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this be the case, point me out, if you can, Mary Wilson was sworn lo secrecy, and a single brother Broad-brim, who has not " threatened to be turned away if she dia right to complain.

vulged what she had seen.This, you Fanny Lloyd and Cole are two of the per- will observe, was a most important fact; sons, whose veracily, in this respect, it ap and these are the very words in which Cole pears, the Four Lords saw no ground to stated it in his declaration, which declaraquestion. With regard to Fanny Lloyd, tion was one of the papers on which the you will bear in mind, that she had posi- Inquiry was founded. Now, then, what tively sworn to the most important fact says Fanny Lloyd to this fact? Why, as ahout the pregnancy; and that Messrs. you will see, at the close of ber deposition, Mills and Edmeades had sworn before these she swears, THAT SHE NEVER DID same Lords, that that fact was false. She TELL COLE ANY SUCH THING. swore on the 7th of June, 1506, that Mr. Which of these two witnesses spoke falsely, Mills told her the Princess was with child, it is impossible for me to say, but that one or looked, as if she was with child. The of the two did speak falsely there can be no two gentlemen (there appearing to be a mis- doubt'; indeed, the fact is certain, for the take as to which of the two it was) both two witnesses flatly contradict each other. swear, ou the 25th of the same month, And yet, they are both; yes, both, mena that they never did and never could say any tioned as persons, whose veracity the Four such thing to her; for that such a thought Lords see no grounds lo question. You never came into their heads. And, yet, as you will please to observe, that the qualification will perceive, the Four Lords, in their re- by the words, “ in this respect," does not port to the King, say, that Fanuy Lloyd is apply here, as in the former case; for, the a witness, whose veracity, in this respect, fact here mentioned does not relate to the they see no ground to question. To be sure, pregnancy, or the delivery, but merely to they are here reporting upon the improprie- the improprielies of conduct ; so that the ties of conduct, and not upon the pregnan- flat contradiction given by Fanny Lloyd to cy, and they qualify their opinion of the the declaration of Cole appears not to have veracity of the witness, by the words, " in been, in the opinion of the Four Lords, sufthis respect ;" but, as her evidence relative ficient ground to cause the veracity of either to the pregnancy as well as to the impro- of them to be questioned as to the matter to prieties was all contained in the same depo- which, it is clear, that their evidence resition, it was not very easy to regard her as lated. Against the opinion of four such a person of veracity in respect to the latter, persons as Lord Erskine, Lord Ellenborough, and not as a person of veracity in respect to Lord Grenville, and Lord Spencer, it is the former. Therefore, it appears to me, not for me to set up mine ; aud, indeed, that their Lordships must have given more my only object is to draw your particular credit to her oath than to the oath of Mr. attention to the point, to induce you to read Mills, or Mr. Edmeades, and, in that case, with care all the ducuments referred to, they would, of course, see no .ground to and then to leave you, as a sensible and im. question her veracity. Be their view upon partial man, far removed from the heated this point, however, what it might, you, atmosphere of our politics and parties, 10 having all the documents before you will form your own judgment; always bearing form your own opinion as to Fanny Lloyd's in mind, however, that Cole and Fanny veracity, and you will always bear in mind, Lloyd were two out of the four persons, that she was one of the four persons, whose from whose evidence those particulars evidence, the Four Lords say, "must ne- arose, which, as the Four Lords ' say, cessarily give occasion to very unfavourable "must necessarily give rise to very uninterprelations."

