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nothing can exceed the condition of that the fortress. The garrison of Spandaw part which was assembled at Breslaw on the had also burned everything which could Emperor's arrival, and it is impossible to operate against the defence of the place. exaggerate the enthusiasm which has been -Upon the Elbe, on the 17th, an arch exhibited by all ranks of persons through of the bridge of Dresden was blown up, out the Prussian dominions ; or the demon- and General Durutte had taken a position strations of joy with which the Emperor was upon the left bank, The Saxons had received. The King of Prussia has made marched round Torgaw.

-The Viceroy an excursion'to Berlin, where he was to see had left Leipzic, and had, on the 21st, his General De York. The inhabitants in head-quarters at Magdeburg. General LaSaxony have every where received the Rus- poype commanded the bridge and fortress sian forces with expressions of cordiality at Wittenberg, which was armed and pronot inferior to those of the Prussians: the visioned for several months, and was given same has occurred in Mecklenbourg.up to him in good condition.- Arrived Your Lordship will see by the printed re- at Magdeburg, the Viceroy on the 22d ports, the manner in which General Tet- iustant, sent Gen. Lauriston upon the right teraborn and his detachment were received bank of the Elbe. Gen. Maison had marchat Hamburgh: the same zeal was manifested to Mockern, and pushed forward his ed at Laueubourg, where, in a moment, posts upon Bug and Zuzar : he found only che French arms were destroyed. The some pulks of light troops, which he overBaltic porcs, and that of Hamburgh, have threw, and of which he took or killed abour been opened by proclamations. — The sixty men. -On the 12th, General Saint blockade of Dantzic by land continues, as Cyr, commanding the 32d military divistated in my last dispaich, but the naviga- sion, judged it advisable to repass to the tion of the Baltic having opened, Captain left bank of the Elbe, and leave Hamburgh Acklon lost no time in detaching some of to the National Guards. From the 15th to His Majesty's ships under his command, by the 20th, different insurrections broke out which that place is now closely blockaded in the department of the mouths of the by sea; thiese vessels having already.cap- Elbe and the Ems.--General Morand, tured iwo ships which attempted to come who occupied Swedish. Pomerania, having in with supplies. The sickuess with which been informed of the evacuation of Berlin, the French have infected every place they retreated upon Hamburgh. He passed the have entered during their retreat, rages in

Elbe at Zolunpesche, and on the 17th efDantzic, and numbers of the garrison, as fected his junction with General Carra St. well as of the inhabitants, are stated to Cyr. Two hundred of the enemy's light have perished by it.-Spandau is besieg- troops having overtaken his rear-guard, he ed. The Russian reinforcements continue caused them to be charged, and kiĩled some to arrive upon the frontier, and numbers of men. General Morand took post upon the convalescents daily join the ranks of their left bank, and General St. Cyr marched respective regiments. - I have the honour upon Bremen. -On the 24th, General to be, &c.,,

St. Cyr dispatched two moveable columns,

CaTuCarr. to march against the batteries of Carlsbourg Lord Viscount Castlereagh, bc. c. &c.

and Blexen, of which some smugglers, assisted by the peasantry, and some English disembarkations, had taken possession.

These columns routed the enemy, and re. FRANCE.

took the batteries. . The Chiefs were taken Situation of the French Armies in the North, and shot. The English who disembarked March 30, 1813.

were but about an hundred. We were The garrison of Dantzic dislodged the only able to take forty prisoners from them. enemy from all the heights of Oliva, in the - The Viceroy had collected all his beginning of March. The garrison of army, 100,000 strong and 300 - pieces of Thorn and Modelen were in the best state. canuon, round Magdeburg; manoeuvring The corps which blockaded Zamose had re-upon the two banks. : The General of Brimoved io a distance. -Upon the Oder, gade, Montbrun, who with a brigade of cathe fortresses of Steuin, Custrin, and Glo- valry occupied Stundal, having learned that gaw, were not besieged. The enemy still the enemy had passed the Lower Elbe in kept without cannon shot of them. The boats, near Verden, marched thither on the garrison of Stettin had burnt all the sub-28th, dispersed the enemy's light troops, urbs, and prepared all the ground round and entered Verden at full gallop. The

