to pay

for it is expressly stated to have been for evening, receive your reply to the present the service of Hanover, and to be paid to communication, and your determination of Count Munster, who is the Hanoverian Re- executing or relinquishing the demand mensident here. Another item is £41,117, tioned in your letter of the 16th instant,

bills drawn from abroad, on ac- If that demand is still insisted upon, I have " count of His Royal Highness the Duke of only to observe to you, that a compliance " Cumberland," from 1798 to 1802. I would be an immediate violation of the do not recollect where the Duke was at that laws of my Country, and an eternal stigma time; but, I am sure I cannot discover how on the nation of which I am a citizen. A this money came to have any thing to do compliance, therefore, cannot be acceded with this enlightened“ public," unless the to.--I have the honour to be, &c. Duke was in some sort of public service at

Joseph Halset, the time. If the money was issued to Governor of the State of Delaware." Chinnery on account of the Duke's pension and allowances, or as the Colonel of a regi

(REPLY.) ment, then the balance not paid by Chin- His Britannic Majesty's Ship Poictiers, nery,

which is £886, would be due to the in the Mouth of the Delaware, March Duke; but it is stated to be due to the

23, 1813. public;" so that it must have been the "Sir,--In reply to your letter received money of the public, and not his own pri- this day, by a Aag of truce, in answer to vate money, that was issued to Chinnery to mine of the 16th inst. I have to observe, the amount of £41,117.-I should like that the demand I have made


Lewisvery much to see these matters explained. town is, in my opinion, neither

ungenerous We are often reviled for cavilling at nor wanting in that magnanimity which such trifles; but, if I were to take all the one nation ought to observe to another, sums that I think I can show to be expend with which it is at war. It is in my power ed unnecessarily, and set them against the to destroy your town, and the request I nett proceeds of different heads of taxes, I have made upon it, as the price of its seshould make any thinking reader stare. curity, is neither distressing nor unusual. Great sums are made up of small sums; I must, therefore, persist; and whatever but, it is so on the one side, as well as on sufferings may fall upon the inhabitants of the other. However, perhaps, it is hard Lewistown, must be attributed to yourly worth while to plague one's self about selves by your not complying with a request the matter, when not a few of those whom

so easily acquiesced in. - I have the hoyou talk to about it are, perhaps, only nour to be, &c. thinking all the while how they shall get

J. P. BERES FORD, in for a share of what you wish to save.

Commodore, and commanding -The Civil List, however, must come

H. B. M. Squadron in the under my fingers. I cannot bring myself

Delaware." to let that pass unexplained. WM. COBBETT.


Paris, April 28.-Extract from the ReOFFICIAL PAPERS.

port of a Caplain Baivit, Commander of

his Majesty's frigate the Arethusa, to the AMERICAN WAR.

Minister of Marine. --- On board the Are(Continued from page 768.) thusa, April 19, 1913. Magistrate of Lewis.The respect which After describing the destruction of a few generous and magnanimous nations, even vessels, the latter proceeds to give an ac

British when they are enemies, take pride in che count of his action with the rishing towards each other, enjoins it upon frigate. I commenced the firing by a me, as a duty I owe to the State over discharge of my whole broadside, which which I have the honour at this time to was immediately returned by the enemy. preside, to the Government of which this A furious engagement then took place, in State is a member, and to the civilized which our vessels seemed to be joined by a world, to inquire of you whether, upon column of smoke. We had been foul of further and more mature reflection, you each other for several minutes, and during continue resolved to attempt the destruc- an hour and a half we had not been more tion of this town? I shall, probably, this than a pistol shot off each other.Mean

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while our fire appeared to me to surpass nions saw us again with inexpressible joy, that of the enemy, and at the close of an which the happiness of our being uselul to hour and a half, our superiority seemed to them, caused us to partake of in a still inore me sufficiently certain to endeavour to board lively degree. I have taken half the him. I hauled on the wind, but the Rube's crew on board the Arethusa, and braces and bow-lines being cut to pieces, took the Serra in tow until we reached the both fore and aft, by the enemy's shot, it latitude of Madeira. There I took on board was not possible for me to get any closer to every thing out of the vessel, and then dehim. The enemy on his side made more stroyed her, as she retarded my voyage. sail. His fire, which had nearly ceased, -I passed several days in cruizing off became brisker, when he had opened our the Azore, where I fell in with two Hags of distance, and did considerable damage to truce, which were carrying the crew of the our rigging. At 11 o'clock the fire ceased Java frigate to England. I have chased seveon both sides.