"favourable interpretations." Mr. Cole was another of the four wit. As the present double Number of my nesses, whose evidence is said, by the Register contains nearly the whole of the Four Lords, to give occasion to these inter- Defence of Her Royal Highness, and as I pretations. Now, observe, then, as to Cole, know you, who are a lover of truth and that he, in his declaration of the 11th of justice, will read the whole of it, I will not January, 1806, positively says, that Fanny trouble you with any further remarks upon Lloyd told him, that, one day, “ when the case itself, being well assured, that " Mary Wilson supposed the Princess to there will not, when you have gone through “ be gone to the Library, she went into the the whole, as you will be enabled to do by " bed-room, where she found a man at my next Number, in an attentive manner, ** breakfast with the Princess ; that there remain in your mind, the smallest doubt, " was a great to do about it; and that that Her Royal Highness was perfectly innocent of every charge preferred against more especially as the Report and the her ; not only of every charge of criminality, Depositions must necessarily find their way but also of every charge of indecency or to the knowledge of so many persons. It impropriety or indiscretion of conduct; and was impossible, that, when so many I am further assured, that you will agree persons were examined, the purport of with me, that there are comparatively very the accusations should remain a secret. few married women, though living hap- | Indeed it was very well known; and it pily with their husbands, whose conduct is also very well known, that it gave would bear such a scrutiny as that which rise to very serious doubts and unfavourthe conduct of this calumniated Lady has able impressions. Was it not, then, very been compelled to undergo. Tried and re hard upon the accused party, that the actried and tried again and again ; rummaged cusation should have been received and reand sifted and bolted as it bas been, through corded, and reported upon by a tribunal, statements and declarations and depositions whose incompetence on her side was such and minutes and debates and pamphlets as not to constitute perjury any thing that and paragraphs, it comes out at last with might be sworn falsely against her? Such, out any thing sticking to it, which the most however, now appears to have been the modest and happy married woman in the fact; and upon that fact I shall not, for I world might not own without a blush ; and, am sure it is quite unnecessary, offer you after having carefully read and impartially any further observation of mine, being weighed every word of these documents, I convinced that you will want no one to asmost solemnly declare, that, if I had a sist you in forming a correct opinion with daughter twenty years married, I should respect to it. think myself a happy and a fortunate father, Sir John Douglas, however, has preif as little could be said against her conduct sented a petition to the House of Commons, as has been proved against the conduct of on behalf of himself and of Charlotte, his the Princess of Wales.

wife, praying the House to put them in a You will naturally be anxious to know, situation to re-swear all that they have whether any measure, and what, has been before sworn. That the prayer of this adopted by the ministry, the parliament, petition could not be granted, they knew or the people, in consequence of the dis- very well. However, as the petition was closure, which has now, fortunately for the upon the Table of the House, Mr. Cocacause of truth, taken place. By the 'mi- RANE JOHNSTONE, one of the members, nistry no measure has, as yet, been adopted. upon the ground, that, while it so lay, In parliament there have been some move without any opinion of the House proments, but, hitherto, without producing nounced upon it, it seemed to receive some any measure of a decided character. A degree of countenance from the House, motion has been brought forward by Mr. moved, on the 24th instant, the following Whitbread for the prosecution of Sir John resolution : “ That the petition of Sir John and Lady Douglas for perjury; but was " Douglas, . in behalf of himself and of given up, upon its appearing, that they " Charlotte his wife, is regarded by this could not be so prosecuted, having given “ House as an audacious effort, to give, their oaths before persons, acling in a capa- " in the eyes of the nation, the colour of city which did not make it perjury for any of truth to falsehoods before sworn to, one to swear falsely before Them. Of this, " during the prosecution of a foul and deas you will perceive, the Princess complains" testable attempt against the peace and in her defence. And, surely, it was very happiness, the honour and life of Her hard for her to have her conduct tried, to Royal Highness the Princess of Wales." have evidence touching her honour and her This motion, upon the ground of there lise, taken down before a tribunal, whose being no documents regularly before the competence did not excend far enough to House, whereon to ground such a resoluallow of false swearers being prosecuted for tion, was got rid of by a motion to adperjury. This should have been thought journ; but, during the debate that took of before thc warrant was issued; for, it place, it was avowed on all hands, that seems to me, that the hardness of the case the opinion which the resolution expressed is without a parallel. Įf the oaths had was perfectly just. Not a single man was been taken before the Privy Council, or found in the House to attempt to justify, before magistrates, a prosecution for per. to excuse, or to palliate the conduct of the jury might have fallared and, it is to be petitioners; and, therefore, the effect of greatly forvented ris nagst important the motion of Mr. COCHRANE JOHNSTONE circumstation 1026,

wat sto in time; upon the public mind has been just the same as it would have been if the motion doubt, that, thougli acquitted upon all had been carried by an unanimous vote of capital points, she was still an immoral the House.

