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where the desertion of our seamen had been bricated, especially where there was no encouraged, the reply was, that we had no interest to prove the allegation false. For title to redress, as we had refused redress the small sum of one dollar, any person, to them in the case of an American seaman, upon the attestation of two witnesses, might who had made his escape from the Ame- get a letter of citizenship, which was to be rican ship Constitution, at Spithead. Io- prima facie evidence that he was a citizen. quiry had been made, however, by our When some regulation was proposed, Mr. Government in regard to this circumstance, Monroe distinctly stated, that it was not to as he trusted it would be in all cases upon affect people of that description. We were a proper representation being made. Then required then, to suspend our right of imthe story came out : the man whom they pressment from American ships, in the stated as having deserted, was, as appear- hopes that some regulation might be adopts ed by his own declaration, a native of Ire ed to answer the purpose; and it was to be land, and had served in different ships of distinctly understood, that when it should our navy. He had been taken, in a state , be adopted, it must not attach upon any of intoxication, on board the American one who might pretend to be an American ship the Wasp, and having afterwards at- citizen. Such a proposition Ministers laad tempted to escape, he was seized and put thought themselves bound to reject 3.and he in irons for several months. He was then trusted their Lordships would unanimously tried, and on his trial stated the facts of approve of their conduct in that instance. the case in his defence to the Officers. In- He did not mean to say, that under no cir stead of inquiring into the truth of these cumstances ought we ever to accede to any facts, or thinking of restoring the man, if regulation different from our present mode they should be proved, they ordered him of exercising our right of searching for, and to be logged, and he was actually flogged, taking our own seamen ; but certainly we and ordered to remain. He was after- ought never to abandon the right itsell, nor wards put on board the Constitution, and ought we to give up our present mode of from thence he made his escape. Not one exercising it, till we saw how any other of these facts was denied on the part of the regulation that might be proposed, would Americans ; and yet such was the case operate in securing to us the same result. which they stated as a reason for refusing Whatever, then, might be the difference of to deliver up our seamen. With such a opinion among their Lordships, in regard disposition, and such a system of action, to other parts of the transactions between on the part of the American Government, this country and America, he was confident there appeared no chance whatever that there could be no difference of opinion as to any regulation for keeping our seamen out this proposition. The Americans were inof their service would be really enforced. dustriously informed by their Government, At the very moment when they tendered that Great Britain was so much pressed at some regulation on this subject, they held present, that if they only stood firm, this out unexampled encouragement to deser- country must yield to their unreasonable tion. They actually claimed the right of demands. He hoped, however, that their cancelling the allegiance due to this coun- Lordships would show, by their vote of try from its own subjects; and that too in this night, that this country was not so time of war, when such a pretension, if much pressed by the difficulties of the acted upon to a great extent, must be pe- times, - not so weak or divided in policy, culiarly pernicious. The condition for be as to shrink from going to the foot of the coming a citizen of the United States was a Throne, to express their approbation of residence of five years, and a residence determined resistance, when the most esmerely, without any property or interest in sential rights and interests of their country that country, a residence, too, not ex- were at stake. In this hope, he proposed clusively in the district where the person that an Address to this effect should be premight claim to be admitted, but in any sented to the Prince Recent part of the United States. Their Lord- " That the House had taken into its se ships must at once perceive how easily tes. rious consideration the papers laid before timonials of such a residence might be fa
(To be conlinued.)
Published by R. BAGSHAW, Brydges-Street, Covent Garden.
LONDON: Printed by J. M-Creery, Black Horse-Court, Fleet-street.
Vot, XXII. No. 11.) LONDON, SATURDAY, MARCH 13, 1813. [Price 13.
(829 TO JAMES PAUL,
writing, the terms upon which we are to OT BURSLEDON, IN LOWER DUBLIN TOWN live, I shall endeavour to explain myself
SHIP, IN PHILADELPHIA COUNTY, IN THE upon that head with as much clearness, and STATE OF PENNSYLVANIA; ON MATTERS with as much propriety, as the nature of the RELATING TO HER ROYAĻ HIGHNESS The subject will adnit. Our inclinations are PRINCESS OF WALES.
not in our power ; nor should either of us Letter III,
be held answerable to the other, because
nature has not made us suitable to each Bolley, 9th March, 1813.