We were no longer in ral English corvettes, but which I could not good condition, and the enemy setting a come up with. On the 191h I entered crowd of sail, abandoned the field of battle St. Maloes, having only ten days' provisions

-I had nothing more at heart, left. In the course of my cruize, I have than to have the necessary work done for taken 15 of the enemy's vessels. I have making sail, hauling upon a wind, and pur- every reason to be satisfied with the zeal suing our advantage.- -The Arethusa had and progress in instruction made by those suffered enormously; 20 men killed out of our conscripts, who now made their first right, had been thrown into the sea during campaign, and I cannot bestow sufficient the engagement; 88 more, grievously praise on the officers, masters, and seamen wounded, were down in the Surgeon's of all classes of my company; they have all birth, and excepting the Master Carpenter, rivalled each other in giving proofs of their all my naval officers were killed or wound courage and devotion under all circumed; such men as were only slightly wound- stances; and the ability with which I have ed, had not quitted their posts, or had re- been seconded by the officers, is superior to turned to them after having their wounds any eulogium I can bestow on them. dressed, and in the midst of this scene of

A true Extract. (Signed) carnage, the fourth part of the crew left

The Minister of Marine, Duke Decres. wished only for recommencing the attack.

- It was calm the whole night, which we passed in repairing the ship.At

NORTHERN WAR. break of day, the enemy was laying to the South East of us, at about a league and half Proclamation, issued by the Imperial Genedistance, standing to the Southward, with ral Baron Von Winzingerode. all sail set,

with light breeze from the It is a usual measure with the enemies N. E.--I then occupied myself solely of all justice, to treat with the greatest sewith the fate of Capt. Olivier, whom I had verity all places and persons, which, on the left with his crew on the Isles de Los, for approach of the Allied Army, by word or which islands I shaped my course, and got deed, express the sentiments with whicls sight of them the next day, being the 9th. all true Germans are inspired, whenever a

In the afternoon we got sight of a change in the position of the troops brings three-masted ship coming out from there. them again into such neighbourhood. This I judged it to be the Serra, and passed the induces me, once for all, to make the exnight in standing off and on. It proved, press declaration, that I shall put in force indeed, to be that vessel ; I joined her in the right of retaliation in its greatest latithe morning of the 10th. Capt. Olivier, rude, for all such violences which have with his whole crew, were on board her. been committed in the absence of the troops He had embarked in this prize, as I had ad- under his command, not only on the disvised him, after having destroyed the re- honourable German mercenaries that are in mains of the Rubes, which it was impossi- my power, but likewise for such purpose ble to get afloat again. He was making seize the next Civil Magistrate that shall his passage for France, notwithstanding all render himself suspected of disaffection. the risks and confinement attending a long Every punishment by death will unavoidvoyage, with 300 men on board a vessel of ably and instantly be followed on my side 300 tons burden, in bad condition, and ex- by a similar proceeding; and by such mean ceedingly badly provisioned. This worthy every country will receive some compensaand unfortunate Captain and his compa- tion for its loss of worthies, by the diminu.


