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liable to the same obstacles now, the people to me (and I have observed them very narof Germany being all for the Allies. rowly) to be as stout" anti-jacobins" as His Grace of Cumberland has, therefore, any going. I have read their speeches for fairer play. Indeed, if only a quarter part a year past, though I have not remarked of what we have heard be true, His on them; I have noted their toad-eating Grace stands a good chance of pursuing Na- toasts; and I am glad to see them defeated. poleon to the borders of Old France, at the Perfectly ready at all times I am to
- The Duke is a General, and, join my feeble voice to that of any man who of course, must be well skilled in the science shall ask for the placing of all dissenters
There is no man in this country, upon a level with the people of the church no public writer, at least, who will at- in all respects. But, I am for no partial tempt to call in question either his skill boons to this' sect or to that sect.
I am or his courage. That being the case, I for no caballings of religious parties, by say, that we have a right to put his pre-- which the people are kept in a divided sence with the allied army into the scale state, while the government gains strength. against Napoleon, who has before fought One sect comes after another, and is ready the King of Prussia and the Emperor of to give up the great cause of freedom, if Russia, but who never, until
now, saw those in power will but humour them in opposed to him an English Prince. I their religious whims, I have no objecconclude, therefore, this long article by ob- tion to the religion of the Catholic. 1 serving, that we ought, all of us, to keep think a Catholic priest just as well qualified our eye steadily fixed upon this important to forgive sins, and to have just as good circumstance.
authority for it, as our priests, who are
authorized so to do by the Rubric, Eng. CATHOLIC Bill.As I expresseď my land was great and free when our fathers opinion it has turned out. This Bill has were Catholics. But, what I dislike is, been rejected. On Monday last, upon the that this description of dissenters from the motion of the Speaker to leave out the church should come and demand a partial Clause giving the Catholics seats in Parlia- boon; and, more especially, that they ment, there was for the motion a majority should pretend, that it is for the good of all of four, upon which the partisans of the the sect, when they well know, and we Bill gave up the rest. -I am, for my
too, that it is only for the sake of part, glad of this result. The Bill would gratifying a set of place-hunters.--I rereally have done nothing at all for the great peat, that I have observed in their proceedbody of the Catholics, while it would have ings nothing in favour of public liberly; opened the way for a new and hungry set of and I do firmly believe, that
, if the door of placemen. There are Protestant barris- place had been opened to them, we should ters enough aspiring to big wigs, without have found them amongst the most active and adding three or four score of Catholics to the zealous of our persecutors. And, for this number. I have quite enough of the hun- reason, that they are hungry. They want to dred Protestant members of parliament share in the good things; and they very well from the “ sisler kingdom.” And, as to know the only way to obtain their object
. the army and navy, if any one doubts of The Speaker objected to them upon precisely our having generals and admirals enough, the opposite ground with me. He was afraid, let him look at the lists. My firm belief they would range themselves in opposition is, that we have twice, if not thrice, the to the Government : I think they would number that Napoleon has.- - It is a scan have been amongst the most ready and dalous abuse of words to call the partisans most useful of all its instruments. - The of such a Bill, the “ friends of civil and Morning Chronicle seems to think,
that religious liberly." They should be called now we ought to have a parliamentary rethe friends of a new drove of placemen. form, and that we ought to have it, too, in The Bill would have given not one particle consequence of the rejection of this Bill. of liberty to any Catholic, or to any priest; --The article is very curious, and I will but, on the contrary, would have taken insert it." After the Speaker had resome of the liberties of the latter away, for sumed the Chair on Monday night, we the sake of putting some of the laity into " rejoice to learn that Lord Rancliffe gave places. I never could discover, in any of notice of a motion on the subject of Purthe proceedings of the Catholic boards or " liamenlary Reform, for the ith of June other bodies, any thing in favour of pub-" next. Every day's experience shews the lic liberly. On the contrary, they appear " necessity of such a reform as shall restore “the just rights of the people in the Com-1 it now is! I never heard that they ob“ mons House: and it cannot be said that jected to the system of boroughs. This is, " it is not called for, when it is known that then, a sudden thought of theirs, or of “ Major Cartwright, on Monday evening, yours.--No, Mr. Perry, they can, " said he now held in his hands, ready to surely, never object to the mode of elect“ be presented to the House, 320 petitions, ing that very parliament, into which, with" uniform in their prayer for reform, and out any complaint against it, they were so “signed by one hundred and twenty thou eager to obtain admittance. If the parlia6 sand men.