woman; an opinion, too, which I will The public feeling, which was before fairly avow, was neither removed nor : strong on the side of the injured Princess, shaken by her public reception at court and has now received the sanction of the con- her restoration to apartments in one of the viclion of her perfect innocence; and, Royal Palaces; acts which, without being which is well worthy of remark, this con- over-suspicious, I might, and indeed, I viction has been produced, in general, by the did, ascribe to mere prudence, which must reading of the Evidence only; for, there is have dictated to the whole of the Royal not, up to this hour, one person out of fifty Family to use all the means in their power thousand in the kingdom, who has read the to cause a veil to be drawn for ever over Defence, contained in the letter of the 2d of the whole transaction. I was, moreover, Oct., the greater part of which I now pub- influenced in the forming of this opinion lish in this Double Number. What, then, by the total silence of the Princess herself ; must be the feelings of the people, when time for, one must have actual experience of and circumstances shall have enabled them forbearance and magnanimity like hers, to read and well reflect on that Defence before one can possibly believe in their exand the Affidavits in support of it?

istence. If I viewed the matter in this Another thing worthy of remark, is, light, how must others, with less opporthat those news-papers, which, upon the tunity of getting at the truth, have viewed appearance of Her Royal Highness's Letter it? Certainly in a light less advantageous 10 the Prince, and upon that of the far to the Princess, who, it appears to me, better letter which she addressed 10 the must have had very faithless advisers; or, Speaker of the House of Commons; those she could not, for so long a time, have news-papers, which called her a misguided remained silent. woman, an unfortunate woman, a rash

The fact which first led me to suppose, that I woman, who taunted her with the evidence had formed a wrong opinion upon this point, i

was informed of about eighteen months ago. It of Cole, Bidgood, and Fanny Lloyd, and was this; that a certain Noble Earl, well known who menaced her with a new Inquiry ; to be much attached to the Prince, had expendthose same news-papers, perceiving the ed, through the hands of a gentleman, some hununiversal cry excited by their baseness, THE BOOK. What could (lis be for? What accompanied with a disclosure of all the could be the motive? From that time I began dark machinations of her vindictive ene- to think, that the Princess was not so very mies, have, all of a sudden, turned round, guilty; and, when, soon afterwards, Mr. Per. and, while they have become her panyge. author of the Buuk; when he, who was now

ceval, who was well known to have been the rists, have fallen, in the most violent become the prime Minister of the Prince, and manner, upon Sir John and Lady Douglas; who had been chosen to that office to the exjust as if the conduct of these persons were clusion of the Prince's old friends ; when, in not now what it always had been known open parliament, he explicitly declared, the Printo be! You will be shocked to hear of that had been preferred against her, I could do such a perversion of that noble instrument, longer doubt of her perfect innocence; and, the Press; but, my friend, you must be from that hour, as the pages of my Register wiń here, and be acquainted with the means show, I did all in my little power to ipeulcate

the same opinion on my readers. made use of to move that instrument; you When the Prince was addressed by the City must see the working of the secret wheels, of London upon his being constituted Regent, I before you can have a sufficient horror of the thought that the Princess ought to have been cause of so apparently unaccountable an effect. addressed too. I think so still ; and, if she had,

at that time, been placed in a situation to hold a For my own pari, I confess, that, with court, THE BOOK would still, in all human out any motive whatever to bias my judg- probability, have slept in quiet. The want of ment, l, for a long while, for several wisdom in the advisers of the Prince and the years, thought the Princess guilty to some sense and courage of the Princess have combined

