that the interest of impressment be satis- mises on his tongue, he never ceased to factorily arranged. He is willing that think on war. At length having collected Great Britain should be secured against a large army, and strengthened it with the evils of which she complains. He seeks, Austrian, Prussian, Bavarian, Wurtemaon the other hand, that the citizens of the berg, Westphalian, Italian, Spanish, PorUnited States should be protected against a tuguese,' and Polish regiments, who were practice, which, while it degrades the na constrained through disgrace and fear, he um, deprives them of their right as free- put himself in motion with this immense men, takes them by force from their fa- force, supplied with vast quantities of armilies and their country, into a foreign tillery, and penetrated into the interior of service, to fight the battles of a foreign our country. Murder, fire, and destrucPower, perhaps against their own kindred lion,' were his attendants on the inarch, and country.--I abstain from entering, The plundered property, the towns and in this communication, into other grounds villages set on fire, the smoking ruins of of differences. The Orders in Council Moscow, the Kremlin blown up into the having been repealed (with a reservation air, the temples and altars of the Lord not impairing a corresponding right on the destroyed ; in one word, all kinds of cruel part of the United States), and no illegal ty and barbarity, hitherto unheard of, at blockades revived or instituted in their length prove by his own actions, that they stead, and an understanding being obtained have long been lying concealed in the depth on the subject of impressment, in the mode of his mind. The mighịy and happy Rusherein proposed, the President is willing sian Empire, which possesses every thing to agree to a cessation of hostilities, with a in abundance, awakened in the heart of view to arrange, by treaty, in a more dis. the enemy envy and dread. The possession tinct and ample manner, and to the satis- of the whole world could not satisfy him, faction of both parties, every other subject so long as the fertile fields of Russia stili of controversy.--I will only add, that if were happy. Full of this envy and interthere be no objection to an accomniodation nal hatred, he revolved, turned, and arof the difference relating to impressment, ranged in his mind, all manner of evil in the mode proposed, other than the sus- means by which he might give a dreadful pension of the British claims to impress-blow to her power, a total confusion to her ment during the armistice, there can be riches, and bring general destruction on none to proceeding, without the armistice, her prosperity. He likewise thought, by to an immediate discussion and arrange- cunning and flattery, to shake the fidelity meut of an article on that subject. This of our subjects ; by the defilement of the great question being satisfactorily adjusted, sanctuaries, and of God's temples, to make the way will be open either for an armistice religion unsteady, and to strike the naor any other course leading most convenient- tional sight with follies and extravagances. ly and expeditiously to a general pacification. On these hopes he built his destructive I have the honour to be, &c.

plans, and with them he forced himself,

like a pestilential and murderous tempest, JAMES MONRO. into the heart of Russia. The whole

world has fixed its attention on our suf.

fering country, and inwardly moved, PROCLAMATION,

thought they saw in the reflection of the Issued by the Emperor Alexander, daled flames of Moscow the last day of the exist

St. Petersburgh, Nov. 15. ence of our freedom and independence. We, Alexander the First, by the Grace But great and mighty is the God of Justice ! of God, Emperor and Autocrat of all the The triumph of the enemy was of short Russias, &c. - It is well known to the duration ; pressed on all sides hy our vawhole world in what' manner the enemy

liant armies and levies, he soon discovered has entered the boundaries of our empire. that by his iemerity he had ventured too No step or means that have so frequently far, and that he could not, either by his been resorted to by the punctual fulfilment vaunted army, his seducements, or his of the peaceable stipulations, nor our steady cruelties, inspire fear into the loyal and endeavours by all possible means to avert. valiant Russians, nor save himself from the effects of a bloody and destructive war,

destruction. After many fruitless endeahave been able to check his obstinate de vours, and now that he sees his numerous sign, in which he has shewa himself en troops every where beaten and destroyed, tirely immoveable. With peaceable pro

(To be continued.)

