low is in readiness with a sufficient force to lic chests and archives have also received a cover Berlin, and even in the case of his direction ; yet no considerate man will feel being constrained by a superior force to alarm on that account, when he reflects that commence a retreat towards Berlin : yet he prudence requires that such measures should will receive continual reinforcements from not be delayed to the last moment of necesthe troops collected, and find a line of de-sity, but conducted in tranquillity and orfence, which the enemy will not pass; and der; and when they recollect that Berlin is what above all must appear dreadful, and only 6 (German) miles from the frontier, be destructive to the enemy, is the courage and 11 from the Elbe. In the mean time of each Brandenburgher, who, true to his there is very little to fear for Berlin. The King, enthusiastically devoted to his coun- Elbe is covered with our troops, and the try, appears as the defender of his wife, enemy has already felt the valour and the his children, his home, and every thing vigour of our native population. The redear to him, against foreigu oppression. treating movement of our victorious army, On this courage, in case of danger appear is only for the purpose of receiving its rein. ing, the King relies, and on it we place forcements and supplies with the greater equal reliance; the enemy dreads it. Every facility. Already are the militia of all the fear, with such means of protection, is provinces in motion, not only to defend the therefore unnecessary.- - If the servants frontiers, but to relieve and render disposof the State, and those of the higher class, able the regular troops before the fortiesses. whose circle of action extends through the - But our main strength lies in the whole whole monarchy, have absented themselves, population, whose whole power has been this is done by the express command of his united by the levy-en-masse. What can Majesty, and proceeds from the very na- the enemy attempt against a million of abletural cause of preventing any interruption bodied men, who have their homes, their to the course of business. Weak-mind- wives, and their children to defend? Will ed persons, who, without having received not every man, even though at the danger any orders for so doing, have nevertheless of his life, grapple with the thief who privately absented themselves, contrary to breaks into his house ? and shall not we the law, may nevertheless take themselves Prussians march to repel the irruption of an away, their impatriotic mind might only enemy, who threatens us with the loss of be productive of harm in moments where every thing, and who would rob us of our activity of performance is requisite. They King, our property, our independence, and are to be deplored. We shall neglect no our honour ? With union, with mutual prudential means which require time for confidence and valour, it is impossible that preparation ; but, on the other hand, ex- a whole people can be subjugated. The pect from the good sense of the public that nearer the danger approaches, the higher it will not from hence draw a proof of the should our courage ascend, and with it a public affairs being in any worse situation, determination to hasten to the assistance of or consider that any danger threatens this our brethren, who may be first aitacked. metropolis.

-Such is the spirit which ought to “Royal appointed Majesty's Governors mark the whole of the levy-en-masse, and

for the Country between the Elbe which we írust will be found to distinguish and the Oder.

the male population of our Government. (Signed) " L'Estocg.

True to God and their brethren, they will

perform their duty even unto death, and “ Berlin, May 14."

prefer freedom and honour to an ignominiPROCLAMATION.


Count TAUEN ZILY, By the raising of the Landsturm

BEYME, throughout the whole of the Prussian Stargard, May 18, 1813. States, all able-bodied citizens are to consi- Civil and Military Governors of the der themselves as soldiers. No one, there

Country between the Oder and fore, without the permission of his Com

the Vistula. mandant, is to move from the district to which he belongs. Though the Princesses of the blood remove from Berlin for the

HELIGOLAND MAIL. present, and though some of the chief Officers of the State are going to the right

Heligoland, June 5. bank of the Oder, towards which the pub- I am, thank God! arrived here, after

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many perils, having with difficulty made / continued to advance, and at length after my escape from Hamburgh to

having obtained possession of Wilhelmswhere I imagined myself secure, but the burgh, was enabled at any moment to take Danish authorities caused me to be ar- the city by assault, we may attribute it to rested and thrown into prison, where I re- the active co-operation of our fellow-citis mained several days, closely confined. zens that the troops of His Majesty the We have an account here of a great victory Emperor of Russia did not give way to suhaving been obtained over Victor's corps perior force. - The event of the war now near Berlin, by the combined Swedes and calls the Russian army to more decisive Prussians : it was nearly annibilated. Buo- successes. A dark concatenation of imnaparte had dispatched it to take possession penetrable misunderstandings compels the of Berlin. We hear also that General sons of the North, who were destined to Tettenborn, with the Hanseatic Legion and our assistance, to witness our fate, is not the Cossacks, has gained a signal advantage with indifference, at least without doing over the enemy near Bergedorff. Ham- any thing to avert it.