We know not in what' ment was good enough for them to sit in “ terms to speak of the disappointment by the means of borough elections, it was " which the friends of civil and religious surely good enough to decide upon their 6 freedom have suffered by the loss of the petition.--But, the worst of it is, that “ Bill for the relief of the Roman Catho- those, in general, who voted for the Ca“ lics; because with that reverence for the tholics are aînongst the sturdiest enemies of " House of Commons which it is our desire reform. Will Mr. CANNING, for instance,
to cherish, we cannot reconcile with any give us a lift in the way of reform? It is
rule of principle the vote of Monday very true, that a reform of the parliament 6 night on a single clause of the Bill, with would soon settle all these religious dis“ the former votes on the whole of it. putes; but, of those who were for this “There must be a secret history in the ma- Bill, five would not vote for a parliament
nagement of the division in the Commit- ary reform.--I am very glad to hear, “ tee, which if it could be fairly promul- that there are petitions for reform ; but, i
gated, would prove to every unbiassed am sure they will be signed by very few "mind the necessity of that reform in the of those who take a lead in religious sects.
representalion which it is the object of Those people have always some little boon “ Lord Rancliffe to bring into discussion. to ask for themselves ; and they well know, “Some of the arts practised on the occasion that the way to get that is not to ask for a “ have been whispered, and we may be reform of the parliament. Nay, I will bet se enabled to speak of them hereafter. But Mr. Perry a trifle, that the very persons, " certainly the triumph is not to be boasted in whose behalf this Bill was brought in, 66 of that was obtained by the means which would be amongst the foremost in opposing " we hear were practised, and which, after parliamentary reform; because that would 66 all the efforts that were made, was so cut up, root and branch, the very things “ trifling in its number. The Bill is lost, they are seeking for.--I do not mean io " indeed, and the consequences may be say, that all those, who have taken an 66 such, as we shudder to contemplate; but active part in pressing for this measure, 6 what must be the feeling of the tempo- wish to get money by it. I know the “rary winners, when they shall reflect on contrary. Mr. BUTLER, for instance, I " the very trilling majority by which they am satisfied, is actuated by no selfish mo“ have contrived to continue the thraldom tive. I could say the same of many others; "s in which millions of their fellow-subjects bat, generally speaking, the object is to gel a
are held! Their triumph will be short, share of the public money by ote mean or "s indeed, if the result of this vote shall be another. -But, how comes it, that the " to quicken the public mind in the cause Catholics, if they were friends of reform, " of parliamentary Reform; and we sin- never talked of it before? I have read, ia 66 cerely hope that that will be the some of their speeches, as bitter reflections “ first fruits of the decision."Upon on the Reformers as ever escaped the lips my word, Mr. Perry, this is being very of any scoundrel Borough-monger, of any sanguine indeed!
