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VOL. XXIH. No. 17.] LONDON, SATURDAY, APRIL 24, 1813.

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real grounds exist for preferring the charge SUMMARY OF POLITICS.

in a more formal manner, and for bringing WESTMINSTER ADDRESS. PARLIA- the accused, or suspected, person to trial. MENTARY REFORM.- -On Thursday, the --Very true; and, if the Four Lords had 15th instant, a very numerous meeting was acted in their capacity of Privy Councillors, lreld in the City of Westminster, at which there would now have been no room to rean Address to Her Royal Highness, the gret what is regretted by all the nation, Princess of Wales, was voted, to be pre namely, that Lady Douglas cannot have her sented by Sir Francis Burdett and Lord petition granted, and be put on her trial for Cochrane, the two Members for that city. perjury. If she had sworn before the Four

-At this meeting the following resolu- Lords as Privy Councillors, they being, in tions were passed; and, I insert them, be- that capacity, Magistrales, she inight have cause I think it of great consequence that it been prosecuted for perjury; but, it seems, should be known, that the people of Eog- that, by virtue of the King's warrant, or land have not passed over these things with commission, these four Lords were deprive out perceiving them.--"Resolved, ist. ed of that quality, for the time being, which “ That it is the undoubted right of every made it perjury for any one to swear falsely “ British subject to retain the reputation, before them.--It would, perhaps, be “ rights, and immunities of innocence, un- thought impertinent in us to inquire, why " til convicted of guilt before a tribunal re- this commission was formed ; why the same “cognized by the law, known to the peo- four Lords did not act in their capacity of “ple, and possessing that glorious and in- Privy Councillors ; why they were, upon "dispeusable attribute of freedom and jus. this particular uccasion, made Commis“ tice, a trial by Peers; and that this Meet- sioners? This might be thought imperti"ing view with deep regret any attempts nent; but, of one thing we are certain; " to introduce tribunals unknown to the namely, that their being made Commis" Constitution, authorized by the law of sioners has, as it has happened, prevented " the land, and therefore possessing no con- Lady Douglas from being liable to be tried “ stitutional power to enforce the attend- for perjury.--How hard, reader, was this "ance of witnesses, no power to punish upon the Princess! The witnesses against "persons giving false evidense, or no her might swear just what they pleased,

requisite of a Court of Justice.--- and without any danger, for they could not • 2d. That this Meeting feel the greatest be prosecuted for perjury. What they de6 horror at the late nefarious consci- posed was taken as coming from persons un

racy against the Honour and the Life their oalhs; but, in this case, they were

of Her Royal Highness the Princess oaths without responsibility, as it now ap" of Wales ; and fully convinced, from pears; yet, if the evidence had been of sufevery

document before the Public, of Her fcient weight, it would, in all human pro" Royal Highness's innocence, 'do resolve bability, have sent the Princess to trial for “s that a loyal and humble Address be pre- her life. ---She was acquitted by the Four "sented to Her Royal Highness, expressive Lords of the charge of High Treason; but, “ of their happiness at her complete triumph they left her touched with minor offences. " over her enemies,"'-_-To be sure, it is And, was it not hard, that she should have necessary, that the nation should express its been thus left upon the evidence of persons, opinion upon that tribunal, which was who, from the nature of the tribunal, had formed in 1806.' Sir Samuel Romilly not the restraint of the fear of prosecution stated, in the House of Commons, that it for perjury hanging over their heads ?. was legal and customary for the King to re- It is greatly to be lamented, that this was fer matters relating to a charge of High not perceived by either of the two “ Great Treason to certain of his Privy Councillors, “ Law Lords" before the Commissioners in order for them to ascertain, whether any proceeded to act; for, if either of them had