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4th Polish Lancers made a successful charge, jesty the Emperor and king, the Prince
in which they killed about 50 Cossacks and Arch Chancellor has caused to be inserted
took 12. The enemy hastened to gain the in the Registers of the Senate, the letters
right bank of the Elbe. Three large boats patent signed in the Elysian Palace, on the
were sunk, and some smaller ones shivered 30th of March last, by which the Emperor
to pieces; they were laden with about 60 confers, on her Majesty the Empress and
horses, and a similar number of men. We Queen, Maria Louisa, the title of Regent.
succeeded in saving 17 cavaliers, among
whom were two officers, one an Aid-de-Speech of His Serene Highness the Prince
Camp to General Domberg, who command- Arch Chancellor, President of the Senate,
ed this column. It appears that a corps in the Silling of April 1.
of 1,000 horse, 2,000 infantry, and six Gentlemen,His Majesty the Emperor
pieces of cannon, have marched from the and King will put himself at the head of his
side of Brunswick, to excite a revolt in armies. The Emperor wishes to give
Hanover and the kingdom of Westphalia. his August Partner a double proof of his
The King of Westphalia has set out in pur- confidence. It is for these motives that
suit of this corps, and other columus dis he has caused the letters patent to be expe-
patched by the Viceroy will fall upon its dited, which I am charged to communicate
rear.-- -Fifteen thousand of the enemy's to you.---Therefore, Gentlemen, the Em.
light troops on the 27th passed the Elbe press will assist at the Councils, where the
near Dresden, in small boats. General Du- greatest interests of the State will be dis-
rutte marched against them. The Saxons cussed. She will have the Regency of the
had left this point undefended, by collect- Empire until the moment when victory
ing round Torgaw.-The Prince of will return the Emperor to our wishes.
Moskwa, with his head-quarters and corps His Majesty could not make a disposition
d'armée, on the 26th arrived at Wurts- more consistent with the public good, nor
burgh; his advanced guard debouched from which would be more agreeable to his peo-
the mountains of the Thurenge. The Duke ple.- - The Senate will give their applause
of Ragusa had on the 22d March his head to it, and preserve in their records this act
quarters at Hanaur. His divisions were of the Sovereign will.- -Other objects of
collecting there. On the 30th March high importance ought likewise, Gentlemen,
the advanced guard of the Corps of Obser- to fix your attention. A report from the
vation of Italy had arrived at Augsburg. Minister of Foreign Affairs will inform you
All the corps crossed the Tyrol. On of the alteration that has taken place in our
the 27th, General Vandamme arrived in political relations, by the defection of one
person at Bremen. Dumonceau and Du- of the Northern Powers,

—The part she four's divisions had already passed the has embraced is a sad consequence of the Wesel. Independently of the army of the character which the steps of that Cabinet Viceroy, of the armies of the Mein, and of has taken for a long time past. This the corps of the King of Westphalia, there circumstance imposes on the nation the obwill be in the first fifteen days of April near ligation of making a grand effort, the means 50,000 men in the 32d military division, whereto will be found in the projects which in order to make a severe example of the are going to be proposed for your deliberainsurrections which have troubled that di- tion. At a moment of such interest, the vision. Count Bentinck, Mayor of Varel, Senate will perceive of what great importhad the infamy of putting himself at the ance it is to develope the resources of head of the insurgents. His estates shall Fránce ; to cause the enemy to feel its full be confiscated, and he will have for his weight; to convince him of the inutility of cousummate treason, the certain ruin of his his projects; and, finally, to reduce him to family. During the whole month of desire sincerely that peace, which the EmMarch there has been no affair. In all the peror's triumphant hand has so frequently skirmishes, of which that of the 28th (al. offered him, but which would not be worthy Verden) was much the most considerable, of his Majesty, unless it ensured the repose the French army has always had the advan- of Europe, and the free commerce of all tage.

nations. Paris, April 4.-On Thursday, April 1, The letters patent are conceived in the the Senate assembled at three o'clock, under following terms : the Presidency of his Serene Highness the Napoleon, by the Grace of God, EmpePrince, Arch Chancellor of the Empire. ror of the French, King of Italy, ProIn conformity with the orders of bis Ma- tector of the Confederation of the

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Rhine, Mediator of the Helvetic Con. Seen by us the Arch-Chancellor of the federation, &c. &c.

