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one with great force, that, while her Let-cophant will ever be able to remove it from ter, that excellent Letter , which she ad- her mind. Her love for her mother ; the dressed to the two houses of parliament, joy, the exultation, which she must exthrough the Lord Chancellor and the Speak-perience, at these spontaneous, these uner; while that Letter lies wholly unno- purchased, these unfeigned, movements on ticed by the two Houses, the people bave the part of the people, must implant in

the matter, publicly and constitu- her heart feelings of gratitude iowards tionally discussed it, and pronounced their them. She will now, I dare say, see decision, in the most decided and most re-them in a light in which she never before gular manner. She will, herein see, saw them. Those notions of contempt for and her Daughter will also see, the value the people, which court sycophants are but of the people's rights; they will reflect on too apt to inculcate, she will now be in the awkward staie in which Her Royal much less danger of imbibing. She has Highness the Princess of Wales, would had a striking proof of the great import even now have been, if the people, accordo tance of the people, of the great weight of ing to the wish of the ene nies of liberty, public opinion; and, I trust, that it had been possessed of no rights. She will will, through her whole life, serve. to

that the eyes, not only of this nation, guard her against the insidious counsels of but of the world, were fixed upon her. those, who would teach her, that the Her case was become as notorious as any people are nothing ; that they have no great question between nations; and, if rights ihat are of any use, and that they the English people, whose love, of justice ought always to be an object of Royal jeaand fair-play is their best characteristic, lousy.- From the scene now before the had remained silent; if they had taken no eyes of Her Royal Highness, who is of an police of her treatment; if they had shun- age to form a correct judginent, she will ned her cause, what would have been the not, I am persuaded, fail to gather most conclusion of the world? The documents useful knowledge. She will see what it is were, indeed, all published ; her iuno- to deserve and to receive the people's love cence was clear to all those who had the and admiration; and she may easily form means of reading these documents ; her an idea of the coudition of a Queen, as she cause had been espoused by public writers ; one day will be, who should be an object but, with the silence of parliament upon of the people's hatred, or, still worse, of her' remonstrance; and with a people si-| their contempt. She will, I hope, coalently looking on ; with both these before clude, that, to reign over a people without their eyes, the unreading mass of the na- reigning in their hearts; that to coinmand tion and the world at large would still their unwilling and sullen obedience ; that have had their doubts. The step taken by to possess a life about the preservation of the City of London, followed, as it has which, even for a single day, her people been, by the City of Westminster, have would not care a straw; that thus to reign settled the point for ever. She has ob- and thus to live, though surrounded with, tained a glorious triumph over all her hundreds of flatterers, would be intolerable eneinies, a triumph for which she is, in existence. This, I hope, will be her conthe first place, indebted to her own inno- clusion; and then, in striving to make hercence, sepse, and courage, but which self beloved, she will make her people. could not have been sealed to the satisfac- happyshe will watch over their rights as tion of the world without chat exercise of the best, and, indeed, as the only, secu. popular rights, which led to her palace the rities of her own; she will set the example Lord Mayor, Sheriffs, and Citizens of of a love of freedom, in casting from her London, accompanied by ten thousand the trammels of faction; she will be indeed times more people than, probably, erer a Queen, and the nation will be great, hapbefore accompanied an Address to any king, py, and free.--- is the constant endeaqueen, prince, or princess in this country. Your of courtiers to persuade princes, that