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perceived it, we may be quite sure, that's power to the meritorious, persecuted, and they would have taken good care to prevent "Hustrious object of it. The long and the cause of our present regret. - To the cruel suffering slie has undergone, the Westminster Meeting, SIR FRANCIS BUR." many estimable qualities she has displayDETT, who, it appears, was unable to at- "ed throughout, and the destitute and fortend from ill-health, sent a Leller, to apo- Jorn condition in which, notwithstanding logize for his absence, and also to express “ her now universally acknowledged me. his sentiments upon the subject before the rits, she is left, having lost her father not Meeting.---This Letter I must also place “ long since, and her mother still more reupon record amongst the proofs of the na-“ cently; the King, to whom alone she sion's opinion with regard to this memora- looked for justice in this country, deble affail, --Let those, who are unliappy" prived of his mental faculties, and that at seeing all this stir, blame for it, not the " the cup of affliction might be full, the persons who make the stir, not the person 6 mind of His Royal Highness the Prince, who is the subject of it; but let thein blame “ her husband, poisoned against her; and those who were the CAUSE: let them “ can it be possible that there are men, and blame the base and delosluble conspiralors,“ even good men, who think this a cause be their rank in life svhat it may.--Sir " unbecoming the people of England to Francis inost excellently well points out the “ espouse ? one in which they ought not to inconsistency and folly of those who pre-interfere, and in which they have nothing tend, that this is a matter with which the " to do? Is it not curious to observe, that people have nothing to do. But his Letter, " those persons whose sensibility was so when we have read it, will call for some- 66 alive 'to the misfortunes of the Queen of thing further in the way of commeat. It “ France, who thought all England and all was in the following words :

" the world should draw the 'sword to

" avenge her injuries, have no sensibility " PHCCADILLY, APRIL 15, 1813. 66 alive, no commiseration awake, to the 6 GENTLEMEN,-am exceedingly mor- ' injuries of the innocent and calumniated “tified at my inability, through illness, to “ Princess of Wales ? What, in fact, has " attend the Meeting of the inhabitants of | “ been proved with respect to Her Royal " the City and Liberties of Westminster, " Highness ? that Her Royal Highness is “ convened on this important occasion, “ full of condescension and kindness, and • both because it is my duty, and because, “ of a most benevolent: mind! that her w that which rarely accompanies my duty" charity is not of the vulgar, casual, and w in other places, pleasure and satisfaction, "eleemosynary stamp, but a well regulated es would have accompanied me on this. “ principle, uniform and alive! that Her " Gentlemen, there never was an occasion“ Royal Highness takes the trouble to think 4 which appeared to me more calculated to how her charity can be applied most bese call forth those manly feelings, and that "neficially for its object and for society ! 66.love of justice, for which the people of " nor could benevolence, united with wis" this country have been ever remarkable. “ doin, direct a course more admirably "To protect the oppressed, and to prove to " adapted to these enlarged views, than the " our future Sovereign the interest we take " one which Her Royal Highness is proved

in what so nearly concerns her, is a mea- " to have adopted. The well considered " sure creditable in itself, and founded no“ objects of Her Royal Highness's charity o less in policy than in humanity and jus" are the children of poor but honest pa" tice. With respect to the importance of rents; these Her Royal Highness not only " maintaining that great bond of society, " maintains, but educates ; not only edu“justice, no difference of opinion can be cales, but places in useful and creditable "entertained, and as little, I should think, “ callings; nor even then does the superin" of the violation of all its fundamental " tending, ever active and enlightened be“ principles and maxims in the person of “nevolence of Her Royal Highness cease; “ Her Royal Highness, the Princess of but the little influence Her Royal High" Walesa Lady eminent in rank, eminentness possesses is ever ready to exert itself “ in virtue, but super-eminent in misfor- “ for their fair advancement according to " tune ; and, I trust, our opinions will be " their merits; and the nation has only to " as unanimous of the propriety and im- regret, that this influence is not as exien“portance of this Meeting, as our deter- "sive as the benevolence which directs it. “mination will be, to shew every mark of “ These Her Royal Highness's virtues have 66 respect, and afford every support in our “ not been displayed by ostentatious hypo