Empire. To whomsoever these presents may come,

(Signed) CAMBACERES. greeting. Being willing to give to our well beloved Paris, April 5.--Yesterday, Sunday, spouse, the Empress and Queen, Maria the 4th of April), the Empress received a Louisa, some marks of the high confidence Deputation from the Senate, composed of thåt we repose in her, we have resolved to thirty Senators, when the President of the invest her, and we do by these presents ac- Senate presented to her Majesty the followcordingly invest her with the right of assist ing address :ing at the Cabinet Councils whenever such Madame-His Majesty, on the eve of shall be convoked, during our reign, for setting out to command his armies, has consideration of the most important affairs confided to your Imperial Majesty and of the State, and considering that it is our Queen, the Regency of his Empire. He intention immediately to place ourself at the could not have granted to his people a head of our armies to liberate the territories greater consolation in his absence. -The of our allies, we have likewise resolved to Senate, Madame, experiences a lively saconfer, and we accordingly do, by these tisfaction in thinking it shall see its walls presents, confer on our well beloved Spouse, adorned with all the brilliant virtues with the Empress and Queen, the title of Regent, which your Majesty embellishes the throne, to exercise the functions thereof, in confor. - It offers you the tribute of its respect and mity with our orders and instructions, such of its devotion. It adds, Madame, that as we have caused to be inserted in our book of its inviolable fidelity to the greatest of of State, intending that information of the Monarchs and his dynasty, as the homage said orders and instructions, shall be given the most dear to your Majesty's heart, and to the Princes, Grand Dignitaries, and to the most worthy of the grand daughter of our Ministers; and that the Empress shall, Blanche and Maria Theresa, of the mother in no case whatsoever, depart from their of the King of Rome, and of the august tenor in the exercise of her function as Re- spouse of Napoleon. gent.- We will that the Empress Regent The Empress replied in these terms :shall, in our name, preside in the Senate, The Emperor, my august and well be the Council of State, the Council of Minis- loved husband, knows what love and affecters, and the Privy Council, especially for tion my heart contains for France. The the examination of addresses for pardon, on proofs of devotion which the nation daily which we authorize her to give sentence gives us, increase the good opinion which I after having heard the Members of the had of the character and grandeur of our Privy Council. But in all cases it is not nation. My heart is inuch oppressed at our intention that, by reason of the Presi- seeing that happy peace distant which alone dency conferred on the Empress Regent, she can render me content. The Emperor is should either authorize by her signature the lively affected at the numerous sacrifices presentation of any Senatus Consultum, or which he is obliged to demand of his peo, proclaim any law of the State ; in this re- ple; but since the enemy, in place of giving spect we refer to the orders and instructions peace to the world, will impose shameful above-mentioned. We direct our Cou- conditions upon us, and every where sin, the Prince Arch-Chancellor of the Em- preaches civil war, treason, and disobedipire, to communicate these present letters ence, it is necessary the Emperor should patent to the Senate, which will cause them have recourse to his always victorious arms, to be entered in their registers, and to our to confound his enemies, and save civilized Grand Judge, the Minister of Justice, who Europe and its Sovereigns from the anarchy will cause them to be published in the bul- with which they are threatened. I am letin of the laws, and send them to our Im- truly affected with the sentiments which perial Courts of Law to be there read, pub- you express in the name of the Senate. Fished, and transcribed into their registers. Given at our Elysian Palace, on the

INTERIOR Dth day of March, 1813, and the 9th

Paris, April 4, , year of our reign.

Conservative Senale. -Silling of April 1st. (Signed)

NAPOLEON. The Sitting was opened at three o'clock By order of the Emperor, the Minister in the afternoon, under the Presidency of Secretary of State.

