as to besides asserting, that her traducers were render it prudent in the father to prevent suborned and perjured. It is not in the her from baying access to her daughter. power of words to express any thing in a

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manner imore clear and decided. The Prin- Had the Princess been possessed of cess says, that there is evidence of her inno- greater power, or influence, now than she cente. In my opinion, there needs little was in 1806 and 1807. Had she had à more evidence, than this passage of her ad-powerful party now on her side, then one mirable letter. If we admit, that it is yet might have supposed it possible for her possible, that she may be guilty, we must to have a reliance different from that which admit, that a stronger proof of innocence innocence inspires. But, it is notorious, was uever exhibited to the world. In the that she has no power and no influence first place, the writing of the Letter is her that she has no party at her back, nor any own act. She might hope, by an applica- political support from any quarter; and yet, tion to the Prince, to obtain leave to see she voluntarily comes forward and chaló her daughter more frequently; but, if she lenges fresh inquiry, accompanied with achad thought it possible that any proofs of cusations of the most serious kind against her guili existed, I ask you, my friend, her former accusers. whether it is likely that she would have Unless, therefore, we can suppose it ventured to make any application at all to possible for a man in his senses, who has him, and especially an application founded committed a murder, and who has luckily entirely on an assertion of her perfect inno- obtained an acquittal, to come voluncence, and accompanied, moreover, with tarily forward and petition the court for a the charge of perjury and subornation new trial, all the evidences of luis guilt beagainst those who had traduced her ; against ing still at hand; unless we can suppose those who had laid the crimes to her charge this possible, it appears to ine, that we If, then, it be to set at defiance the sugges- must pronounce it impossible that the Printions of reason and of nature to suppose that cess of Wales should have been guilty of such an application could proceed from a any of the acts of either guilt or shame mind conscious of guilt, what an outrage which have been laid to her charge, or inis it to offer to the common sense of man- sinuated against her. kind to suppose, that the writer, if con- So far, however, are the ruffians of the scious of guilt, would have made the appli- London press, who have attacked her Roycation public to the whole world; and thus al Highness upon this occasion, from reaproclaim, not only her own innocence, but soning in this way, that they hold it forth the guilt, the black, the foul, the nefarious as proof of her guilt that she lives in a guilt of her enemies !

state of separation from her husband; or, I can conceive it possible, that a person, at least, they tell her, that whether innoaccused of a crime and conscious' of guilt, cent, or not, she, if not living with her may put on a bold front, may affect to laugh husband, must expect to meet with nearly at his accusers and their accusation. In all the consequences of guilt. “ Rash, misa deed, this we see daily done by criminals" taken, unfortunate woman!" (say they of every degree. But, mark the distinction in the COURIER of the 18th of February) in the cases. This is the conduct of per- " In this country no wife can cominand the sons accused of crimes ; and not of persons “ respectful attentions of society, due to her coming forward with demands for redress.“ station, if she lives-separately from her If the Princess had been accused afresh at 46 husband, still less if she publicly accuses this time; if some proceeding had been go" and traduces him. She may excite syming on against her; then, indeed, I should "pathy and compassion ; she may gratify have allowed, that little weight ought to revenge; she may be injured and innohave been given to these bold assertions of " cent in the highest degree; but still the innocence. But, her case was precisely the countenance of her husband is the unalopposite of this.

No one was moving ac. " terable channel through which the allencusations against her; her conduct was not a os lions of the world cun permanentły flow subject of discussion any where ; she was upon her. She may have friends to console the beginner of a new agitation of the mat- " and caress her, every one may acknowter ; she must have known that her former ledge the injustice of the treatment she accusers were still alive, and, without " meets, and pity her condition ; but so doubt, still as much her enemies as ever; severe are the rules of society, and for and, she could not possibly see, in any of the best purposes, that she is coldly reihe political changes that had taken place, " ceived, and as conveniently avoided as any thing to operate in her favour, but, on “ may be, until at last she becomes dishe contrary, many things to operate against " gusted with public company, and finds ter, in a revision of the investigation. " her only comfort in retirement. Inpeach

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