As illustrated in the Prosecution and Punishment of


[S In order that my countrymen and that the two sureties in the sum of 1,000 pounds each world may not be deceived, duped, and cheated that the whole of this sentence has been execnte upon this subject, I, WILLIAM COBBETT, upon me, that I have been imprisoned the two of Botley, in Hampshire, put upon record years, have paid the thonsand pounds TO THE the following facts; to wit: That, on the 24th KING, and have given the bail, Timothy Brown June, 1809, the following article was pub. and Peter Walker, Esqrs. being my sureties; dished in a London news-paper, called the that the Attorney General was Sir Vicary Gibbs, COURIER: “ The Mutiny amongst the LO- the Judge who sat at the trial Lord Ellenboronghi

, « CAL MILITIA, which broke out at Ely, was the four Judges who sat at passing sentence Ellen* furtunately suppressed on Wednesday by the borough, Grose, Le Blanc, and Bailey; and that « arrival of four squadrons of the GÉRMAN the jurors were, Thomas Rhodes of Hampstead « LEGION CAVALRY froin Bury, under the Road, John Davis of Southampton Place, James * command of General Auckland. Five of the Ellis of Tottenham Court Road, John Richards “ ringleaders were tried by a Court-Martial, and of Bayswater, Thomas Marshani of Baker Street, 5 sentenced to receive 500 lashes each, part of which Robert Heathcote of High Street Marylebone, « punishment they received on Wednesday, and John Maud of York Place Marylebone, George

a part was remitted. A stoppage for their knup- Bagster of Church Terrace Pancras, Thomas s sacks was the ground of the complaint that ex. Taylor of Red Lion Square, David Deane of S!. « cited this mutinous spirit, which occasioned John Street, William Palmer of Upper Street * the men to surround their officers, and demand Islington, Henry Favre of Pall Mall; that the “ what they deemed their arrears. The first Prime Ministers during the time were Spencer « division of the German Legion halted yesterday Perceval, until he was shot by John Bellingham, 6 at Newmarket on their return to Bury.”- and after that Robert B. Jenkinson, Earl of LiThat, on the 1st July, 1809, I published, in the verpool; that the prosecution and sentence took Political Register, an article censuring, in the place in the reign of King George the Third, a..d strongest terms, these proceedings; that, for 50 that, he having become insane during my impri doing, the Attorney General prosecuted, as sedi. sonment, the 1,000 pounds was paid to his son, tious libellers, and by Ex-Officio Information, the Prince Regent, in his behalf; that, dwing my mé, and also my printer, my publisher, and one imprisonment, I wrote and published 364 Essays of the principal retailers of the Political Register; and Letters upon political subjects; that, during that I was brought to trial on the 15th June, the same time, I was visited by persons from 197 1810, and was, by a Special Jury, that is to say, cities and towns, many of them as a sort of depaby 12 men out of 48 appointed by the Master of ties from Societies or Clubs; that, at the expira. the Crown Office, found guilty ; that, on the tion of my imprisonment, on the 9th of July, 181, 20th of the same month, I was compelled to give a great dinner was given in London for the pur bail for my appearance to receive judgment; pose of receiving me, at which dinner upwards of and that, as I came up from Botley (to which 600 persous were present, and at which Sir place I had returned to my family and my farm Francis Burdett presided; that dinners and other on the evening of the 15th), a Tipstaff went parties were held on the same occasion in many down from London in order to seize me, per- other places in England; that, on my way home, sonally; that, on the 9th of July, 1810, I, toge. I was received at Ålton, the first towa in Hampther with my printer, publisher, and the news- sbire, with the ringing of the Church bells; that man, were brought into the Court of King's a respectable company met me and gave me a Bench to receive judgment; that the three dinner at Winchester; that I was drawn from former were sentenced to be imprisoned for more than the distance of a mile into Botley by some months in the King's Bench prison; that I the people; that, upon my arrival in the village, was sentenced to be imprisoned for two years in I found all the people assembled to receive me Newgate, the great receptacle for malefactors, that I concluded the day by explaining to them and the front of which is the scene of numerous the cause of my imprisonment, and by giving hangings in the course of every year'; that the them clear notions respecting the Aogging of the part of the prison in which I was sentenced to be Local Militia-men at Ely, and respectivg the emi contined is sometimes inhabited by felons, that ployment of German Troops; and, finally, which felons were actually in it at the time I entered is more than a compensation for my losses and all it ; that one man was taken out of it to be trans- my sufferings, I am in perfect health and strength, ported in about 48 hours after I was pat into the and, though I must, for the sake of six children, same yard with him; and that it is the place of feel the diminution that has been made in my confinement for men guilty of unnatural crimes, property (thinking it right in me to decline the of whom there are four in it at this time ; that, offer of a subscription), I bave the consolation to besides this imprisonment, I was sentenced to see growing np three sons, upon whose bearts, I pay a thousand pounds TO THE KING, and to trust, all these facts will be engraven. give security for my good behaviour for seven

