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Nor has Mr. Jacks at all mended the mat-, back upon them, libelled him at a pretty ter by a letter, published the following day round rate; but, even the malice of a disin the Courise news-paper, in the follow- appointed faction, thrusted back from the ing words: --"Sir, -Observing that very threshold of the Treasury, falls “ few of the Morning Papers have given short of the ingenuity of the loyal Mr. any
of the reasons which I assigned yes- Jacks, whose motion the Common Council ( terday, in the Court of Common Coun- rejected by a vast majority. --The Prin“cil, for addressing it a second time (fol- cess's natural desire to hear her innocence “ lowing Mr. Waithman), and none have proclaimed by the people has been amply “ inserted the principal one, I beg leave gratified ; she has also heard her well" to send you shortly, as nearly as I re- known accusers loaded with just reproba“collect, what I said-I stated, that I tion; and, if one could suppose her (which “ never would submit quietly to have mo- I do not) to entertain any vindictive sen. 66 tives atributed to me which I did not liment towards her august spouse, even " avow; that my opinion on the utility of that feeling might be gratified by the result 66
addressing the Princess of Wales was of this proceeding of the meddling Mr.
unchanged, but for the sake of unanimi- JACKS. Once more, I say, no man ever wcy I should not oppose the motion; that had such friends as the Prince of Wales. “ I should persevere in my amendment il - Praise of the conduct of the Princess ; " I stood alone, from having over heard expressions of abhorrence of her perjured " during its being read to the Court, many and suborned traducers ; vows of attach“Members loudly clamouring against its ment to her: such were the topics of the " adoption, because it went lo excuse the Addresses of the City of London ; and, * Prince ; that from having read “The yet, in these addresses, Mr. Jacks, as he " Book' with much attention, I was not tells us under his hand, could discover no* able to see any evidence whatever to thing but a desire “ to drag the Chief Ma"implicate him in the conspiracy; and I " gistrale into the dirt,” though that “Chief
was, therefore, the more strongly im- “ Magistrate's” name was not once menpressed with the conviction, that the tioned either in the Addresses themselves,
great object of the addresses was lo drag or in any of the speeches of those who so the first Magistrale of the country into brought them forward or supported them. 66 the dirli'. The words of my amend- Why, then, I do and must say, that, un~ ment were as follow :-After the word der the guise of loyalıy, Mr. Jacks has “conspiracy, entered into by persons made a most daring attempt to vilify the 56 admitted to her society and confidence, character of His Royal Highness the Prince, “ by basely abusing it, to the destruction -- It is, I think, high time for His sof Her Royal Highness's life and honour.' Royal Highness to reflect upon the conse"I am, Sir, your most humble ser- querices of such conduct on the part of
vant, J. Jacks. -White Lion-court, those who call theinselves his friends ; " Cornhill, April 23, 1813.". -Now, those who call themselves loyal men, to supposing him to have heard the expressions the exclusion of all others.