other. Tranquil and comfortable society My dear Friend,
is, however, in our power ; let our interIt is now seventeen years since I first
course, therefore, be restricted to that, and took pen in hand, with an intention of send. I will distinctly subscribe to the condition ing the production of it to the press; and, which you required through Lady Chol. certainly, I never did, from that day, to mondeley, that, even in the event of any acahis, experience more satisfaction in sitting cident happening to my daughter --which I dawn to write, than I do at this moment, trust Provideace in its mercy will'avert in the full assurance, that the present Num. I shall not infringe the terms of the restricber of my Register will convey to you and tiou, by proposing, at any period, a conto the world a thorough conviction of the nexion of a more particular nature. I shall innocence of the injured Princess of Wales, now finally close this disagreeable corresand of the baseness, the unparalleled black- pondence,' trusting that, as we have comheartedness, of her calumniators.
pletely explained ourselves to each other, At the out-set of my last letter, having the rest of our lives will be passed in uninoccasion to revert to the period of the sepa terrupted tranquillity. ration of the Princess and the Prince, I
I am, Madam, with great truth, observed to you, that it was said, that
Very sincerely your's, there was a Letler in existence upon the
(Signed) GEORGE P. subject; and I ventured to predict, that, when that Letter should be published, the
ANSWER. world would see the falsehood of all the in
The avowal of your conversation with famous tales, which, up to that period, the Lord Cholmondeley, neither surprises nor tongues of base parasites had been engaged offends me. It merely confirmed what you in circulating. The Letter, or, a Leller, tacitly insinuated for this twelvemonth, dated about ihe time referred to, and upon But after this, it would be a want of delithe subject referred to, has, since my last; cacy, or rather, an unworthy meanness in been published in the London news-papers; me, were I to complain of those conditions
and also a Letter of the Princess in answer which you impose upon yourself. I thereunto.
I will say nothing myself as to should have returned no answer to your letthe authenticity of these documents; but, ter, if it had not been conceived in terms as they have obtained general circulation, to make it doubtful whether this arrangethrougla the means of the press; and, as ment proceeds from you or from me; and their authenticity has not been called in
you are aware that the credit f il belongs question, in print at least, I take them for to you alone. The letter
which you authentic, and, viewing them in this light, announce to me as the last, obliges me to I shall insert them here.
communicate to the King, as to iny Sove
reiga, and my Father, both your avowal Letter from the Prince lo the Princess of and my answer. You will árd euclosed. Wales.
the copy of my letter to the King. I apWindsor Castle, April 30, 1796. prize you of it, that I may not incur the MADAM, -As Lord Cholmondeley in- slightest reproach of duplicity from you. forms me that you wish I would define, in As I have at this moment no protector but
His Majesty, I refer myself solely to him, caused by any fault, or even any alleged on this subject; and if my conduct meets fault, of the Princess, her case, at this day, his approbation, I shall be in some degree, would have been very different indeed from at least, consoled. I retain every senti- what it is. But, the Prince's Letter leaves ment of gratitude for the situation in which no room for doubt upon this important I find myself, as Princess of Wales, en point. It clears all up.
It clears all up. If she had been abled by your means to indulge in the free the proposer of the separation, her case exercise of a virtue dear to my heart I would have been very materially affected by mean charity. It will be my duty like it ; for, though her innocence must still wise to act upon another motive, -that of have been acknowledged, the world might giving an example of patience and resigna- have said, that it was the separation which tion under every trial. Do me the jus- led to the charges, and that, therefore, she tice to believe, that I shall never cease to must thank herself for thein. As the case pray for your happiness, and to be now stands, she is quite free from even this Your much devoted,
imputation; and, instead of agreeing with
CAROLINE. her enemies, that she has discovered rash6th of May, 1796.
