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member might be printer as well as pro- French has discovered itself. At this prietor of a paper. There the publication Meeting the Duke of Sussex was, it seems, would not be punishable; while, in the in the Chair, and, before I make any repaper of his next door neighbour, it might marks on it, I shall insert the most mate, send three or four people to perish in the rial part of the speech of His Royal High stench of a jail.-- Besides, as if the ab- ness upon the occasion. It was as follow: ; surdities of the doctrine were without end, - For eighteen years I have, with much who is to prove that the printed speech is " attention, marked the effects of the French the same as the speech uttered in parlia- " Revolution. I have, reasoning from ment? The libellous quality of any pub-" analogy, anticipated still more fatal eflication is generally to be found in certain "fects than those which had already taken particular expressions; and who, I say, is place, every day's experience shewing to prove upon oath, that the speech pub-" that my views were not fallacious; and lished is precisely the same as the speech " I have even maintained, that if the viospoken ; and, without such proof, what " lent and wide spreading plague by which would even the privilege contended for we were assailed were not resisted with avail the defendant ?-But, I abhor the
But, I abhor the proportionate violence, universal destrucidea of such a privilege, which, as I have, “ lion must be the inevitable result. I think, clearly shown, would give to ma- " ( Applause. )-We are not indeed met ny hundreds of persons the right of libel-" to sit in judgment on past events, but a ling whomsoever they pleased; the right " reference to them does not seem out of of defaming; the righl of blasting the re- “ place, as tending to draw the attention putation of; the right of totally ruining all "io that great teacher, which may impel those against whom they might entertain a us to counsels calculated to promote a spite. No, Mr. Brougham, peers and successful terinination of that great conthe worthy gentleinen who represent bo- test in which we have been so long enroughs have, in my humble idea of the
gaged, in which we are still unfortumatter, quite privileges enough already. “nately engaged, but from which we have I do not wish to see those privileges ex- now belter prospect than ever of extricaltended. They can now speak what they "ing ourselves with advantage and honour. please of any body with impunity, and if " -- Applauses.)--Perhaps nothing can they could also write and publish what they " be more mortifying than a contrast of pleased with the like impunity, who hut 6 what Germany was at the commencethemselves could bear to exist in the coun- ment of the French Revolution, and try.
- Before I conclude, I must again " what she has since been. At the former observe, that I meddle not with the merits period mighty in arms, and elate in of this case ; and, I cannot refrain from hope, she menaced that power which has adding an expression of my firm belief," since overrun her soil, and enslaved her that Mr. CREEVEY is amongst the last of sons-Austria and Prussia, and all her those, whom I should be afraid to trust 6 other powerful States, in combination with the privilege contended for by his “ for the avowed purpose of quelling the advocate; seeing that he is a man remark- ' insolence of French democracy: noihing able for candour and manliness. But, he was contemplated but the complete discannot have the privilege without its being 's memberment or annihilation of that possessed by chers.
It is a privilege nation, Since then, but I forbear to which no man ought to possess. Indeed, “enter minutely into the afflicting detail, the idea of such privilege in any man is " suffice it to say, that by a singular revoan insult to common sense.
"lution of human affairs, Germany has
6 fallen beneath the yoke of that Power, " German Parriots.".