-The benefit, which the people will the people are their natural enemies. The receive from these memorable occurrences, Princess of Wales is now able to contradict will naturally proceed from the impression, this wicked doctrine, which has its rise in which, at an age of susceptibility, will be a desire to make the prince and people produced on the mind of Her Royal High- bate each other, to keep thein at perpeless the Princess Charlotte of Wales. tual variance, and, by that means to subThat impression must be in favour of the due both to the will of those whu hold people's rights; and, I trust, that no sy such doctrine. They terrify the Prince

with the hostility of the people, and they seldom, if ever, fall upon needy men, or use his power to keep the people in awe. men of questionable character. And, if Let the Princess Charlotte search all his- the House of Commons were filled with tory through, and she will find, that this men of good character and of good fortune, has been the great source of plots, conspi- how is it possible to suppose, that they racies, rebellions, and civil wars. Some would wish to overthrow the king and his times the misguided sovereigns have fallen, family? How is it possible to suppose, and sometimes thousands of their people; that such a House of Commons, being the but, in every case gain to themselves has actual owners of no inconsiderable portion been the object of those who have fomented of the country, would wish to plunge that the differences between them. -Those country into confusion and anarchy ? persons, who, in this country, seek for a Such a House of Commons, independent reform, have been represented, always re- in point of property, free from all temptapresented as the enemies of the throne, as tion to invade the public purse, and having if the throne depended for its existence, 10 view upon any thing derivable from a upon the practice of corruption. The re- misuse of its power of voting, would leave. formers have been most insoleatly termed the king to the full enjoyment of all his

a low, degraded crew." These reform prerogatives; it would not want to seize ers it is, who have now come forward with a from him any part of that which he would, " loyal and affectionate”, address to the have to bestow; and, at the same time, Princess of Wales. Nay, when a motion, that it took care of the nation's purse, it in the late parliament, was inade for the would have a plenty to leave at his discregiving proof at the bar of the House of tion.--A king of England, with such a Commons of the sale of seats in that House, House of Commons, would be exposed to the actual sale of seals, there were persons none of the mortifications, which must inof both the parties to cry out, that it was evitably arise from having servants or pentime " to put a stop to POPULAR EN- sioners or any thing forced upon him.

He 6. CROACHMENT!"-I trust, that would be, as far as the law allowed, his the Princess Charlotte of Wales will not own master; and, such he should be. want for right notions upon this all-im- The law prescribes bounds to bis authority, portant subject; I trust, that the specimen and that authority ought to have no other which she has now seen of the effect of po restraint. The doctrine, preached by : pular rights, will be sufficient to guard the Whigs, of the necessity of a combinaher against those, who would persuade her. tion of great families as a check upon the that the people encroach too far, when crown, is a most wicked doctrine. It is they complain of the sale, the actual sale, directly in the teeth of the letter, as well as of seats in that House, which is spoken of the spirit of our government. It transas containing the people's representatives. forms the limited kingly government into


appears to me something truly sur- a detestable aristocracy, something prising, that any sovereign in England even worse than that. It sets the people should be made to believe, that a reform at nought.. It considers thein as little belo? of Parliament would be hostile to the ter than cattle. Check upon the Crown! throne. The contrary is, so evident, that I What check do we want other than that cannot conceive how it can be doubted. imposed by our owu voices, by the mouths

-The powers of the king are so great ; of real representatives?. What an insult they are so effectually guarded against every is this docirine both to the Crown and the thing but unconstitutional combinations of people!. Great families, indeed! And. corrupt men; that he can have nothing to who are they?

Have they not power fear from a parliament freely chosen by the enough in their own House ? Quite enough people.-But, from such combinations, in all conscience, without forming any from corrupt trafficking in seats, from the combinations against the king. -----Bui, influence which naturally arises out of that, this is anotlier of those devices, which a king of England has every thing to fear; shallow men have resorted to, in order to that is to say, if he fears being made a supply the place of that real, that effectual, mere cipher in the government. If the that natural and undegrading check, which people at large, or, at least, all those who a Commons' House of Parliament, freely pay taxes, to choose the Members of chosen, forms to all the powers of the the House of Commons, it is certain, that Crowli, or, rather, to the abuse of those they would choose men in the first place powers. - The aristocracy would, I must whom they know; their choice would very confess, lose power by a reform of parlina.