ness, our only wonder is, that she has, with
so good a cause, been able so long to remain Upon these Letters I shall first observe, silent, especially when we reflect on the that we have here a fresh proof, and a most endless insinuations tifat have been thrown striking one it is, of the sound sense, the out against her. moderation, and delicacy of sentiment, of I must now crave your attention to the the Princess of Wales; and, for my part, I interesting proceedings which have taken cannot help regarding it as most fortunate place since my last letter to you went from for this country, that its future sovereign under my hand. In the postscript to that had her early education under, and is said letter, I noticed, and, indeed, I inserted, to entertain a most ardent affection for, such the Princess's Letter to the Speaker of the a mother. Another remark upon these House of Commons. It is stated, in print, Letters will, perhaps, be unnecessary; that a similar Letter was sent to the Lord namely, that their date shows them to have Chancellor, who is the speaker, or chairbeen written within thirteen months after man, of the House of Lords ; but, it seems, the mar: ge look place, and, which is sin- that, for reasons which I attempt not to gular enough, the Prince's Letter is dated dive into, the Lord Chancellor did not on the very day twelvenionth that the Par- communicate that Letter to the House. liament were engaged in discussing His That Letter, as you will have seen, was Majesty's gracious message, relative to the occasioned by a Report, made to the Prince provision to be made for the "
august | by certain members of what is called the spouse" of his son, including the dis- Privy Council. And here I should give charge of his debts, as necessary to his fu- you some account of this Council. It conture comfortable establishment. In the sists of whomsoever the King pleases to midst of these melancholy reflections we name, and he generally makes all his Mimust not, however, overlook the substantive nisters Privy Councillors. Some of the fact, that, according to these Letters, it is Bishops, too, and of the Judges generally manifest, that the proposition for a separa belong to it. So that, especially if there tion originaled with His Royal Highness. occur frequent changes of Ministers, the This is very material. This, together with Privy Council is rather a numerous body, the cause of separation, as stated in his consisting of persons of all parties, seeing Letter, clears all up to that interesting pe- that when once a man becomes a Privy riod, which is of very great consequence; Councillor, he always remains a Privy for there is no just man, who, in viewing Councillor, except his name be expunged the circumstances of the sequel, can possi- from the list on account of some fagrant bly overlook the cause from which all has and scandalous offence. proceeded. You will have observed, too, But, when the Privy Council assembles, that the base calumniators of the Princess it is not to be understood that all the memhave said, that the bare fact of her living bers are present, or that they come promisin a state of separation from her husband cuously. In flict, they do not come, unless amounts to a presumptive proof of her they be summoned to come; and, of course, guilt. How material is it, then, to be in the King, or the Regent, causes to be sumformed rightly as to the real cause of that moned those members, and those only, reparation If the separation had been whom his Ministers advise him to cause to be summoned. I have entered into these | which the Prince Regent has exercised his particulars, in order to explain to you the undoubted right of regulating the conduct nature of the body, whence the Report, and education of his daughter the Princess which I am here about to insert, proceed-Charlotte ; and His Royal Highness haved. You will see, that the 'Report itself ing taken into his consideration the said states, that the persons who made it were Letter so published, and advertiog to the specially sumnioned for the purpose of directions heretofore given by His Majesty, taking the Princess's Letter into their con that the documents relating to the said sideration, and of making a report to the Inquiry should be sealed up, and deposited Regent thereon.
in the office of His Majesty's Principal
Secretary of State; in order that His MaReporl, bc. to His Royal Highness the jesty's Government should possess the Prince Regent.
means of resorting to them if necessary i The following Members of His Majesty's His Royal Highness has been pleased to most Honourable Privy Council, viz. direct, that the said Letter of the Princess His Grace the Archbishop of Canterbury, of Wales, and the whole of the said docu-The Right Hon. the Lord High Chan- ments, together with the copies of other cellor,--His Grace the Archbishop of York, letters and papers, of which a schedule is --His Grace the Lord Primate of Ireland, annexed, should be referred to your Lord
- The Lord President of the Council, ships, being Members of His Majesty's The Lord Privy Seal,---The Earl of Buck- Most Honourable Privy Council, for your inghamshire, The Earl Bathurst, -The consideration; and that you should report Earl of Liverpool,--The Earl of Mulgrave, to His Royal Highness your opinion, whe-The Viscount Melville, The iscount
ther, under all the circumstances of the Sidmouth,—The Viscount Castlereagh, case, it be fit and proper that the interThe Right Hon. the Lord Bishop of Lon- course between the Princess of Wales and don, — The Right Hon. Lord Ellenborough, her daughter, the Princess Charlotte, Lord Chief Justice of the Court of King's Should continue to be subject to regulations Bench -- The Right Hon. the Speaker of and restrictions :— Their Lordstrips ad. the House of Commons - The Right Hon. journed their Meetings 10 Tuesday the 23d the Chancellor of the Exchequer, The February's and the intermedine days hav
Right Hon, the Chancellor of the Duchy, ing. been employed in perust Whe docu..- His Honour the Master of the Rolls,
ments referred to them, by command of The Right Hon. the Lord Chief Justice of your Royal Highness, they proceeded on the Court of Common Pleas, *-The Right that and the following day to the further Hon. the Lord Chief Baron of the Court of consideration of the said documents, and Exchequer,– The Right Hon. the Judge of have agreed to report to your Royal Highthe High Court of Admiralty,- The Right ness as follows: Hon. the Dean of the Arches,-Having
In obedience to the commands of your been summoned by command of your Royal Highness, we have taken into our Royal Highness, on the 19th of February, most serious consideration the Letter from to meet at the office of Viscount Sidmouth, Her Royal Highness the Princess of Wales Secretary of State for the Home Depart- to your Royal Highness, which has appearment, a communication was made by his ed in the public papers, and has been reLordship to the Lords then present, in the ferred to us by your Royal Highness, in following terms:
which Letter the Princess of Wales, amongst MY LORDS-I have it in command from other matters, complains that the interHis Royal Highness the Prince Regent, to course between Her Royal Highness and acquaint your Lordships, that a copy of a Her Royal Highness the Princess CharLetter from the Princess of Wales to the lotte, has been subjected to certain rePrace.Regent having appeared in a public strictions. We have also taken into paper, which Letter refers to the proceed our most serious consideration, together ings that took place iarna ingkan instituted with the other papers referred to us by by command of His M
wear your Royal Highness, all the documents 1806, and contains, among our ters, relative to the
Inquiry instituted in 1806. certain animadversions
of certain representations, respecting the * The Chief Justice of the Court of Common conduct of Her Royal Highness the Princess Pleas was prevented by indisposition from at- of Wales, which appear to have been teeding, duriug any part of these proceedings. pressed upon the attention of your Royal Highness, in consequence of the advice of slightest foupdation for such an aspers, Lord Thurlow, and upon grounds of public sion. duty, by whom they were transmitted to
(Signed) His Majesty's consideration. And your C. CANTUAR,
SIDYOUTH, Royal Highness having been graciously ELDON,
J. LONDON, pleased to command us to report our opi- E. EBOR,
ELLEN BOROUGH, nions to your Royal Highness, whether, W. Armagh,
Chas. ABBOTT, under all the circumstances of the case, it HARROWBY, P.C.