- These two " whose squadrons had passed her best words joined together naturally excite some “protected lines, at the approach of whose degree of curiosity, and the proceedings " squadrons her capital had trembled; now on foot under this title are, in their " since that calamitous period, no opporway, the most curious of the kind.- -A “tunity has been hitherto afforded her of Meeting has, it seems, taken place, in “shaking off the degrading yoke, and reLondon, for the purpose of raising money "gaining that character of high renown, by subscription for the aid and support of which I am proud to say, has always the “ Cerman Putriols ;" that is to say, " been the attribute of the German nation. the people in those parts of Germany, where “ At length the opportunity has occurred, an inclination to resist and drive out the " thanks to the exertions by which the " tide of conquest has at length been re- to have been increased in proportion to « sisted on the Continent ; thanks more " the power and violence of the enemy; “ particularly to the gallantry of the Rus-" but I repeat, I wish the principle of the “ sian people, and to the wise and magna- Meeting to be as general as possible. I " nimous individual who now directs their wish it to be so general that every society “ energies. Humane and moderate as he " of merchants in Spain, Portugal, or any 6: is spirited and politic, he has by his other country where the French conquest " manifestoes endeavoured to arouse every may possibly check the wholesome ope6 German to combat in a cause which he “ rations of commerce, should feel that “ has guaranteed his own; he has called " they are interested in adopting it-should 66 on him, as a friend and brother, to assist“ feel that they are bound to imbibe that “ in stemming the flood that had nearly spirit by which we are now about to " overwhelmed his native land, and in “ prove to
our German brethren, that “ driving within their proper precincts the though separated by the ocean, our hearts “ haughty people whose tumultuous pas-" throb and our blood boils in common “ sions had created it. I trust the Ger with theirs, when we think of the ty" man is not to be found who is dead to " ranny to which they have been subject6 such a summons-a summons by which " ed."
-If I differ very materially ia s he is called on to combat for the sacred opinion with His Royal Highness, I do not " purpose of obtaining all that can be dear fail to give him full credit for the most be" to a people-security for their properties, nevolent intentions; and, I particularly " their lives, and, far dearer than either applaud the candour of his acknowledg« of these, their liberly and their honour. ment, that the first League against the " (Loud applause.) To facilitate the ex. French had for its object the complete “ ertions of a people struggling in such a “ dismembermenl, or annihilation, of that “cause, is the object of the present Meet-nation;" an acknowledgment, which, “ ing—to supply such means of repelling that I know of, has never before been disa “ unjust aggression, as the misfortunes and tinctly made by any one who ever approved “ too long protracted oppression of those of the war against the French Democracy.
who are chiefly interested in repelling it, -It is not a little curious to observe, " have put it out of their power to obtain how completely our objects have changed, " by any effort of their own. In justice to since the outset of the war in 1793. We " the Goverument I have to observe, that were then afraid of nothing but the wild “ they have not manifested any reluctance spirit of Democracy. We then cried“
war; " to give their assistance for the further- " war against republicans and levellers ;
ance of the objects which we are now the terms liberty, sovereign people, citizen, $6 met to promote ; but it was impossible and patriot, were used by us as terms of “ they should foresee the events which have reproach. But, we are now become abo called for more ample support than they horrers of tyranny, slavery, despotism.
can possibly furnish on the spur of the We have now got over to the liberty side " occasion. When I see the persons com- of the dispute ; and are subscribing away “ posing the Government inclined to per- as heartily against the Emperor of France " form their duty, I am always anxious as we formerly did against the Jacobins and not to withhold from them such meed as Sans-culolles of France.
-His Royal " my approbation can convey. (Applause.) Highness says, that he apprehended " uni“ I must now observe, that I wish the "versal destruction” from the principles “ views of the present Meeting to embrace of the French revolution. -I should be
as extensive a field as is possible. Un- happy to be informed what is His Royal “ doubtedly there are very forcible reasons Highness's notion of " universal destruc" why I myself should be actuated by "lion." It is a phrase of very large “ feelings more directed to a certain point. meaning. But, at the least, it must mean “ I am a Member of the House of Hanover, nothing short of the killing of all the peo$" I am a Prince of the German Empire, ple and the destroying of all other animals
and it may be naturally supposed that i and all property in Europe. And why, “ am particularly anxious to resist with let me be permitted to ask; why make use " effect that power : resistance to which I of phrases so very hyperbolical? The “ warmly counselled in the great Assembly French revolution had its full swing; it “ of the German Princes, which took place was never arrested in its progress by any " in the year 1792; resistance which I external power. And, did it prove so “have ever since continued to think ought very destroying ? The truth is, that, though attended with frightful crimes and country by the French. What they were with dreadful misery for a while, it de- then doing it is not for me to say; but, I stroyed very little of what was good. But, am very much afraid, that we may be in the people, in all countries, are, for the too great haste to confide in men, who have far greater part, led away by sounds. If once, without firing hardly a shot, laid they were not, we should never have seen down their arms to that very same enemy the people of England subscribing their who is now marching against them.pound notes in order to purchase their pre. The conquered part of Germany contains a servation against the “ devouring lava," population equal to that of France.