-Here are here imputed to some members of the Court; the world told by Mr. Jacks, that he supposing him to have over heard some of found that the Addresses of the people to them say that they would oppose it," be- the Princess were, in reality, meant as so " cause it went to excuse the Prince," I do many allacks upon the Prince ; and that, not, however, believe the fact, I disbelieve, even in the Common Council of London, wholly disbelieve this statement of Mr. in the Corporation of the first City in the JACKS; but, if, for argument's sake, we kingdom, having proposed certain words, suppose it to be true, whose is the blanie ? with a view of clearing the Prince from all Why, his, to be sure, who was the first share in the conspiracy against his own to start the idea. From such friends the wife's life and honour, the said words were Prince ought most earnestly to pray for rejected! What a thing is this to propreservation.--Mr, Jacks is the first claim to the world! And this proclamaman, the very first man, who has dared tion is made, not by us Jacobins, but by to refer to the Prince in the nefarious a man, who is everlastingly boasting of his transaction. What could the worst enemy attachment to the throne and to the Royal of the Prince have done worse than Family: So, then (for I cannot help this ? Who has given publicity to such coming back to the charge), the processions an idea against him? His old friends, the Lo Kensington Palace and Montague House, Whigs, have, indeed, since he turned his accompanied by hundreds of thousands of people; the shouts that rended the air, old crazy Peg. Nicholson were inserted in and that almost stunned the population for the Gazette ; the Addresses to the Prince miles around; these, according to the upon his becoming Regent were inserted in loyal Mr. Jacks, are not to be looked upon the Gazette; and, " to come to close quaras testimonials of the Princess's innocence, " ters," as Lord Milton would call it, so much as testimonials of the guilt of the the Addresses to the Prince, as well as Prince ! And this is what Mr. Jacks those to the Princess, upon their marriage, calls loyally, is it! This is the way in and upon the birth of their child, were all which he shows his friendship to the re- inserted in this same official receptacle of presentative of the King? Mine is a very dif- the loyal effusions of His Majesty's subferent way. I say not a word about the jects, as the sure and certain channel to Prince ; my loyalty forbids me to mix the posterity. Well, then, now let us hear name of His Royal Highness with that of what passed at the Common Hall of the the parties concerned in the transaction ; City of London on the 23d of April, upon my loyalty tells me that I ought to confine the report of the fate of the loyal and afmyself to a defence of the injured wife ; fectionate Address to the Princess of but, indeed (and that is quite enough to Wales; the long-calumniated, the injured, say of it), my loyalty is just the opposite of the outraged Princess of Wales. The that of Mr. Jacks.
Now for the Report Report of the proceedings was then read, at the Common Hall.- -When a Com- 66 when, in addition to what has appeared mon Hall has been held and has agreed " in the public papers, it was stated that upon an Address, after that Address has "Mr. Tyrrel, the City Remembrancer, been carried up, it is usual for the Hall" had sent the Address and the Answer of to meet again, in order to receive the re- " the Princess to the Gazette writer, to port of those who have carried it.up.- “ be inserted, as was the custom, in such The Common Hall met for this purpose on “cases, and not observing them in the the 23d of April. What passed there as next Gazette, had written to Mr. Rawto the conduct of the Lord Mayor I shall " linson, the writer to the Gazette, to innot particularly notice. An account of it " quire the reason of their not appearing. will be found in the Report of the day's
“ Mr. Rawlinson returned an answer, that proceedings, which I insert below, and " it was not the custom lo insert any Adwhich I must beg the reader to peruse with
"6 dress in the Gazette which was not transattention, as being of considerable import-"mitted to him by the Principal Secretary ance.But, I think myself called upon 66 of State for the Home Department. In to notice, in a very particular manner, a "s consequence of this, the Remembrancer fact which was brought to light respect- 6 communicated by letter the circumstance ing the non-insertion of the Address of the " to Lord Sidmouth, and enclosed a copy Common Hall and the Princess's Answer, us of the documents in question for inserin the London Gazelle. This is one of the “tion. Lord Sidmouth, in his reply, acmost interesting and most important facts" quainted the Remembrancer, that he had appertaining to the history of this affair ; " not thought proper, in the discretional and, therefore, I shall endeavour to make " exercise of the duty of his office, to init very clearly understood to the whole " sert the Address and Answer in question circle of my readers, abroad as well as at 66 in the London Gazette."--The followhome. The LONDON GAZETTE ing has been published in all the London is an official publication of the Govern- news-papers, as a copy of Lord SIDMoura's ment; it is published under the immediate letter to the City Remembrancer upon this authority of the Government ; the Writer memorable occasion. of the Gazette is an Officer of the Govern
Whitehall, April 7, 1813. ment. This publication contains all Pro- Sir,- I have just received your letter clamations; Orders of Council; Orders of " of this day's date, enclosing a copy of an the Lord Chamberlain ; and, generally, “ Address from the Lord Mayor, Alderall documents, issued by the Government. men, and Livery of London, to Her Amongst other things it contains Addresses “ Royal Highness the Princess of Wales, to the Throne and to the Royal Family“ with a copy of Her Royal Highness's from Corporate Bodies, Counties, &c.- " Answer thereto, and desiring that I will The Addresses to the Prince upon the kill-“ order the same to be inserted in the ing of Perceval, for instance, were inserted " London Gazette: in reply, I have to in the Gazeue; the Addresses to the King " acquaint you, that in the exercise of the upon his escape from the pen-knife of poor" discretion which belongs to my official s situation, I do not think it proper to slurred over. The many rumours of
cause the Address and Answer above- Napoleon's Death do not seem to have quite "mentioned to be inserted in the London killed him. But, it is confidently believed " Gazete. I am, Sir, your most obedient in the country, that he is really dead at bi humble servant,
SIDMOUTH. last. There may be danger in pushing " To the City Remembrancer.”