N. VANSITTART, be fit and proper, that the intercourse be- WESTMORELAND,C.P.S. C. BATHƯRST, tween the Princess of Wales and her daugh- BUCKINGHAMSHIRE, W. GRANT ter, the Princess Charlotte, should conti- BATHURST,
A. MACDONALD, nue to be subject to regulation and restraint. | LIVERPOOL,
W. Scott, -Wę beg leave humbly to report to MULGRAVE,
J. Nicholl. your Royal Highness, that after a full ex. MELVILLE, amination of all the documents before us,
(A true copy) SIDMOUTH. we are of opinion, that under all the circumstances of the case, it is highly bit and Such was the report, made to the Prince proper, with a view to the welfare of Her Regent upon this occasion. The Princess, Royal Highness the Princess Charlotte, in in her Letter, inserted in the postscript to which are equally involved the happiness iny last, states that a copy of this report of your Royal Highness in your parental had been transmitted to her by Lord Sid. and royal character, and the most impor- mouth. Now, we must, I think, take it tant interests of the State, that the inter- for granted, that this report was intended course between Her Royal Highness the to be an answer to the Princess's Letter of Princess of Wales and Her Royal Highness complaint respecting her exclusion from the Princess Charlotte, should continue to her daughter; for, if it were not intended be subject to regulation and restraint. to be such, why was a copy of it sent to We humbly trust that we may be permit- her? If it had been intended solely for ted, without being thought to exceed the the purpose of satisfying the Prince, that Himits of the duty imposed on us, respect he had acted rightly in insisting upon such fully to express the just sense we entertain exclusion ; then, it would have been sufof the motives by which your Royal High- ficient to lay the report before him; and if ness has been actuated in the postponement the intention had been to settle any doubt of the confirmation of Her Royal Highness in his mind as to the propriety of the exthe Princess Charlotte, as it appears, by clusion ; in that case, also the report would a statement under the hand of Her Majesty naturally have been confined to the perusal the Queen, that your Royal Highness has of the Prince and of his advisers and conformed in this respect to the declared friends. If intended as an answer to the will of His Majesty, who had been pleased Letter of the Princess, it would, of course, to direct, that such ceremony should not be communicated to her ; and, if it failed take place till Her Royal Highness should to convince her that she was wrong, or to have completed her 18th year. We silence her complaints, there it was ready also hunably trust that we may be further for the justification of the Prince in the permitted to notice some expressions in the eyes of the nation and of the world. Letter of Her Royal Highness the Princess Assuming, therefore, as we safely may, of Wales, which may possibly be construed that this report ought to be considered as as implying a charge of too serious a nature the best answer that could be given to the to be passed over without observation. We complaint of Her Royal Highness, let us refer to the words—" suborned traducers." now, my friend, inquire a little how far As this expression, from the manner in it ought to be considered as a satisfactory which it is introduced, may, perhaps, be answer. liable to misconstruction (however impos- Her Royal Highness says, that she was, sible it may be to suppose that it can have for a while, permitted to see her daughter been so intended), to have reference to only once a week ; that she is at present some part of the conduct of your Royal (that is to say, at the time of writing her Highness, we feel it our bounden duty not Letter) permitted to see her only once in to omit this opportunity of declaring that two weeks, and that she has reason to apthe documents laid before us afford the prehend that even that degree of intercourse most ample proof, that there is not the is about to be further contracted. She