tion of those, who, for a base gain, betray jesty the Emperor and King, our very dear the sacred cause of their native country to husband and Sovereign, can only be consiforeigners, and, as servants of tyranny, be dered as a special act of the Divine procome instruments to the oppression of their tection. We desire, that on receiving this brethren. We, who follow the will of letter you cause Te Deum to be sung, and Providence in the plain road of justice, may return thanks to the God of armies, and hope in God, that very shortly no such that you will thereto add such prayers as enemy will farther dare to oppose warriors, you shall judge most suitable for drawing in whom the power of their native country down the Divine protection on our arms, is made known, and who are only inflamed and especially for the preservation of the to revenge, for dishonoured humanity, by sacred person of the Emperor and King, the sight of such mercenary hordes, our very dear husband and Sovereign. May His Imperial Russian Majesty's Lieut.-Gen. God preserve him from all danger! His (Signed) Baron Von WINZINGERODE.

safety is as necessary to the happiness of Head-quarlers at Leipsic, the 6th

the empire as to the welfare of Europe, (1812) April, 1813.

and to religion, which he has raised up, and which he is called to re-establish. He

is the most sincere and faithful protector of ORDER OF THE DAY:

it. This letter having no other object, we April 23.-The corps is herewith in- pray God, M. Bishop, to have you in his formed, that an engagement took place in holy keeping. Given at pur Imperial the vicinity of Ottersberg and Rothersburg, Palace of St. Cloud, this 11th May, 1813. between the van-guard under the command

Maria LouisA. of Lieutenant-Colonel Von Benkindorff and

By the Empress Regent, the enemy, in which the latter was defeated | The Duc De Cadore, Secretary of State. and put to flight, with the loss of 100 prisoners, his baggage, and several hundreds Paris, May 15.--Her Majesty the Em. killed and wounded.-By the attack of press Queen and Regent has received the our cavalry the enemy, who was 3,000 following intelligence respecting the situastrong, was forced to confine his move- tion of the army, dated the 10th, at night : ments to the high-road, and the well-di

--On the 9th, Colonel Lasalle, Director rected fire of our artillery soon compelled of the bridge-equipage, began to replace him to make a speedy retreat. -The ju- rafts for a bridge, which was forming dicious conduct of Lieutenant-Colonel Von at the village of Prielnitz. There was also Benkindorff, and the distinguished beha- a go-and-come (un va et vient) formed at viour of Lieutenant Von Berg, of the Staff, the same time. Three hundred voltigeurs Russmenko, of the Artillery, and Pawlow, were passed over to the right bank, under of the Issum Regiment of Hussars, which the protection of twenty pieces of cannon was the principal cause of the successful placed on an eminence. At ten in the issue of the battle, deserve my thanks, morning the enemy advanced to drive back which I herewith return those Gentlemen. these voltigeurs into the river. He thought

It is with peculiar satisfaction that I that a battery of twelve pieces would be have received the information, that the sufficient to silence our guns. The cansquadrons of the Hanseatic Legion, which nonade began, and the guns of the enemy had a share in the engagement, have be- were dismounted; three battalions whom haved themselves in a manner becoming he had pushed forwards were destroyed by the brave defenders of their country.

our grape shot. The Emperor hastened to (Signed) The Imperial Russian Maj.-Gen. the spot. General Dulauloi took a station .Count Von TETTEN BORN.

with Ceneral Devaux, and eighteen pieces Hamburgh, April 23.

of Aying artillery, on the left of the village of Prielnitz, a position which commands the whole plain on the right bank ;

General Drouet advanced with sixteen FRENCH PAPERS.

pieces of artillery to the right. The eneParis, May 14.- In the name of the my brought forward forty pieces of cannon. Emperor ;

We had established a battery to the amount The Empress-Queen and Regent to M, the of eighty. In the mean time a hollow was Bishop of

traced on the right bank of the river, in M. Bishop of --The victory the form of a téte-de-pont, in which our gained on the fields of Lutzen, by his Ma- tiralleurs sheltered themselves. After hav




ing had from twelve to fifteen pieces of their in the afternoon. -The King of Saxony cannon dismounted, and from fifteen to slept at Sedlitz. All the Saxon cavalry eighteen hundred men killed or wounded, must rejoin on the 13th at Dresden. Gethe enemy discovered the folly of his enter- neral Regnier has resumed the command prise, and at three in the afternoon march of the 7th corps at Torgau; that corps is ed off. We worked all night at the bridge, composed of two Saxon divisions, consistbut the Elbe rose, some of our anchorsing of 12,000 men. -His Majesty spent were unmoored, and the bridge will not be the whole day on the bridge to see his finished till to-night.