to order it otherwise; and, I should be a very considerable exlent. The very existence of

great hypocrite if I were now to affect to be sorry a commission to inquire into her conduct for it. The disclosure will do great good in many was sufficient to produce that impression ways, while to the nation at large, and especially in my mind; and this, added to the tales to the calomniated Princess, it is impossible and anecdotes which were circulated with leave yon to the perusal of the Princess's defence,

that it should do any harm. With this remark I an industry and in a way, of whiclı you, well satisfied, that you will need nothing more who live in a happy ignorance of the crafty to enable you to form a correct judgment upon intrigues of this scene, cannot form the every part of this memorable transaction. most distant idea, had left me in little

I remain your faithful friend,
Potley, 26 Mar. 1813, WM. COBBETT,

THE BOOK. ,

can be any question apon the legality of such a (Continued from page 416.)

Warrant or Commission, the extreme hardship with which it has operated upon me, the extreme

prejudice which it has done to my character, and such persons as they think fit: and to report to to which such a proceeding must ever expose your Majesty the result of their Examination.

the person who is the object of it, obliges me, By referring to the written Derlaratious, it ap- till I ain fully convinced of its legality, to forpears that they contain allegati.ns against 'me, bear from acknowledging its authority; and, amounting to the charge of High Treason, and with all humility and deference to your Majesty, also other matters, which, if understood to be to protest against it, and against all the proceedas they seem to have been acted and reported ings under it. If this, indeed, were matter of upon, by the Commissioners, not as evidence mere form, I should be ashamed to urge it. But confirmatory (as they are expressed to be in the actual hardships and prejudice which I bave their title) of the principal charge, but as distinct suffered by this proceeding are most obvious; and substantive subjects of examination, can- for, upon the principal charge against me, the not, as I am advised, be represented as in law, Comunissioners have most satisfactorily, and amounting to crimes. How most of the De- " without the least hesitation,” for such is their clarations referred to were collected, by whom,

expression, reported their opinion of its false. at whose solicitation, under what sanction, hood. Sir John and Lady Douglas, therefore, and before what persons, m:gistrates, or others, who have sworn to its truth, have been guilty of they were made, does not appear. By the title, the plainest falsehood; yet upon the supposition indeed, which all the wriiten Declaratious, of the illegality of this Commission their false except Sir John and Lady Douglas's bear, viz. hood must, as I am informed, go anpunished,

That they had been taken for the purpose Upon that supposition, the want of legal authoof confirming Lady Douglas's Statement," it rity in the Commissioners to inquire and to admay be collected that they had been made by minister an oath, will repder it impossible to give her, or, at least, by Sir John Douglas's pro- to this falsehood the character of perjury. But curement. And the concluding passage of one this is by no means the circumstance which I feel of them, I mean the fourth declaration of W. the most severely. Beyond the vindicating of Cole, strengtiens this opinion, as it represents my own character, and the consideration of proSir John Douglas, accompanied by his Solicitor viding for my future security, I can assure yous Mr. Lowten, to have gone down as far as Chel Majesty, that the punishment of Sir John and tenham for the examination of two of the wit, Lady Douglas would afford me no satisfaction. nesses whose declarations are there stated. I It is not, therefore, with regard to that part of am, however, at a loss to know, at this mo, the charge which is negatived, but with respect ment, whom I am to consider, or whom I could to those which are sanctioned by the Report, legally fix, as my false accuser. From the cir- those, which, not aiming at my life, exhaust them. cumstance last mentioned, it might be inferred, selves upon my character, and which the Commisthat Sir John and Lady Douglas, or one of them, sioners have, in some measure, sanctioned by is that accuser, But Lady Douglas, in her | their Report, that I have the greatest reason to writteu Declaration, so far from representing complain. Had the Report sanctioned the priothe information which she then gives, as mov. cipal charge, constituting a known legal crime, ing voluutarily from herself