-Thus is the city burgh' was betrayed by the Danes after re- of Hamburgh surrounded by enemies thrown peated promises of protection--they sent back upon her own efforts. Called upon over their boats to carry the French army by the request of my fellow-citizens, and over the Elbe. The Russians, Swedes, by the determination of the Senate, I stand and Prussians having left it, it was obliged at the head of the Burgher guard. I quitto surrender air the 31st-but it was ex- ted the repose of my former life, because I pected to be free again in a few days. A thought to be of use in a moment of debattle with the Danes was also expected sponding hope to a city in whose happiness this week.-In revenge of Count Bern- my own was so closely interwoven. Storff's return, the Danish Authorities or- Had I followed the dictates of personal dered all travellers coming from England feeling, I should have preferred death with to be made prisoners.

-I enclose you a

my brethren to return to this embittered very interesting document, the Proclama- repose.- But with the faint dawn which tion of M. Von Hesse, General of the still opens to the future, I dare not wanHamburgh Militia." We give the tonly expose the lives of those invaluable above letter as we received it from a Gen- inen who are intrusted to my care. While, tleman with whom we are acquainted. therefore, with the deepest einocíon, I abWe trust the intelligence will be confirm- solve you

from the duties you have assumed, ed. In his dispatch, dated on the evening I have only to require of you to reserve for of the 18th ult. Buonaparté said that Vic. other times a lively feeling of hatred to tor, Sebastiani, and Regnier were march- wards the despotism which again threatens ing upon Berlin. In a subsequent dis- our desolated city, and to remove your perpatch, dated on the 23d, we find that sons to the most suitable places to await Victor and Regnier were in the late great the moment, now at no great distance, battles; but no mention is made of Sebas- which shall destroy the delusion of tyranny, tiani. If the report, therefore, be correct, that the citizens of Hamburgh may be the it must have been his corps that has been first to rouse, and return with honour to defeated.

their restored country.

Von Hesse."

Last Order of the Day of the Hamburgh Extract of another Leller from Heligoland, Burgher Guard.

dated June 5. " When two months ago the fairest "A respectable merchant who arrived prospects led us to the greatest exertions, here this morning from Hamburgh, acit appeared the period for relieving the in- companied by a merchant of that city, habitants of Hamburgh from an irresistible states, that they left Hamburgh on Wedtyranny.- -Almost without arms and un- nesday morning ; there were then 5,000 prepared, they offered to the cities of Ger- French troops in the town, under the commany the most noble example of unwearied mand of Marshal Davoust and Gen. Vanperseverance in the severest duty, of the damme, that these troops were mostly most determined courage in the defence of wretched looking soldiers, consisting of their borders. The blood of our fellow- douaniers, gens d'armes, mariners, and citizens has not been shed ingloriously for national guards ; that although the Danes the common cause of our German country. were supposed to have allied themselves men, and for the independence of our be- with them, the French seemed much loved native city. When the enemy alarmed, and bivouacked outside the gates

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of the town at night, not trusting to the them the most, the fine appearance of these inhabitants nor to the Danes, who openly troops or their number. There was in declared, that they would not fight for effect a great difference between what they the French but against them. It saw and what was related to them, and the was reported and credited on Wednes- physical and numerical weakness of the day, that a corps of 20,000 men, under French battalions. We will immedithe Duke of Belluno, which had been de- ately give some details respecting the mantached from the Grand Army, had been ners, habits, and acts of the adventurers cut off by the Allies, supported by the levy who have just left us. Towns,' which like en masse, on the 27th ult. and completely us, have had the misfortune to possess these routed. —Letters from Berlin, on the liberators of nations, know how dearly it 29th ult. are very satisfactory, and such costs them.-The Russians had only time was the confidence entertained there of the to save their persons, and were not happily success of the Allies, that orders were sent able to follow their custom of destruction for large supplies of colonial produce and and fire.We found 150 cannon in the manufactured goods.". -We subjoin the Marine Arsenal and nearly 80 upon the contents of the Hamburgh Paper of the 1st. ramparts. All the establishments are in It mentions the entrance of Davoust and the best state. The works constructed Vaudamme on the preceding day, of their to make Hamburgh a place d'armes are having reviewed 35 battalions of troops, very considerable. All military meu are and of their first measure having been to astonished at them, and now consider Ham. order all papers or libels, as they are call- burgh as a strong place.-Same Paper. ed, published since the 24th February, to By the decision of his Excellency Mar. be delivered up, and every stranger to make shal Prince Eckmuhl, Governor-General