troops defle. The Colonel of EngiThis day (the 10th) the Emperor has neers, Bernard, Aid-de-Camp of the Emmarched the division of Charpentier into peror, has exerted great activity in repairthe new town, by the bridge of Dresden ; | ing the bridge of Dresden. - General and now, to night, the bridge being fi- Roguiat, Commander in Chief of the ennished, the whole army is passing over to gineers of the army, has traced out the the right bank of the river. The enemy works which are to cover the new town, appears to be retreating to the Oder. and

a tele-de-pont.The Prince of Moskwa is at Wittenburgh; We have intercepted a courier from the General Lauriston at Torgau ; General Reg. Count De Stackelberg, Ex-ambassador nier has resumed the command of the 7th from Russia at Vienna, to the Count De corps, composed of the Saxon contingent, Nesselrode, Secretary of State, accomand the division Durutte.- -The 4th, 6th, panying the Russian Emperor at Dresden. 11th, and 12th corps will pass by the -We have also intercepted a number of bridge of Dresden tomorrow, at break of estafettes from Berlin to Prague.--Her day. The young and old guard is around Majesty the Empress Queen and Regent has Dresden.--The second division of the guard, received the following account with regard commanded by General Barrois, arrives to the situation of the army on the evening this day at Altenbourg.—The King of of the 12th of May: --On the 12th, at Saxony, who has directed his course to- ten in the morning the imperial guards wards Prague, in order to be nearer his were drawn up in battalion on the road from capital, will repair to Dresden in the course Pirna to Gross-Garten. The Emperor reof to-morrow. The Emperor has sent an viewed them. The King of Saxony, who escort of 500 of his guard to receive and slept the night before at Sedlitz, arrived at accompany him.

Two thousand of the mid-day. The two Sovereigns alighted enemy's cavalry have been cut off from the from horseback, embraced each other, and Elbe, as well as a great quantity of bag. then entered Dresden, at the head of the gage, patrols, light troops, and Cossacks. guards, amidst the acclamations of an imThey appear to have taken refuge in Bo- mense population. It formed a very fine hemia.

sight. At three o'clock the Emperor Paris, May 17.-Her Majesty the Em-reviewed the division of cavalry of General press Queen and Regent has received the Fresia, consisting of 3,000 horse from following accounts with regard to the situa- Italy. His Majesty was extremely satisfied tion of the armies, on the evening of the with this cavalry; the good condition of 11th May :The Viceroy had advanced which is owing to the cares and activity of with the nith corps to Beschoffswerder ; Fontanelli, the Minister of War for Italy, General Bertrand, with the 4th corps, to who spared no pains to put it in a good Kænigsbruck; the Duke of Ragusa, with state. --The Emperor has given orders to the 6th corps, to Reichenbach ; the Duke the Viceroy to repair to Milan, there to of Reggio, to Dresden ; the young and old fulfil a special mission. His Majesty has guards, to Dresden. — The Prince of been extremely satisfied with the conduct Moskwa entered Torgau on the morning of of that Prince during the whole campaign ; the 11th, and took a position on the right that conduct has acquired for the Viceroy a bank, one march from that fortress. Gen. new title to the confidence of the Emperor. Lauristou arrived the same day at Torgau with his corps, at three in the afternoon. Proclamation of the Emperor to the Army.