WM. COBBETT. years, myself in the sum of 3,000 pounds, and Botley, July 23, 1812.

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[36 ships, of all sizes, on the American station; SUMMARY OF POLITICS.

and what were they to do more? I recelAMERICAN WAR. - This war, which lect, and so must the reader, that, at the was spoken of by the hireling of the TIMES time of the rencounter between Commodore news-paper and others, with such ineffable Rodgers and Captain Bingham, the words contempt, has now assumed a very formi- in the mouths of all these writers were: dable inien; and those who were so eager " Let one of our FRIGATES meet with for the war, begin to revile each other with “ Rodgers, and we ask no more." This regard to the conducting of it. There wish; this challenge, was repeated a thouare, at this time, three political factions in sand times over; the public cannot have the country; the one that is in possession forgotten the fact ; nay, the sentiment was of the distribution of the public money; universal. Upon what ground, then, ale the Whig faction; and the faction of the the ministers now to be blamed? Are they Wellesleys and Cannings. The two latter to be blamed, because, upon trial, it has would join if they could; but, each aims at been found, that our Frigates are noi a the possession of the power of giving places match for those of America ? Are they to and pensions, and, in short, at being the be blamed, because they did not entertain ministry. These two, therefore, cannot a meaner opinion of our frigates, compared agree wholly ; but, ihey both attack, though with those of America, than any other man upon different occasions and different in England entertained, or, at least, dared grounds, those who are in possession of the to say that he entertained ? -We are paradise of Whitehall.--Amongst other told, by the writers in the interest of the objects of attack is that of negligence as to two OUT factions, that the Republican the American war. The Chronicle and the Frigates are bigger, Jonger, have heavier Times are equally bitter against the minis- guns, and the like, than our Frigates have. ters upon this subject ; they revile them for .66 The varlet's a tall man,said Bo-' having plunged the country into a war with badil when he had been cudgelled, America without providing a sufficient ma- But, are these new discoveries? Were the ritime force to cope with that new enemy. facts not all well known before to all these A sufficient force: Why, the Times news- writers, when they so boldly challenged paper spoke of the navy of the United States out the American Frigates to combat with as a thing not worthy of the name; it ours ? When Rodgersattacked Binghani, laughed at “Mr. Madison and his navy;" the size of his ship was well known' and it predicted that a few months would add particularly described; and, yet, no one that navy to our own; it, in short, spoke then called for heavier ships to be sent out of it in a tone of contempt which I should to the American coast. Why, then, are in vain attempt to describe.---And yet, the ministers to be blamed for not sending it now blames the ministers for not having out heavier ships ?- Besides, they have provided a sufficient force to cope with that heavier ships upon the station, and it cancontemptible navy; that navy which was not be their fault if those ships do not fall an object of the most cruel ridicule. --The in with the American Frigates. What are defeat and capture of the Guerriere, the they to do with our frigates? If ours are Frolit, and the Macedonian must, of course, unable to face the American frigates, what be master of astonishment to those, who are, I ask, the ministers to do with them? listened to the language of these presump- Are they not 10 suffer then to go on a tuous and foolish men; but, in what respect cruise, lest they should fall in with a lall are the ministers to blame for it any more Yankee? In short, it is another of the than they were for the evacuation of Madrid, tricks of faction to blame the ministers for and for all the consequences of the unex- these misadventures of the navy; and, the pected retreat of our army in the Peninsula? attempts made by the ministerial prints to The ministers had a great abuidance of account for our defeat upon the ground of


our inferiority of force is another of the briely, vigilance, and consideration for his means made use of to deceive the people, crew; and these qualities are within the and to encourage them in the continuation reach of every man. The American goof the war.