To as Pitt called it, of the French revolution. what, then, are we to attribute its having If they had taken time to reflect, they been so easily conquered ? The Royal Duke would, in but a few hours, have been well brings back our minds to the period when convinced, that the French Democrats the combined armies were driven out of could not destroy them if they would, and France; to that period when, he tells us, that they would not if they could; and the French capital trembled at their apthat, when they heard the words “univer- proach. In this his Royal Highness is only " sal destruction" applied to the object of deceived. The French capital never tremthe efforts of the French Democrats, they bled. The combined armies were driver ought to understand it in a very limited out of France by the people. It was one sense indeed, it being, upon any other heart and one arm of 26 millions of people scale, utterly impossible. But, if the that
But, if the that drove them out of France. But, be Royal Duke was so alarmed at the "wide- this as it may, how could that one defeat of " spreading plague of Democracy, one the allies cause the conquest of Germany, would think, that he must entertain feel- and her subjection from that day to this? ings of gratitude towards Buonaparté, who Suppose the French to have sent forth a milhas so completely put down the democratic lion of men, Germany had her millions to spirit and principles. We are a difficult oppose to them; and, if the German nation people to please. As long as the French are naturally brave, as I do not deny they talked about liberty and patriotism, , we are, must there not have been something used those words in the way of ridicule besides mere physical force to work the conand reproach. Now they have dropped quest of Germany? How, then, can it be the use of them, we have taken it up, and said, that, from 1793 until this day, “ no talk as boldly about liberty as our ancestors opportunity has been afforded to Germany used to do, who never dreamt of what we " lo shake off the degrading yoke ?". There now see and feel. But, I am yet to have always been about 30 millions of peolearn, what we now mean by the word ple in this sume Gerinany, including the patriol ; by the term “ German Patriots." " Patriots" now in motion; what, then, I A patriot is a man, who ardently loves his should like to know, have all these people country, and is not confined to those who and all these patriots been doing and thinkare attached to any particular set of rulers. ing about for so long a period? Is not this I should, for my part, be very slow to the plain truth: that these patriots have give the name of patriot to a man in Ger- been put into activity, if not created, by the many merely because he had inlisted under appearance of a Russian army amongst them the banners of Russia, or any other ban- and by the retreat of the French armies? aers opposed to France. I must first be And, if this be the case, ought we not to convinced, that he has taken the side which be cautious how we put any great confidence he thinks favourable to the cause of free in the exertions of these same " palriots' dom; I mean the freedom of the people ; When His Royal Highness talks about for, it is very likely, that, in some cases, the French enslaving the sons of Germany, a country may be conquered, and the peo- he surely does not well weigh the weight of ple become not at all the less free on that his words. His zeal surely carries him on account. I know not what sort of changes beyond the proper bounds. He will excuse the French have made in the govern. me, who never before heard much of Gera ment of the conquered parts of German liberty, in these latter ages, if I do many; and, therefore, I am unable not see how it is possible for the French to decide upon the degree of merit army, or any other but a native army, to in those who have now risen against them; enslave 30 millions of people. It is easy to but, I cannot but know very well, that all talk of subjecting such a nation to tyranny; these Diserts
thom we have now dis- but not so very easy to shew how the thing colored sine conquest of their can, by any possibility, be done. Against
their will such a nation was never yet en- of a Russian army amongst them, openly slaved by an invading army. The thing is shown themselves. But, those who have impossible, especially when we consider, acted from this motive, will, in all likelithat Germany had an army equal in number hood, become inactive from a similar mo: to that of France. For these reasons my tive; and, the French will, I dare say, be hopes from the exertions of the “ German hailed, if they beat the Russians, with as “ Patriots" are far less sanguine than those much apparent joy as the Russians have reof his Royal Highness appear to be. cently been received. However, there As to the opinion, that our prospect of ex- is not, as far as I can see, any harm in these tricating ourselves from the war with advan- subscriptions. They are far preferable to tage and honour, is “ now. belter than new taxes to raise money for the « German "ever," I am obliged to differ very widely Patriots." This is, indeed, the proper from his Royal Highness. There have been way of raising money for the Northern several periods, when the prospect was War. People give what they like, and much better, in my humble opinion, than there is this great advantage in this mode of it is now.