Can you believe, corrupt trafficker in seats; and, having that the reform which was rejected upon heard this, and perceiving from the tenor Mr. Madox's exposure of 11th May, 1809, of all their toasts and resolutions, that they will be produced by the rejection of are amongst the enemies of Reform, am I this Bill ? Can you believe, that the re- now to be made believe, that their cause form, the necessity of which has not been ought to produce that change? -I vens evident enough in 20 years' war, and ture to assure Mr. Perry, that MAJOR 800,000,000 of debt, and in the property CARTWRIGHT, that most able, most zeatax, will become evident in the refusal to lous, and most disinterested friend of freelet two or three score of Roman Catholics dom, will find no material support from into place? The Catholics wished, it the Catholics, or, at least, from those who seems, to get into this same parliament as were calling for this Bill. --We are now,
it seems, to expect dreadful consequences tion, who, if again in power, would again in Ireland. And why? Do you see the insult the people much more than the Bill that is passing about arms in Ireland ? Pittites have ever done. What! Did Do you keep in mind the powers which the not Mr. Tierney and Mr. Ponsonby and Irish government has over the people? Lord Milton join Mr. Canning and Mr. Do you remember the Act, which was Perceval in making the famous “ STAND drawn up by the Whigs, which was left against POPULAR ENCROACHby them as a legacy to the Pittites, and “ MENT,". when Mr. Madox, on the which was said to have been penned by 11th of May, 1809, offered to prove the Mr. Grallan himself? Do you remember sale of a seal ? And, with this fact in our that Act ? Have you its powers in your minds, will any one attempt to persuade eye ? If you have, you will be at perfect us, that we ought to look to the Whiz
the score of disturbances in Ire- faction as friends of reform! land; and, you will also be able to judge, how far the supporters of the Bill now AMERICAN WAR.PRISONERS OF thrown out, seeing that they were the real War. Mr. BARLOW.- - It appears authors of the Act above alluded to, merit that the loan, which our hireling prints' the exclusive appellation of " friends of assured us the American President was une “ civil and religious liberty."
liberty."--- Besides, able to raise, has been raised, and that, I again ask, what reason have the mass of too, in the single city of Philadelphia. the Irish Catholics to be more discontented It also is stated, that Mr. MADISON has now than they were before this Bill was actually named plenipotentiaries to negocirejected ? The Bill, if carried, would ate a peace with us, under the mediation of have done them no good. Why, then, if Russia. -I hope we shall accept of the not deluded, if not deceived, should they mediation, and put an end to this the worst regret its failure ?--Oh, no! Mr. Perry, of all our wars. But, the hireling press is we are in no danger of disturbances in Ire- against such acceptance. It labours hard land! The people of Ireland appear to be to perpetuate tliis war and to make it as a perfectly loyal and orderly race. You cruel as possible, by adding to the animonever hear from them any noise about any sity on both sides.-- - There is a circumthing. They are as quiet as any people stance, which I have heard of, relating to can be ; and, really, it is a pity, that any Americans, who were serving on board of hints should be thrown out, like those of our ships, which it will be sufficient, I am Mr. Perry, calculated to disturb their sure, barely to state.- The Americans minds.--At any rate, they ought not to always asserted, that we detained many of be deceived. The Bill would have done their native seamen on board of our ships of them no good, as I have frequently shown; war.----
---This now appears to have been by the rejection of the Bill, the great body true. For, since the war has been going of the Catholics have lost nothing, nor have on, our government have thought it pruthey been deprived of the chance of gaining dent (and it was certainly just) to put these any thing. What new reason, therefore, men, or some of them, at least, out of our can they have to be disaffected towards a service, it not being at all probable that an government, with which they appear from American would, without force, fight their silence to have been hitherto so well against his country. I have only to add, satisfied ?-_- To return, for a moment, to that the men I allude to, have, as I under. the subject of parliamentary reform, I beg stand, been, not discharged, not sent home, the reader to bear in mind, that the Morn- but made prisoners of war, to be exchanging Chronicle never speaks on the subject, ed against persons, whom the Americans except at times when its faction has receive may have taken from us in actual war.ed a blow. I consess that it would be a I do not positively assert this to be a fact, remedy for almost all our evils ; but, the but I have heard it stated as such, and I do worst of it is, the Whigs never talked think that it is a matter which calls for about this remedy, when they were in public attention. Being upon the subject power. Nay, have not all the leaders of of America, I cannot refrain from noticing them talked against it, of late years, in a certain letters, which appeared in the most vehement style? What, then, are Courier, the MORNING Post, and other we to expect from them ? The people newspapers, a few days ago, purporting to must rely upon themselves only; upon their be letters, written by Mr. Joel Barlow to own lawful exertions, and not upon the Mr. Madison, from France. These letgood will or exertions of this deceitful fac- ters our newspapers say they have copied
from American papers; and the American rica, had not the impudence to pretend to papers say, that ihey copied them from a believe them to be authentic ; but, he puts London paper.