His Serene Highuess the Prince Arch-Chan, (Signed) Count D'ARU. cellor of the Empire. His Excellency the at the Sitting. Excellency the Duke of Bassano, Minister of Foreign Affairs, pensation in the negotiations with England communicated the following Report: for our maritime possessions.

- The King Report of the Minister for Foreign Affairs, which he received from your Majesty's ge

of Prussia had no right to discuss the gifts to His Majesly the Emperor and king.

nerosity, the importance of which elevated Sire—The days of Jena and Friedland him above his hopes. The contributions had laid the whole of the extent of the of war laid on the Prussian territories were Prussian Monarchy at the disposal of your reserved as equitable and necessary indemMajesty. Powerful cousiderations render- nities for the expenses of the unjust war ed it advisable either to keep the fruits which Prussia had kept up.- -Your Maof those victories, or to place on the jesty's armies were not to evacuate the terThrone of Prussia a Prince who would have ritory ceded to the King of Prussia until no interest contrary to that of France-who after the entire payment of the contribuwould have nothing to reclaim from her-tions. Nevertheless, Sire, by the Conand who, above every thing, would not vention concluded at Berlin on the 5th No-, suffer himself to be led away by that ver. veinber, 1898, in consequence of the con. satility which has, for a hundred years Serences at Erfurth, your Majesty consented past, characterized the policy of the House to remit Prussia a part of her debt, and. of Brandenburgh. But the Emperor of withdraw the French troops from her terRussia offered, at Tilsit, to declare Warritory, before the payment had been made. against England; to concur in shutting the -The alliance of France with Russia. Continent against her commerce, in order appeared to have guaranteed the fidelity of to constrain her 10 wish for Peace, if the Prussia. Your Majesty wished to rely King of Prussia was replaced among the upon it; but the weakyess, habitual inde-. rank of Sovereigns. This perspective cision, of that Court, might every moment operated on your Majesty as a seduction to deceive that confidence. The conduct of which you could not resist, 'you indulged Prussia during the first years which folthe hopes of seeing the tranquillity of the lowed the peace of Tilsit, was guided by world re-established, and the commerce of sentiments very different from those of graFrance at length enjoy that splendour to titude. Far from fulfilling her engage which it is ensured by the richness of our ments, she appeared to watch for occasoil and the industry of her people. You sions, and wait opportunities which might sacrificed to such great interests the calcu- permit her to avoid them. In 1809 entire, lations of suspicious policy, and at your regiments were surrendering to the influsecond interview with the Emperor Alex. ence that secret and seditious societies, exander you consented to receive the King of ercised, ranged themselves under the Prussia, whose presence, instigated by a standards of your Majesty's enemies,-a just resentment, you would have avoided. scandal unparalleled in the annals of Go

-It had been formerly the general opi- vernment. -In 1811, when a sensible nion, that the King of Prussia had been change in the dispositions of Russia gave drawn to take part in the war against his reason for searing that war was again about own will, your Majesty was pleased to to be kindled in the North, Prussia underthink that the experience he had lately stood that her fate depended entirely upon made would for ever put him on his guard her foresight, that if she allowed events to against dangerous seductions and dark il- take place, she could no longer be mistress lusions; in short, your Majesty, to whom of chusing a part, and that it was requisite generosity is habitual, easily persuaded your- to adopt one whilst she was at liberty to self that that you were going to use would make a choice—she requested the favour of never be forgotten. The Prussian Mo- your Majesty of being admitted to your narchy 'was restored, and the House of alliance. This question presented itself Brandenburgh continued to reign. Your in its full importance. It appeared pruMajesty ought to have put him from the dent and right policy to profit by the frontiers of the Rhine, and taken from him grievances which Prussia had given you by. the protection of the coasts. You created the continual incertitude of her conduct; the Kingdom of Westphalia, and stipulated and if war should take place with Russia, that Dantzic, Glogau, Custrin, and Stet- to declare it against her at the same time, tin should remain in your hands until peace in order not to leave a dubious power in was concluded with England. You' wished your rear. Prussia did not spare her

with you.