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65.crisy, or the modern pharisaical cant of fidelity that the world had ever beheld. " those who ever stand praying in public Indeed, her warmest friends did not scruple

places; no, nor by any friend or well- to confess, that her conduct was not unex“ wisher to Her Royal Highness; but by ceptionable; and, her extravagance, her « her enemies— by those who, like Balaam, waste of the public money, and other acts " when sent for by Balak to curse, was offensive to the public, were loudly ralked “ compelled to bless, and was thus re- of on all sides. Yet, did all the aristocracy "proached : “Lo, I seot for thee to curse and the clergy in this country rise, as it “ mine enemies, and behold thou hast were, in an insurrection of indignation at “blessed them altogether." Thus have the ill-treatment she received. It puzzled “Her Royal Highness's enemies dispelled John Bull, who, though a great thinker, is "the foul vapours engendered by their own not very deep-sighted : it puzzled John's " malice, and thrown a sunshine upon pate to find out, why they should trouble " those virtues which would, but for them, their heads so much about a Queen of " have continued to flourish in the shade. France. Be that as it may, we cannot now « And that should teach us :

fail to observe, that neither the aristocracy. u There is a Divinity that shapes our ends, nor the clergy move an inch in the way of « Rough hew them how we will."

resenting the treatment of the Princess of “ Their blind and indiscreet malice seem Wales. I think this conduct of the clergy “ literally to have considered “ her virtues worthy of particular notice. Upon the "" as sanctified and holy traitors to her," death of Perceval, they did not fail (espe“ and preposterously imagined that Divine cially in the diocese of Salisbury, I remem" charity, which in others covers a multi- ber) to come forward with Addresses in a "tude of sins, could be by falsehood per. most heroic strain. They could feel and “ verted into the means of covering Her express indignation and abhorrence un" Royal Highness's innocence, magnani- bounded at the killing of that' minister ; " mity, and virtue, with the appearance but, how quiet they are now! How still ! " and confusion of guilt.-Gentlemen, How placid and smooth they are! They " the treatment Her Royal Highness has do not wish to agilate the public mind.

received, owing, no doubt, to the ear of Agitate the public mind, reverend Sirs, "! His Royal Highness the Prince, her lius- what do you mean by that? Would it " band, having been abused, the severity of agitate the public mind more for you to cry “ Her Royal Highness's lot--a woman, a out against perjury and subornation, than it “ Princess, and a stranger in a foreign did when you cried out against murder ?

laud, is of itself more than sufficient to Would you agitate the public mind any "inlist every generous feeling, every Eng- more by addressing the Prince upon the “ lishman's feeling, in anxiety for Her subject of infamous attempts against the life

Royal Highness's welfare, and gives Her and honour of his own wife, than you did

Royal Highness a natural and irresistible in addressing him upon the subject of the " claim to the protection of every honour shot that killed his minister ? Why, reve" able mind.-Gentlemen, unable as I am rend Sirs, should an Address from you in " to have the honour of attending this support of injured innocence, agitate the “ Meeting, I think it due to the respect I public mind. One would think, that this, u bear you, thus shortly to lay before you above all others, was a sabject upon which "my plain, undisguised sentiments on this the Clergy would come forward. And, " singular and important occasion. what can be the cause of their not doing it? "! I have the honour to subscribe myself, They are said to have very fine noses; but, your most devoted

very
humble servant,

surely, they cannot have smelt out any thing " FRANCIS BURDETT." offensive in such a proceeding on their part!

They cannot but be well assured, that His Certainly, it is curious indeed, to per- Royal Highness, the Regent, must fe. 1 ceive those completely dumb; nay, at best greatly gratihed by every testimonial of the dumb, and generally openly hostile to all innocence of the Princess, his spouse. And, steps in defence of the Princess of Wales ; as to the ministry, it is the very same set those very persons, who were so loud, so who declared her honourable acquittal in clamorous for war, because the republicans April, 1807. They may, indeed, be called of France were ill-treating the Queen of her ministry; for she was manifestly the that country:

-It was not pretended that principal cause of their first getting posses. Marie Antoinette was, though living with sion of power; and, for which the Whig her husband, the best model of conjugal faction love her as the Devil is said to love