, his appearance at the Police Office, to re- it is ordered to every inhabitant of Hamceive permission to remain in the city. Not burgh, to bring without the least delay to the least mention is made of the Danes. the general direction of Police,-" Every

-Hamburgh is not more than 150 or libel, pamphlet, foreign or not authorized 160 miles froin Dresden, and intelligence gazette, caricatures, portraits, pieces in from the armies might easily reach in three verse, &c. &c. published or introduced days. As there is none in the Hamburgh since the 24th Feb. of the current year; Papers, we infer that nothing of import- every individual who shall delay in subance, at least not favourable to the enemy, mitting to this order, or who shall not enhad occurred between the 23d and 28th of tirely fulfil it, by retaining any of the oblast month.

jects, the giving up of which is prescribed, Hamburgh, May 30. shall be prosecuted with rigour. The Yesterday we heard a brisk fire from the Director General of Police, side of Rollenspecker: we soon knew that

" D'AUBIGNOSE." the French had forced all the passes, and were pursuing the enemy in the direction of

Same Paper.) Boitzenburg. Towards evening we saw se- 66 In execution of the orders of his Excel. 'veral battalions enter, which occupied the lency Marshal Prince Eckmuhl -- Every public squares and inost important posts.- stranger residing in Hamburg his ordered to Journal du Departement des Bouches de present himself, within 24 hours, at the l'Elbe, June 1.

general direction of police, for the purpose

of legitimatizing himself, and obtaining A moment has not this day passed with permission, should there be reason for soout our seeing fresh French troops enter our journing : -Every housekeeper, lodger, er walls At four in the afternoon their Ex- tavern-keeper, is forbidden to afford any cellencies Marshal Prince Echmuhl, Go-asylum to a stranger, who has not received vernor, and Lieutenant-General Vandam- permission to remain at Hamburgh.me, reviewed 35 battalions of French in. The old ordinances concerning the movefantry. --The inhabitants have not recoments of travellers are again in vigour. vered from their astonishment. It would Every breach shall be strictly prosecuted be difficult to determine which surprised

(To be continued.)

May 31.

Published by R. BAGSHAW, Brydges-Strect, Covent Garden.

LONDON: Printed by J. M'Creery, Black Horse-Court, Fleet-street.

Vol. XXIII. No. 25.]


[Price 18.


[866 TREATY WITH SWEDEN. who, not content with defeating their eneTo the Most Thinking People" in the mies, extended vastly the dominions of

. World,

But, during this memorable conflict, the Most thinking People,

grandest and inost interesting that was ever Though I, who have had the misfortune read of by us of this age, the people of not to reside aniongst you during a very France themselves were hurried into nuineconsiderable part of my life, do not, of rous acts of folly and cruelty. All the pas. course, pretend to be so thinkingas the sions were let loose ; and, while the love of rest of you, of, at least, as the greater part glory led to conquest in the armies, the base of you, you will, I am sure, excuse me passions were at work at home. So that, for thinking upon the subject of the Treaty at last, it became vecessary to contract the with Sweden, and also for expressing my focus of power, in order to enable the gnthoughts to you thereon.

vernment 10 yield protection to the weak Before I come to speak to you of this against the strong. To one change, in this precious document in detail, let me call retrograde way, another succeeded, till, in your recollection up a little as to some his- the end, the man who had shone most in torical facts. The war, in which we now arms, was chosen the sovereign of the counare with France, was, in reality, begun in try, and was called Emperor of France. 17.93 ; the interval, called peace, being, in He has been at peace with all Europe, erreality, no peace at all. This war was en- cept England; but, now again, other tered into in order to save what was called Powers have raised their heads, and, by regular government, in Europe, from de- the aid of English money, are now leagued strucujon. The French people, weary of against him in war. the burdens which they had to bear, and The fact, however, to be borne in mind, having imbibed the principles of freedom is, that the war originated in the openlyfrom the writings of Rousseau, Voltaire, avowed motive of preventing the democraand others, having also the example of the tical and disorganizing politics of the French United States of America before their eyes, from spreading over the rest of Europe. rose upon the government of the Bourbons It was a league of the old governments of and destroyed it. The other governments Europe for their mutual protection, against of Europe, taking the alarm at so danger- insurrections of their several peoples against ous, an example, combined, for the most them. The league did not answer its purpart of them, against the French people, pose; for, of the numerous potentates of who had then formed themselves into a re- Europe, there remain, at this hour, but publican people, governed by an Assembly two, that I can think of, whose governof Deputies of their own choosing. In merits have not been overthrown. Look this league against France, or, as it was about you, most Thinking People, and see termed, the Democracy of France, all the where are now the Kings of Sweden, Prusother Powers of Europe entered the field, sia, Naples, Sardinia, Spain, and Portugal; first or last ; and this “mud deinocracy, the Stadtholder of Holland, the Emperor of