When, until now, did we vernment, too, has a wide range for choice; think of disparity of force? When, until with it no intrigues, commonly called " innow,

did we dream of an English ship sur- terest,” is likely to prevail; because the. rendering to a ship, the superiority of the possession of the powers of the state depend force of which it required a minute calcula- solely upon the will of the people, and, the tion to show? When, until now, did an government, having such support, is not reEnglish Captain hesitate to attack a ship of duced to the necessity of seeking support a few guns more than his own ?-Instead from any individuals; and, of course, is not of all the calculations that we have seen in exposed to the danger of being compelled to the news-papers; instead of those swelled employ as commanders, or as officers of any out accounts of the vast force of the Ame- rank, persons not recommended by their rican frigates, we should be plainly told, own good qualities. This is a

very that we have now an enemy to cope with great advantage possessed by the American equal to ourselves as far as his numbers government; an advantage to which, perwill go.

- Amongst all the calculations haps, it owes those successes, which we so and computations, however, that we have sorely lament, and which seem to be very heard, I have not perceived it any where likely to form an era in the naval history of taken into account, that we have experi- the world. But, let what will be the ence, which the Americans have not. final result of these transactions, I really · Where did Isaac Hull gain his naval expe- can see no good ground for accusation

rience; and where Mr. Decatur ? There against the ministers on account of the misare two Decaturs, the father and son. fortunes that have befallen our frigates. They were my neighbours, in the country, Blamed they may be for the war. There, in Pennsylvania. They were farmers more indeed, there is matter for blame; because, than seamen, though the elder went occa- if my reasoning upon the subject be correct, sionally to sea as commander of a merchant they might have avoided the war without ship. If it be the father who has taken the any dishonour to England; but, for this Macedonian, he must be upwards of three they cannot be blamed by those who are score years of age; and, if it be the son, I seeking for their places ; because some of am sure it is the first battle he ever was in ; those very persons were amongst the men for, twelve years ago, he was but a mere who adopted and adhered to the measures lad. The father was a man of great pro- which produced the war; and, the rest of bity and of excellent sense; and, I have 110 them have pledged themselves to prosecute doubt that the son is the same; but, I'll it upon its present ground. ----Mr. Canengage, that both have had more experience ning and Lord Wellesley were, in succesin raising Indian corn than in naval tactics. sion, Secretaries of State for Foreign Af

-Something, therefore, in our estimates, fairs while the dispute was maintained should be allowed for our superiority in against the abolition of impressment of perpoint of experience. We have no officer of sons on board of American ships. Indeed, the navy, who has not passed a great part the former has expressed his disapprobalion of his life on actual service; we have of the " concessions, as he calls them, scarcely one who has not been in numerous made to America, in the repeal of our Orbattles; and, in the unfortunate cases above ders in Council. Of course he cannot comspoken of, one of the Captains appears to plain of the ministers for going to war; have been of long standing even in that and Mr. Ponsonby, as the organ of the rank. - When we are speaking of the Whigs, distinctly declared, that, if Amenaval preparations of Napoleon, we always rica was not satisfied with that repeal, be dwell upon the difficulty of his forming would support the war against her. naval officers; but, here we see, in the case Not, therefore, being able to find fault with of America, that that is attended with no the ministers for the war itself, they fall on difficulty at all; we here see gallant and upon them as to their manner of conducting consummate commanders start up in a trice; it; and, as I think, I have shown, they do and, in a moment, is dissolved the charm this without a shadow of justice.