The end of this campaign will raising the ways and means, that the amount tell us what is to be the fate of the North of of the sun raised is the true measure of the Germany; but, of what consequence is that national feeling in favour of the cause. part of Europe, compared with Holland, Naples, and all Italy? - The battle will AMERICAN WAR. -The continual disnow, perhaps, be better fought than be- grace of the American arms in Canada fore; but, if victory decide against us, we would be intolerable in the States, were it shall be plunged into despair. The same not so far outweighed by the success of their enthusiasm does not, perhaps, accompany navy. Upon this fatter subject I have reihe French armies now that formerly ac- ceived many commmications, containing companied them; but, on the other side, complaints against the Admiralty. I must what enthusiasm can there be ? " Security confess, that I do not see the reasonableness “ for their properties and lives," the Duke of these complaints, No man has pointed of Sussex says will now animate the Ger- out how the Admiralty could fiave prevented mans; but, why now more than hereto- what has happened. That they could not, fore? These again are mere words. Nei- in a few months, build ships of the precise ther property nor lives were in danger under dimensions of the American ships is certain, the French. It was impossible; generally They could only send out such ships as they speaking, that they should be; for, if that had; and, that the cause of our defeats has had been the case, the conquered countries not been the want of hands on board, the could not have been held a day. It is the capture of the Java fully proves.--- It has interest of a conqueror to make the people been asserted, in the most positive terms, contented under his sway. Indeed, he is, that two-thirds of the seamen of the Ameif the country be extensive, compelled to do rican ships of war, and especially of the it. There will be some malecontents; be- Constilulion, consist of British seamen. cause, in cases of conquest, property and There is no such fact stated officially, and I power do. always, in some degree, change am glad of it; for, to me, it would be a hands; but, the mass of the people must, melancholy thing to 'reflect, that so many in all such cases, be conciliated; and this hundreds of our couritrymen had joined the is the true reason why, until now, we have enemy at the risk, if taken, of being hung heard nothing of the “ German Patriots." up, cut down before dead, having their To keep in subjection a whole people; a bowels ripped out while yet alive, having nation of many millions; to hold such a their heads chopped off, and their four people in subjection by the mere military quarters cut from their smoking bodies. force of a foreign power is impossible. It To suppose that many hundreds of our councannot be done. If a whole people, in- trymen have joined the enemy with the cluding the native arwy, feel their proper- terrors of such a punishment before them is ties and lives in constant hazard, is it to be something so shocking, that I wonder how believed, that they will wait for another any one can coolly entertain it; what, then, foreign army before they attempt to throw must be our wonder at hearing that there off the yoke? The fact, I dare say, is, that are people to assert the fact, and that, too, the persons, who were interested in the ex- in print! For my part, though I feel the istence of the old governments of Germany, disgrace of our navy as strongly as any one and who, of course, wished for their re- can, I prefer giving to the enemy superior establishment, have, upon the appearance skill, and even superior courage, to the as
Cribing of his success to the treason of so alone. So that, in fact, Mr. Brougham, many hundreds of my own countrymen. certainly without intending it, did harm to