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ment; but, then, it is only that power, public money? Would such an assemwhich it has taken from the Crown and blage of gentlemen have any motive for the people. The king ought, in reason, to producing anarchy and confusion," which be at the head of the reformers, for, I am is always most impudently held forth as the sure, he would gain most. As things now object of the reformers ? 'The Members of stand, we see several sinecure placemen, such a House would have no motive ; they each of whom has greater emoluments than could have no motive; for degrading the the whole that one of the sons of the king Royal Authority, upon the due support of has to live upon. I cannot tell what it is which the possession of their own fortunes that blinds them; but, it appears to me, and estates must depend. I know, that that the Members of the Royal Family ought there are some persons, who are for a reto be the very loudest in the kingdomn for a form, as the means of bringing forward parliamentary reform. The Duke of Sussex, what are called men of talents. It is not for instance, has £18,000 a year, while talents that we want. We want indeLord Arden's places are stated at about pendence of fortune ; we want good prindouble the sum. Could this be with a ciples; we want probity more than we do reformed parliament? Is there amongst talents, of which latter we have enough. the people one single man, who would | We want, in short, honest men, who shall give his vote for such a distribution of the not be exposed to any of the temptations public money ? No; not one. Perhaps attending poverty ; and such men a reform the Duke of Sussex, with all his encum- of Parliament would certainly give us. brances, has not enough to enable him to I desire the reader to consider, for a mokeep' a carriage and three or four horses. I ment, what the effect would be of the Not a man in all England would wish to people's seeing the House of Commons see a son of the King in this state. Yet, filled with gentlemen, all distinguished in some how or other it is contrived to per- their several districts for their fortunes and suade the members of the Royal Family, their probity. I beg him to consider what that the reformers are their enemies.- weight this would give to all their proThe notion that the enemies of reform alo ceedings ; with what respect it would stamp ways endeavour to inculcate, is, that, if all their measures. If there be a man so the people were left to choose whom they blind as not to perceive this, I pity bis want please, they would choose men of no pro- of political insight. Such a change would perty and 'no principle, and that, during certainly mar the game of wrangling adthe very first session of parliament, they venturers, who live by their wits; for, would abolish the kingly part of the go- most assuredly, not a man of them would vernment. This is saying, in effect, ever see the inside of the House. A foolthat a decided majority of the people do now ish, or an unprincipled ministry would, wish the kingly part of the government to indeed, bind such a parliament very inbe destroyed. -But, this our enemies tractable; but, would it be an injury to dare not say in plain words. On the con. the king that the parliament should, in trary, they assert, that a vast majority of such a case, be found intractable? The the nation are perfectly loyal and well-dis- king would have no care upon his mind. posed, and that they prefer this form of Such a House of Commons would not be government to any other.- -Well, then, led much ; but it would never be far from if that be the case, why are you afraid to doing what was perfectly right. --Away trust them? Why not let them all vote we might sweep all the mass of election for members of parliament ? Why object laws; for there would be, and there could to a reform upon the principles of the Con- be, neither bribery nor corruption. There stitution. -- But, as I said before, the would need no law aboat qualifications ; people, if left to themselves, would always for, as I said before, you have in the heart choose persons of the greatest weight and of man the best guarantee for a district respectability in their own neighbourhoods. never choosing a person of questionable They would be sure to do this. It is not fortune. Men do not go and pick out their in the nature of things that they should equals to put them to make laws for them. prefer strangers and adventurers; and Leave them only free to choose, and their what danger, I pray, could possibly arise choice will always fall upon persons, from the seating of all the most respectable whom they know to be a great deal richer gentlemen in the kingdom in the House of than themselves. The people (and ! Commons ? What danger to any one, ex- cannot repeat it too often), the people, if cept those who unmeriledty pocket the left to their free choice, would never choose adventurers. They would never choose | put to death by persons placed to intercept any man they did not know. No law him, in the presence of the elector; and would be necessary to compel them to tradition still inarks the spot where the aschoose persons resident amongst them; for sassination was committed. Sophia wag they would never be prevailed upon to do immediately put under arrest; and though it, any more than you could prevail upon she solemnly protested her innocence; yet them to choose a stranger for an apothecary circumstances spoke strongly against her. or a man-widwife. It is out of nature to George, who never loved his wife, suppose that they would choose any persons, gave implicit credit to the account of her but those esteemed the most amongst their infidelity, as related by his father : consentrich and powerful neighbours. Whated to her imprisonment, and obtained from ground, then, is there for the pretended the ecclesiastical consistory a divorce, which dread of anarchy and confusion, as the was passed on the 28th of December, 1694. fruit of a Parliamentary Reform ?