, expressly states my innocence would bave emboldened me, at ali that she gives it under the direct command risques (and to more no person has ever been ex. of His Royal Highness the Prince of Wales, posed from the malice and falsehood of acçusers) and the papers leave me without information, to have demanded that trial, which could legally from whom any communication to the Prince determine upon the truth or falsehood of such originated, which induced him to give such charge. Though I should even then, indeed, conmands. Upon the question, how far have had some cause to complain, because I the advice is agrerable to law, under which it should have gone to that trial under the preju. was recommended to your Majesty to issue this dice necessarily raised against me by that ReWarrant or Commission, not countersigned, nor port; yet, in a proceeding before the just, open, under Seal, and without any of your Majesty's and known tribunals of your Majesty's kingdom, advisers, therefore, being, on the face of it, re- I should have had a safe appeal from the result sponsible for its issuing, I am not competent to of an et parte investigation; an investigation determine. And undoubtedly, considering that which lias exposed me to all the hardships of a the two high legal authorities, the Lord Chancel secret Inquiry, without giving me the benefit of lor, and the Lord Chief Justice of the King's secrecy, and to all the severe consequences of a Bench, conserled to act under it, it is with the public investigation, in point of injury to my greatest doubt and diffidence that I can bring character, without affording me any of its submyself to express any suspicion of its illegality stantial benefits in point of security. But the But if it be, as I am given to undurstand it is, charges which the Commissioners do sanction by open to question, whether, consistently with law,

their Report, describing them with a mysterious your Majesty should have been advised to com- obscurity and indefinite generality, constitute, mand, by this warrant or commission, persons as I am told, no legal crime. They are described (not to act in any known character, as Secreta. as “ instances of great impropriety and indecer. ries of State, as Privy Counsellors, as Magistrates cy of behaviour," which must * occasion the otherwise en powered, but to act as Commission-" most unfavourable interpretations," and they ers, and under the sole authority of sach warrant) are reported to your Majesty, and they are stated to inquire, (without any authority to hear and de- to be," circumstances which must be credited termine any thing upon the subject of those in-"till they are decisively contradicted." From quiries) into the known crime of high treason, this opinion, this judgment of the Commissioners under de sanction of oaths, to be administered bearing so hard upon my character (and tirat a by them as such Commissioners, and to report the female character, how delicate, and how easily result thereof to your Majesty. If, I' say, there to be affected by the breath of calumby, your Majesty well knows), I can have no appeal; "her proceedings may be had against me (desirfor, as the charges constitute no legal crimes, abs, as it may have been thonght that the Inquiry they cannot be the subjects of any legal trial, shoule have been of the nature which has, in this I can call for no trial. I can, therefore, instance,obtained), your Majesty would be graa have no appeal; I can look for no acquittal. ciously pleased to require to be advised, whether Yet this opinion, or this judgment, from which my guilt, it i were guilty, conld not be as effecI can have no appeal, has been pronounced tually discoverer and punished, and my honour against me upon mere ex parte investigation. and innocence, if nnocent, be more effectually