- The Duke of Belluno, with the 2d Soldiers !-I am satisfied with you. You corps, has marched upon Wittenburg; as have fulblled my expectations. You have well as General Sebastiani's corps of ca- supplied every thing by your good-will, valry.The cavalry corps commanded and by your valour. On the memorable by General Latour-Maubourg, on the 11th, 2d of May, you defeated and routed the crossed by the bridge of Dresden, at three Russian and Prussian army, commanded by

the Emperor Alexander and the King of Governments, of the general action which Prussia. You have added new lustre to the took place on the 2d inst. between the two glory of my eagles. You have displayed armies ; and after which the Allies remainall that the French .blood is capable of. ed in possession of the field of battle, and The battle of Lutzen will be placed above of the positions from which in the course those of Austerlitz, Jena, Friedland, and of the day they had dislodged the enemy. the Moskwa. In the last campaign, the The last division of General Tormaenemy found no refuge against our arms, zoff's corps having crossed the Elbe on the but by following the ferocious course of his 28th ultimo, the whole of it moved forward barbarous ancestors. Armies of Tartars by forced marches to the Elster. His laid waste his fields,-his cities,--sacred Imperial Majesty and the King of Prussia Moscow itself.' They are now arrived in arrived at Borna on the morning of the 1st our regions, preceded by all the bad sub- inst. with the reserve; and the several

parts jects and deserters of Germany, France, and of the army were on the same day collected Italy, for the purpose of preaching up re- in the vicinage of that place. Marshal volt, anarchy, civil war, and murder. Prince Kutusoff Smolensky was left ill on the They became the apostles of every crime. march at Bruntzlau, where he died; but They wished to light up a moral conflagra- his death was not published. Count Witttion between the Vistula and the Rhine, in genstein, at that time at Zwenkan, was aporder, according to the usage of despotic pointed to command the army.- He had Governments, to place deserts between us on that day reconnoitred the enemy, and and them. The madmen! They little ascertained his position; and the same knew the attachment of the Germans 10 evening a disposition was made for a genetheir Sovereigns, their wisdom, their or- ral attack, to take place on the following derly disposition, and their good sense. morning at day-break.During the preThey little knew the power and bravery of ceding week, the advance of the enemy's the French. - In a single battle you have main army towards Naunburg, and the apcounteracted all those parricidal plots. We proach of Beauharnois from Quedlinburg, will drive back these Ta ars into their had been indicated by several skirmishes frightful regions, which they ought never and partial affairs, particularly at and near to have left. There let them remain, Halle and Merseburg, where the Prussians amidst their frozen deserts,—the abode of behaved with great gallantry.- -On the slavery, of barbarism, and of corruption, evening of the 1st, the enemy appeared to where man is dehased to an equality with have great masses of his force between Lutthe brute. You have deserved well of ci- zen and Weissenfels, and after dusk a strong vilized Europe. Soldiers-Italy, France, column was seen moving in the direction of Germany, return you thanks.

Leipsig, to which place there was clear evi. (Signed) NAPOLEON.

dence that he intended to move. The From our Imperial Camp, at Lutzen,

advanced corps of Count Wittgenstein's May 3, 1813.

army having been engaged on the same evening, to the east and north of Lutzen, the cavalry of it remained there to amuse

the enemy in the morning, but with orders LONDON GAZETTE, May 25.

to retire gradually. Meanwhile the several A Dispatch, of which the following is a columns of the army were ordered to cross

copy, has been received by Viscount Cas- the Elster at Pegau, and bear down, and tlereagh, His Majesty's Principal Secre- to follow the course of a rivulet which, tary of State for Foreign Affairs, from rising near the Elster, runs in a north-west General Viscount Cathcart, K. T. His direction to the Saale, by which moveMajesty's Ambassador Extraordinary and ment, which the ground favoured, it was Plenipotentiary to the Court of Russia, intended to turn the enemy's right between dated Dresden, May 6, 1813.

Weissenfels and Lutzen, while his intention My Lord,,My last dispatches informed was directed to his left between the latter your Lordship of the arrival of the Ruler of place and Leipsig.-As soon as their MaFrance, and of the concentration of his jesties saw the troops placed according to forces near Erfurth, and towards the Saale, the disposition, the whole was put in moas also of that of the Allies upon the El- tion towards the enemy. ster. I have now the honour of enclosing uncovered and open, the soil dry and light, herewith the official statemerits which have but with very considerable variety of hili been published by the Russian and Prussian and valley, and much intersected by hollow

-The country is

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