such rumours too far; for, the people may For the information of persons at a dis- take it into their heads, that Napoleon betance, it may not be amiss to state, that ing dead, tares ought to be diminished. the personage, who here signs his name It will be best, therefore, not to spread “ SIDMOUTH," is the same, who was once reports of his death; but of his being dancalled Mr. HARRY ADDINGTON. He is the gerously ill; of his being in despair; of his son of a celebrated Doctor of that name ; carrying ropes and rat's-bane about in his was, what is called, bred to the bar ; be- pockets; of bis being mad; of his being came, during Pitt's time, Speaker of the haunted in his sleep by the apparition of House of Commons; was made Prime Mi- the Cossack; and the like.—In my next nister when Pitt was turned out in 1801; I will pay attention to the subject of the was himself supplanted by Pitt in 1804; | American Frigates being manned by our joined Mr. Fox, and was in place again in seamen.
1806 and 1807 ; was ousted with the Talents in 1807; and came in as Secretary of State for the Home Department at the death
PRICE OF BEER. of Perceval in 1812. He has a house in SIR.—The just remarks contained in Richmond Park, and was made a Viscount your Number of the 23d Jan. pages 102 in 1804, by the title of Viscount Sidmouthto 107—on the late necessary advance
Such is a short account of what the in the price of porter, encourage me to world knows of the personage, whose dis- offer a few observations on the subject. cretion has been exercised upon this occa- And this, chicfly, with the view to draw sion. It is pity, that his Lordship did attention to the actual and heavy duties not think it worth while to give the City paid by the common brewers, and which Remembrancer any reasons for the refusal. are but little known, and still less thought Since he did not think proper to do it, I of by the public in general. At the time shall not attempt to discover any, or, at of the Peace of Amiens, the whole amount least, to point out such as I think he is of the duty on malt was 10s. 6d. per quarlikely to have been influenced by. The ter, and on porter and ale 6s. 4d. and on reader will, perhaps, have very little dif- small beer is. per barrel of 36 gallons. ficulty in guessing what those reasons were. The present duty on malt is 34s. 8d. per
However, his Lordship's discretion quarter, on porter and ale 10s. and on having been his guide, others are free, I small beer 2s. per barrel. Hence the beer hope, to use their discretion as to publica- duty is increased more than 50 per cent. tions under their control. I shall, upon and the malt duty more than 200 per cent. this principle, use my discretion ; and 1 since January 1802. The progressive inhereby request you, Mr. M'CREERY, my crease in the price of barley, since that printer, to insert the Address of the Com- time, is too well known to every one to need mon Hall to the Princess of Wales, together remarking on; and the contingent expenses with the Answer of Her Royal Highness, of every kind attending the brewery (exin the front page of my Register, once every clusive of malt, hops, and duties) are fully month, until the 7th day of April, 1814, VOUBLED. This accumulation of burdens, which will be just one whole year from the together with the obstinate, unreasonable, date of Lord Viscount Sidmouth's Letter to and ill-judged averseness of the consumers the City Remembrancer ; and for so doing to submit to a small advance in the retail this shall be your warrant and authority. price of the beer, has compelled the brewers
-Given at Botley, this 27th day of to draw three barrels, or in some cases April, 1813.
more, from each quarter of malt, of late WM. COBBETT. years, instead of two barrels, with small
afterwards, as formerly. Hence, the beer P.S. Want of time prevents me from duty amounts to as much as the malt duty, offering some remarks upon a publication on each eight bushels of the latter, and, in a Liverpool paper, respecting the trial consequently, the 66 brewer is taxed twice of Mr. Creever for a Libel. It is a subject " as much for the same quantity of malt," of great importance, and ought not to be as the householder who brews at home.