-Pe. And even her father, the Duke of Zell, titions are now coming forward for this who doated on his only daughter, does not measure, which, let us hope, will, at seem to have entertained any doubts of her last, be adopted. Of one thing I am quite guilt; for he continued upon the strictest satisfied, and that is, that without' a Re- terms of friendship with Ernest Augustus, form of the Commons' House of Parlia- and his son-in-law. The unfortunate ment, there is neither permanent peace Sophia was confined in the castle of Alden, nor safety for this nation,

situated on the small river Aller, in the WM. COBBETT.

duchy of Zell. She terminated her miserBolley, 21st April, 1813.

able existence, after a long captivity of thirty-two years, on the 13th of November, 1726, in the sixty-first year of her age,

only seven months before the death of PRINCESS OF HANOVER.

George the First; and she was announced The following article is extracted from the in the Gazette, under the title of the Elec

KENTISH CHRONICLE, and is well worthy tress Dowager of Hanover. -During her of being circulated.

whole confinement, she behaved with no Extract from Core's Memoirs of Walpole, less mildness than dignity; and on receiv

with some remarks thereon. ing the sacrament once every week, never « George the First, when Electoral omitted on that awful occasion, making the Prince of Hanover, was married to Sophia most solemn asseverations, that she was Dorothy, only daughter of William Duke not guilty of the crime laid to her charge. of Zell. Sophia, at the time of their mar. Subsequent circumstances have come to riage, was only sixteen years of age, and light, which appear to justify her memory; was a princess of great personal charms and and reports are current at Hanover, that mental endowments ; yet her attractions did her character was basely defamed, and that not retain the affections of her husband. she fell a sacrifice to the jealousy and perAfter she had brought him a son and a fidy of the Countess of Platen, favourite daughter, he neglected his amiable consort, mistress of Ernest Augustus. Being enaand attached himself to a favourite mis- moured of Count Konigsmark, who slighted tress.Such was the situation of Sophia, her overtures, jealousy took possession of when Count Konigsmark, a Swedish noble- her breast: she determined to sacrifice both man, arrived at Hanover. He was a man the lover and the princess to lier vengeance, of a good figure, and professed gallantry; and circumstances favoured her design. had been formerly enamoured of Sophia at The prince was absent at the army; Ernest Zell, and was supposed to have made some Augustus was a man of warm passions and impression on her heart. On the sight of violent temper, easily irritated, and when her, his passion, which had been diminish- irritated, incapable of control. Sophia ed by absence, broke out with increasing herself hàd treated Count Konigsmark with violence; he had the imprudence publicly regard and attention, and the lover was to renew his attentions; and as George was hot-headed, self-sufficient, priding himabsent at the army, made his solicitations self his personal accomplishments, with redoubled ardour. Information of his and accustomed to succeed in affairs attachment, and of his success, was con- of gallantry. Those who exculpate veyed to Ernest Augustus ; and one even- Sophia, assert either that a common ing, as the Count came out of her apart. visit was construed into an act of crimiment, and was crossing a passage, he was nality; or that the Countess of Platen,