solicitations and entreaties. The steps preach up-the overthrow of all social order which he took at St. Petersburgh to en- and the destruction of the throne. Prusdeavour, to influence the determinations of sian officers were sent with eclat to the Russia whilst it was yet time, bore such a Russian head-quarters. Russian agents succharacter of frankness, and were so evi. ceeded to each other at Breslaw. At length, dently directed with a sense to the interests on the 1st March, the Prussian Government of France, that it struck your Majesty-consummated by a treaty with Russia what you no longer balanced—you again saved General De York had commenced.lt Prussia by: admitting her to an alliance was on the 17th March at Breslaw, and an

When your Majesty went to the 27th at Paris, that the Ministers of the Dresden, the King came there to meet you, King of Prussia, officially announced their and there by word of mouth reiterated Master's having made common cause with the assurances of an inviolable attachment the enemy.- -Thus Prussia declared war to the system you had embraced. against your Majesty in return for the treaty

-As soon as your Majesty was become of Tilsit, which replaced the King on the master of events, and that was as soon as throne, and for the treaty of Paris, which it could be effected by genius and courage, admitted him to an alliance. I add to Prussia remained faithful, and the Prussian this Report, the pieces presented to your corps did its duty: but when the French Majesty when ‘Prussia solicited your alliarmy in its turn experienced the chance of ance, with an extract of the letters of M. war, the Cabinet of Berlin kept no longer the Count de Saint Marian, on the same any measures. The defection of General subject. (Under letter A.)-The treaty and De York called the enemy into the states of conventions concluded at Paris for establishthe King of Prussia, and obliged our armies ing the alliance. (Under letter B).--The to evacuate the Vistula and fall back on the convention concluded by General De York Oder. Prussia, to dissimulate her inten- with the Russians, and his proclamations. tions, offered to furnish a new contingent. (Under letter C).-The papers relative to She had a sufficient number of troops, all the dispositions made by Prussia, on the formed, and of cavalry in Silesia, and from subject of the defection of General De York: thence to the Oder, which would then bave (Under letter D.) --The papers relative to been so useful in opposing the incursions of the inission of General Hutzfeldt at Paris. the enemy's light troops. But she was re- (Under letter E).—The Extract of a Re solved not to keep her promises.- - The port on the connivarice of General Bulow King unexpectedly left Potsdam: he aban- with the enemy. (Under letter F.)-Thie doned a residence in which he was covered three Edicts for the extraordinary levies. by the Oder, to throw himself into an open (Under letter G.) — The King's Ordonance, city and go into the enemy's presence.

which acquits and recompenses General De Scarcely was he arrived at Breslaw, when York. (Under letter H.) --And, finally, the General Bulow, who commanded some Notes by which the Prussian Government thousands of men on the Lower Oder, when has accepted, notified to your Majesty's Miimitating the treason of General De York, nisters, that they have violated the alliance, he opened his cantonments to the Russian and declared war. (Under letter 1.) light troops, and facilitated the passage of the am, with the most profound respect, your Oder to them. It was under the guid- Majesty's most humble and most obedient ance of newly-enrolled Prussians that these servant and faithful subject, troops came to make little skirmishes at the (Signed) The Duke of Bassano. gates of Berlin, The Prussian Cabinet had thrown off the mask. The King, by three CONSERVATIVE SENATE. successive ordonances, immediately called After the Report being read, the Counto arnis all such young men of family as sellors of State presented two projects of a were rich enough to equip and mount them- Senatus Consultum, and Count Defermont selves; then all the youth, from seventeen explained the first, in the manner following: to twenty-four years of age; and, lastly, My Lord and Senators,— You have just the men above that age. It was an appeal heard the communications which his Mamade to the passions which Prussia had felt jesty has ordered to be made to you; existthe necessity of reprimanding, whilst she ing circumstances render an augmentation was desirous of our alliance, and whilst she of our military force indispensable; -it.is remained faithful. The Chancellor of State, the object of the Senatus Consultum which called around him the heads of those Secre- we are charged to present to you. taries, who, in their seditious fanaticism, must regret the defection of our Aly, it is

-If we

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