Which, when duly considered, points out He could have wished that an earlier day a most cruel partiality in caxation, inas. had been fixed for the present Meeting; much as the poor man, who has not the but the delay had this advantage, that means, because he does not possess the ne- whatever they did would appear the result cessary utensils, to brew, if he drinks beer, of cool and deliberate consideration. It must buy it of the brewer or the publican, was hardly necessary to say a word on and, thus, he pays lwice as much tax for the the subject of the Address : if it had been same quantity as his wealthy master, the a question which could excite any dispute, landed gentleman, or the splendid noble he would not have brought it forward. He upan.
knew that it had been in the contemplation There is an obvious and fair remedy for of some worthy members of the Corporation this hardship, which however it is not ne- to have agitated this matter some time ago; cessary to describe here, and I am desirous but before the documents which had now to avoid too much intrusion on your useful appeared were generally known, whatever paper. The necessity to which the brewers sympathy might have been felt and expresshave been driven to make the beer so much ed for the unmerited sufferings of the illusweaker, has the effect to lessen the general trious Princess, yet the decision of the repute of the whole trade in the estimation Council would not have that weight which of the public, and even to excite the re- it must carry, now that it was supported by proaches of many. How severely unjust proof. The public were now in the posThis is may be submitted to the candid and session of the whole,-they had seen her intelligent part of the community. Every sufferings,--they knew her innocence, – considerate inind niust perceive that there they had witnessed her patience, forbearis no other alternative in the case, than an ance, and dignity; and it was a great conadvance in the retail price of the beer, or solation to see that the country expressed submitting to the use of a liquor more de- an unanimous and unequivocal feeling as to serving the appellation of table beer than the purity of her Royal Highness's chaany better description. I am, Sir, yours racter. If the case had been that of a respectfully,
private individual, such persecution, and X. Y. Z. such conduct under it, would have excited
universal sympathy; how much more,
then, when it was the case of so high a perADDRESSES, &c.
sonage, and its consequences were connected Relating to the Princess of Wales.
with the peace and tranquillity of the realm, London.--COMMON COUNCIL, Thursday, the nation in civil war ? it was, therefore,
and its tendency might have been to involve April 22.
a question particularly demanding attenA Special Court of Common Council |tion. There would be nothing in the Adwas held yesterday. The requisition being dress but what, he hoped, would meet the read
approbation of every Member of that AsMR. WAITHMAN began by saying, that sembly: he trusted there would be no in bringing forward his Address, very little opposition to it. He then moved, first, need be said. He was one who felt it his - That a loyal and dutiful Address be preduty, on all occasions, to uphold the cha- sented to Her Royal Highness the Princess racier of the Livery, and the Corporation of Wales, to congratulate her on her signal of London ; and therefore, though he con- triumph over a foul and atrocious conspiracy curred in every sentiment expressed in the against her life and honour." Address of the Livery, he had thought the Mr. FAvell said, the question was one Corporation of London the fittest body to of great interest, and had been met with interfere on such an occasion. It was not honour and spirit by the people. They that he thought the subject an unfit one for had shewn that they were not untouched the Livery to discuss; it was one of vital by what affected the dignity of Royalty. importance to the state, and therefore highly He was happy to say that some of the proper for their consideration : but he Royal Family followed the illustrious exthought as the Corporation, and not the ample of their Royal Father, by assisting Livery, had addressed her Royal Highness to disseminate religious instruction, and by on her arrival and on other occasions, the plans of benevolence and charity. This Corporation was more particularly called was the more important, because it was upon on this occasion. These had been his well known that in the French Revolution sentiments, and these his only motives, the profligacy of the French Princes had
led to their ruin. If the people should people would lead to that pleasing result. once hold their Governors in contempt, Now it was different. The Princess of the Constitution would be in danger. But Wales had appealed to the Lords and the conduct of the people during the present Commons: neither of those bodies could business, had manifested that they did not intersere : one, because its judicial characwish to degrade Royalty. He confessed, ter prevented such interference; the other, that when the question was first brought because, to use its own language, the sabforward, he had thought it better to be ject was in an untangible shape. What! quiet: he thoughi, that if public meetings then, was the Princess of Wales to be the were assembled, while the matter was yet only person in the kingdom whose wrongs before Parliament, it would appear like a were to be without remedy? Private perdesign to shelter the Princess with their sons, if slandered, had their remedy at protection. Now, however, there was common law ; they might indict, or bring but one voice as to the innocence of the their actions for damages : the Princess of Princess.