at a late hour summoned Count Konigs- an opportunity of nobly rebutting the immark in the name of the princess, though putation, of proving it as false as hell! without her connivance; that on being in- Will the historian of the present times troduced, Sophia was surprised at his in- have to record that the discovery of a foul trusion; that on quitting the apartment, he and diabolical conspiracy, agaiust the life was discovered by Ernest Augustus, whom and honour of a princess, the mother of the countess bad placed in the gallery, and their future sovereign-the hope of Engwas instantly assassinated by persons whom land, wade no other impression than fure she had suborned for that purpose. --- It is nishing conversation for the tea-table? or impossible, at this distance of time, to dis- will he have to record the zeal with which cover and trace the circumstances of this all ranks came forward to protect the in-, mysterious transaction, on which no person nocent, and confound the guilty ? Let at the Court of Hanover durst at that time every man do his duty, and may princes deliver his opinion. But the sudden mur- learn from the example, they have no betder of Count Konigsmark may be urged as ter security for life and honour than those a corroboration of this statement: for had liberries which the real enemies, but pre-, his guilt, and that of Sophia been unequi- tended friends of royalty, would teach vocal, would he not have beeu arrested and them to despise and trample upon. brought to a trial for the purpose of prov. ing their connexion, and confronting him with the unfortunate princess ?--Many

OFFICIAL PAPERS. persons, of credit at Hanover have not scrupled, since the death of Ernest Augus

NORTHERN WAR. tus and George the First, to express their belief that the imputation cast on Sophia

(Continued from page 608.). was false and unjust. It is also reported, cluded the conclusion of a treaty of peace that her husband having made an offer of and alliance with Prussia, the ratifcations reconciliation, she gave this nuble and dis- of '

which have since been exchanged ; also dainful answer of haughty virtue, uncon- the capture of Berlin, where General Wittscious of stain : “ If what I am accused of genstein has established his quarters since is true, I am unworthy of his bed ; and if about the 10th instant. - Since that pemy accusation is false, he is unworthy of riod His Imperial Majesty has visited the me; and I will not accept his offers." King of Prussia at Breslaw; Hamburgh

has been occupied by the Russian forces; REMARKS.

Lubeck has opened its gates. The eneUnfortunate as was the fate of this un- my has been-entirely driven from Swedish happy princess, it is but doing justice to Pomerania, Mecklenbourg, Lauenbourg, the memory of George the First-the first and all the Prussiau territory within the prince of the house of Hanover that reigned Elbe. -Detachments of the Russian army. in these kingitoms, to state, that he was have penetrated to Dresden, which capital, neither suspected at the time, nor by any they now occupy, Marshal Davoust having circumstances that have since come to light, retreated across the Elbe, and having deof being privy to, or in any manner acces- stroyed some of the arches of the maguilisary to the plot, of which his consort be. ceat bridge at that place. - a proportion came the victim. This unfortunate princess of the Prussian ariny has passed the Sihad no public to appeal to-no public to lesian frontier into Lusatia, and is advancoverawe and thwart the malice of her ene ing towards Dresden.--Three detaclımies ; in a word Hanover was not Eng- ments of the division under General Wittland. It is impossible to contrast the face geustein have by this time crossed the Elbe; of this princess, with that of another ami- one in the centre under Major-Geueral able princess of our own times, without a Dornberg, who is moving upon Hanover, just and manly consciousness of the supe- with Major-General Tettenborn upon his rior weight and authority belonging to pub- right in the direction of Bremen, and Malic opinion in our country. No person of jor-General Czchernicheff upon his left in the court of Hanover durst at that time de- the direction of Brunswick. Lord. Wal. liver his opinion. Persons are not want, pole is the bearer of the present dispatches; ing who would wish to see the people of his Lordsbip proceeds by Berlin, and I have this country equally silent—they are accused no doubt but that he will find it perfectly by what should be as grave, as it is high easy to take his departure from Cuxhaven. authority, of having an appetile for scan- - I have already stated that the Prussian dil-this curse of the times! They have army is in the best state of preparation ;

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