-We, which bound us in ignorance as to this im- " Jacobins," blame all the three factions ; portant species of information. The some of them for causing the war, and truth is, I believe, that, amongst the first others for pledging themselves to support qualities of a naval commander, are so- it; nor have I dhe least hesitation to

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predict, that, day after day, will tend to shilling of the £6,000 that, as President, convince all persons of impartiality, that he receives. And, why should he not ? we are right. - This war we owe entire- What claim would he have to the title ly to the presumption inspired by our fool- of patriot, if he grudged to use his talents ish and venal writers. The language of for his country; or, which is the same the late PERCEVAL, who talked of not wish- thing, if he refused to use them without ing for the " destruction" of America, and being paid for their use? If such were his who spoke of her as of a power depending disposition, what claim would he have to on his will for her very existence; this lan- the confidence of his fellow-citizens ? But, guage, which will long be remembered, with the common soldier or sailor, or other was the general language of the press. inferior person employed by the governWe could not believe it possible, that a go-ment, the case is wholly different. He vernment, the whole of the officers of which, has nothing but his labour for his inhePresident and all, did not receive from the ritance ; he possesses no part of the counpublic so much money annually as one of try; his time is his all; and, of course, our sinecure place-men; we could not he is paid for that time at as good rate as if conceive, that a government who did he laboured for an individual.---Those pot get more money for itself would who' speculate upon the resources of Amebe able to get money enough to carry on a rica should not overlook these important war more than sufficient to last our sloops circumstances ; but, hitherto, I am sorry for a few months. We have now found to say, that we have almost wholly overour mistake ; and, indeed, the premises looked them. I never shall forget the which we had in our eye should have led obstinacy of many persons with whom I am to a directly different conclusion ; for, acquainted, as to the intention of the Amewould not common sense have told us, that rican government to go to war. the less of the public money. was taken by sisted to the very last, that it was imposthe officers of Government for their own sible. They called the declaration of the use ; the less of it that was devoured by Congress 6 bullying;" they said it was all placemen, and by others for no services "smoke ;” and so, indeed, said the hired rendered the public, the more there must press, that vehicle of lies, that instrument of be for the Government to employ in the ill to England.- - They have found some public service? This would bave been fire as well as smoke; they have found that the rational conclusion ; but, to reason the Republicans have something at their thus, suited not those who had, and who command besides words; and, when it is too have, the control over ninety-nine hun- | late, I fear that they will find, that this is dredth parts of the press of this country. the most fatal war in which we have yet They, therefore, represented America as been engaged. One effect of it appears to a nation destitute of warlike means; when me to be inevitable; and that is, the crethey should have made an estimate of her alion of a Navy in America.- -Pray, resources upon the grounds stated in my good hired men, do not laugh at me; for i last number. The persons in high am quite serious when I say, that my fear offices in America are badly paid; but (and is, that this war will lead to the creating of the fact is worth great attention) those in a formidable navy in America. The means low rank, or, no rank at all, are well paid. are all in her hands, and her successful The former havę very small salaries; their beginning will not fail to give activity to gains are much less than those of any con- those means. A Navy, a military masiderable merchant or manufacturer, law- rine, in America, is, to me, a most formiyer, or physician ; but, the common sol- dable object. Twenty frigates only would dier and sailor are paid at a very high cause an expense to us of millions a-year, rate ; at such a rate as not to make him unless we resolved to yield the West India regret his change from civil life.--I Islands at once. I would not advise should not say, perhaps, that the former our government to look upon the rearing are badly paid ; because, there is something of an American Navy as something necesin the honour of high office, which the sarily dislant. America has swelled her common man does not enjoy; and, besides, population from about two to about eight there is something due from every man to millions in the space of less than 30 years. bis couptry; and, the greater that is his Another ten years may see her population stake in the country, the less is his right to amount to twenty millions. From not bedraw from her purse. Mr. Madison does, ing permitted to make a hob-nail," she I dare say, expend, as Presidenly every has risen to be an exporter of numerous

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