Wales would be without redress, but for Mr. Griffiths hoped the present Ad- the manifestation of public opinion. The dress would be as unanimous as that passed extraordinary proceedings of the four Comon the marriage of her Royal Highness. missioners, in giving credit to evidence He said he had had it in contemplation, to which had been refuted,--the unparalleled pay the respects of the Court to the hus- effrontery of Sir John and Lady Douglas, band as well as the wife (a laugh), as it in offering to re-swear their assertions, might be awkward to address one and not left the Princess in a situation from which the other. He was sorry this Court had she was without means of refuge, unless not taken the precedence of the Livery. the public intersered: their opinion must
MR. JACKS said, he was one of those be hier protection; and miserable, indeed, who had thought at first, that it was better would be the state of the country, if the not to interfere, on the ground mentioned Princess should be destitute even of this by a worthy Baronet, that such interference remedy against the evils which oppressed might widen the breach between man and her. wife ; but as the Livery of London had MR. WAITHMAN, in his reply, said, that thought, that some public manifestation of a Gentleman (Mr. Jacks) who had given up its sentiments should be made, he thought his opinion to the general voice of the pubthat the Common Council ought not to be lic, appeared to him to come forward bebehind. He was anxious, however, that cause he was not wanted. His worthy while justice was done to the Princess, in- Friend (Mr. Alderman Wood) had warmly justice sbould not be done to the Prince. commended him for so doing. For his pari, There was no evidence which could induce he was an enemny to every species of tyranany one to suppose that he was at the bottom ny, and none more than the tyranny over of the conspiracy, whatever persons might the mind; and he should therefore always choose to surmise. He wished, therefore, maintain his own opinions, whether they to add, after the word “conspiracy,” these were likely to be popular or unpopular. words entered into by persons admil. He should much rather retire for ever from ted to her society and confidence, and public life than adopt opinions merely from abusing it to the destruction of her life and their popularity. As all men were liable honour."
to errors, the public sentiment was often MR. Alderman Wood rose to express the best criterion of what was right; but his grateful feelings, that the Livery of still every Englishman who had formed London had been followed by other public opinions on any subject, was fully justified hodies, and now by the Common Council. in maintaining those opinions, whatever When he first brought the matter forward, might be the public voice. He had through his usual friends seemed to object to its the last twenty years of his life given pretty principle; and he had no reason to suppose strong proofs, that he was not to be
prethat he should have experienced their sup- vented from speaking his opinions from any port, if he had brought it forward in Com- consideration of their being unpopular. He mon Council.
was sorry that his worthy Friend (Mr. Al. Mr. Quin had thought the last time of derman Wood) had entered so much into moving this business not precisely the mo subjects which, as they rested on private ment for interfering: because there was a conversations, it was not easy to explain. prospect of reconciliation; there was some A difference of opinion had existed, at a hupe, that the general sentiment of the former time, among several of his friends,