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water that has passed under the sanctified the censorship of the public. It is curipaws of a priest. -What, then, can pos- ous enough to hear men talk about the dosibly keep the Clergy back upon this occa- mestic virtues of the King, as a ground for sion? An occasion when they might gra- love of him in the people; while, in almost tify both Prince and Ministry in the highest the same breath, these same men will tell degree, and might, at the same time, give you, that the people have no business to encouragement to virtue, and anathematize meddle with the family afairs of the Prince perjury, subormation, and all the base and and the Princess. Just as if the King's doblack arts of the most cowardly and execra- mestic virtues, the qualities as a father and ble conspiracy that ever was heard of in a husband, were not also an affair of family! the world.- What can keep them back? Yes, but these we are permitted to meddle What have their fine noses smelt out? Do with; we are permitted to praise these, and they suspect, that they should displease any even to consider them as a compensation to body, whom it is their interest to please? us for the misfortunes of the reign; for the

-However, be this as it may, they have loss of America, and for a Debt of count. not yet come forward; and, if they do not, less millions. But, if we should desery, in they shall hear of it, upon proper occasions, any quarter, upon any occasion, qualities as long as I hold a pen to write for the pub- of a rather opposite kind, in any branch of Jic perusal.---I am decidedly of opinion the Royal Family, we are by no means, I with Sir Francis (whose present Letter, suppose, to open our lips upon the subject. at any rate, can hardly have been written -This is too degrading; one cannot by MR. HORNE TOOKE!); I agree with him bear the thought of this; and, the people decidedly, that policy as well as justice call do very right in showing,' that they know for these movements on the part of the peo- how and when to exercise the only right, ple.-- In the first place, there is a right that, in such cases, they have.--I made to exercise, and the exercise of a political the remark before, but I will not deny myright is, ninety-nine times out of a hundred, self the pleasure of making it again that a good of itself.

It becomes the people to the persons, who have appeared most prolet the Prince, to let his ministers, to let minent in doing justice to the Princess of the aristocracy and the Clergy see that they Wales, are those who have been denomi(the people) have not forgotten, that they nated Jacobins; those who have been ass have rights. If the people were to be kept cused of being enemies of the Royal Family: ; silent, at this time, by being told, that enemies of all law, government, and order; they have no business with the matter, why men who wished for universal confusion not keep them silent another time upon the and a consequent scramble for property. If same ground ? It is a family affair; and so this were true with regard to Sir Francis was ļhe marriage of the Prince, and so was Burdett, whom the vile hired news-papers the birth of the Princess; and yet court have put at the head of this desperate set sycophants could see nothing improper in of men, he must have a very high opinion Addresses upon those occasions.--The ob- of his powers at scrambling; for, unless he ject of an Address now is to applaud the saw himself in this light, he could hardly conduct of the Princess, and to reprobate hope to gain by a scramble. Mr. Wurt. her base enemies. Justice, bare justice, | BREAD, too, who has been put pretty nearly skin-flint justice, demands this; but, it is upon the same level, must seramble hard also demanded by policy; for, it is of great to get back again what would slip out of consequence, that the people sliould cause it his hands by universal confusion. ----Howto be kept fresh in the minds of all the ever, be this as it may, it does so happen, branches of the Royal Family, that the for- that those, who have beers thus stigmatized mer have a right, at all times, when they by the tools of corruption, have been the decm it proper, to express, in this solemn most forward, and, indeed, have been the manner, their opinions and their wishes as only persons, who have appeared at all in to the conduct or treatment of the latter. support of the Princess of Wales. Mr, The Royal Family are amenable to no law COCHRANE JOHNSTONE has not till now been as other people are. They are not exempt much known in politics, and has, therefore, ed, indeed, by the letter of the law; but, not been honoured much with the abuse of it is impossible, in practice, to subject the tools of corruption ; but, Sir Francis them, in all cases, to common rules ; nor Burdelt, Mr. Whilbread, Mr. Alderman would it be desirable to do it. There is, Wood, Mr. Thompson, Major Cartwright, therefore, the greater necessity that they Mr. Wishart; Mr. Harris, have all been should feel themselves continually liable to long numbered amongst the men of despea