-The letters are sheer this question to his readers : " Who will fabrications, intended to make people be " deny that it is, in the highest degree sinlieve, that Mr. JEFFERSON was in negocia- gular, how such fabrications, carrying tion with Napoleon, or, at least, that the " such evidence on the face of them, of an latter made him an offer, the end of which " intimate knowledge of the subject and was to make Mr. Jefferson a military despot" persons to which they relate, should over the people of America. This is FIND THEIR WAY INTO AN only worthy of any notice at all, as it shows " ENGLISH NEWSPAPER?". So the' leugths to which the vile hirelings of that I repeat my surmise, that the base fathe press will go to effect any purpose, brication had its origin here, and found its which it is their interest to pursue.
way into the American newspapers in the It is very true, that we never saw any way that I have described. ---After this, such letters in any London paper, It is can we believe that a hireling of the press certain that no such letters were ever pub- will stick at any thing? The people of lished here; but, I will not assert, that America would not be deceived by so they had not their origin here; that they clumsy a fraud; but, not so the 's were not fabricated here; that they were thinking people" of England, for whom not even printed here, and that, too, in nothing is too gross ;' and, I have not the some newspaper.
-Nothing is more easy smallest doubt, that there are men at this than to put such letters into someone moment citing this offer of Napoleon as a copy of an edition of a newspaper, and to proof of his being a sworn foe of freedom, leave them out of all the other copies. That and of his serious and settled intention to single copy might be sent off to America, enslave all the world, and annihilate Engwhile the rest of the edition were circulated land. In short, it appears to me, that here. There are not wanting men 'to do there is nothing, which, if its purport be such a thing on this side of the water, and, to blacken an enemy, the mass of the people I dare say, there are not wanting men to of this country will not believe. Nay, I receive and republish on the other side. am quite satisfied, that there are people
-Back came these tetters in the Ameri- enough in the lounging-rooms in London to can papers, and, in republishing of them denounce as " a friend of Buonaparte," here, not a word is said to apprize the any one who shall call the authenticity of people of the fact of their having been fa- these letters in question. bricated.-----I dare say, that a very considerable part of the people of England will ARMY AGENCY, -From a paper, laid take them for authentic documents, and before the House of Commons, not long will, of course, believe, that Napoleon since, it appears, that this is a subject actually proposed to Mr. JEFFERSON to worthy of great public attention; and, as I make him a despot. The propositions said find that it is speedily to be brought forto have been made to him are these : “1. ward in discussion, it may be useful to “ That on condition of his declaring war draw the attention of my readers towards " against England, the presidency should it.-—There is a regulation, which pre“ be guaranteed to him by his Majesty the scribes, that Agents of the army shall give • Emperor for life. -2. That one mil- security for the due discharge of their trust; “ lion of francs, and even more, if found and, certainly, such a regulation is neces“ necessary, should be annually placed at sary, seeing what large sums pass through “ his disposal during the war, to be repaid their hands. ---But, as appears from the " after it was ended, or as soon as the in- above paper, some of them give no security, “ tended alterations in the form of govern- at all, while others do to a large amount. " ment were effected.-3. That three Mr. Ridge and Mr. Shee, for instance, the “ thousand French officers, instructed to former of whom is'agent to the Recruiting “ obey the President implicitly, should be Service, and the latter to the Local Mili6 sent out to serve in the army of the tia, give a security each to the amount of “ United States.-4. That ten ships of £20,000. Mr. Robinson, who is agent to “ the line, with their proportion of frigates, the 13th Dragoons, gives security to the " should be dispatched to the United States amount of £10,000. While Messrs. " to be manned and officered exclusively Greenwood and Cox, who are agents to one " by American seamen."--The corrupt half of the whole army, give no security at wretch, who published the letters in Ame- all, except for one regiment, and that only in the sum of £1,500.---The profits, the from this “ friend of regular government, bare profits of these agents, or, at least, social order, and our holy religion,” as their allowance for agency, amounts to up- John Bowles has it, which paper is also wards of forly thousand pounds a year. worthy of the attention of that " thinking" Between three and four millions of the pub- public. The amount of this balance lic money pass through their hands in the exceeds eighty thousand pounds, about course of the year; and yet, all the secu- equal in amount to the nett produce of the rity they give is £1,500.––The money Duly on Hops for three years! - But, may, perhaps, be very safe in their hands; there are some particular items that I think but, what reason can there be for their not it right to notice.--He is stated to have giving security for every regiment, as well received and to have paid £647 15s. 10d. as for the one, for which they do give se- to a Mr. Briarly “ for expenses of Merino curity ?