-To one of the three causes, however, those manufacturers, whose cause he so zea. his success must be ascribed; for, as to the lously and so ably espoused. The Morndifference in the weight of melal, it is not ing Chronicle had, the other day, a parasufficient to account for such uniform and graph in words similar to these: - The signal success on the part of the Americans. " National Intelligencer (the American They are excellent seamen. Probably the government paper,) has long extracts very best in the world. Their ships are 6 from COBBETT'S REGISTER, which it cites few in number. Their men are select ; " with great applause, instead of that coarse they are all able and fresh; and they are 66 abuse which it formerly heaped upon the urged on by every motive that has a power- same publication."— My mind has ful effect in producing a disregard of life. been put to the torture to guess at the real Their officers are chosen for their great objeci of this observation. I do not see any merit alone. The government, in its selec- thing wrong in this American paper having tion, is hampered by no interests, no con- changed its manner and tone and sentiments sideration other than that of rendering the with regard to articles of my humble proships efficient; and thus, there is no sort of duction. I see no sin in it. And, as to drawback to the native courage of the crews. myself, what can I wish for more than to
-It is stated, that the American govern- see approved of in America my sinceré and ment have begun the construction of 26 zealous efforts to preserve peace between the inore frigates, and that the several States two countries? The whole of my endeahave made offers of 74 gun ships, one each; vours, as connected with the subject of the so that, if this unhappy contest be prolong- American dispute, have had this simple ed, there is, I think, a fair chance of our object, and could not have any other obseeing a very formidable naval enemy in ject; and, though my endeavours have the new world. This is what I expressed proved unsuccessful, I see no reason why my fears of in my first and second letters the Morning Chronicle should grudge me a to the Prince Regent upon the subject of small pittance of praise. If my
advice this war,
The longer the war continues had been followed, British naval prowess the more certain is the realizing of my fears would still have been without a rival. The on this score. The navy of America must names of Hull, and Decatur, and Bainincrease with the war ; -and, if it arrive at a bridge would still have been unknown. ! tolerable force, we shall then begin to re- did not wish to see this navy raised up, and pent of our folly. I know, that this is I endeavoured to prevent the occasion for it. very unpopular language. The country has if the Morning Chronicle had done the taken up the idea, that the Americans, same, it might have had its share of the without any provocation, have basely join praise of the National Intelligencer. ed the French in the war against us.
WM. COBBETT. newspapers have propagated this notion, Botley, 6th May, 1813. and it is in vain to endeavour to remove it. Time and experience, disgrace and suffering must open the people's eyes.--I shall, PRINCESS OF WALES. however, always say, that the Whigs and Mr. Brougham have had a principal hand
WESTMINSTER ADDRESS AND ANSWER. in producing this war with America. Mr.“ To Her Royal Highness the Princess of Brougham, had his Orders in Council to de
Wales. molish. It was for him to make them every “We, the Inhabitant Householders of the thing, especially when he had, by his great City and Liberties of Westminster, legally industry and eloquence, succeeded. There assembled, beg leave to approach your fore, when told, by Mr. Rose, that the re- Royal Highness with an affectionate Adpeal of the Orders would not prevent war, dress, he, full of his achievement, pledged him- “We participate with our fellow-subself to support a war against America if the jects (the Citizens of London) in sentirepeal did not satisfy her. -He did this, 'ments of undiminished esteem for your and so did Mr. Ponsonby, with my caution Royal Highness, and of just indignation at before their eyes, I had told them before, the foul conspiracy, which, it is now apo that the repeal would not do without the parent, has been long carrying on against giving up the impressment. And, we are your Royal Highness's honour and life
, now at war for this latter, and for that we admire the patience, forbearance, and