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rate politics ; nor do I believe, that I shall | Wales received the Citizens of London, be thought to arrogate too much to myself, when she saw, and when her Daughter if I take it for granted, that the tools of read of, the procession of the citizens to corruption have done me the honour to put Kensington Palace; and when they heard or me, however low down, in the same list. read of the shouts of applause which ac

Now, then, let the nation observe, and companied that heart-cheering ceremony; bear well in mind that it is this " desperate they would then, undoubtedly, contrast $ faction" who have appeared alone to do this with the silence in other quarters; public justice to the Princess of Wales. and, I much question if either of them The whole nation have declared her to be would have been so much gratified by a an innocent and most injured wongan; the joint Address of all the privileged orders whole nation have felt her wrongs, and put together; I much question whether have also felt that she inerited support; they would exchange this testimonial for never was there any person, whose case any other that could have been given. called forth so universal a wish in favour of We have known of Addresses before ; thouahe oppressed. How comes it, then, that sands of Addresses have been presented to:

the "Jacobins" only should have really kings, queens, princes, and princesses, made any movement, any public demon- upon various occasions; some on

stration in ber favour? The truth is this: riages, some on births, some on recoveries the " Jacobins," as they are insultingly from dangerous disorders, and some on called, have no views but such as are con- escapes from attempts at assassination ; but, sonant with public liberty; with justice ; did any man living ever before hear of an with the support of the rights of the people Address, an Address of loyalty and affecand of the throne. They are under no cor- tion, escorted by hundreds of ihousands of rupe influence; they are not goaded on by the people, and the mover of it, in approthe hopes of gain, or, held in check by the bation of his conduct, drawn in his carfear of losing a share of the public money. riage for many miles by the people themThey seek for no places, pensions, con- selves? When, I ask, was such a thing tracts, or any other thing for their own heard of before? And, must it not be a emolument; and they possess none of either. little mortisying to our calumniators to be

-Having, therefore, nothing to hope obliged to acknowledge, that this address, for, nothing to lose, nothing to fear for this ** loyal and affectionate" Address, the themselves, they are under no influence, in " noble sentiments" of which even the such a case, but that of their reason and Morning Post has been compelled to aptheir sense of justice; and this being the plaud, was brought forward by, was the case, they have stepped forward to speak work of, was begun and carried into extheir sentiments freely; they have stepped ecution through the sole agency of, those forward to give utterance to the national who have been called Jacobins and Levelfeeling.Is it too much, then, for us to lers? If this fact be lost upon the obduhope, that those persons, those men who rate tools of corruption, it will not, I am are really good and disinterested, but who convinced, be lost upon the Princess of have been misled by the calumnies of the Wales and upon her Daughter, our future tools of corruption, will now, upon per- sovereign. They will see, that, after all, ceiving that it bas been reserved for it is the people or whom alone any safe rethe Parliamentary Reformers to act this liance can be placed. They will see, that honourable part, a part so necessary real loyalty is the associate of an attachto the fair reputation of the country; is ment to popular rights; and that those it too much to hope, that good men, thus who are the friends of the people are also misled, will now hesitate before they give the best friends of the throne.- - They their further countenance to these calumnies ? will not, I am sure, forget the conduct of Is it too much to hope, that they will now be- the two great political factions upon this gin to think, that the Parliamentary Re- occasion. Not a word, in the way of

formers are not the men who have no sense support, has the Princess received from of law and justice ?-«- The Princess of either of them. How they have acted toWales, and also the Princess Charlotte, wards her she need not be told; what they will, too, now be able to form an estimate have done in her case she well knows; of the real character of the different de- and, indeed, she will want no one to rescriptions of politicians. They will be mind her of what they have now left unable to judge of the value of the people's done. It will appear strange to postegood opinion. When the Princess of rity; and, indeed, it does now strike every

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