- This hardship, Sire, I am told to ascribe to secured and established by other more known the nature of the proceeding ouder this Warrant and regular modes of proceeding. Having, or Commission; for had the inquiry been entered therefore, Sire, upon these grave reasons, veninto before your Majesty's Privy Council, or be tured to submit, I trust witinnt offence, tliese fore any magistrates, authorized by law as such, considerations upon the nature of the Commisto inquire into the existence of treason, the sion and the proceedings under it, I will now known course of proceeding before that Council, proceed to observe upon the Report and the exor such magistrates, the known extent of their anıinations; and, with yonr Majesty's permission, jurisdiction over crimes, and not over the pro- I will go through the whole maiter, in that course prieties of behaviour, would have preserved me which has been observed by the Report itself, from the possibility of having matters made the and which an examination of the important mat subjects of inquiry, which had in law no substan- ters that it contains, in the order in which it tive criminal character, and from the extreme states them, will naturally suggest.The Rehardship of having my reputation injured by ca- port, after referring to the Commission or War. lumny altogether unfounded, but rendered at rant under which their Lordships were acting, once more safe to my enemies, and more injuri. after stating that they had proceeded to examine ous to me, by being uttered in the course of a the several witnesses, whose depositions they proceeding assuming the grave semblance of legal annexed to their report, proceeds to state the form. And it is by the nature of this proceed effect of the written declarations, which the ing (which could alone have countenanced or ad. Commissioners considered as the essential founmitted of this licentions latitude of inquiry into dation of the whole proceeding. “ That they the proprieties of behaviour in private life, with were statements which had been laid before His which no court, no magistrate, no public law has Royal Highness the Prince of Wales, respecting any authority to interfere), that I have been de the conduct of Her Royal Highness the Princess; prived of the benefit of that entire and unquali- that these statements not only imputed to Her fied acquittal and discharge from this accusation, Royal Highness great impropriety and indecency to which the utter and proved falsehood of the of behaviour, but expressly asserted, partly on accusation itself so justly entitled me, -I trust, the ground of certain alleged declarations from therefore, that your Majesty will see, that if this the Princess's own mouth, and partly on the per. proceeding is not one to which, by the known sonal observation of the informants, the follow. laws of your Majesty's kingdom, 1 ought to be ing most important facts, viz. that Her Royel subject, that it is no cold formal objection which Highness had been pregnant in the year 1802, in leads me to protest against it. I am ready to consequence of an illicit intercourse, and that acknowledge, Sire, from the consequences which she had in the sanse year been secretly delivered might arise to the public from such misconduct of a male child, which child had ever since that as have been falsely imputed to me, that my ho- period been brought up by Her Royal Highness nour and virtue are of more importance to the in her own house, and under her iminediate inState ihan those of other women. That my con- spection. These allegations thus made, had, as duct, therefore, may be fitly subjected, when ne- the Commissioners found, been followed by decessary, to a severer scrutiny. But it cannot clarations from other persons, who had not, in. follow, becanse my character is of more import- deed, spoken to the important facts of the pregance, that it may; therefore, be attacked with nancy or delivery of her Royal Highness, but more impunity. And as I know, that this mis- had related other particulars, in themselves exchief has been pending over my head for more tremely suspicious, and still more so, when conthan two years, that private examinations of my nected with the assertions already mentioned. neighbours servants, and of my own, have, at The Report then states, that, in the painful situ. times, during that interval, been taken, for the ation in which His Royal Highuess was placed by purpose of establishing charges against me, not; these declarations, they learnt that he had adopt. indeed, by the instrumentality of Sir John and ed the only course which could, in their judg. Lady Douglas alone, bat by the sanction, and in ment, with propriety be followed, when införinathe presence of the Earl of Moira (as your Ma- tions such as these had been thus confidently aljesty will perceive by the deposition of Jonathan leged and particularly detailed, and had in some Partridge, which I sabjoin); and as I know also, degree been supported by collateral evidence, and make appear to your Majesty likewise by the applying to other points of the saine nature same means, that declarations of persons of un. (though going to a far less extent), one line could questionable credit respecting my conduct, at only be pursued."-"Every sentiment of duty testing my innocence, and directly falsifying a to your Majesty, and of concern for the public most important circumstance respecting my sup. welfare, required that these particulars should posed pregnancy, mentioned in the declarations, not be withheld from your Majesty, to whom on which the Inquiry was instituted; as I know, more particularly belonged the cognizance of a I say, that those declarations, so favourable to matter of state, so nearly tonclijng the honour me, appear, to my infinite prejudice, not to have of your Majesty's Royal Family, and by possibiþeen communicated to your Majesty when that lity affecting the succession to your Majesty's Inquiry was cominanded; and as I know not crown.”—The Commissioners, therefore, your how soon nor how often proceedings against me Majesty observes, going, they must permit me to may be me ditated by my enemies, I take leave say, a little out of their way, begin their Report to express my hainble trust, that, before any by expressing a clear and decided opiuion, that

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