as: it was called, without any King or other Germany, the Pope, the Electors of GerChief, without Nobility, without Clergy, many, the Swiss Aristocracy, the Doge of without Old and experienced Officers of Genoa, the Dukes of Modena and Tuscany; any kind, had to contend against England, see where they all are, most Thinking PeoSweden, Denmark, Prussia, Russia, Hol-ple, and particularly see where are the old laud, Switzerland, Sardinia, the Empire of Royal Family of France; and, then consiGermany, the Dukedoms of Italy, the Pope, der, that, in this war, you have added six Naples and Sicily, Spain, and Portugal. hundred millions to a debt, of which you One after another all these Powers made have to pay the interest, whether you now their peace with the Republicans of France, bave peace or war.

Having thus refreshed your most Think of Charles XIII. Great Eagle of the Legion ing Minds; having called to your recollec. of Honour of France; and Gustavus Baron tion, the fact, that this long, and, apparent, de Wetterstedt, Chancellor of the Court, ly, endless war, arose out of the aların of the old governments for the safety of the Commander of the Order of the Polar Star, settled order of things; having, reminded one of the Eighteen of the Swedish Acadeyou of the time when you were called upon to make a voluntary offering of your money

my; who, after having exchanged their re. in this cause, we will now, if you please, spective full powers, found in good and due read over this famous treaty together; and, form, have agreed upon the following arti. when we have so done, let us give way to cles :that disposition for deep thinking, for which

Article I.-His Majesty the King of the sinecure placeman, Lord Stormont, said we were so remarkable.

Sweden engages to employ a corps of not

less than thirty thousand men, in a direct TREATY OF Concert AND SUBSIDY B6

operation upon the Continent, against the TWEEN HIS BRITANNIC MAJESTY AND

common enemies of the two high contract. THE KING OF SWEDEN ;- SIGNED AT

ing parties. This army shall act in concert STOCKHOLM, MARCH 3, 1813.

with the Russian troops placed under the In the name of the most Holy and Undi- command of his Royal Highness the Prince vided Trinity,

Royal of Sweden, according to stipulations His Majesty the King of the United King- to this effect already existing between the dom of Great Britain and Ireland, and his Courts of Stockholm and St. Petersburgh. Majesty the King of Sweden, equally ani- JI.-The said Courts having communimated with the desire of drawing closer the cated to His Britannic Majesty the engageties of friendship and good intelligence ments subsisting between them, and havwhich so happily subsist between them, ing formally demanded His said Majesty's and penetrated with the urgent necessity of accession thereto, and his Majesty the King establishing with each other a close concert of Sweden having, by the stipulations confor the maintenance of the independence of tained in the preceding article, given a proof the North, and in order to accelerate the of the desire which animates him to contriso much wished for epocha of a general bute also on his part to the success of the peace, have agreed to provide for this two- common cause ; His Britannic Majesty being fold object by the present Treaty. For desirous in return to give an immediate and this purpose they have chosen for their Ple- unequivocal proof of his resolution to join nipotentiaries, namely, His Royal Highness his interests to those of Sweden and Russia, the Prince Regent, in the name and on be- promises and engages by the present Treaty half of His Majesty the King of the United to accede to the conventions already existing Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, the between those two powers, insomuch that Honourable Alexander Hope, Major-Gene- His Britannic Majesty will not only not opral of His Majesty's Armies; and Edward pose any obstacle to the annexation and Thornton, Esquire, his Envoy Extraordi. union in perpetuity of the Kingdom of Nornary and Minister Plenipotentiary to his way, as an integral part, to the Kingdom of Majesty the King of Sweden; and his Ma- Sweden, but also will assist the views of jesty the King of Sweden, Lawrence Count his Majesty the King of Sweden to that efd'Engestrom, one of the Lords of the King- fect, either by his good offices, or by emdom of Sweden, Minister of State and for ploying, if it should be necessary, bis naval Foreign Affairs, Chancellor of the Univer- co-operation in concert with his Swedish or sity of Lund, Knight Commander of the Russian forces. It is nevertheless' to be King's Orders, Knight of the Royal Order understood, that recourse shall not be had

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