- The allowance for the agency sheep." Now, I am yet to learn, that to the whole of the arioy is little more than this "public" have ever possessed any £80,000 a year. This house swallows up Merino sheep. I have heard of the king more than the half of the sum; and, surely, having some given him by the Spanish gothey ought to give proportional security. vernment; I have heard too of his sales of
It is said, in answer to this, that the sheep; but, I never observed that any of several Golonels are responsible for the the proceeds of those sales were carried to agent of their choice; and, that, if the the credit of this famous " public;" and, agent fail, the public come upon the Colo- I am yet to learn the reason why this same nel. But, Sir David Dundas, being then public should have been charged with any Commander in Chief, was asked by the expenses relating to Merino sheep. Military Commissioners, whether he re. The king gave some of these sheep away; garded the Colonels as being really re- but, I always understood, that they besponsible in such a case, said that he did longed to him, and not to the public. So not think that they were responsible. that, I say again, that I can see no reason Now, if he, and in his then situation, whatever for the public being saddled with could give such an opinion, I leave this expense, especially as the king's privy the reader to guess who would have purse, exclusive of all the expenses of his to pay the piper in case of the failure household, is so amply supplied by this of an agent, -But, suppose the Colonels same “public."--If I were a member to be responsible by law, who is to be an- of parliament, I would certainly inquire swerable for their ability?. You cannot, how the people came to have any thing to as the saying is, get blood out of a flint do with this expense. - The sheep were stone, which is only saying, that you can given to the king; he did what he pleased not get money from a man who has no with them; he sold them or kept them or money; and, as to the putting of a Colonel gave them away; and, therefore, if the in jail, you cannot do that if he be a mem- people refrained from all inquiry into the ber of parliament; and, in cases where cause or the motive of the gift, they, surely, you can do it, the power could not be ex- could have nothing to do with the expense ercised without a great injury to the service, of bringing or managing the sheep.supposing the Colonel to be of any use. From another item it appears, that ChinWhat, for instance, would be the mode of nery received, from 1805 to 1807, getting redress for the public if the agent £110,395, and for what purpose, think of Sir George Prevost were to fail, and Sir you? Why “ To be paid io Count MunGeorge too poor to pay the debt? Would ster for 66 THE SERVICE OF HANOyou send out a writ against him to Canada?“ VER.” Of this he still owes, £ 5,256. -In short, this " responsibility" of the But, the main thing here is, that this great Colonel must, it is very clear, he merely sum was issued for the service of Hanover ; nominal ; and, it is equally clear, that the and, bear in mind, that it was issued from public ought to have, for the money issued the public treasure, because, as the account for every corps, a good and real security. states, the balance is “ due to the public.”
-Whether “the Guardians of the pub- Now, we see, then, that Hanover has s lic purse" will think as I do is another cost us this sam, and that very recently, matter, those Gentlemen and I being so too. Here is a sum equal to the nelt duty very apt to differ in our opinions.
on slarch for two years. This sum is
not to be supposed to have gone to our army MR. CHINNERY. -There is a paper in Hanover (if we had any troops there at respecting the balance due to the public the time), nor to any part of our service ;